*  PPT - Endocrine Physiology lecture 2 PowerPoint Presentation - ID:163946
Each of these second messenger systems activates a specific protein kinase enzyme. ... Protein kinase C activity is further increased by calcium which is released by the action of inositol phosphates. ... Adenylate cyclase which catalyzes the conversion of ATP to cyclic AMP; *Guanylate cyclase which catalyzes the conversion of GMP ... Receptors for the water soluble hormones are found on the surface of the target cell, on the plasma membrane. These types of ...
  https://www.slideserve.com/Thomas/endocrine-physiology-lecture-2
*  Protein kinase A - Wikipedia
... using adenylate cyclase. Protein kinase A acts to phosphorylate many enzymes important in metabolism. For example, protein ... The catalytic subunit contains the active site, a series of canonical residues found in protein kinases that bind and hydrolyse ... The activated Gs alpha subunit binds to and activates an enzyme called adenylyl cyclase, which, in turn, catalyzes the ... The liberated catalytic subunits can then catalyze the transfer of ATP terminal phosphates to protein substrates at serine, or ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protein_kinase_A
*  C-Raf - Wikipedia
... are activated by MEKK-related kinases (e.g. Ste11 in yeast) instead of Raf enzymes. Raf kinases found in retroviruses (such as ... Kyriakis JM, App H, Zhang XF, Banerjee P, Brautigan DL, Rapp UR, Avruch J (July 1992). "Raf-1 activates MAP kinase-kinase". ... and the enzymes dedicated for removal of these phosphates are the protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A ... BAD (Bcl2-atagonist of cell death) is directly phosphorylated by c-Raf, along with several types of adenylate cyclases, myosin ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C-Raf
*  Interaction among Skeletal Muscle Metabolic Energy Systems during Intense Exercise
... and in particular the adenylate kinase reaction, is the production of AMP. AMP is a potent allosteric activator of two enzymes ... 5] found that following a 30 seconds sprint on a cycle ergometer CrP was depleted to % of resting levels immediately following ... Second, AMP activates phosphofructokinase (PFK) within phase 1 of glycolysis, thereby allowing increased flux of G6P through ... Phase 1 involves six carbon phosphorylated carbohydrate intermediates called hexose phosphates. Phase 1 is also ATP costly, ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnme/2010/905612/
*  Metabotropic glutamate receptor - Wikipedia
... though they have been found on both pre- and postsynaptic membranes. Also, different mGluR subtypes are found predominantly in ... The lipophilic diacylglycerol remains in the membrane, acting as a cofactor for the activation of protein kinase C. These ... Stimulating the receptors causes the associated enzyme phospholipase C to hydrolyze phosphoinositide phospholipids in the ... activates only group III mGluRs. Several subtype-selective positive allosteric modulators that activate only the mGlu2 subtype ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metabotropic_glutamate_receptor
*  Optogenetic Reporters: Fluorescent Protein-Based Genetically-Encoded Indicators of Signaling and Metabolism in the Brain
... enzyme activities (e.g., protein kinase A, caspases), and reactive species. We focus on examples where these genetically- ... The imaging data suggest that glutamate activates both Gαs and Gαq, but Gd3+ only activates Gαq (Tateyama et al., 2004). ... To this end, the Tubby domain, a PIP2-binding motif of a mammalian transcription factor, was found to be selective for PIP2 and ... Phosphoinositides can be hydrolyzed to inositol phosphates and diacylglycerol (DAG) in a receptor-mediated manner, and these ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3494096/?lang=en-ca
*  Patent US6492130 - Modulation of the sulfonylurea receptor and calcium in adipocytes for ... - Google Patents
... and the supernatants were used for enzyme assays. Assays were started by the addition of malonyl CoA, and enzyme activities ... Since we found glibenclamide to stimulate adipocyte intracellular Ca2+ despite there having been no previous report of ... These effects were attributed to sulfonylurea-induced inhibition of cAMP level and protein kinase A activity. Thus, rodent ... an adenylate cyclase activator, induced a 48% increase in lipolysis in human adipocytes (p,0.05); this effect was reversed by ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6492130?dq=6,123,819
*  Angiotensin II-induced inotropism requires an endocardial endothelium-nitric oxide mechanism in the in-vitro heart of Anguilla...
angiotensin-converting enzyme. ANG II. angiotensin II. EE. endocardial endothelium. GC. guanylate cyclase. ISO. isoproterenol. ... Endoluminal ANG II activates AT1-like receptors in the EE that stimulate NO release, eliciting in the subjacent myocardium the ... NO, nitric oxide; Gi/o, Gi/o proteins; MR, muscarinic receptor; PKG, cGMP-activated protein kinase; GC, guanylate cyclase; eNOS ... mediate the inhibitory effect of ANG II on l-type Ca2+ currents and on the adenylate cyclase system (Ai et al., 1998). Whether ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/206/15/2675
*  BIOCHEMISTRY OF MAGNESIUM - PDF
Lecture 4 Enzymes Catalytic proteins. Enzymes. Enzymes 10/21/10. What enzymes do therefore is: Lecture 4 Catalytic proteins Are ... Magnesium ions activating adenylate cyclase control cyclic adenosine monophosphate (camp) synthesis. Adenylate cyclase ... One metal ion activates the attacking hydroxyl group, and the other stabilizes the negative charge of the oxygen atom of the ... Another metal ion (B) facilitates the leaving of the â- and ã-phosphates as well as phosphodiester bond formation (HARTWIG 2001 ...
  http://docplayer.net/1925075-Biochemistry-of-magnesium.html
*  Regulation of Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 and Calcium/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II by Phosphatidylinositol-Linked...
... indicating that the activations of the kinases are independent of each other. We also found that SKF83959 induces the ... SKF83959 Activates CaMK II Activity in a Time- and Dose-Dependent Manner. Calcium has been shown to play an important role in ... Undie AS and Friedman E (1990) Stimulation of a dopamine D1 receptor enhances inositol phosphates formation in rat brain. J ... Two minutes later, the incubation was terminated, tissue was homogenized, and enzyme activity was conducted as described under ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/66/6/1500
*  Plus it
... with creatine kinase (CK) linking ATP generation to KATP channel closure and adenylate kinase (AK) regulating KATP channel ... Gribble FM, Tucker SJ, Haug T, Ashcroft FM: MgATP activates the beta cell KATP channel by interaction with its SUR1 subunit. ... Zingman LV, Alekseev AE, Bienengraeber M, Hodgson D, Karger AB, Dzeja PP, Terzic A: Signaling in channel/enzyme multimers: ... Subsequently, many other mutations within both SUR1 and Kir6.2 have been found to reduce MgADP activation and simultaneously ...
  http://diabetes.diabetesjournals.org/content/53/suppl_3/S113
*  James Ferrell | Stanford Medicine Profiles
One of the kinases, a 42-kilodalton serine(threonine) kinase (PK42), was found to possess two- to fourfold-higher in vitro ... The stimulus/response curve of the MAPK was found to be as steep as that of a cooperative enzyme with a Hill coefficient of 4-5 ... Progesterone brings about inhibition of adenylate cyclase and activation of the Mos/MEK1/p42 MAP kinase cascade, which ... the identity of the kinase that activates MEK1 is unknown. Here we have partially purified a Cdc2-cyclin B-induced MEK- ...
  https://med.stanford.edu/profiles/james-ferrell
*  Direct Detection of Diverse Metabolic Changes in Virally Transformed and Tax-Expressing Cells by Mass Spectrometry
Recently, it was shown that the enzymes related to creatine and arginine metabolism were found to be significantly upregulated ... cAMP is a second messenger and activates several protein kinases that are involved in significant biochemical processes. The ... Energy charge of the adenylate pool as a regulatory parameter. Interaction with feedback modifiers. Biochemistry. 1968;7:4030- ... interactions between the positively charged ammonium groups of the polyamines and the negatively charged phosphates of nucleic ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2935367/
*  Chemistry of Aminoacyl-tRNA Synthetases - CHEMICAL BIOLOGY
The first step of the ATP-dependent aminoacylation reaction activates amino acid to generate an aminoacyl adenylate ... a) Active site of GluRS enzyme bound to ATP and tRNAGlu (PDB 1 N77). (b) Active site of AspRS enzyme bound to Asp-AMP and tRNA ... Subsequently, a kinase, called O-phosphoseryl- tRNASec kinase (PSTK), phosphorylates serine to generate O-phosphoseryl-tRNASec ... The β- and γ-phosphates interact with Mg2+. The α-NH3+ group of the bound amino acid is stabilized via hydrogen bonds with a ...
  http://schoolbag.info/chemistry/chemical_biology/3.html
*  B14. Advances in plant biochemistry. Lectures L27.1 L27.2. Mechanisms of chlorophyllase regulation - PDF
ENZYMES. reflect. collagen: a group of proteins found in connective tissues of the body reflect Have you ever been told to take ... Biochemical and immunochemical properties of the purified enzyme strongly suggested that it is a member of an acyl-adenylate/ ... In contrast to polyisoprenoid phosphates serving as cofactors in the biosynthesis of glycoproteins, glucosyl phosphatidyl ... chlorophyllide a activates chlorophyllase while phytol acts as the inhibitor. This indicates the existence of effector ( ...
  http://docplayer.net/739799-B14-advances-in-plant-biochemistry-lectures-l27-1-l27-2-mechanisms-of-chlorophyllase-regulation.html
*  ADCY2 - Adenylate cyclase type 2 - Homo sapiens (Human) - ADCY2 gene & protein
Phosphorylation by PKC activates the enzyme (By similarity).By similarity. ,p>Manually curated information which has been ... activation of protein kinase A activity Source: Reactome. *adenylate cyclase-activating G-protein coupled receptor signaling ... p>This section is used to point to information related to entries and found in data collections other than UniProtKB.,p>,a href ... p>This subsection of the 'Function' section describes a region in the protein which binds nucleotide phosphates. It always ...
  http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q08462
*  Bupivacaine Inhibits Activation of Neuronal Spinal Extracellular Receptor-activated Kinase through Selective Effects on...
The activation of these postsynaptic receptors activates protein kinases such as PKA and PKC, and ERK pathway. AC = adenylate ... Nivarthi RN, Grant GJ, Turndorf H, Bansinath M: Spinal anesthesia by local anesthetics stimulates the enzyme protein kinase C ... On the other hand, AMPA and NMDA receptors are classically located on postsynaptic sites but also can be found on presynaptic ... Chen C-C, Chang J, Chen WC: Potentiation of bradykinin-induced inositol phosphates production by cyclic AMP elevating agents ...
  http://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=1923305
*  Brain Resuscitation
The Phosphorylation State depends on the relative activities of two opposing types of enzymes - kinase and phosphates. ... During inductions, glutamate activates a neuronal receptor activation of NMDA receptor leads to an influx of Calcium, where as ... found in CA1 region of hippocampus. ... M GluR4 inhibits adenylate cyclase · M GluR5 Stimulates ... c) Casein kinase -II. · Activation of protein kinase - C  requires translocation from cytosol to cell membrane; this ...
  http://drdhaugoda.blogspot.com/2011/06/brain-resuscitation-and-magnesium.html
*  BCY1 - cAMP-dependent protein kinase regulatory subunit - Saccharomyces cerevisiae (strain ATCC 204508 / S288c) (Baker's yeast)...
cAMP activates PKA and promotes growth and proliferation in response to good nutrient conditions. Together with ZDS1, provides ... a negative feedback control on the cell wall integrity-signaling pathway by acting as a negative regulator of MAP kinase SLT2/ ... Regulatory subunit of the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), an effector of the Ras/cAMP pathway. Inhibits PKA activity ... positive regulation of adenylate cyclase activity Source: SGD ,p>Inferred from Genetic Interaction,/p> ,p>Used to describe " ...
  http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/P07278
*  JCI - Olfactory receptor 544 reduces adiposity by steering fuel preference toward fats
Hana3A cells and the N-terminal Lucy-FLAG tags are known to improve the heterologous expression of ORs (12, 13), and we found ... An in vitro cell viability test revealed no effect of AzA on Hepa1c1c-7 or 3T3-L1 cell viability, and liver enzyme levels in ... It has been reported that PKA activates PPAR-α by phosphorylation at serine 78 (21). In addition, PPAR-α gene expression ... AzA increased cAMP levels but not those of calcium or inositol phosphates (Supplemental Figure 3F), and similar effects of AzA ...
  https://earnflying.net.insight.mobile.jci.org/articles/view/89344
*  SMART: Secondary literature for RAS domain
... and adenylate kinase (ADK). We find that there is a close correspondence between the conformation and position of our predicted ... It was found that conditionally induced p21(Val-12) was mostly present in the GTP-bound form, whereas the endogenous p21(Gly-12 ... Four loops are involved in interactions with bound guanosine diphosphate: one with the phosphates, another with the ribose, and ... Inhibition of Ras can be accomplished through inhibition of farnesyl transferase, the enzyme responsible for this modification ...
  http://smart.embl.de/smart/show_secondary.cgi?domain=RAS
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Lior Rosenberg Belmaker (Translated to Arabic)
We studied the mechanism of the effect of VCD and found that it reduced the enzyme activity by an apparent competitive mode of ... 2011 , Pubmed ID: 21736545 Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK-3) is a key enzyme in multiple cell processes. Since many ... Brain adenosine phosphates were extracted by trichloroacetic acid and assayed by HPLC with a gradient system of two phases. PAP ... We studied whether calbindin activates IMPase in postmortem human brain crude homogenate, whether differences in calbindin ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Lior_Rosenberg+Belmaker?language=Arabic
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... and the pathophysiological cascade activates nuclear enzyme poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), and kinase pathways. We ... activated kinase-1-NAP kinase kinase 6 (MKK6)-mediated p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) activation. We found that ... Pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) is a pleiotropic and multifunctional neuropeptide. Numerous studies ... BGP-15 (200 ?M) prevented the imatinib mesylate-induced oxidative damages, attenuated the depletion of high-energy phosphates, ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize?author=Balazs%20Sumegi%20
*  A century of research: what have we learned about the interaction of Trypanosoma cruzi with host cells?
A conserved domain of the gp85/trans-sialidase family activates host cell extracellular signal-regulated kinase and facilitates ... CIBA Found Symp 99: 31-51. [ Links ]. Poncini CV, Alba Soto CD, Batalla E, Solana ME, Gonzalez Cappa SM 2008. Trypanosoma cruzi ... Trypanosoma cruzi trans-sialidase and neuraminidase activities can be mediated by the same enzymes. J Exp Med 175: 567-575. [ ... Calcium homeostasis in Trypanosoma cruzi amastigotes: presence of inositol phosphates and lack of an inositol 1,4,5- ...
  http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0074-02762009000900013&lng=es&nrm=iso
*  HUMAN T2R RECEPTORS FOR RANITIDINE, STRYCHNINE AND DENATONIUM AND RELATED ASSAYS FOR IDENTIFYING HUMAN BITTER TASTE MODULATORS ...
We found that acetaminophen activates and denatonium activates hT2R54 in a typical dose-response relationship (see FIG. 4). ... kinases (e.g., homologs of rhodopsin kinase and beta adrenergic receptor kinases that are involved in deactivation and ... For example, useful labels include 32P, fluorescent dyes, electron-dense reagents, enzymes (e.g., as commonly used in an ELISA ... The treated cells are lysed and extracted in chloroform-methanol-water after which the inositol phosphates were separated by ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20090087866