*  Prevention and Control of Influenza: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP)
Biology of Influenza Influenza A and B are the two types of influenza viruses that cause epidemic human disease (18). Influenza ... Editorial response: influenza, influenza virus vaccine, and human immunodeficiency virus infection. Clin Infect Dis 1999;28:548 ... Antiviral drugs for influenza are an important adjunct to influenza vaccine for the control and prevention of influenza. The ... Since 1977, influenza A (H1N1) viruses, influenza A (H3N2) viruses, and influenza B viruses have been in global circulation. ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00057028.htm
*  Increased Antiviral Medication Sales Before the 2005--06 Influenza Season --- New York City
US Department of Health and Human Services. HHS pandemic influenza plan. Washington, DC: US Department of Health and Human ... Influenza vaccination remains the cornerstone for the control and treatment of influenza; however, antiviral influenza ... for which no human vaccine has yet been approved, although clinical trials are ongoing) and the potential for an influenza ... prophylaxis of influenza A and/or B (1), although high levels of resistance among circulating strains of influenza A led CDC to ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5510a3.htm
*  Update: Influenza Activity --- United States, 2009--10 Season
Early identification and investigation of novel influenza A cases is critical to evaluate possible human-to-human transmission ... Few seasonal influenza viruses were reported to CDC, with most being influenza A (H3N2) or influenza B. Seasonal influenza A ( ... Additional information regarding influenza viruses, influenza surveillance, influenza vaccine, and influenza diagnosis and ... During the 2009--10 influenza season, the second wave of influenza activity from 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) occurred in ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5929a2.htm?s_cid=mm5929a2_w
*  Hospitalized Patients with Novel Influenza A (H1N1) Virus Infection --- California, April--May, 2009
P Kriner, MPH, K Lopez, MD, Imperial County Public Health Dept; D Sunega, D Rexin, San Diego County Health and Human Svcs; Los ... N Barnes, MS, L Berman, MS, S Emery, MPH, B Shu, MD, KH Wu, PhD, J Villanueva, PhD, S Lindstrom, PhD, Influenza Div; D Sugarman ... that is unsubtypable for human influenza virus subtypes H1 or H3) or confirmed (defined as positive by CDC protocol for rRT-PCR ... were positive by rRT-PCR for influenza A; of those, 23% and 28% were subtyped as seasonal influenza A/H1 and A/H3, respectively ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5819a6.htm
*  Department of Health | Australian influenza report 2009 - 14 to 28 November 2009 (#28/09)
... seasonal and other influenza viruses infecting, or with the potential to infect, humans including seasonal influenza. The ... International influenza surveillance. *The number of human cases of pandemic (H1N1) 2009 continues to increase in many ... In general, seasonal influenza A strains circulating this influenza season are the same as strains in the vaccine, with the A( ... Of the seasonal influenza A notifications, influenza A/H3N2 remains the predominant strain reported by most jurisdictions.. How ...
  http://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/cda-ozflu-no28-09.htm
*  Update: Influenza Activity --- United States, 2003--04 Season
This report is based on data contributed by A Tulu, K Hankins, Dallas County Health and Human Svcs Office; G Wendell, J ... 212 were influenza A (H3N2) viruses, and one was an influenza A (H1) virus. Of the 212 influenza A (H3N2) viruses, 54 (25%) ... were influenza B viruses. Of the 6,716 influenza A viruses, 1,255 (18.7%) have been subtyped; 1,254 (99.9%) were influenza A ( ... No influenza-associated maternal deaths occurred; one case of fetal loss occurred but was not attributed to maternal influenza ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5249a1.htm
*  Detection of a divergent Parainfluenza 4 virus in an adult patient with influenza like illness using next-generation sequencing...
Background: Human Parainfluenza viruses are a common cause of both upper and lower respiratory tract infections, particularly ... Detection of a divergent Parainfluenza 4 virus in an adult patient with influenza like illness using next-generation sequencing ... Detection of a divergent Parainfluenza 4 virus in an adult patient with influenza like illness using next-generation sequencing ... Detection of a divergent Parainfluenza 4 virus in an adult patient with influenza like illness using next-generation sequencing ...
  https://espace.library.uq.edu.au/view/UQ:332696
*  PLOS Pathogens: Environmental Predictors of Seasonal Influenza Epidemics across Temperate and Tropical Climates
... of influenza. A better understanding of the environmental, demographic and behavioral drivers of influenza seasonality is ... However, seasonal influenza activity in some tropical locations occurs during the rainy season, whereas other tropical ... The primary goal of this study was to identify the relationship between the timing of seasonal influenza epidemics and climate ... Author Summary Human influenza infections have a pronounced seasonal cycle in temperate regions. Recent laboratory and ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article/related?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.1003194
*  WHO | The population-based burden of influenza-associated hospitalization in rural western Kenya, 2007-2009
Lack of evidence of avian-to-human transmission of avian influenza A (H5N1) virus among poultry workers, Kano, Nigeria, 2006. J ... The influenza-virus-positive cases investigated were just as likely to be found smear-positive for malaria as the influenza- ... WHO case definitions for human infections with influenza A(H5N1) virus [Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2006. ... Influenza vaccine and drugs active against influenza viruses are not readily available, and little is known about the relative ...
  http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/90/4/11-094326/en/
*  Go to Novel, Variant, and Pandemic Influenza.
Occasionally, strains of influenza that normally affect birds, pigs, and other animals can infect humans. When flu viruses that ... What is an influenza pandemic?. An influenza pandemic is a worldwide outbreak of disease. This occurs when an influenza virus ... Novel, Variant, and Pandemic Influenza. Types of influenza viruses. The influenza A and B viruses that routinely spread in ... A novel influenza virus is an influenza A virus with a subtype that is different from the flu viruses that usually spread in ...
  http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/epidemiology/influenza-flu-in-virginia/novel-variant-and-pandemic-influenza/
*  Avian influenza - Wikipedia
Consultation on Human Influenza (29 September 2005). "Avian Influenza A (H5N1) Infection in Humans". N. Engl. J. Med. 353 (13 ... Although it is possible for humans to contract the avian influenza virus from birds, human-to-human contact is much more ... Health crisis Influenza Influenzavirus A Influenza pandemic Influenza Genome Sequencing Project Influenza research Influenza ... Influenza A virus subtype H7N9 is a novel avian influenza virus first reported to have infected humans in 2013 in China. Most ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Avian_influenza
*  'influenza human' Protocols and Video...
... influenza human' include 'Measuring Influenza Neutralizing Antibody Responses to A(H3N2) Viruses in Human Sera by ... Expression of Functional Recombinant Hemagglutinin and Neuraminidase Proteins from the Novel H7N9 Influenza Virus Using the ... Influenza, Human: An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the Nasal ... Measuring Influenza Neutralizing Antibody Responses to A(H3N2) Viruses in Human Sera by Microneutralization Assays Using MDCK- ...
  https://www.jove.com/keyword/influenza+human
*  Compound May Prevent, Alleviate Influenza Human Testing Is Next For Drug Called Neuraminidase Inhibitor | The Spokesman-Review
A new compound that taken as a pill could be used as a preventative or treatment for influenza infections has been developed by ... Compound May Prevent, Alleviate Influenza Human Testing Is Next For Drug Called Neuraminidase Inhibitor. Wed., Jan. 29, 1997 ... "It's a big leap to jump from animals to humans, but we have every indication it will work in the same way," Bischofberger said. ... A new compound that taken as a pill could be used as a preventative or treatment for influenza infections has been developed by ...
  http://www.spokesman.com/stories/1997/jan/29/compound-may-prevent-alleviate-influenza-human/
*  Human influenza a viral genes res... preview & related info | Mendeley
Currently circulating human influenza A viruses are thought to... ... Although influenza A viruses are occasionally transmitted from ... avian and human influenza A viruses and indicate that all genes other than the M and NS restrict replication of human influenza ... Human influenza a viral genes responsible for the restriction of its replication in duck intestine. *Hatta M ... Currently circulating human influenza A viruses are thought to have originated from avian viruses, yet none of these strains ...
  https://www.mendeley.com/research-papers/human-influenza-viral-genes-responsible-restriction-replication-duck-intestine/
*  Human Influenza Virus B IgM ELISA Kit (ab108748) References
References for Abcam's Human Anti-Influenza virus B IgM ELISA Kit (ab108748). Please let us know if you have used this product ...
  http://www.abcam.com/human-influenza-virus-b-igm-elisa-kit-ab108748-references.html
*  FDA Clears New CDC Test to Detect Human Influenza
... to diagnose human influenza infections and the highly pathogenic influenza A (H5N1) viruses. The device, called the Human ... The test panel and diagnostic system can detect and identify commonly circulating human influenza viruses as well as influenza ... to diagnose human influenza infections. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cleared a new test developed by the U.S. ... FDA Clears New CDC Test to Detect Human Influenza Oct 06, 2008 ... Influenza Virus Real-Time RT-PCR Detection and Characterization ...
  http://www.naemt.org/WhatsNewALLNEWS/08-10-06/FDA_Clears_New_CDC_Test_to_Detect_Human_Influenza.aspx
*  CiNii 論文 - An Efficient RNA Aptamer against Human Influenza B Virus Hemagglutinin ...
An Efficient RNA Aptamer against Human Influenza B Virus Hemagglutinin * * Gopinath Subash C. B. GOPINATH Subash C. B. ... Selection of RNA aptamers against human influenza virus hemagglutinin using surface plasmon resonance MISONO T. S. ... An RNA aptamer that distinguishes between closely related human influenza viruses and inhibits hemagglutinin-mediated membrane ... Observation of single influenza virus-cell fusion and measurement by fluorescence video microscopy LOWY R. J. ...
  http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10018844881
*  Zoonotic diseases and human health: The human influenza example
Influenza is one of the most enigmatic of human viruses especially when one considers that it was the first human virus to be ... So arose the pandemics of 1918 (the Spanish influenza), 1957 (the Asian influenza) and 1968 (the Hong Kong influenza). With ... of human infection due to a triple reassortant swine influenza virus with genes from swine, avian and human viral sources was ... WHO, 2011, Cumulative number of confirmed human cases of avian influenza A/ (H5N1) reported to WHO, viewed 12 August 2011, from ...
  http://www.scielo.org.za/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0030-24652012000200004
*  Department of Health | Avian influenza in humans (AIH)
This document contains the case definition for avian influenza in humans, which is nationally notifiable within Australia. This ... Avian influenza in humans (AIH). This document contains the case definition for avian influenza in humans, which is nationally ... Note: Tests must be conducted in a national, regional or international influenza laboratory whose Avian Influenza in Humans ( ... www.who.int/influenza/human_animal_interface/influenza_h7n9/en/). ...
  https://www.health.gov.au/internet/main/publishing.nsf/Content/cda-nndss-casedef-avian-flu.htm
*  The impact of media coverage on the transmission dynamics of human influenza
... Jean M Tchuenche,1 Nothabo Dube,2 Claver P Bhunu, ... The above model is closely related to those in [27,28] to analyze the transmission dynamics of human influenza, but there are ... are also studied to evaluate how these costs can affect the transmission of human influenza. We increase the value of B2 (the ... while vaccination is included in ours to reflect transmission dynamics of human influenza. ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3317585/
*  External quality assessment for influenza antiviral susceptibility for the European Reference Laboratory Network for Human...
This report presents the results of the influenza virus antiviral (AV) susceptibility external quality assessment (EQA) which ... isolation and characterisation of influenza viruses for the European Reference Laboratory Network for Human Influenza - 2015 13 ... This is the second AV EQA panel distributed by the European Reference Laboratory Network for Human Influenza (ERLI-Net) since ... This was the second AV EQA panel distributed by the European Reference Laboratory Network for Human Influenza (ERLI-Net), and ...
  https://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/external-quality-assessment-influenza-antiviral-susceptibility-european-reference
*  PLOS Computational Biology: Inference of Genotype-Phenotype Relationships in the Antigenic Evolution of Human Influenza A (H3N2...
We demonstrate the accuracy of our method by application to the human influenza A (H3N2) virus. This exemplary system is of ... and provide further details on individual antigenically relevant changes in the evolution of influenza A (H3N2) viruses. ... Inference of Genotype-Phenotype Relationships in the Antigenic Evolution of Human Influenza A (H3N2) Viruses. Table 1. Internal ...
  http://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article/figure?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1002492.t001
*  Hong Kong Confirms 28 Human Swine Influenza Cases | EmaxHealth
... there were 28 newly confirmed cases of human swine influenza (Influenza A H1N1) in the past 24 hours. ... This brings to 348 the total number of human swine influenza (HSI) cases in Hong Kong. ... 14 days in relation to a 16-year-old Form Two male student who was confirmed to have been infected with human swine influenza ...
  https://www.emaxhealth.com/2/90/31872/hong-kong-confirms-28-human-swine-influenza-cases.html
*  Table 2 - Human Influenza A (H5N1) Cases, Urban Areas of People's Republic of China, 2005-2006 - Volume 13, Number 7-July 2007 ...
We investigated potential sources of infection for 6 confirmed influenza A (H5N1) patients who resided in urban areas of ... Human Influenza A (H5N1) Cases, Urban Areas of People's Republic of China, 2005-2006 Weizhong Yang*1, Zijian Feng*1, Xianfeng ... Human Influenza A (H5N1) Cases, Urban Areas of People's Republic of China, 2005-2006*Figure 1 ... and for the Avian Influenza H5N1 Study Group2 Author affiliations: *Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/13/7/06-1557-t2
*  JCI - Memory T cells established by seasonal human influenza A infection cross-react with avian influenza A (H5N1) in healthy...
Cross-recognition of avian H5N1 influenza virus by human cytotoxic T lymphocyte populations directed to human influenza A virus ... mutate or reassort with a human influenza virus and hence acquire efficient human to human transmission and cause an influenza ... Memory T cells established by seasonal human influenza A infection cross-react with avian influenza A (H5N1) in healthy ... The threat of avian influenza A (H5N1) infection in humans remains a global health concern. Current influenza vaccines ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/32460