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*  Gut microbiota functions: metabolism of nutrients and other food components | SpringerLink
... energy production and conversion, and synthesis of cellular components being the main activities. Other areas such as amino ... Bile acids are classical examples of trans-genomic metabolites arising from the interactive metabolism between the host genome ... In both subjects, the most abundant COG functions were energy production, amino-acid metabolism, nucleotide metabolism, ... 47] showed that bacterial conversion of free amino acids into polypeptides contributes considerably to amino-acid metabolism ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00394-017-1445-8
*  Targeting Cancer Metabolism | Clinical Cancer Research
... and nucleoside triphosphates are sources of chemical energy. Fatty acid synthesis is the synthesis of fatty acids from acetyl- ... Amino acids, glutathione metabolites, choline derivatives, and TCA cycle intermediates were altered in mutant IDH1- and IDH2- ... When nutrients and/or oxygen are low, MYC is downregulated. In many cancers, MYC is activated or altered, resulting in ... Metabolism of glutamine-derived citrate provides both the acetyl coenzyme A for lipid synthesis and the 4-carbon intermediates ...
  http://clincancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/18/20/5537.full
*  Will a nutritional supplement help you run better?
... the physically demanding sport of running can deplete the body of essential nutrients. ... runners who train intensely lose critical metabolites due to increased energy expenditure and increased protein synthesis ... During a race like a half-marathon, a runner's metabolism -or ability to convert food and internal resources into energy -must ... Some of these hard-working metabolites are amino acids that are absorbed and converted into protein needed for muscle strength ...
  https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-07-nutritional-supplement.html
*  Molecules | Free Full-Text | Influence of Plant Growth Retardants on Quality of Codonopsis Radix | HTML
... while the free amino acids content was generally increased. Fifteen metabolites whose abundance were affected by PGR treatment ... In the present study, amino acid analyses, targeted and non-targeted analyses by ultra-performance liquid chromatography ... Since both growth and secondary metabolism consume nutrients and energy, an increase in yield can lead to a decrease in quality ... Free amino acids play important roles in gene expression, protein synthesis, cell signaling, metabolism, physiology, and health ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/22/10/1655/htm
*  Cancer Cell Metabolism | The New York Academy of Sciences
There is resurgent interest in cancer cell metabolism as researchers seek to understand how metabolic pathways are altered in ... Pathways that activate this complex integrate metabolism by sensing levels of nutrients, such as amino acids leucine and ... In a quiescent cell, maximum ATP production yields enough energy for cellular machinery, and at least 50% of free energy is ... cycle to reserve carbon and nitrogen for fatty acid synthesis and for production of nonessential amino acids. DNA replication ...
  https://www.nyas.org/ebriefings/cancer-cell-metabolism/
*  Change in metabolites of the metabolic pathways in leav | Open-i
Change in metabolites of the metabolic pathways in leaves of wheat seedlings after 15 d of alkali stress treatment. Proposed ... energy in roots and active synthesis in leaves were needed by wheat to develop salt tolerance. Alkali stress (at high pH) ... N metabolism was limited, amino acid production was reduced, and glycolysis was inhibited. ... the availability of nutrients significantly declined.These outcomes correspond to specific detrimental effects of a highly pH ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC4492011_12870_2015_546_Fig5_HTML&req=4
*  chapt10 - 10 Catabolism Energy Release and Conservation CHAPTER OVERVIEW This chapter presents an overview of energy release...
10 Catabolism: Energy Release and Conservation CHAPTER OVERVIEW This chapter presents an overview of energy release and ... and amino acids. Chemolithotrophic metabolism follows and the chapter concludes with a discussion of the trapping of energy by ... Many of the catabolic pathways can also be used for synthesis (anabolic) reactions and are termed amphibolic; reducing power is ... used to convert precursor metabolites into macromolecules II. Aerobic Respiration - completely catabolizes organic energy ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/file/6237711/chapt10/
*  Nutrient sensing - Wikipedia
These nutrients along with CO2 and energy from the sun aids in the development of the plant. As one of the most vital nutrients ... serves as a key cellular energy sensor and a master regulator of metabolism to maintain energy homeostasis. Nutrient sensing is ... The interplay among nutrients, metabolites, gene expression, and protein modification are involved in the coordination of cell ... TOR receives information from levels of cellular amino acids and energy, and it regulates the activity of processes involved in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nutrient_sensing
*  Frontiers | Agrobacterium tumefaciens responses to plant-derived signaling molecules | Plant Science
Moreover, certain metabolites from corn (Zea mays) also inhibit the expression of Agrobacterium virulence genes. Here we ... Intriguingly, Agrobacterium also recognizes plant-derived signals including -amino butyric acid (GABA) and salicylic acid (SA ... thereby avoiding the elicitation of plant defense and preserving energy. In addition, Agrobacterium hijacks plant-derived ... Moreover, certain metabolites from corn (Zea mays) also inhibit the expression of Agrobacterium vir... ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2014.00322/full
*  B-Complex Plus - Pure Encapsulations
... supporting amino acid metabolism, nervous system health, and neurotransmitter (i.e. GABA and serotonin) synthesis, which ... and energy metabolism.*. What Is The Source? Pure Encapsulations B-Complex Plus formula contains:. Vitamin B1 (thiamine HCl): ... Metafolin is chemically identical to the active folate metabolite, 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (L-5-MTHF). L-5-MTHF is the ... Vitamin B2 (riboflavin and riboflavin 5' phosphate), metabolizing nutrients and participating in electron transport to form ATP ...
  https://www.purecapspro.com/saari/pe/products/product_details.asp?ProductsID=119
*  Cellular metabolism and disease: what do metabolic outliers teach us? - PubMed - NCBI
... focusing on the use of major nutrients (glucose, amino acids and fatty acids) to produce or store energy, and to grow. ... Several metabolite pools fed by these nutrients and thought to be essential for tumor cell growth are highlighted in yellow. ... Acetyl-CoA generated by acetyl-CoA synthetases (ACS) and ATP-citrate lyase (ACL) provides substrate for the synthesis of lipids ... Catabolism of these nutrients (heavy arrows) produces carbon dioxide and energy. If nutrients are present in excess, so that ...
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22424225
*  Biotin - Companion animals - Compendium - DSM
In protein metabolism, biotin enzymes are important in protein synthesis, amino acid deamination, purine synthesis and nucleic ... In carbohydrate metabolism, biotin functions in both carbon dioxide fixation and decarboxylation, with the energy-producing ... These microorganisms are found in the lower part of the intestinal tract, a region in which absorption of nutrients is ... and its metabolite (22:6) (Watkins and Kratzer, 1987a). Biotin deficiency resulted in reduced arachidonic acid (20:4) in chicks ...
  https://www.dsm.com/markets/anh/en_US/Compendium/companion_animals/biotin.html
*  Frontiers | Metabolism Supports Macrophage Activation | Immunology
Here we review the rapidly evolving field of macrophage metabolism, discussing how polarizing signals trigger metabolic shifts ... Here we review the rapidly evolving field of macrophage metabolism, discussing how polarizing signals trigger metabolic shifts ... the exciting possibility that macrophage functions in various contexts could be regulated by manipulating their metabolism. ... the exciting possibility that macrophage functions in various contexts could be regulated by manipulating their metabolism. ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2017.00061/full
*  Frontiers | T Cells and Cancer: How Metabolism Shapes Immunity | Immunology
Tumour microenvironment is characterized by a consistent reduction in oxygen and blood-borne nutrients that significantly ... affects the metabolism of distinct cell subsets. Immune cells populating malignant lesions need to activate alternative ... Tumour microenvironment is characterized by a consistent reduction in oxygen and blood-borne nutrients that significantly ... affects the metabolism of distinct cell subsets. Immune cells populating malignant lesions need to activate alternative ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2016.00020/full
*  The human gut microbiome and body metabolism: implications for obesity and diabetes.
Diverse microbial enzymes may contribute to mammalian amino acid metabolism by generating bioactive metabolites in the ... SCFAs such as propionate can be used for de novo glucose or lipid synthesis and serve as an energy source for the host. ... growing evidence suggests that the gut microbiota represents an important factor contributing to the host response to nutrients ... Other examples of microbe-facilitated amino acid metabolism include the generation of [gamma]-amino butyric acid (GABA) from ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/amp/The+human+gut+microbiome+and+body+metabolism%3A+implications+for...-a0369319761
*  Lipid Metabolism sub-cluster 88
Enzymatic synthesis of chiral γ-amino acids using ω-transaminase. Shon Minsu M School of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, ... In this brief review, we focus on the lipoxygenase end-metabolites of two relevant nutrients belonging to the omega-3 family ... A method to tailor the surface chemistry of mefenamic acid via silanization is established and the role of surface energy on ... The liver is the central organ of fatty acid and triglyceride metabolism. Oxidation and synthesis of fatty acids and ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/cluster/14/Lipid-Metabolism/sub-88-p9.html
*  Frontiers | Intrinsic and Tumor Microenvironment-Induced Metabolism Adaptations of T Cells and Impact on Their Differentiation...
How T cell metabolism drives T cell-mediated immunity and how the manipulation of metabolic programming for therapeutic ... How T cell metabolism drives T cell-mediated immunity and how the manipulation of metabolic programming for therapeutic ... This review will discuss different potential cell metabolism pathways involved in shaping T lymphocyte function and ... We will also provide a general framework for understanding how tumor microenvironmental metabolism, associated with hypoxic ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2016.00114/full
*  Ingredients
There are more than one hundred vitamin B6-dependent enzymes that are mostly involved in amino acid metabolism: for oxygen ... transport via hemoglobin synthesis; in blood sugar regulation via conversion of stored carbohydrate to energy; in the ... The Neuro-Nutrients Cognitive Blend or "ECB" contains UltraCUR-25™ Curcumin Complex, Rosemary Extract (Standardized to 18% ... and other vital metabolites. In addition to its role in enzyme reactions, B6 appears to moderate the action of some steroid ...
  https://www.moxiiie.com/ingredients/
*  The big picture: exploring the metabolic cross-talk in cancer | Disease Models & Mechanisms
As cancer cell metabolism is intricately linked to the local availability of nutrients and oxygen, targetable metabolic ... As the amino acid serine is an essential metabolite for effector T-cell expansion, local depletion of serine by cancer cells is ... whereas less perfused areas revert to glucose for energy generation and anabolic metabolism. Although the exact reason for this ... 2018). Arginine and the metabolic regulation of nitric oxide synthesis in cancer. Dis. Model. Mech. 11, dmm033332. doi:10.1242/ ...
  http://dmm.biologists.org/content/11/8/dmm036673?utm_source=Editorial&utm_campaign=DMM_Snippet&utm_content=dmm036673
*  Energetics and nutritional ecology of small herbivorous birds
... the rate of energy metabolism (Batzli 1985), setting a limit to the energy budget of organism (Weiner 1992). Moreover, in ... and microbial synthesis of essential amino acids and vitamins (Van Soest 1982). The only herbivorous bird with demonstrated ... An adaptive landscape that includes mechanisms and processes of energy, matter, nutrients and water intake and digestion under ... fiber and secondary metabolites should influence food selection and energy nutritional budget of herbivores. ...
  http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0716-078X2000000300005&lng=en&nrm=iso/
*  Troxipide - Wikipedia
Glucosamine is an amino-sugar that is known to stimulate glycoprotein synthesis and protective mechanisms of the gastric mucosa ... Pan JS, He SZ, Xu HZ, Zhan XJ, Yang XN, Xiao HM, Shi HX, Ren JL (2008). "Oxidative stress disturbs energy metabolism of ... The elimination half-life of troxipide is 7.5 hours, and is mainly excreted in urine (96% as metabolites). Troxipide has been ... Troxipide enhances mucosal blood flow, which is the secondary defense barrier of gastric mucosa that supplies nutrients and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Troxipide
*  Best electrolyte drink, make your body a healthy incredible!
Energy metabolism. *Glucose utilization. *Fatty acid synthesis and breakdown. *Protein synthesis. *Muscle contraction ... Transport of metabolites and nutrients in the cells. The uptake and re-uptake of sodium in the small intestine is necessary for ... the absorption of amino acids, glucose, water and chloride. Because it has a major role in maintaining normal fluid levels in ... It is involved in protein synthesis, carbohydrate metabolism and glucose and glycogen metabolism. ...
  https://www.best-constipation-remedies.com/bestelectrolytedrink.html
*  Inhibitors of Metabolite Synthesis: How Sulfa Drugs Work - Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com
... there's a lot of talk about metabolism and how to speed it up. In this lesson, learn what metabolism really... ... Bacteria have metabolisms too; that's how they turn the nutrients that they take in from the environment into all of the useful ... Folic acid is a vitamin that is needed in order to make nucleotides and many amino acids. So basically, without folic acid, ... they are talking about the chemical reactions involved in turning food into energy and burning calories. But, there are many ...
  https://study.com/academy/lesson/inhibitors-of-metabolite-synthesis-how-sulfa-drugs-work.html
*  Strand-specific transcriptomes of Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli in response to interactions with ground beef microbiota:...
Genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism and energy production. Genes implicated in L-lactate metabolism were down-regulated ... iron and nickel acquisition and carbohydrate metabolism, and numerous genes involved in amino acid metabolism were down- ... The addition of Actinomycin D prevents spurious DNA-dependent synthesis, while allowing RNA-dependent synthesis, improving ... Monitoring of microbial metabolites and bacterial diversity in beef stored under different packaging conditions. Appl Environ ...
  https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12864-017-3957-2
*  Remodeling of intermediate metabolism in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum under nitrogen stress | Proceedings of the...
... of the photosynthetically fixed carbon in typical eukaryotic microalga is directed toward the synthesis of amino acids that ... 2002) Photosynthetic energy conversion under extreme conditions-I: Important role of lipids as structural modulators and energy ... When starved for nutrients, diatoms redirect carbon toward biosynthesis of storage lipids, triacylglycerols (TAGs). We examined ... The analysis predicted that the fluxes of 92% of the reactions involving intermediate metabolites were lower than in nitrogen- ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/112/2/412.full