*  Streptanthus polygaloides - Wikipedia
... the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris, and the fungus Alternaria brassicola. It also helps defend the plant from leaf-chewing ... they do not affect all herbivorous insects that attack the plant, perhaps because some insects eat parts of the plant low in ... In fact, some insects thrive on a high-nickel diet, such as the mirid bug Melanotrichus boydi, which specializes on this plant ... insects such as the red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum) and the moth Evergestis rimosalis, and root-feeding insects ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streptanthus_polygaloides
*  Current achievements and future directions in genetic engineering of European plum ( Prunus domestica L.) | Springer for...
... caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Pruni; plum leaf scald, caused by the bacteria Xylella fastidiosa, and Sharka, the most ... Control of soil pathogens, such as fungi (Phytophtora cinnamomi, Armillaria mellea), bacteria (Agrobacterium tumefaciens) or ... lack of root suckers and resistance to soil diseases and insects (Gainza et al. 2015). Iron chlorosis that often occurs in ... Related to plum affecting diseases breeding efforts have been focused on: brown rot, caused by the fungus Monilinia spp.; ...
  https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11248-018-0072-3
*  Insects, Diseases and Disorders of Asian Vegetables
As the acreage of these specialty vegetables increases, the same bacteria, fungi and viruses that cause problems on vegetables ... black rot (Xanthomonas campestris), *damping-off (Pythium & Rhizoctonia species), *Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum), ... Table 1: Insects. Insect. Crop(s). Affected Symptoms. Monitoring Management. References/. Figure(s). ... Insect. Crop(s). Affected Symptoms. Monitoring Management. References/. Figure(s). Clubroot (Plasmidiophora brassicae). Nappa ...
  http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/00-095.htm
*  Napa cabbage - Wikipedia
Black rot, the most important disease of vegetable brassicas, is caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris. Cucumber ... Bacteria survive mainly on plant residues in the soil. They are spread by insects and by cultural practices, such as irrigation ... The fungus is a facultative parasite, what means that it can survive on living hosts as well as on dead plant tissue. Infected ... It caused by the fungus Aphanomyces raphani. The pathogen can persist for long times in the soil, therefore crop rotations are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napa_cabbage
*  G4356 Management of Grain Sorghum Diseases in Missouri | University of Missouri Extension
They are caused by several organisms, both bacteria and fungi, that attack leaves in the summer and lie dormant in plant debris ... Bacterial streak, caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. holcicola, is evident as narrow, yellow stripes about 0.1 inch wide and ... They spread from plant to plant by wind-blown, splashing rain and by insects. These diseases are most severe during warm (75 to ... Several different fungi grow in glumes and grain surfaces, causing the heads and seeds to appear moldy. The fungi that cause ...
  http://muextension.missouri.edu/p/G4356
*  Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris - Wikipedia
Black rot, caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc), is considered the most important and most ... The natural route of invasion by Xcc is through the hydathodes, though leaf wounds caused by insects and plant roots may also ... These symptoms may be confused with fusarium wilt of cabbage (fusarium yellows), caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp ... Roberts SJ; Brough J; Hunter PJ (2007) Modelling the spread of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in module-raised brassica ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanthomonas_campestris_pv._campestris
*  Diseases & Pests of the Rubber Tree | eHow
Caused by a bacteria called Xanthomonas campestris, it is characterized by tiny oozing spots that appear on the leaves, ... Caused by the fungus Sclerotium rolfsii, southern blight is an easily preventable moisture-related infection found in rubber ... Thrips are tiny winged insects known to attack rubber trees. Although some cultivars of rubber tree are resistant to thrip ... Xanthomonas Leaf Spot. Xanthomonas leaf spot is one of the most common diseases found in rubber trees. ...
  https://www.ehow.com/list_6964875_diseases-pests-rubber-tree.html
*  Plant pathology - Wikipedia
Vector transmission is often by an insect (for example, aphids), but some fungi, nematodes, and protozoa have been shown to be ... Life cycle of the black rot pathogen, Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campes. Plant pathology (also phytopathology) is the ... They also tend to have smaller genomes than most other bacteria. They are normally transmitted by sap-sucking insects, being ... honey fungus species, virulent pathogens of trees). Fungus-like organismsEdit. OomycetesEdit. The oomycetes are fungus-like ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_disease
*  The Biology of Brassica carinata (A.) Braun (Abyssinian cabbage) - Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (cause of black rot of crucifers) in the genomic era is still a worldwide threat to ... The effect of mode of pollination on yield and oil potential of Brassica campestris L. var. sarson with observation on insect ... Fungi. Life Form. Interaction with B. carinata* (pathogen; beneficial organism; consumer; gene transfer). Presence in Canada. ... Bacteria. Life Form. Interaction with B. carinata* (pathogen; beneficial organism; consumer; gene transfer). Presence in Canada ...
  http://www.inspection.gc.ca/plants/plants-with-novel-traits/applicants/directive-94-08/biology-documents/brassica-carinata/eng/1501087371874/1501087468251
*  A Role for a Menthone Reductase in Resistance Against Microbial Pathogens in Plants1[C][W][OA] - Redorbit
... strains of Xanthomonas campestris pv vesicatoria (Xcv). Bacteria were cultured overnight in yeast-nutrient broth (5 g of yeast ... including bacteria (Cichewicz and Thorpe, 1996; Trombetta et al., 2005; Schelz et al., 2006), fungi (Kubo et al., 1993; Rana et ... a complex mixture of terpenoids secreted in response to attack by insect predators, is toxic to insects and their symbiotic ... CaMNR1-silenced pepper plants were significantly more susceptible to Xanthomonas campestris pv vesicatoria and Colletotrichum ...
  http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1552688/a_role_for_a_menthone_reductase_in_resistance_against_microbial/
*  Plant disease resistance genes ??????
Ef?cient and sustained control of pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, oomycetes, viruses, nematodes and insects is an exigency ... Pathogen Xanthomonas campestris Xanthomonas oryzae Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato P. syringae Host Capsicum annumm Oryza sativa ... The effectors found in bacteria, virus, nematodes, fungus, oomycetes and insects cause a plant pathogen to elicit a resistance ... tomato but also to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria and to the fungal pathogen C. fulvum [267,314]. Similarly, the ...
  http://m.9512.net/read/35b763ec2d17eb89944cf608.html
*  Application # 2017/0265416. SOYBEAN CULTIVAR SJ1214044 - Patents.com
0076] Bacterial Pustule (bacterium--Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli): This is usually a soybean leaf disease; however, the ... 0070] Downy Mildew (fungus--Peronospora manshurica): Fungus appears on the topside of the leaf. The fungus appears as ... The pesticide is a composition that stops pests including insects, diseases, and the like. Broadly compositions for seed ... fungus causes plants to die suddenly. [0078] Pod and Stem Blight (fungus--Diaporthe phaseolorum var. sojae): The fungus attacks ...
  http://patents.com/us-20170265416.html
*  Poinsettia: The Christmas Flower
The cause is Xanthomonas campestris pv. poinsettiicola. Pinpoint spots start as dull gray to brown slightly water-soaked areas ... 14). The fungus makes single-celled, ovoid, hyaline conidia (3 to 7 x 1.5 to 4 ┬Ám) and also produces larger (7 to 25 x 2.5 to 7 ... Infected cuttings parts that have dried remain sources of active bacteria for at least 6 weeks. Erwinia carotovora is widely ... Splashing water will spread the spores easily, and insects might also move spores from plant to plant. Details of the ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/publications/apsnetfeatures/Pages/PoinsettiaFlower.aspx
*  UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot 2012 02
Antiqua (strain Angola) 142 600 Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 143 593 Oryza sativa subsp. indica (Rice) 144 590 ... Kingdom sequences (% of the database) Archaea 18798 ( 4%) Bacteria 327658 ( 61%) Eukaryota 172223 ( 32%) Viruses 16016 ( 3%) ... Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 128 167 Glycobiology 129 167 American Journal of Medical Genetics 130 167 Molecular ... Fungi 30554 ( 18%) ( 6%) Insecta 8356 ( 5%) ( 2%) Nematoda 4212 ( 2%) ( 1%) Other 14370 ( 8%) ( 3%) 3. SEQUENCE SIZE ...
  http://www.uniprot.org/statistics/Swiss-Prot%202012_02
*  Diseases of Cannabis | Medical Marijuana - Sensi Social
... xanthomonas leaf spot by Xanthomonas campestris pv. cannabis, and a mycoplasma-like bacteria. ... Plant diseases are most often caused by fungi and rarely caused by bacteria. In people this fungi-to-bacteria ratio is reversed ... Insects are transients, they cause feeding injury, not disease. Never the less, insects do vector disease. (pass it along). ... Bacteria and MLOs. The Cannabis literature concerning bacteria is confused. Dozens of bacteria have been cited, a morass of ...
  https://www.medicalmarijuana.com/sensi-social/thread/727/diseases-cannabis
*  UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot 2012 10
491 Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (strain 8004) 200 490 Vibrio harveyi (strain ATCC BAA-1116 / BB120) 201 489 ... Part A 125 182 BMC Genomics 126 180 Molecular Immunology 127 177 Glycobiology 128 176 Clinical Genetics 129 172 Insect ... Kingdom sequences (% of the database) Archaea 18953 ( 4%) Bacteria 328550 ( 61%) Eukaryota 174462 ( 32%) Viruses 16294 ( 3%) ... Fungi 30780 ( 18%) ( 6%) Insecta 8425 ( 5%) ( 2%) Nematoda 4238 ( 2%) ( 1%) Other 14583 ( 8%) ( 3%) 3. SEQUENCE SIZE ...
  http://www.uniprot.org/statistics/Swiss-Prot%202012_10
*  The Biology of Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz (Camelina) - Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Xanthomonas campestris (Pammel) Dowson pv. Campestris (black rot). Pathogen. Present; widespread. Agriculture and Agri-Food ... Few problems with insect infestations have been reported and therefore insect control measures are not usually undertaken ( ... Influence of bacteria in the phyllosphere of Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz on germination of Linum usitatissimum L. New Phytol. ... Fungi. Other life forms. Interaction with C. sativa (pathogen; symbiont or beneficial organism; consumer; gene transfer). ...
  http://www.cfia-acia.agr.ca/plants/plants-with-novel-traits/applicants/directive-94-08/biology-documents/camelina-sativa-l-/eng/1330971423348/1330971509470
*  Patente US7714106 - Neuropeptides and their use for pest control - Google Patentes
These microorganisms include bacteria, algae, and fungi. Preferred microorganisms include bacteria, e.g., genera Bacillus, ... Xanthomonas campestris, Rhizobium melioti, Alcaligenes entrophus, and Azotobacter vinlandii and Bacillus thurnigensis; and ... Hosts of particular interest include bacteria, algae, yeasts, insect viruses, and plants. For each of these hosts, the DNA ... Thus, in one embodiment of the subject invention, bacteria, algae, fungi, yeast, plants, or other cells can be genetically ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US7714106?hl=es&dq=flatulence
*  GENETIC PERTURBATION OF THE RNA DEGRADOSOME PROTEIN COMPLEX - ZYMERGEN INC.
It includes, but is not limited to, the two prokaryotic domains, Bacteria and Archaea, as well as certain eukaryotic fungi and ... The typical stop codon for monocotyledonous plants is UGA, whereas insects and E. coli commonly use UAA as the stop codon ( ... Xanthomonas, Xylella, Yersinia, and Zymomonas. In some embodiments, the host cell is Corynebacterium glutamicum. In some ... Campestris, Camplyobacter, Clostridium, Corynebacterium, Chromatium, Coprococcus, Escherichia, Enterococcus, Enterobacter, ...
  http://www.sumobrain.com/patents/wipo/Genetic-perturbation-rna-degradosome-protein/WO2018009372A1.html
*  Plant Defense Genes and Proteins and Methods of Use - Patent application
0059] Pathogens of the invention include, but are not limited to, bacteria, insects, nematodes, fungi, and the like. Specific ... Xanthomonas campestris. [0060] Nematodes include parasitic nematodes such as root-knot, cyst, and lesion nematodes, including ... Plant pathogens and plant pests include insects, nematodes, and organisms such as fungi, and bacteria. "Disease resistance" or ... fungi, insects, nematodes and bacteria. Plant defense genes inhibit pathogen damage through a variety of mechanisms including, ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20120124699
*  Sustainability: Trends in Polymers and Surfactants for Hair Care
Xanthan gum is a microbial polymer prepared commercially via the pure culture fermentation of Xanthomonas campestris. It is an ... It is found in many places throughout the natural world as the main component of the cell walls of fungi and the exoskeletons ... These surfactants are produced by yeasts and bacteria, respectively, via fermentation of biomass feedstocks, e.g., sugars, ... of crustaceans-e.g., crabs, lobsters, shrimps-and insects. Chitin is one of the most abundant naturally derived materials in ...
  http://www.cosmeticsandtoiletries.com/formulating/function/surfactant/premium-Sustainability-Trends-in-Polymers-and-Surfactants-for-Hair-Care.html
*  Sensors | Free Full-Text | The Evolution of the Bacterial Luciferase Gene Cassette (lux) as a Real-Time Bioreporter | HTML
... milestones in the use of lux-based bioreporters as they have evolved from chemical detection platforms in prokaryotic bacteria ... On land bioluminescence is most commonly observed in the glow of fungi growing on decaying wood or from insects displaying ... fischeri luxCDABE genes were introduced into the phytopathogen Xanthomonas campestris, and their subsequent invasion of a ... Over this time, regular sampling was performed to track the amount of bacteria present in the soil, as well as the amount of ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/12/1/732/htm
*  Marine Drugs | Free Full-Text | Isolation, Structure Elucidation and Total Synthesis of Lajollamide A from the Marine Fungus...
The marine-derived filamentous fungus Asteromyces cruciatus 763, obtained off the coast of La Jolla, San Diego, USA, yielded ... Xanthomonas campestris (DSM 2405), Staphylococcus epidermidis (DSM 20044) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcusaureus (MRSA ... Unique diketopiperazine dimers from the insect pathogenic fungus Verticillium hemipterigenum BCC 1449. Org. Lett. 2005, 7, 2257 ... In addition, similar compounds can also be found in bacteria, e.g., the game-X-peptides [e.g., cyclo-(L-Leu-D-Phe-D-Leu-Leu-D- ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1660-3397/10/12/2912/htm
*  2004 Northeastern Division Meeting Abstracts
These diseases are caused by the fungi Alternaria dauci and Cercospora carotae and the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. ... of Plant, Soil & Insect Sci., Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01002. Publication no. P-2005-0002-NEA. ... Our previous research showed that Xanthomonas campestris pv. malvacearum (Xcm), a non-pathogen of cacao, was capable of ... tomato (P. s. t.) bacteria and constitutive PR gene expression. Further study showed that CPN1 acts as a suppressor of defense ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/members/divisions/ne/meetings/Pages/2004MeetingAbstracts.aspx
*  Bacteria as Plant Pathogens
Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris. Xanthan gum, a polysaccharide used in food production, agriculture, cosmetics and ... which are chemicals effective against deleterious bacteria or fungi. Storage granules can be seen in some bacteria. Bacterial ... But some bacteria can also survive in water and some do well on inanimate objects or on or inside insects. Clavibacter ... is an extra-cellular polysaccharide derived from the plant pathogen Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris and is found in an ...
  https://www.apsnet.org/edcenter/intropp/PathogenGroups/Pages/Bacteria.aspx