*  RESTING ENERGY EXPENDITURE AND ESTIMATED CALORIC INTAKE OF OVERWEIGHT ADOLESCENTS WITH ASTHMA | Archives of Disease in Childhood
Overweight, energy expenditure and caloric intake are associated with an increased prevalence of asthma. To measure resting energy expenditure and calculate caloric intake of overweight adolescents with asthma and compare results with those of groups of well-nourished adolescents with asthma and overweight adolescents without asthma. Cross-sectional study with 69 adolescents aged 10 to 18 years divided into three matched groups. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric and body composition measurements. Indirect calorimetry was used to measure energy expenditure; caloric intake was estimated from dietary recalls. In each group, there were 23 adolescents (10 girls) aged 12.39±2.40 years. Results for each group (overweight adolescents with asthma; well-nourished adolescents with asthma; and overweight adolescents without asthma) were, respectively: Body mass index = 24.83±2.73 kg/m2, 19.01±2.10 kg/m2, and ...
  http://adc.bmj.com/content/93/Suppl_2/pw19
*  Parents' awareness of overweight in themselves and their children: cross sectional study within a cohort (EarlyBird 21) | The...
Only a quarter of parents recognised overweight in their child. Even when obese, 33% mothers (57% fathers) saw their child's weight as "about right." Parents were less likely to identify overweight in sons than daughters: only 27% of overweight or obese boys were classified as at least "a little overweight," compared with 54% of overweight girls (P = 0.01). More mothers than fathers correctly assessed their child's weight (84% v 76%, P = 0.06).. Maternal weight status did not affect mothers' awareness of their chidren's weight: 82% of overweight mothers were correct compared with 82% of normal weight mothers (P = 0.50). However, only 74% overweight fathers were correct compared with 85% normal weight fathers (P = 0.08).. More than half of the parents of obese children expressed some degree of concern about their child's weight, but only a quarter were even "a little worried" if their child ...
  http://www.bmj.com/content/330/7481/23.long
*  Parents' awareness of overweight in themselves and their children: cross sectional study within a cohort (EarlyBird 21) | The...
Only a quarter of parents recognised overweight in their child. Even when obese, 33% mothers (57% fathers) saw their child's weight as "about right." Parents were less likely to identify overweight in sons than daughters: only 27% of overweight or obese boys were classified as at least "a little overweight," compared with 54% of overweight girls (P = 0.01). More mothers than fathers correctly assessed their child's weight (84% v 76%, P = 0.06).. Maternal weight status did not affect mothers' awareness of their chidren's weight: 82% of overweight mothers were correct compared with 82% of normal weight mothers (P = 0.50). However, only 74% overweight fathers were correct compared with 85% normal weight fathers (P = 0.08).. More than half of the parents of obese children expressed some degree of concern about their child's weight, but only a quarter were even "a little worried" if their child ...
  http://www.bmj.com/content/330/7481/23?ijkey=a35b782e6a94cc50b97a5b511db554bf438ded38&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  SAT0482 Overweight Prevalence in Children and Adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis in Dependence on Health and...
Results In 2005 a total of 3,622 patients with JIA were included in the analysis, median age was 11 years, 14.4% were overweight. Associated variables with overweight were subgroup, age, participation in school sports, medication with glucocorticoids and level of functional restriction. As influencing factors for overweight the systemic JIA, functional restrictions, and the non-participation in school sports were identified.. Weight status did not differ from controls, although slight differences in health- and lifestyle-aspects were found. Differences between patients and reference group affected duration and frequency of physical activity.. Trend analysis showed a reduction in overweight prevalence from 2003 until 2010 (-4.9%). Especially among patients with systemic JIA the overweight prevalence decreased (-9.6%). Reduction of overweight rate was accociated by an improved funtional status.. ...
  http://ard.bmj.com/content/72/Suppl_3/A744.3
*  Systematic review and meta-analyses of risk factors for childhood overweight identifiable during infancy | Archives of Disease...
This systematic review of 30 prospective studies identified several significant early life risk factors for childhood overweight: maternal pre-pregnancy overweight, high infant birth weight, early infant rapid weight gain and maternal smoking during pregnancy. There was a moderate protective effect of ever breastfeeding during the first year on subsequent childhood overweight. There was some evidence that the early introduction of solid foods was associated with childhood overweight, and mixed evidence for longer duration of breastfeeding during the first year, maternal marital status at birth and parity. There was no association for the remaining factors or the evidence was inconclusive due to a lack of studies.. The studies exploring maternal pre-pregnancy overweight as a risk factor found higher odds of overweight in offspring who had parents who were classified as overweight or obese. In ...
  http://adc.bmj.com/content/early/2012/09/26/archdischild-2012-302263
*  Estimating Overweight Risk in Childhood From Predictors During Infancy | Articles | Pediatrics
The growing prevalence of childhood overweight has warranted exploration into risk prediction models to aid prevention strategies. Although a recent risk model26 derived risk equations to predict childhood obesity at birth with good statistical validity (AUROC: 0.7-0.85), the risk algorithm described in this study identifies children between 6 and 12 months at risk for overweight. It, therefore, is able to incorporate the effects of rapid weight gain, which is the strongest marker of overweight and obesity in childhood.6,7,27 Additionally, it may be more effective and acceptable to communicate overweight risk to parents of infants at 6 and 12 months when the rapid weight gain is manifested. A US study revealed that positive parental changes occurred when a physical marker is visible such as a diagnosis of childhood overweight or perceiving the child's weight as a health problem.28 There are 2 other risk prediction ...
  http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/132/2/e414.long
*  The associations between psychopathology and being overweight: a 20-year prospective study - Zurich Open Repository and Archive
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric disorders and being overweight are major health problems with increasing prevalence. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that being overweight is associated with a range of psychiatric conditions including minor and atypical depressive disorders, binge eating, and aggression. METHOD: Prospective community-based cohort study of young adults (n = 591) followed between ages 19 and 40. Information derived from six subsequent semi-structured diagnostic interviews conducted by professionals over twenty years. Outcomes were being overweight [body-mass index (BMI), 25] and average yearly weight change between ages 20 and 40 (BMI slope). RESULTS: 18.9 % of the participants were classified as being overweight. Being overweight turned out to be a stable trait: 77.7% of subjects were assigned to the same weight class at each interview. Atypical depression and binge eating were positively ...
  http://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/49827/
*  Trends in overweight and obese adults in Malaysia (1996-2009): a systematic review - Khambalia - 2010 - Obesity Reviews - Wiley...
Like other nations experiencing rapid industrialization, urbanization and a nutrition transition, there is concern in Malaysia of a possible escalation in the prevalence of overweight and obesity. In 1996, the National Health and Morbidity Survey reported a 16.6% and 4.4% prevalence of overweight and obesity, respectively. In the following decade, there have been several national and community surveys on overweight and obesity in Malaysia. The objective of this systematic review is to describe the trend from 1996 to 2009 in the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adults in Malaysia nationally and by gender, age and race. Results indicate that there has been a small rise in overweight adults in the years 1996, 2003 and 2006 (20.7%, 26.7% and 29.1%) and a much more dramatic increase in obesity in 1996, 2003, 2004 and 2006 (5.5%, 12.2%, 12.3% and 14.0%). Evidence showed a greater risk for overweight and ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00728.x/full?globalMessage=0
*  Prevalence of obesity and overweight and associated factors among financial institution workers in Accra Metropolis, Ghana: a...
The overall prevalence of obesity and overweight among the bank workers was 55.6 % (17.8 % obese and 37.8 % overweight) as against the total prevalence of overweight and obesity of 30 % indicated in the Ghana Demographic and Health Survey report [30]. A study also conducted in Accra by Aryeetey and Ansong reported an overall prevalence of obesity and overweight of 56 % [31]. Many other studies carried out in Africa have reported higher prevalence of obesity and overweight in urban areas [32, 33, 25, 26]. The high prevalence of obesity and overweight among the bank employees could be attributed to less physical activity due to the sedentary nature of their work resulting in weight gain [34].. The percentage of males who were overweight/obese was almost the same as that of females (Table 1). After adjusting for other variables, the risk of obesity and overweight among females ...
  https://bmcresnotes.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13104-015-1590-1
*  Supplemental Calcium in Overweight People - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
This study will examine the health effects of calcium supplements in overweight adults. Overweight adults often eat a diet low in calcium. Some studies have found low calcium intake in people who have some of the medical problems often seen in overweight adults. This study will see if extra calcium improves the health of overweight adults.. Volunteers in general good health 18 years of age or older who are overweight (body mass index equal to or greater than 25 kilograms per square meter of body surface) may be eligible for this study. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may not participate. The study includes four visits, described below.. Visit 1. Volunteers will be screened for participation in the study with a medical history, physical examination, and blood and urine tests. At home, they will collect a 24-hour urine sample; fill out questionnaires to assess their average calcium intake; and record their food intake ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00030238
*  Supplemental Calcium in Overweight People - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
This study will examine the health effects of calcium supplements in overweight adults. Overweight adults often eat a diet low in calcium. Some studies have found low calcium intake in people who have some of the medical problems often seen in overweight adults. This study will see if extra calcium improves the health of overweight adults.. Volunteers in general good health 18 years of age or older who are overweight (body mass index equal to or greater than 25 kilograms per square meter of body surface) may be eligible for this study. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding may not participate. The study includes four visits, described below.. Visit 1. Volunteers will be screened for participation in the study with a medical history, physical examination, and blood and urine tests. At home, they will collect a 24-hour urine sample; fill out questionnaires to assess their average calcium intake; and record their food intake ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00030238?order=120
*  Overweight/ Obesity among School Going Adolescents and Its Associated Factors - a Cross Sectional Study in an Urban Locality of...
Overweight and obesity are an increasingly prevalent nutritional disorder among adolescents and its prevention is a public health priority. The study aims to know the prevalence of obesity among school going adolescents and to assess the associated factors. The present study was a cross sectional study conducted in 12 schools of Bhubaneswar from July 2013 to December 2013. 1800 adolescents of 10-16 years (Class VI to X) were included in the study. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity among school going adolescents was found to be 27.8% (overweight-16.4% and obesity-11.4%). Overweight/ Obesity was significantly higher in adolescents with working mothers, joint family, having less than 2 siblings, not doing regular exercise, watching television more than 2 hours/day, playing computer games, consuming junk food regularly and not playing of outdoor games. There is a need for periodic screening for overweight in ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Overweight-Obesity-among-School-Going-Adolescents-Patnaik-Pattanaik/79f0d8d39b897d3c5af92eca6d38a9838b6f2593
*  Is there an association between spatial access to parks/green space and childhood overweight/obesity in Calgary, Canada? |...
We examined the associations between four measures of spatial access to parks/green space at the community level and childhood overweight/obesity in Calgary, Canada. Overall, our results suggest that spatial access to parks/green space per se has a limited direct association with childhood overweight/obesity in this context. Nonetheless, our findings raise some interesting discussion points.. First, we observed marginal significance in the partially adjusted model where children living in communities with a moderate number of parks/green space per 10,000 people had lower odds of being overweight/obese compared to those living in communities with a low number of parks/green space per 10,000 people. In the fully adjusted model the effect was slightly reduced and became non-significant. Although our finding for number of parks/green space per 10,000 was small and non-significant we feel that this finding merits a brief comment given the local circumstances in ...
  https://ijbnpa.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1479-5868-6-77
*  Overweight teenagers at higher risk of liver diseases later - Canindia News
London, June 17 (IANS) Being overweight during adolescence can put men at significantly higher risk of developing severe liver disease later in life, says a study. The findings are based on 40 years follow-up of study of nearly 45,000 Swedish men.. The study showed that adolescent males with a body mass index (BMI) above 25 are at a 64 per cent increased risk of developing severe liver diseases and liver cell cancer in their late lives. Even for one kg/m2 increase in BMI, obese males can face a five per cent increased risk, the study said.. "It is possible that this increased risk is caused by a longer exposure to being overweight, compared to becoming overweight or obese later in life and that individuals with a longer history of being overweight have an increased risk of severe liver disease," said lead investigator Hannes Hagstrom from Karolinska University in Sweden.. In addition, overweight and obesity are associated ...
  http://www.canindia.com/overweight-teenagers-at-higher-risk-of-liver-diseases-later/
*  Energy intake and appetite following exercise in lean and overweight girls - Northumbria Research Link
Twelve 11-year-old girls (six lean, six overweight) were given meals in the laboratory and at school for 5 days, with exercise imposed for 2 days and sedentary activities on another 2 days in counterbalanced sequences. During a preliminary visit, the FLEX heart rate method was used to predict individual exercise durations eliciting 1.5 MJ energy expenditure. Morning and afternoon cycling exercise was subsequently imposed in the laboratory on 2 consecutive days as part of the 5-day intervention. Energy intake was measured via observation with meals being standardised between conditions, prepared and weighed by the research team. Hunger, fullness and desire to eat were rated by subjects immediately before and after meals and exercise. Energy expenditure was significantly elevated in the exercise condition, compared to sedentary. No exercise-induced differences in total daily or 5-day total energy intake were observed between groups or treatments. Overweight girls, however, ...
  http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/2995/
*  Saúde Pública - Effects of social and environmental determinants on overweight and obesity among Brazilian schoolchildren from...
Obesity is considered to be a major public health problem and its prevalence is increasing not only in developed countries (1, 2) but also in countries that are undergoing economic and social transition (3-5). The World Health Organization estimates that the prevalence of obesity is 4.8% in developing countries, 17.1% in transitional countries, and 20.4% in developed countries (6). In 1970 in Brazil, the prevalence of overweight was estimated to be 4% among young people (6-18 years old), and it grew to 14% by the end of 1990 (7). Overweight and obesity cause or exacerbate a large number of health problems, both independently and in association with other diseases (8, 9). Although the health consequences associated with excess weight are not identical in adults and children, risk factors associated with overweight and obesity installed in childhood and adolescence may be higher for cardiovascular diseases than when installed at more advanced ages (10). ...
  https://scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1020-49892011001000002&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
*  Overweight - Wikipedia
Being overweight or fat is having more body fat than is optimally healthy. Being overweight is especially common where food supplies are plentiful and lifestyles are sedentary. As of 2003[update], excess weight reached epidemic proportions globally, with more than 1 billion adults being either overweight or obese. In 2013 this increased to more than 2 billion. Increases have been observed across all age groups. A healthy body requires a minimum amount of fat for proper functioning of the hormonal, reproductive, and immune systems, as thermal insulation, as shock absorption for sensitive areas, and as energy for future use. But the accumulation of too much storage fat can impair movement, flexibility, and alter the appearance of the body. The degree to which a person is overweight is generally described by the body mass index (BMI). Overweight is defined as a BMI of 25 or more, thus it includes pre-obesity defined as a BMI ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overweight
*  The High Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus in Yazd
The prevalence of obesity and overweight in most population is increasing alarmingly. This rise is associated with economic development, increasing urbanization, change in dietary and other lifestyle patterns and also reduced physical activity. Last studies showed that type 2 diabetes incidence rise with increasing body mass index (BMI). This paper evaluated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among diabetic patients. A total of 518 consecutive central-based patients (198 males and 320 females) with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were investigated in this prospective cross-sectional study. The overall prevalence of overweight and obesity (BMI > 25 kg/m²) was 76%. The mean of BMI in women was 26.66 ± 3.98 and in men was 28.70 ± 4.36. The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 48% and 28%, respectively. This paper indicated a high prevalence of overweight and obesity in diabetic patients in Yazd (central province of Iran).. ...
  https://www.ommegaonline.org/article-abstract/The-High-Prevalence-of-Overweight-and-Obesity-in-Patients-with-Diabetes-Mellitus-in-Yazd/413
*  A Study of the Effects of Exercise Intensity on Insulin Sensitivity in Overweight Youth - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Background:. The investigators know that exercise helps children develop strong bones and muscles and generally stay healthy. What is unclear however, is how much exercise a child needs to lower their risk of developing type 2 diabetes.. Objective:. The investigators will try to find out whether high-intensity exercise for a short-period of time is better than moderately intense exercise for improving the diabetes risk profile in teens who are at risk for type 2 diabetes.. The working hypothesis is that exercise-mediated improvements in insulin sensitivity (a risk factor for diabetes) will be greater following vigorous intermittent physical activity than following low intensity physical activity in overweight adolescents 13-18 yrs at risk for T2DM.. Brief Description of Research Project: Teenagers between the ages of 13 and 18 yrs, who are at risk for type 2 diabetes (either by their family history or an abnormal response to sugar) will be randomly assigned to one of two activity groups or a ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT00755547
*  Overweight pregnant women not getting proper weight-g... ( HERSHEY Pa. -- Overweight women are ...)
...HERSHEY Pa. -- Overweight women are not receiving proper advice on he... Excessive weight gain during pregnancy is associated with weight rete...Overweight is defined as having a body mass index (BMI) of 25-29 and ...Guidelines for weight gain are based on the weight of the woman at the...,Overweight,pregnant,women,not,getting,proper,weight-gain,advice,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
  http://bio-medicine.org/biology-news-1/Overweight-pregnant-women-not-getting-proper-weight-gain-advice-27816-1/
*  Department of Health | About Overweight and Obesity
Specific information on overweight and obesity is provided, including: prevalence of overweight and obesity; how overweight and obesity is defined; calculate your BMI (for adults only); causes of overweight and obesity; health consequences; economic consequences.
  http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/Publishing.nsf/Content/health-pubhlth-strateg-hlthwt-obesity.htm
*  Overweight Female Silhouette Collection stock vector art 165061397 | iStock
Download this Overweight Female Silhouette Collection vector illustration now. And search more of the web's best library of royalty-free vector art from iStock.
  http://www.istockphoto.com/vector/overweight-female-silhouette-collection-gm165061397-2948185
*  O-Health Topics-Obesity and Overweight in Children
Many children are overweight or obese simply because they eat and drink more than their body needs.. A lack of physical activity. Being overweight or obese does run in families. This may partly be due to learning bad eating habits from your parents as a child.. Lack of sleep. Two hormones called leptin and ghrelin may be culprits. Leptin is released by fat cells to tell your brain that fat stores are sufficient. Ghrelin is released by your stomach as a signal of hunger. In someone who does not have enough sleep, leptin levels are low and ghrelin levels are high. These changes in hormone levels may encourage a child to eat more.. Medical problems. There are some rare genetic diseases that can cause overweight and obesity in children. Conditions such as hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland) or other hormone problems may also be a cause.. How much weight should a child lose if they are overweight or obese?. In general, rapid weight loss ...
  http://www.qmedicine.co.in/top%20health%20topics/O/Obesity%20and%20Overweight%20in%20Children.html
*  Mental Health Update: Overweight and suicide in teenagers
Teenagers who are overweight, or who think they are overweight, may be more likely to make a suicide attempt. That's according to researchers from the College of Health and Human Sciences and Georgia State Universiy, both in the U.S., who studied the links beteen BMI, perceived overweight and sucide attempts in 14,000 teenagers. Both the children who were overweight and those who only thought they were were more likely to try and kill themselves ...
  http://mentalhealthupdate.blogspot.com/2009/05/overweight-and-suicide-in-teenagers.html
*  What Being Overweight Means
Your weight has been important since the moment you were born. Maybe you even know what your birth weight was. Most newborns weigh between 6 and 9 pounds, but some may weigh more and some less.. But very quickly, a baby gains weight and everyone is glad about that because it means the child is growing bigger and stronger.. As you get older, your weight is still important. It's something your parents and doctor will probably keep an eye on. When you go for a checkup, the doctor often will record your height and weight and compare it with what it was the last time you came in. The doctor wants to check that you are a healthy weight because weighing too much - or too little - can be a problem.. But these days, being overweight is more common than being underweight. In the last 30 years, a growing number of kids and teenagers have developed weight problems. Today, 1 out of 3 kids and teens between the ages of 2 and 19 are overweight, or obese (a word that means very ...
  http://kidshealth.org/en/kids/overweight.html?view=ptr&WT.ac=k-ptr