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*  Membranes | Free Full-Text | Microbial Relevant Fouling in Membrane Bioreactors: Influencing Factors, Characterization, and...
The strategies for controlling microbial relevant fouling were discussed and the future studies on membrane fouling mechanisms ... Generally, there is a need to characterize membrane foulants and to determine their relations to the evolution of membrane ... while microbial deposition/growth and microbial product accumulation on membranes potentially induce membrane fouling. ... Microorganisms in membrane bioreactors (MBRs) play important roles on degradation of organic/inorganic substances in ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2077-0375/2/3/565/htm
*  Motion Analysis of Live Objects by Super-Resolution Fluorescence Microscopy
Investigation of lipid lateral mobility in biological membranes and their artificial models provides information on membrane ... Researchers are exerting efforts not only in simple localization, but also in improving the future methods in other aspects.(1) ... They provide a review of the HIV life cycle, which provides an opportunity to study mechanisms deeply integrated within the ... A tracking algorithm is tested in [10] on solid-lipid nanoparticles diffusing within cells and on lymphocytes diffusing in ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/cmmm/2012/859398/
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Xi Huang (Translated to Swedish)
Nov, 2010 , Pubmed ID: 21047127 A new kind of soluble eggshell membrane protein (SEP) was prepared from eggshell membrane (ESM ... To determine mechanisms mediating resistance, the role of IFN-gamma, IL-12, and IL-18 was tested in BALB/c mice. RT-PCR ... Meanwhile, in crystals, 7-ACA was released but the acetic acid still bound with Trp-beta4, and as a result, the enzyme remained ... Based on the ability of a neutral molecule like H2O2 to permeate membranes, our data indicate that, after ultraviolet-B ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Xi_Huang?language=Swedish
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... terminal cell branches are formed as thin tubes and contain a membrane-bound intracellular lumen. Quantitative analysis of ... Analysis of Targeted Viral Protein Nanoparticles Delivered to HER2+ Tumors. Authors: Jae Youn Hwang, Daniel L. Farkas, Lali K. ... The method relies on equipment that is available to many researchers in life sciences and does not require expert knowledge of ... Yet, the mechanisms underlying its ability to modulate brain excitability to improve clinical symptoms remains poorly ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/24963926/normalized-polarization-ratios-for-the-analysis-of-cell-polarity
*  Hemagglutinin (influenza) - Wikipedia
... cell membrane then engulfs the virus and the portion of the membrane that encloses it pinches off to form a new membrane-bound ... the opening of which is thought to be the first step in the membrane fusion process. In 2015 researchers designed an immunogen ... It is responsible for binding the virus to cells with sialic acid on the membranes, such as cells in the upper respiratory ... One team designed self-assembling HA-stem nanoparticles, using a protein called ferritin to hold the HA together. Another ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemagglutinin_(influenza)
*  Blood-brain barrier - New World Encyclopedia
Nanoparticles. Nanotechnology may also help in the transfer of drugs across the BBB (Silva 2008). Recently, researchers have ... Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. (These membranes are also known as ... Alzheimer's disease: New mechanisms for an old problem. University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey Research 7(2). ... Also, the basement membrane is sometimes incomplete. Other factors, such as astrocytes, may contribute to the resistance of ...
  http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Blood-brain_barrier
*  Combination Drug Delivery Approaches in Metastatic Breast Cancer
The journal serves researchers from academia and industry, and will publish articles ranging from basic biology of drug and ... Combination Drug Delivery Systems Based on Polymeric Nanoparticles. Polymeric nanoparticles are submicron-sized aggregate ... Mechanisms of action of anthracyclines are (1) to inhibit DNA and RNA synthesis by intercalating between base pairs of the DNA/ ... A single-stranded DNA-A9 PSMA (prostate-specific membrane antigen) RNA aptamer hybrid was conjugated to a PAMAM dendrimer as ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jdd/2012/915375/
*  Modeling the Release Kinetics of Poorly Water-Soluble Drug Molecules from Liposomal Nanocarriers
The journal serves researchers from academia and industry, and will publish articles ranging from basic biology of drug and ... M. Grassi, G. Grassi, R. Lapasin, and I. Colombo, Understanding Drug Release and Absorption Mechanisms: A Physical and ... That is, a drug molecule may preferentially be bound to either the inner or outer monolayer, having to flip-flop in order to ... H. Hefeshaa, S. Loew, X. Liu, S. May, and A. Fahr, "Transfer mechanism of temoporfin between liposomal membranes," Journal of ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jdd/2011/376548/
*  Patent US7267948 - SERS diagnostic platforms, methods and systems microarrays, biosensors and ... - Google Patents
silver nanoparticles are provided having COOH end-group functionality. A linker, such as MeCNEt(iPr)2N is then bound to the ... SERS platforms can be based on metal membranes. One of the simplest types of solid substrates is a silver or gold membrane used ... These molecules provide a way for genome researchers to focus on regions in the genome that represent biologically important ... gold or other suitable metals that provide the conduction electrons required for the surface plasmon mechanisms. ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US7267948?dq=inassignee:doubleclick
*  Frontiers | Early appearance and possible functions of non-neuromuscular cholinesterase activities | Frontiers in Molecular...
An understanding of the mechanisms of the cholinergic regulation of these events can help us foresee the possible impact on ... An understanding of the mechanisms of the cholinergic regulation of these events can help us foresee the possible impact on ... Instead, these effects are due to cell-to cell and cell-matrix interactions, through the affinity of membrane-bound AChE ... Figure 5. (A,B) ChE localization at the membranes and perinuclear envelopes in sea urchin early embryos. (C,D) Show the similar ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnmol.2012.00054/full
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
AMs with critical quality control steps and direct membrane staining protocols for fluorescence imaging of TATS membranes. ... To study the mechanisms by which excessive levels of glucose and fatty acids affect the pancreatic beta-cell and the secretion ... Nanoparticles can be incubated with a plethora of biological fluids and they are able to greatly enrich the concentration of ... Therefore, researchers focusing on the swing phase of walking should consider the impact of prosthesis inertia property ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize/abstract/21437204/lean-body-mass-interleukin-18-metabolic-syndrome-apparently-healthy
*  Study provides insight into how nanoparticles interact with biological systems
... the researchers identified that ion pairing between the lipid head groups of biological membranes and the polycations' ammonium ... "The nanoparticles pick up parts of the lipid cellular membrane like a snowball rolling in a snowfield, and they become sticky ... "This study provides insight into the molecular mechanisms by which nanoparticles interact with biological systems," Geiger said ... On Saturday, 10 November 2018, the research icebreaker Polarstern will leave its homeport of Bremerhaven, bound for Cape Town, ...
  https://www.innovations-report.com/html/reports/life-sciences/study-provides-insight-into-how-nanoparticles-interact-with-biological-systems.html
*  Sensors | Free Full-Text | Responsive Hydrogels for Label-Free Signal Transduction within Biosensors | HTML
... focuses on various principles underpinning the design of biospecific hydrogels acting through various molecular mechanisms in ... Figure 4. Schematics of DNA-crosslink designs and hydrogel swelling/shrinking mechanisms: (a) ssDNA with both ends anchored in ... The increase in volume created during the bending of the pressure sensor membrane is extremely small compared with the size of ... Brownlee, M.; Cerami, A. Glucose-controlled insulin-delivery system - semi-synthetic insulin bound to lectin. Science 1979, 206 ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/10/5/4381/htm
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Bispecific Antibodies as a Development Platform for New Concepts and Treatment Strategies | HTML
... or into lipid-based nanoparticles (LNPs). This Dig-siRNA was bound in a 2:1 ratio to the bispecific antibodies, which bind ... Abdullah, S.E.; Perez-Soler, R. Mechanisms of resistance to vascular endothelial growth factor blockade. Cancer 2012, 118, 3455 ... The CH3 domain is a potential site for researchers to modify and add some entities to create multifunctional molecules. ... Finally, minicells loaded with chemotherapeutic drugs were targeted via bispecific antibodies to antigens on the membrane of ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/18/1/48/htm
*  Full text] The new era of nanotechnology, an alternative to change cancer treatme | DDDT
Nanoparticles enter the cell via endocytosis, which is the main pathway for crossing the cellular membrane. Also, nanoparticles ... Low size of nanoparticles allows them to cross cellular membranes and avoid detection by the reticuloendothelial system, thus ... Novel nanoparticles that can target multiple altered mechanisms represent an important tool in cancer treatment and can be ... Geng Y, Lin D, Shao L, Yan F, Ju H. Cellular delivery of quantum dot-bound hybridization probe for detection of intracellular ...
  https://www.dovepress.com/the-new-era-of-nanotechnology-an-alternative-to-change-cancer-treatmen-peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-DDDT
*  Blood-brain barrier - Wikipedia
Recently, researchers have been trying to build liposomes loaded with nanoparticles to gain access through the BBB. More ... Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord (these membranes are known as meninges ... Mechanisms for drug targeting in the brain involve going either "through" or "behind" the BBB. Modalities for drug delivery/ ... Also, the basement membrane is sometimes incomplete. Other factors, such as astrocytes, may contribute to the resistance of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blood%E2%80%93brain_barrier
*  Nanotoxicology - Wikipedia
Nanoparticles can be divided into combustion-derived nanoparticles (like diesel soot), manufactured nanoparticles like carbon ... covering the membrane and preventing it from permeating the necessary fuels and wastes. With less exposed membrane for ... where agglomeration signifies more loosely bound particles and aggregation signifies very tightly bound or fused particles ( ... Researchers have since found that many metal and metal oxide NPs have detrimental effects on the cells with which they come ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nanotoxicology
*  Antimicrobial surface - Wikipedia
Mechanisms of antibacterial action of copper. Researchers today believe that the most important mechanisms include the ... The positively charged chitosan nanoparticles interact with the negatively charged cell membrane, which causes an increase in ... With these methods-"grafting to" and "grafting from"-polymers can be chemically bound to a solid surface and thus the ... Natural peptides form nano-scale channels in the bacterial cell membranes, which causes osmotic collapse. These peptides are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antimicrobial_surface
*  Neurodegeneration - Wikipedia
This discovery led researchers to focus on unlocking the mechanisms for SOD1-mediated diseases. However, the pathogenic ... Alpha-synuclein can damage membranes by inducing membrane curvature, and cause extensive tubulation and vesiculation when ... alpha-synuclein can also form lipoprotein nanoparticles similar to apolipoproteins. The most common form of cell death in ... by which the brain cells in Parkinson's are lost may consist of an abnormal accumulation of the protein alpha-synuclein bound ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurodegeneration
*  Xenon - Wikipedia
In 1962, a group of researchers at Bell Laboratories discovered laser action in xenon, and later found that the laser gain was ... Liquid or solid xenon nanoparticles can be formed at room temperature by implanting Xe+ ions into a solid matrix. Many solids ... This produces a stable, minimum energy configuration in which the outer electrons are tightly bound. In a gas-filled tube, ... Xenon is an effective inhibitor of plasma membrane Ca2+ ATPase. Xenon inhibits Ca2+ ATPase by binding to a hydrophobic pore ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xenon
*  Biosensor - Wikipedia
With other researchers she devised a method of washing these different metastatic leveled cells over the sensors to measure ... Subsequently, the bound biological agent may be for example fixed by Layer by layer depositation of alternatively charged ... When nanoparticles are attached to the QCM surface their simplicity, variability in shape, high surface area, physicochemical ... The magnitude of the change in electrical signal is greatly increased by separating the membrane from the metal surface using a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biosensor
*  DNA - Wikipedia
In all species it is composed of two helical chains, bound to each other by hydrogen bonds. Both chains are coiled round the ... DNA is used by researchers as a molecular tool to explore physical laws and theories, such as the ergodic theorem and the ... As DNA polymerases can only extend a DNA strand in a 5′ to 3′ direction, different mechanisms are used to copy the antiparallel ... Baianu, I.C. (1978). "X-ray scattering by partially disordered membrane systems". Acta Crystallogr A. 34 (5): 751-753. Bibcode: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA
*  Lipid bilayer - Wikipedia
The lipid bilayer (or phospholipid bilayer) is a thin polar membrane made of two layers of lipid molecules. These membranes are ... Chakrabarti AC (1994). "Permeability of membranes to amino acids and modified amino acids: mechanisms involved in translocation ... Interaction of Nanoparticles with Lipid Membrane, Nano Letters, vol. 8, iss. 3, pp. 941-944 (2008). Heuser JE, Reese TS, Dennis ... Researchers over the years have tried to harness this potential to develop a bilayer-based device for clinical diagnosis or ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lipid_bilayer
*  Virus - Wikipedia
... either the outer membrane surrounding an infected host cell or internal membranes such as nuclear membrane or endoplasmic ... Most researchers believe that HIV originated in sub-Saharan Africa during the 20th century; it is now a pandemic, with an ... Viruses have different mechanisms by which they produce disease in an organism, which depends largely on the viral species. ... The genetic material, in general, single-stranded RNA, but ssDNA in some cases, is bound into the protein helix by interactions ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virus