*  Flavoxate - Wikipedia
... pyloric or duodenal obstruction, obstructive intestinal lesions or ileus, achalasia, gastrointestinal hemorrhage and ... Flavoxate is contraindicated in patients who have any of the following obstructive conditions: ... obstructive uropathies of the lower urinary tract. Dimefline Flavodilol (Flavodilolum) Alvocidib (flavopiridol) Zakir SM, Zaka- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flavoxate
*  Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome - Wikipedia
... cystic-fibrosis/clinical-guidelines/nutritional-and-gastrointestinal-care/constipation-and-distal-intestinal-obstructive- ... Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS) involves obstruction of the distal part of the small intestines by thickened ... DIOS was previously known as meconium ileus equivalent, a name which highlights its similarity to the intestinal obstruction ... DIOS is sometimes classified by the degree of obstruction as incomplete or complete DIOS. Signs and symptoms of DIOS include a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distal_intestinal_obstruction_syndrome
*  Urobilinogen - Wikipedia
... which destroy the intestinal bacterial flora. (Obstruction of bilirubin passage into the gut or failure of urobilinogen ... Low urine urobilinogen may result from complete obstructive jaundice or treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics, ... This constitutes the normal "enterohepatic urobilinogen cycle". In biliary obstruction, below-normal amounts of conjugated ... These mechanisms are responsible for the dark urine and pale stools observed in biliary obstruction. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urobilinogen
*  Prucalopride - Wikipedia
... intestinal perforation or obstruction due to structural or functional disorder of the gut wall, obstructive ileus, severe ... The drug has also been tested for the treatment of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Prucalopride, a first in class ... Oustamanolakis, P.; Tack, J. (2012). "Prucalopride for chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction". Alimentary Pharmacology & ... The efficacy of prucalopride in patients with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction - a double-blind, placebo-controlled, cross ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prucalopride
*  Oxybutynin - Wikipedia
It is contraindicated in patients with obstructive uropathy and in patients with unstable cardiovascular status in acute ... It is also contraindicated in partial or complete obstruction of the gastrointestinal tract, hiatal hernia, gastroesophageal ... reflux disease, paralytic ileus, intestinal atony of the elderly or debilitated patient, megacolon, toxic megacolon ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxybutynin
*  Colestyramine - Wikipedia
MedlinePlus Encyclopedia Triglyceride level Merten, DF; Grossman, H (1980). "Intestinal obstruction associated with ... Patients with hypothyroidism, diabetes, nephrotic syndrome, dysproteinemia, obstructive liver disease, kidney disease, or ... constipation Increased plasma triglycerides Intestinal obstruction has been reported in patients with previous bowel surgery ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colestyramine
*  Obstruction - Wikipedia
... obstruction Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome Congenital lacrimal duct obstruction Bladder outlet obstruction Obstruction ... Obstruction) Act 2006 Obstructive jaundice Obstructive sleep apnea Airway obstruction, a respiratory problem Recurrent airway ... Obstruction may refer to: Obstruction theory, in mathematics Obstruction set in forbidden graph characterizations, in the study ... Obstructing government administration Propagation path obstruction Single Vegetative Obstruction Model The Five Obstructions, a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obstruction
*  List of diseases (U) - Wikipedia
... disease Urban-Rogers-Meyer syndrome Urban-Schosser-Spohn syndrome Urea cycle enzymopathies Uremia Urethral obstruction sequence ... Ulna metaphyseal dysplasia syndrome Ulnar hypoplasia lobster claw deformity of feet Umbilical cord ulceration intestinal ... Urinary tract neoplasm Urioste-Martinez-Frias syndrome Urocanase deficiency Urogenital adysplasia Urophathy distal obstructive ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_diseases_(U)
*  Adhesion (medicine) - Wikipedia
Besides intestinal obstructions caused by adhesions, which can be seen through an X-ray, there are no diagnostic tests ... a partial obstruction may relieve itself with conservative medical intervention. However, many obstructive events require ... Small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a significant consequence of post-surgical adhesions. A SBO may be caused when an adhesion ... twisting and pulling of internal organs can result in complications such as abdominal pain or intestinal obstruction. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adhesion_(medicine)
*  Malabsorption - Wikipedia
Cramping pain usually suggests obstructive intestinal segment e.g. in Crohn's disease, especially if it persists after ... Edema and even ascites may reflect hypoproteinemia associated with protein losing enteropathy caused by lymphatic obstruction ... Symptoms can be intestinal or extra-intestinal - the former predominates in severe malabsorption. Diarrhoea, often steatorrhoea ... Salivary, gastric, intestinal, hepatic, and pancreatic secretions add an additional 7-8 L of protein-, lipid-, and electrolyte- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malabsorption
*  Small intestine - Wikipedia
Small intestine obstruction or obstructive disorders Paralytic ileus Volvulus Hernia Intussusception Adhesions Obstruction from ... "Intestinal immune cells play an unexpected role in immune surveillance of the bloodstream". Massachusetts General Hospital. 13 ... First stage of the development of the intestinal canal and the peritoneum, seen from the side (diagrammatic). From colon 1 the ... The surface area of the human small intestinal mucosa, due to enlargement caused by folds, villi and microvilli, averages 30 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_intestine
*  Megacolon - Wikipedia
Stercoral ulcers are sometimes observed in chronic megacolon, which may lead to perforation of the intestinal wall in ... A colonoscopy can also be used to rule out mechanical obstructive causes. Anorectal manometry may help to differentiate ... Colonic marker transit studies are useful to distinguish colonic inertia from functional outlet obstruction causes. In this ... Patients with colonic inertia show the marker spread throughout the large intestines, while patients with outlet obstruction ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Megacolon
*  Outline of emergency medicine - Wikipedia
Malignant hyperthermia Hypothermia or frostbite Intestinal obstruction Pancreatitis Peritonitis Poisoning Food poisoning ... Neurogenic shock Obstructive shock (e.g., massive pulmonary embolism or cardiac tamponade) Septic shock Overdose Acetaminophen ... possible obstruction, perforation) Chest trauma Child abuse Domestic abuse Facial trauma Flail chest Foreign body Fulminant ... acute Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Epiglottitis or severe croup Pleurisy Pneumonia Pneumothorax Pulmonary embolism ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_emergency_medicine
*  Eosinophilic gastroenteritis - Wikipedia
In the allergic subtype of disease, it is thought that food allergens cross the intestinal mucosa and trigger an inflammatory ... Occasionally, the disease may manifest itself as an acute abdomen or bowel obstruction. Mucosal EG (25-100%) is the most common ... Whitaker I, Gulati A, McDaid J, Bugajska-Carr U, Arends M (2004). "Eosinophilic gastroenteritis presenting as obstructive ... Muscular EG (13-70%) present with obstruction of gastric outlet or small intestine; sometimes as an obstructing caecal mass or ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eosinophilic_gastroenteritis
*  Jaundice - Wikipedia
Less than this tend to indicate obstructive causes. ALP levels greater than 5x normal tend to indicate obstruction, while ... Intestinal bacteria convert the bilirubin into urobilinogen. From here urobilinogen can take two pathways. It can either be ... The presence of pale stools and dark urine suggests an obstructive or post-hepatic cause as normal feces get their color from ... Also, a group of parasites known as "liver flukes" can live in the common bile duct, causing obstructive jaundice. Other causes ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jaundice
*  ΔF508 - Wikipedia
The CFTR protein is largely expressed in cells of the pancreas, intestinal and respiratory epithelia, and all exocrine glands. ... Thicker mucous membranes in the epithelia of afflicted organs Obstruction of narrow respiratory airways as a result of thicker ... wheeze have been shown to be at higher risk for poor pulmonary function or development and progression of chronic obstructive ... since CFTR has been shown to act as a receptor for Salmonella typhi bacteria to enter intestinal epithelial cells. Being a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%94F508
*  List of syndromes - Wikipedia
Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome Distal trisomy 10q Doege-Potter syndrome Donnai-Barrow syndrome Donohue syndrome DOOR ... syndrome Bohring-Opitz syndrome Bonnet-Dechaume-Blanc syndrome Bowen-Conradi syndrome Brachycephalic airway obstructive ... syndrome Skeeter syndrome Skin fragility syndrome Sliding uncus syndrome slit ventricle syndrome Sly syndrome Small intestinal ... somatic syndrome Gaisböck syndrome Galloway Mowat syndrome GAPO syndrome Gardner's syndrome Gastric outlet obstruction ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_syndromes
*  Inguinal hernia - Wikipedia
... causing an intestinal obstruction. If the blood supply of the portion of the intestine caught in the hernia is compromised, the ... Risk factors for the development of a hernia include: smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity, pregnancy, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inguinal_hernia
*  Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography - Wikipedia
Intestinal perforation is a risk of any gastroenterologic endoscopic procedure, and is an additional risk if a sphincterotomy ... Obstructive jaundice - This may be due to several causes Gallstones with dilated bile ducts on ultrasonography Indeterminate ... unless persistently elevated or rising bilirubin suggests ongoing obstruction) (Irreversible) coagulation disorder if ... MRI/MRCP Pancreatic tumors no longer represent a valid diagnostic indication for ERCP unless they cause bile duct obstruction ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endoscopic_retrograde_cholangiopancreatography
*  Gastrointestinal stromal tumor - Wikipedia
Intestinal GISTs may displace loops of bowel and larger tumors may obstruct the bowel and films will show an obstructive ... Intestinal obstruction is rare, due to the tumor's outward pattern of growth. Often, there is a history of vague abdominal pain ... Smaller tumors can usually be confined to the muscularis propria layer of the intestinal wall. Large ones grow, mainly outward ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gastrointestinal_stromal_tumor
*  Fasciolosis - Wikipedia
Chronic or obstructive phase: This phase may develop months or years after initial infection. Adult flukes in the bile ducts ... In case of obstruction, the gall bladder is usually enlarged and edematous with thickening of the wall (Ref: Hepatobiliary ... The parenchymal phase begins when excysted juvenile flukes penetrate the intestinal wall. After the penetration of the ... The disease later progresses to a latent phase with less symptoms and ultimately into a chronic or obstructive phase months to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasciolosis
*  Bilirubin - Wikipedia
Testing urine for both bilirubin and urobilinogen can help differentiate obstructive liver disease from other causes of ... this enzyme is located in the brush border of the lining intestinal cells) and a large proportion is reabsorbed through the ... where the newborn's liver is not able to properly process the bilirubin causing jaundice Unusually large bile duct obstruction ... neonates in general are at increased risk since they lack the intestinal bacteria that facilitate the breakdown and excretion ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bilirubin
*  ICD-10 Chapter XIV: Diseases of the genitourinary system - Wikipedia
Obstructive and reflux uropathy (N13.0) Hydronephrosis with ureteropelvic junction obstruction (N13.1) Hydronephrosis with ... Other female intestinal-genital tract fistulae (N82.5) Female genital tract-skin fistulae (N83) Noninflammatory disorders of ... Other obstructive and reflux uropathy (N13.9) Obstructive and reflux uropathy, unspecified (N14) Drug- and heavy-metal-induced ... Bladder-neck obstruction (N32.1) Vesicointestinal fistula (N32.2) Vesical fistula, not elsewhere classified (N32.4) Rupture of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ICD-10_Chapter_XIV:_Diseases_of_the_genitourinary_system
*  Appendicitis - Wikipedia
Elderly: diverticulitis, intestinal obstruction, colonic carcinoma, mesenteric ischemia, leaking aortic aneurysm. The term " ... Wangensteen OH, Bowers WF (1937). "Significance of the obstructive factor in the genesis of acute appendicitis". Archives of ... Acute appendicitis seems to be the end result of a primary obstruction of the appendix. Once this obstruction occurs, the ... distal intestinal obstruction syndrome in children with cystic fibrosis; typhlitis in children with leukemia. Women: A ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appendicitis
*  Hernia - Wikipedia
Inflammation Obstruction of any lumen, such as bowel obstruction in intestinal hernias Strangulation Hydrocele of the hernial ... Risk factors for the development of a hernia include: smoking, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, obesity, pregnancy, ... In intestinal hernias, this also substantially increases the risk of bowel obstruction and strangulation. Causes of hiatus ... Bowel obstruction may also occur. This type of hernia is only a rare cause of sciatic neuralgia. Sports hernia: a hernia ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hernia