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*  Streptanthus polygaloides - Wikipedia
... the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris, and the fungus Alternaria brassicola. It also helps defend the plant from leaf-chewing ... they do not affect all herbivorous insects that attack the plant, perhaps because some insects eat parts of the plant low in ... In fact, some insects thrive on a high-nickel diet, such as the mirid bug Melanotrichus boydi, which specializes on this plant ... insects such as the red-legged grasshopper (Melanoplus femurrubrum) and the moth Evergestis rimosalis, and root-feeding insects ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streptanthus_polygaloides
*  Amyloid fibers provide structural integrity to Bacillus subtilis biofilms | PNAS
... that participate in normal biological processes in bacteria, fungi, insects, invertebrates and humans have begun to be ... These include the harpins of Xanthomonas campestris and Pseudomonas syringae (16), fimbriae recently described from ... From bacteria to humans, amyloid fibers share the ability to fold into a characteristic cross-β-strand structure, where the β- ... Bacteria form complex, structured communities called biofilms in response to diverse environmental cues (1). The metabolic ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/107/5/2230
*  Current achievements and future directions in genetic engineering of European plum ( Prunus domestica L.) | Springer for...
... caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. Pruni; plum leaf scald, caused by the bacteria Xylella fastidiosa, and Sharka, the most ... Control of soil pathogens, such as fungi (Phytophtora cinnamomi, Armillaria mellea), bacteria (Agrobacterium tumefaciens) or ... lack of root suckers and resistance to soil diseases and insects (Gainza et al. 2015). Iron chlorosis that often occurs in ... Related to plum affecting diseases breeding efforts have been focused on: brown rot, caused by the fungus Monilinia spp.; ...
  https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11248-018-0072-3
*  Guide to Wheat Diseases and Pests
Xanthomonas campestris pv. translucens Syn. X. translucens, X. translucens flsp. undulosa, X. campestris pv. undulosa Symptoms: ... Bacteria are spread by insects, air currents, splashing rain, and by mechanical means. Free moisture usually is necessary for ... Positive identification of fungi should therefore be based on their morphology. Unless otherwise reported, the fungi included ... Insects Pests. Wheat and triticale can be attacked by a great many insects. Fortunately, only a few insect species are of major ...
  https://wheat.pw.usda.gov/ggpages/wheatpests
*  Insects, Diseases and Disorders of Asian Vegetables
As the acreage of these specialty vegetables increases, the same bacteria, fungi and viruses that cause problems on vegetables ... black rot (Xanthomonas campestris), *damping-off (Pythium & Rhizoctonia species), *Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum), ... Table 1: Insects. Insect. Crop(s). Affected Symptoms. Monitoring Management. References/. Figure(s). ... Insect. Crop(s). Affected Symptoms. Monitoring Management. References/. Figure(s). Clubroot (Plasmidiophora brassicae). Nappa ...
  http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/00-095.htm
*  Napa cabbage - Wikipedia
Black rot, the most important disease of vegetable brassicas, is caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris. Cucumber ... Bacteria survive mainly on plant residues in the soil. They are spread by insects and by cultural practices, such as irrigation ... The fungus is a facultative parasite, what means that it can survive on living hosts as well as on dead plant tissue. Infected ... It caused by the fungus Aphanomyces raphani. The pathogen can persist for long times in the soil, therefore crop rotations are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Napa_cabbage
*  A Black Spot in the Vascular Tissue of a Tomato | Home Guides | SF Gate
Bacterial spot (Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria) can produce lesions on all the aboveground parts of the plant, ... Another fungus that infects tomato plants is septoria leaf spot, caused by the fungus Septoria lycopersici. This fungus causes ... The bacteria can infect the plant in two ways. A systemic infection can happen when the bacteria enters the plant through ... Hail damage and insect stings can also resemble bacterial lesions on leaves and fruit. ...
  https://homeguides.sfgate.com/black-spot-vascular-tissue-tomato-98036.html
*  G4356 Management of Grain Sorghum Diseases in Missouri | University of Missouri Extension
They are caused by several organisms, both bacteria and fungi, that attack leaves in the summer and lie dormant in plant debris ... Bacterial streak, caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. holcicola, is evident as narrow, yellow stripes about 0.1 inch wide and ... They spread from plant to plant by wind-blown, splashing rain and by insects. These diseases are most severe during warm (75 to ... Several different fungi grow in glumes and grain surfaces, causing the heads and seeds to appear moldy. The fungi that cause ...
  http://muextension.missouri.edu/p/G4356
*  Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris - Wikipedia
Black rot, caused by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc), is considered the most important and most ... The natural route of invasion by Xcc is through the hydathodes, though leaf wounds caused by insects and plant roots may also ... These symptoms may be confused with fusarium wilt of cabbage (fusarium yellows), caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp ... Roberts SJ; Brough J; Hunter PJ (2007) Modelling the spread of Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in module-raised brassica ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xanthomonas_campestris_pv._campestris
*  Diseases & Pests of the Rubber Tree | eHow
Caused by a bacteria called Xanthomonas campestris, it is characterized by tiny oozing spots that appear on the leaves, ... Caused by the fungus Sclerotium rolfsii, southern blight is an easily preventable moisture-related infection found in rubber ... Thrips are tiny winged insects known to attack rubber trees. Although some cultivars of rubber tree are resistant to thrip ... Xanthomonas Leaf Spot. Xanthomonas leaf spot is one of the most common diseases found in rubber trees. ...
  https://www.ehow.com/list_6964875_diseases-pests-rubber-tree.html
*  7 Diseases that Could Be Killing Your Beans - Hobby Farms
Caused by: The bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli is the culprit behind common bacterial blight, a disease of snap ... Caused by: The fungus of powdery mildew (pictured above), Erysiphe polygoni, causes damage in the form of water and nutrient ... Stop it: Anthracnose is spread through infected seeds, crop debris, wind, air, insects and shared tools. Cool, wet, windy ... They can ooze a yellowish bacteria that dries into a crust.. Stop it: Help prevent common bacterial blight by planting disease- ...
  https://www.hobbyfarms.com/7-diseases-that-could-be-killing-your-beans-2/
*  Plant pathology - Wikipedia
Vector transmission is often by an insect (for example, aphids), but some fungi, nematodes, and protozoa have been shown to be ... Life cycle of the black rot pathogen, Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campes. Plant pathology (also phytopathology) is the ... They also tend to have smaller genomes than most other bacteria. They are normally transmitted by sap-sucking insects, being ... honey fungus species, virulent pathogens of trees). Fungus-like organismsEdit. OomycetesEdit. The oomycetes are fungus-like ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_disease
*  The Biology of Brassica carinata (A.) Braun (Abyssinian cabbage) - Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (cause of black rot of crucifers) in the genomic era is still a worldwide threat to ... The effect of mode of pollination on yield and oil potential of Brassica campestris L. var. sarson with observation on insect ... Fungi. Life Form. Interaction with B. carinata* (pathogen; beneficial organism; consumer; gene transfer). Presence in Canada. ... Bacteria. Life Form. Interaction with B. carinata* (pathogen; beneficial organism; consumer; gene transfer). Presence in Canada ...
  http://www.inspection.gc.ca/plants/plants-with-novel-traits/applicants/directive-94-08/biology-documents/brassica-carinata/eng/1501087371874/1501087468251
*  Plant disease resistance genes ??????
Ef?cient and sustained control of pathogens such as bacteria, fungi, oomycetes, viruses, nematodes and insects is an exigency ... Pathogen Xanthomonas campestris Xanthomonas oryzae Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato P. syringae Host Capsicum annumm Oryza sativa ... The effectors found in bacteria, virus, nematodes, fungus, oomycetes and insects cause a plant pathogen to elicit a resistance ... tomato but also to Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria and to the fungal pathogen C. fulvum [267,314]. Similarly, the ...
  http://m.9512.net/read/35b763ec2d17eb89944cf608.html
*  A Role for a Menthone Reductase in Resistance Against Microbial Pathogens in Plants1[C][W][OA] - Redorbit
... strains of Xanthomonas campestris pv vesicatoria (Xcv). Bacteria were cultured overnight in yeast-nutrient broth (5 g of yeast ... including bacteria (Cichewicz and Thorpe, 1996; Trombetta et al., 2005; Schelz et al., 2006), fungi (Kubo et al., 1993; Rana et ... a complex mixture of terpenoids secreted in response to attack by insect predators, is toxic to insects and their symbiotic ... CaMNR1-silenced pepper plants were significantly more susceptible to Xanthomonas campestris pv vesicatoria and Colletotrichum ...
  http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1552688/a_role_for_a_menthone_reductase_in_resistance_against_microbial/
*  Hazelnut (filbert) | Diseases and Pests, Description, Uses, Propagation
Bacterial blight Xanthomonas campestris Symptoms. Dieback of young twigs and branches; necrosis of buds and twigs; small, ... nuts may become infected with secondary pathogens such as bacteria and fungi; adult is a small coppery-brown moth; larvae are ... Category : Insects. Filbertworm and Acorn moth Cydia latiferreana. Valentinia glandulella. Symptoms. Tunnels in nuts; kernels ... Bacterium. Comments. Disease is introduced to orchards from infected nursery trees; bacteria overwinter in lesions on the trunk ...
  https://plantvillage.psu.edu/topics/hazelnut-filbert/infos
*  Poinsettia: The Christmas Flower
The cause is Xanthomonas campestris pv. poinsettiicola. Pinpoint spots start as dull gray to brown slightly water-soaked areas ... 14). The fungus makes single-celled, ovoid, hyaline conidia (3 to 7 x 1.5 to 4 µm) and also produces larger (7 to 25 x 2.5 to 7 ... Infected cuttings parts that have dried remain sources of active bacteria for at least 6 weeks. Erwinia carotovora is widely ... Splashing water will spread the spores easily, and insects might also move spores from plant to plant. Details of the ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/publications/apsnetfeatures/Pages/PoinsettiaFlower.aspx
*  Application # 2017/0265416. SOYBEAN CULTIVAR SJ1214044 - Patents.com
0076] Bacterial Pustule (bacterium--Xanthomonas campestris pv. phaseoli): This is usually a soybean leaf disease; however, the ... 0070] Downy Mildew (fungus--Peronospora manshurica): Fungus appears on the topside of the leaf. The fungus appears as ... The pesticide is a composition that stops pests including insects, diseases, and the like. Broadly compositions for seed ... fungus causes plants to die suddenly. [0078] Pod and Stem Blight (fungus--Diaporthe phaseolorum var. sojae): The fungus attacks ...
  http://patents.com/us-20170265416.html
*  FUNGAL RESISTANCE IN SOYBEANS BY GENE SILENCING - Patent application
... group consisting of insects, bacteria, fungi, and nematodes; whereby the plant is resistant to a first fungus expressing at ... Bacterial leaf spot Xanthomonas campestris pv.holcicola Bacterial stalk rot Enterobacter dissolvens = Erwinia dissolvens ... 0040] wherein the pest is selected from the group consisting of insects, bacteria, fungi, and nematodes, and [0041] wherein the ... Non-limiting examples of such pests are insects, fungi, nematodes, bacteria, and viruses. [0141] Quality means any aspect of a ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20150184192
*  Plant Disease Diagnosis
Fruit Decays and Rots - Various fungi and bacteria can cause rots of fruit. These are often distinguished by the color, lack of ... Figure 7. Bacterial leaf spot on greenleaf lettuce caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. vitians. (Courtesy S.T. Koike). ... Indications of insects causing problems may include the actual insect, insect frass, mite webbing, and insect eggs. Signs are ... This blockage can be caused by the presence of various bacteria (Erwinia, Ralstonia) and fungi (Fusarium, Verticillium) in the ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/publications/apsnetfeatures/Pages/PDDiagnosis.aspx
*  Diseases of Cannabis | Medical Marijuana - Sensi Social
... xanthomonas leaf spot by Xanthomonas campestris pv. cannabis, and a mycoplasma-like bacteria. ... Plant diseases are most often caused by fungi and rarely caused by bacteria. In people this fungi-to-bacteria ratio is reversed ... Insects are transients, they cause feeding injury, not disease. Never the less, insects do vector disease. (pass it along). ... Bacteria and MLOs. The Cannabis literature concerning bacteria is confused. Dozens of bacteria have been cited, a morass of ...
  https://www.medicalmarijuana.com/sensi-social/thread/727/diseases-cannabis
*  UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot 2012 02
Antiqua (strain Angola) 142 600 Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris 143 593 Oryza sativa subsp. indica (Rice) 144 590 ... Kingdom sequences (% of the database) Archaea 18798 ( 4%) Bacteria 327658 ( 61%) Eukaryota 172223 ( 32%) Viruses 16016 ( 3%) ... Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 128 167 Glycobiology 129 167 American Journal of Medical Genetics 130 167 Molecular ... Fungi 30554 ( 18%) ( 6%) Insecta 8356 ( 5%) ( 2%) Nematoda 4212 ( 2%) ( 1%) Other 14370 ( 8%) ( 3%) 3. SEQUENCE SIZE ...
  http://www.uniprot.org/statistics/Swiss-Prot%202012_02
*  Patente US7714106 - Neuropeptides and their use for pest control - Google Patentes
These microorganisms include bacteria, algae, and fungi. Preferred microorganisms include bacteria, e.g., genera Bacillus, ... Xanthomonas campestris, Rhizobium melioti, Alcaligenes entrophus, and Azotobacter vinlandii and Bacillus thurnigensis; and ... Hosts of particular interest include bacteria, algae, yeasts, insect viruses, and plants. For each of these hosts, the DNA ... Thus, in one embodiment of the subject invention, bacteria, algae, fungi, yeast, plants, or other cells can be genetically ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US7714106?hl=es&dq=flatulence
*  The Biology of Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz (Camelina) - Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Xanthomonas campestris (Pammel) Dowson pv. Campestris (black rot). Pathogen. Present; widespread. Agriculture and Agri-Food ... Few problems with insect infestations have been reported and therefore insect control measures are not usually undertaken ( ... Influence of bacteria in the phyllosphere of Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz on germination of Linum usitatissimum L. New Phytol. ... Fungi. Other life forms. Interaction with C. sativa (pathogen; symbiont or beneficial organism; consumer; gene transfer). ...
  http://www.cfia-acia.agr.ca/plants/plants-with-novel-traits/applicants/directive-94-08/biology-documents/camelina-sativa-l-/eng/1330971423348/1330971509470
*  GENETIC PERTURBATION OF THE RNA DEGRADOSOME PROTEIN COMPLEX - ZYMERGEN INC.
It includes, but is not limited to, the two prokaryotic domains, Bacteria and Archaea, as well as certain eukaryotic fungi and ... The typical stop codon for monocotyledonous plants is UGA, whereas insects and E. coli commonly use UAA as the stop codon ( ... Xanthomonas, Xylella, Yersinia, and Zymomonas. In some embodiments, the host cell is Corynebacterium glutamicum. In some ... Campestris, Camplyobacter, Clostridium, Corynebacterium, Chromatium, Coprococcus, Escherichia, Enterococcus, Enterobacter, ...
  http://www.sumobrain.com/patents/wipo/Genetic-perturbation-rna-degradosome-protein/WO2018009372A1.html