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*  Environmental Influences on Human Development Flashcards by Joel Glotfelty | Brainscape
As a teratogen, leads to phocomelia, amelia, syndactyly, and ear and eye defects. - > 10,000 affected children worldwide (less ... The Dutch famine of 1944-45 showed that first trimester exposure had no effect, but third trimester exposure led to ... Agents that have been identified to cause birth defects such as Rubella, alcohol, mercury, lead, etc are called ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/environmental-influences-on-human-develop-5395267/packs/7943499
*  Changing Blood Lead Levels and Oxidative Stress with Duration of Residence Among Taiwan Immigrants | Springer for Research &...
Little is known about the impact of lead exposure and... ... Teratogen update: lead and pregnancy. Birth Defects Res A Clin ... Low level lead exposure and oxidative stress: current opinions. Clin Chim Acta. 2007;383:57-64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase genotype and lead toxicity: a HuGE review. Am J Epidemiol. 2001;154:1-13.PubMedCrossRef ... Patrick L. Lead toxicity part II: the role of free radical damage and the use of antioxidants in the pathology and treatment of ...
  https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10903-013-9820-x
*  Early Childhood Neurobehavioral Assessment for the Differential Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Alcohol-Related...
On the other hand, trying to focus too much on how alcohol is like other teratogens may lead to problems. Keeping in mind the ... but have not reached a consensus on the effects of lead exposure, in part because the effects of lead are multifocal. Lead ... The effects of lead on the mind have been recognized since ancient times. In 1943, Byers demonstrated that exposure to lead ... For example, removing lead from gasoline is related to the decrease found in blood lead levels in recent years. ...
  https://www.niaaa.nih.gov/about-niaaa/our-work/ICCFASD/proceedings/archived/march-2000
*  Alcohol Related Disorders | MEDCHROME
This capability classifies it medically as a teratogen. Alcohol is now recognized as the leading teratogen to which the fetus ... Harmful use/abuse: leads to impairment in one of more areas of daily life (physical , social , occupational , family life, ...
  http://medchrome.com/downloads/presentations/alcohol-related-disorder/
*  Reproduction Flashcards by Mary Kate Dierks | Brainscape
teratogen - cocaine causes ________, leading to low birth weight, preterm birth, IUGR, placental abruption ... teratogen - antiepileptic drugs cause _______, high dose folate supplementation recommended, most common drugs are ______ ... Homeobox genes (hox) involved in segmental organization of embryo in ________ direction, where mutations lead to __________ ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/reproduction-6598641/packs/10457246
*  A Faster Way to Better Reactions : Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Tragically, it was recognized too late that the other mirror-image form of thalidomide was a teratogen that led to severe birth ... The column consists of a glass tube almost 200 feet long and as thin as the lead in a mechanical pencil. The tube's interior ... We are the world's leading, independent, non-profit organization dedicated to ocean research, exploration, and education.. ...
  http://www.whoi.edu/page.do?pid=10095&tid=7342&cid=240149
*  Health effects of air pollution in worldwide countries: an ecological study
Teratogen update: lead and pregnancy. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2005; 73(6): 409-20. ... 23 Air pollution leaves devastating effects on health and with a variety of fatal diseases leads to early death.4 This leads to ... They also include birth defects, serious developmental delays in children, and reduced activity of the immune system, leading ... study to determine the impacts of lead exposure on reproductive health and outcomes also concluded that exposures to lead prior ...
  http://ijer.skums.ac.ir/article_20208.html
*  KIN 362 : Motor Development - Alabama - Page 1 - Course Hero
Early exposure to a teratogen is likely to lead to birth defects: malformed arms, lac ... Fetal Development 1. Teratogen can be defined as an environmental agent that causes harm to a developing embryo 1. ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/sitemap/schools/110-Alabama/courses/1519299-KIN362/
*  Toxic substances in electronics manufacturing: The U.S. does tragically little to protect workers from them.
Hawes already had a 1985 company document showing frit contained more than 1 percent lead oxide, a teratogen, but found it to ... It raises questions about the control of teratogens-substances, such as lead, which can interfere with tightly sequenced fetal ... "in securing the emancipation of female labour from the dangerous processes of lead-making. … Lead hits hard the reproductive ... The Digital study led to two bigger ones in the 1990s: one commissioned by IBM and the other by the Semiconductor Industry ...
  http://www.slate.com/articles/business/moneybox/2015/07/toxic_substances_in_electronics_manufacturing_the_u_s_does_tragically_little.html
*  Frances Oldham Kelsey - Wikipedia
Working with Geiling led to her interest in teratogens, drugs that cause congenital malformations (birth defects). Upon ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frances_Oldham_Kelsey
*  The impenetrable world of Mark Flores | Center for Public Integrity
Hawes already had a 1985 company document showing frit contained more than 1 percent lead oxide, a teratogen, but found it to ... It raises questions about the control of teratogens - substances, such as lead, which can interfere with tightly sequenced ... "in securing the emancipation of female labour from the dangerous processes of lead-making …. Lead hits hard the reproductive ... The Digital study led to two bigger ones in the 1990s: one commissioned by IBM and the other by the Semiconductor Industry ...
  https://www.publicintegrity.org/2015/07/01/17562/impenetrable-world-mark-flores?utm_campaign=syndication&utm_source=yahoo-news&utm_medium=calais-related-link
*  ZFIN Publication: Loucks et al., 2007
CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that each teratogen exposure leads to a unique set of molecular changes that underlie the ... Instead, all teratogens studied produce a series of changes in the expression of gsc and six3b present in early axial ... BACKGROUND: Exposure of zebrafish embryos to a number of teratogens results in cyclopia, but little is known about the ... Loucks, E.J., Schwend, T., and Ahlgren, S.C. (2007) Molecular changes associated with teratogen-induced cyclopia. Birth Defects ...
  https://zfin.org/ZDB-PUB-070806-9
*  Hazardous Substances Demand Your Respect - AHealthyMe - Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts
Teratogens. Chemicals that can lead to birth defects. (Examples: isotretinoin, excess vitamin A, alcohol, and thalidomide) ... Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts is a leading provider of quality health insurance for residents of Massachusetts. Our ...
  http://www.ahealthyme.com/Library/DiseasesConditions/Adult/NonTraumatic/1,1810
*  Biological Disorders Tutorial | Sophia Learning
Teratogen Substances that may cause birth defects; drugs and alcohol are the most common but other teratogens include some ...
  https://www.sophia.org/tutorials/biological-disorders--2
*  Ordinal numerical competence - Wikipedia
Teratogens such as stress can alter prenatal neural development, leading to diminished competence after birth. Physical effects ... of teratogens are common, but endocrine effects are harder to measure. These are the factors that influence neural development ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ordinal_numerical_competence
*  Teratology Connection : Blogs : Webinar: Preclinical Considerations for Cell-Based Immunotherapies -- Recording Available
The Human Teratogens course, led for many years by Dr. Lewis B. Holmes in Boston, Massachusetts, has moved! It will now take ... Registration Now Open for Human Teratogens Course, February 24-26, 2019 in Tampa, FL ...
  https://connection.teratology.org/p/bl/et/blogaid=1062&source=1
*  Lead in Drinking Water and Human Blood Lead Levels in the United States
Teratogen update: lead and pregnancy. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol 2005;73:409-20. ... Lead Title X in 1992, the ban on lead solder in food cans in 1995, the Lead-Safe Housing Rule in 1999, and the Lead Dust and ... the ban on lead in plumbing in 1986, the Lead Contamination Control Act in 1988, which led to the virtual elimination of lead ... Effects of Lead Exposure Effects on Children The health consequences of lead exposure depend on the cumulative dose of lead and ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su6104a1.htm
*  Lead tetrachloride - Wikipedia
Lead compounds are also teratogens. "Lead compounds: Lead Tetrachloride". WebElements.com. Retrieved 10 October 2012. Greenwood ... Lead is a cumulative poison. Only limited evidence have been shown of lead's carcinogenic effect, but lead tetrachloride, as ... Lead tetrachloride, also known as lead(IV) chloride, has the molecular formula PbCl4. It is a yellow, oily liquid which is ... Lead tetrachloride can be made by reacting lead(II) chloride PbCl2, and hydrochloric acid HCl, in the presence of chlorine gas ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lead_tetrachloride
*  Hedgehog signaling pathway - Wikipedia
... through either deleterious mutation or consumption of teratogens by the gestating mother, can lead to severe developmental ... The steps leading to Ci protein proteolysis include phosphorylation of Ci protein by several protein kinases; PKA, GSK3β and ... The mechanism by which Hh binding to Patched leads to increased levels of Smoothened is not clear (Step 1 in Figure 3). ... Activation of the Hedgehog pathway leads to an increase in Snail protein expression and a decrease in E-cadherin and Tight ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hedgehog_signaling_pathway
*  Lead poisoning - Wikipedia
Bellinger, DC (2005). "Teratogen update: lead and pregnancy". Birth defects research. Part A, Clinical and molecular teratology ... Ingestion of metallic lead, such as small lead fishing lures, increases blood lead levels and can be fatal. Ingestion of lead- ... Deteriorating lead paint and lead-containing household dust are the main causes of chronic lead poisoning. The lead breaks down ... Other threats to wildlife include lead paint, sediment from lead mines and smelters, and lead weights from fishing lines. Lead ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lead_poisoning
*  factors that determine developmental level
can lead to congenital problems caused by teratogens (any substance capable of altering fetal development) birth defects - not ... can lead to congenital problems caused by teratogens (any substance capable of altering fetal development) birth defects - not ...
  https://getrevising.co.uk/diagrams/developmental_psychology_study_of_progressive
*  The Protean Toxicities of Lead: New Chapters in a Familiar Story
Teratogen update: lead and pregnancy. Birth Defects Res. A. 2005;73:409-420. [PubMed] ... Blood lead level was categorized (0.7-2.0 μg/dL, 2.1-4.9 μg/dL, 5.0-21.7 μg/dL). Blood lead level was inversely related to both ... Current mean blood lead level was 12 μg/dL for the workers and 3 μg/dL for the controls. Tibia lead level was associated with ... Children a blood lead level ,3.5 μg/dL were 1.96 (95% CI 0.76-5.11) times more likely than children with a blood lead level ,1 ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3155319/?lang=en-ca
*  Frontiers | Blood Lead Levels in Women of Child-Bearing Age in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review | Public Health
Identified sources of lead exposure included lead mine, informal lead-acid battery recycling, leaded gasoline and piped water. ... Identified sources of lead exposure included lead mine, informal lead-acid battery recycling, leaded gasoline and piped water. ... Mean blood lead levels of women in the studies ranged from 0.83 µg/dl to 99 µg/dl. The overall weighted mean of blood lead ... Mean blood lead levels of women in the studies ranged from 0.83 µg/dl to 99 µg/dl. The overall weighted mean of blood lead ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2018.00367/full