*  PNPLA8 - Wikipedia
"Group VIB Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2gamma promotes cellular membrane hydrolysis and prostaglandin production in a manner ... Calcium-independent phospholipase A2-gamma is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the PNPLA8 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl release ... Tanaka H, Takeya R, Sumimoto H (Jul 2000). "A novel intracellular membrane-bound calcium-independent phospholipase A(2)". ... "Entrez Gene: PNPLA8 patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 8". Hartley JL, Temple GF, Brasch MA (2001). "DNA Cloning ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PNPLA8
*  Lymphoid tissue phospholipase A2 group IID resolves contact hypersensitivity by driving antiinflammatory lipid mediators | JEM
Group VIB Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2γ promotes cellular membrane hydrolysis and prostaglandin production in a manner ... prostaglandin D2. PGE2. prostaglandin E2. PLA2. phospholipase A2. PLA2G2D. group IID sPLA2. PUFA. polyunsaturated fatty acid. ... Biosynthesis of PUFA-derived lipid mediators is initiated by hydrolysis of phospholipids by phospholipase A2 (PLA2; Murakami et ... 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2. AA. arachidonic acid. BMDC. BM-derived DC. CHS. contact hypersensitivity. cPLA2. Ca2+- ...
  http://jem.rupress.org/content/early/2013/05/14/jem.20121887
*  KAKEN - Research Projects | Research for the anti-thrombus and anti-inflammation of annexin-V (KAKENHI-PROJECT-04671359)
Annexin-V also inhibits the hydrolysis of phospholipid by phospholipase A2. This inhibition is thought to suppress ... prostaglandin synthesis leading to antiinflammatory action.. The peptides, SHLRKV and DHTLIR, corresponding to annexin-V ...
  https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-04671359/
*  Eicosanoid Synthesis - Molecular Biochemistry II Eicosanoid Synthesis Copyright 1999-2008 by Joyce J Diwan All rights reserved...
Arachidonate is released from phospholipids by hydrolysis catalyzed by Phospholipase A2 . This enzyme hydrolyzes the ester ... PGE2 (prostaglandin E2). Prostaglandins all have a cyclopentane ring . w A letter code is based on ring modifications (e.g., ... Arachidonic acid COOH PGE2 (prostaglandin E2) is an example of a prostaglandin, produced from arachidonic acid . COOH O HO OH ... w Prostaglandin receptors are specified by the same letter code. E.g., receptors for E-class prostaglandins are EP . ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/file/5960368/Eicosanoid-Synthesis/
*  Phospholipases | definition of Phospholipases by Medical dictionary
Phospholipases explanation free. What is Phospholipases? Meaning of Phospholipases medical term. What does Phospholipases mean? ... Looking for online definition of Phospholipases in the Medical Dictionary? ... Phospholipase B phospholipase. [fos″fo-lip´ās] any of four enzymes (phospholipase A to D) that catalyze the hydrolysis of a ... Various phospholipases digest cell membranes, aid in the synthesis of prostaglandins, and help produce arachidonic acid, one of ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Phospholipases
*  Stimulation of Phospholipase D via α1-Adrenergic Receptors in Madin-Darby Canine Kidney Cells is Independent of PKCα and -ε...
1987) α1-Adrenergic receptor-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis and prostaglandin E2 formation in Madin-Darby canine kidney ... 1992) Norepinephrine-induced phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis by phospholipase D and C in rat tail artery. Am J Physiol 262:C1376 ... 1994) Signal-activated phospholipase D. in Signal-Activated Phospholipases, ed Liscovitch M (R. G. Landes, Austin, TX), pp 31- ... We know that stimulation of α1-adrenergic receptors increases phospholipase C-mediated phosphoinositide hydrolysis in different ...
  http://molpharm.aspetjournals.org/content/53/2/221
*  PLA2G5 Human | ProSpec
sPLA2-VHis-Tagged Fusion protein is 15.5 kDa containing 118 amino acid residues of the human secreted phospholipase A2-V and 16 ... Secreted Phospholipase A2-V Human Recombinant was produced with N-terminal His-Tag. ... Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) catalyzes the hydrolysis of the sn-2 position of membrane glycerophospholipids to liberate arachidonic ... acid (AA), a precursor of eicosanoids including prostaglandins and leukotrienes. The same reaction also produces ...
  https://www.prospecbio.com/PLA2G5_Human
*  Guanine Nucleotide Regulatory Protein Couples Angiotensin II Receptors to Phospholipase C in Mesangial Cells | SpringerLink
... caused a rapid hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4, 5-bisphosphate (PIP2) in rat... ... which accounted for this degradation of PIP2 further leads to an increased synthesis of prostaglandins (PG). The present study ... Mesangial Cell Pertussis Toxin Inositol Phosphate PGE2 Synthesis Rapid Hydrolysis These keywords were added by machine and not ... Pfeilschifter J. (1987) Guanine Nucleotide Regulatory Protein Couples Angiotensin II Receptors to Phospholipase C in Mesangial ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4757-0166-1_39
*  PLA2G4A - Wikipedia
This gene encodes a member of the cytosolic phospholipase A2 group IV family. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of membrane ... interacts with group IV cytosolic phospholipase A(2), induces apoptosis, and potentiates prostaglandin production". Molecular ... "Entrez Gene: PLA2G4A phospholipase A2, group IVA (cytosolic, calcium-dependent)". Sheridan AM, Force T, Yoon HJ, O'Leary E, ... The hydrolysis reaction also produces lysophospholipids that are converted into platelet-activating factor. The enzyme is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PLA2G4A
*  Phospholipids are hydrolyzed by phospholipase A2 libera | Open-i
Phospholipids are hydrolyzed by phospholipase A2 liberating arachidonic acid and Lyso-PAF, regulators of insect's immune system ... Lyso-PAF is acetylated by PAF-acetyl transferase releasing PAF that can be degraded by PAF-acetyl hydrolase that hydrolyses PAF ... Arachidonic acid is the substrate for eicosanoid production, prostaglandins via cyclooxygenase and leukotrienes via ... Lyso-PAF is acetylated by PAF-acetyl transferase releasing PAF that can be degraded by PAF-acetyl hydrolase that hydrolyses PAF ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC2719633_1756-3305-2-33-3&req=4
*  BPAI Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences Patent and Trademark Office (P.T.O.) EX PARTE JOHN L. KNOPE AND JAMES CLARK - IP...
Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is responsible for the hydrolysis of arachidonic acid-containing phospholipids, thereby providing ... The products of the arachidonic cascade are varied and include prostaglandins, thromboxanes, leukotrienes, and other ... and a phospholipase A2 enzyme and observing whether said phospholipase A2 enzyme cleaves said phospholipid and releases fatty ... said phospholipase A2 enzyme being characterized by an amino acid sequence selected from the group consisting of:. (a) an amino ...
  http://ipmall.info/content/bpai-board-patent-appeals-and-interferences-patent-and-trademark-office-pto-ex-parte-john-l
*  Phospholipase C beta 4 in mouse hepatocytes: Rhythmic expression and cellular distribution | Comparative Hepatology | Full Text
Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2001, 65 (4): 159-166. 10.1016/S0090-6980(01)00124-1.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar. ... Miguel BG, Calcerrada MC, Martin L, Catalan RE, Martinez AM: Increase of phosphoinositide hydrolysis and diacylglycerol ... The phospholipase C β4 (PLCβ4) enzyme is of particular interest as it has been linked to circadian clock function. In general, ... Kim D, Jun KS, Lee SB, Kang NG, Min DS, Kim YH, Ryu SH, Suh PG, Shin HS: Phospholipase C isozymes selectively couple to ...
  https://comparative-hepatology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1476-5926-7-8
*  A comparative study of endothelin- and platelet-activating-factor-mediated signal transduction and prostaglandin synthesis in...
ET-3-induced hydrolysis of phosphoinositides was characterized by the production of various inositol phosphates and of ... Treatment of Kupffer cells with pertussis toxin resulted in an inhibition of ET-3-induced phospholipase C activation; in ... In contrast to the increased production of prostaglandins E2 and D2 observed upon stimulation of Kupffer cells with PAF, ET-3 ... The mechanism of ET-3-stimulated metabolism of phosphoinositides and synthesis of prostaglandins appeared to be distinct from ...
  http://www.biochemj.org/content/281/2/485
*  Frontiers | TNF-α-Induced cPLA2 Expression via NADPH Oxidase/Reactive Oxygen Species-Dependent NF-κB Cascade on Human Pulmonary...
... and then enhancing the synthesis of prostaglandin (PG) in inflammatory diseases. However, the detailed mechanisms of TNF-alpha ... and then enhancing the synthesis of prostaglandin (PG) in inflammatory diseases. However, the detailed mechanisms of TNF-alpha ... Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) enzymes catalyze the hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids resulting in the release of AA (Borsch- ... 1994). Interleukin-1β induces cytosolic phospholipase A2 and prostaglandin H synthase in rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts. ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2016.00447/full
*  Interplay between ultrastructural findings and atherothrombotic complications in type 2 diabetes mellitus | Cardiovascular...
During platelet aggregation and activation, mechanisms like phospholipase C-induced hydrolysis of inositol phospholipids and ... of prostacyclin and nitric oxide on aggregation and to diminish the proaggregatory properties of agonists such as prostaglandin ...
  https://cardiab.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12933-015-0261-9
*  Cerebrospinal fluid secretory [Ca.sup.2+]-dependent phospholipase [A.sub.2] activity is increased in alzheimer disease. - Free...
... dependent phospholipase [A.sub.2] activity is increased in alzheimer disease.(Proteomics and Protein Markers) by 'Clinical ... Elevated CSF prostaglandin E2 levels in patients with probable AD. Neurology 1999;53:1495-8. (39.) Montine TJ, Beal MF, ... Despite their differences, PLA2s share the ability to catalyze the hydrolysis of the sn-2 ester bonds of glycerophospholipids, ... Phospholipase A(2) Biochemistry. Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2009;23:49-59. (2.) Farooqui AA, Horrocks LA. Phospholipase A2generated ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Cerebrospinal+fluid+secretory+%5BCa.sup.2%2B%5D-dependent+phospholipase+...-a0324398243
*  Oxidants, antioxidants and the ischemic brain | Journal of Experimental Biology
Ca2+-activated phospholipases C and A2 result in phospholipid hydrolysis, while resynthesis of phospholipids requires ATP. As a ... thromboxanes and prostaglandins) (Gaudet et al., 1980), free radical generation and lipid peroxidation-mediated chain reactions ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/207/18/3221.full
*  Inhibitors of Cytosolic Phospholipase A2α as Potential Anti-...: Ingenta Connect
The rate limiting step in the generation of prostaglandins, leukotrienes and the PAF, respectively, is the cleavage of the sn-2 ... appears to be the most likely candidate to catalyze this hydrolysis, since the enzyme is highly selective for arachidonoyl- ... ester of membrane phospholipids by phospholipase A2. To date four main groups of phospholipases are known, which comprise the ... Arachidonic acid derivatives, like prostaglandins and leukotrienes, and the platelet-activating factor (PAF) are highly active ...
  http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/ben/aiaamc/2006/00000005/00000002/art00008
*  Src and Rac Mediate Endothelin-1 and Lysophosphatidic Acid Stimulation of the Human Brain Natriuretic Peptide Promoter |...
In addition to phospholipase C, phospholipase A2 (PLA2) is involved in signal transduction.21 Hydrolysis of the ester bond at ... whereas the ETB receptor may induce vasodilatation by releasing nitric oxide or prostaglandins.8 The ETA receptor is the ... Activation of phospholipase A2 by endothelin in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989;158:279 ... Role of phospholipase in generating lipid second messengers in signal transduction. FASEB J. 1991;5:2068-2077. ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/37/2/478
*  News Release | Scripps Research
In addition to Cravatt, Nomura, and Morrison, authors of the paper "Endocannabinoid hydrolysis generates brain prostaglandins ... Phospholipase A2 enzymes have long been considered the dominant producers of arachidonic acid, and thus a major element in ... MAGL also regulated arachidonic acid and prostaglandins in liver and lungs.. "Biological pathways that we think we understand ... However, in the brain, the MAGL enzyme was the principal regulator, with phospholipase A2 enzymes making a more limited ...
  https://www.scripps.edu/news-and-events/press-room/2011/20111020cravatt.html
*  Scripps Research Scientists Discover Inflammation Is Controlled Differently in Brain and Other Tissues - Healthcanal.com :...
In addition to Cravatt, Nomura, and Morrison, authors of the paper "Endocannabinoid hydrolysis generates brain prostaglandins ... Phospholipase A2 enzymes have long been considered the dominant producers of arachidonic acid, and thus a major element in ... MAGL also regulated arachidonic acid and prostaglandins in liver and lungs.. "Biological pathways that we think we understand ... However, in the brain, the MAGL enzyme was the principal regulator, with phospholipase A2 enzymes making a more limited ...
  https://www.healthcanal.com/brain-nerves/22208-scripps-research-scientists-discover-inflammation-is-controlled-differently-in-brain-and-other-tissues.html
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | Understanding Resolvin Signaling Pathways to Improve Oral Health | HTML
Complete discrimination of docosahexaenoate from arachidonate by 85 kDa cytosolic phospholipase A2 during the hydrolysis of ... Zurier, R.B. Role of prostaglandins E in inflammation and immune responses. Adv. Prostaglandin Thromboxane Leukot. Res 1991, ... Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 2004, 73, 155-172. [Google Scholar]. *Sun, Y.P.; Oh, S.F.; Uddin, J.; Yang, R.; Gotlinger, K ... Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat 2012, 97, 73-82. [Google Scholar]. *Zhang, M.J.; Spite, M. Resolvins: Anti-inflammatory and ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/14/3/5501/htm
*  Trypanosoma rangeli: a new perspective for studying the modulation of immune reactions of Rhodnius prolixus | Parasites &...
Lyso-PAF is acetylated by PAF-acetyl transferase releasing PAF that can be degraded by PAF-acetyl hydrolase that hydrolyses PAF ... Stanley DW: Prostaglandins and other eicosanoids in insects: biological significance. Ann Rev Entomol. 2006, 51: 25-44. 10.1146 ... Phospholipids are hydrolyzed by phospholipase A 2 liberating arachidonic acid and Lyso-PAF, regulators of insect's immune ... In the presence of dexamethasone the immune responses are inhibited due to the suppression of phospholipase A2 activity with ...
  https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1756-3305-2-33
*  Brain Sciences | Free Full-Text | Ethanol Neurotoxicity in the Developing Cerebellum: Underlying Mechanisms and Implications |...
In prostaglandin synthesis, the enzyme phospholipase A2 (PLA2) catalyzes the formation of arachidonic acid from membrane-bound ... PDEs mediate cAMP and cGMP hydrolysis. Erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl) adenine (EHNA), a PDE2 specific inhibitor, reduces the ... 9. Ethanol Increases Prostaglandin Production. Prostaglandins (PGs), especially prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), regulate CNS ... Prostaglandins 1988, 36, 835-846. [Google Scholar]. *Luo, J.; Lindstrom, C.L.; Donahue, A.; Miller, M.W. Differential effects ...
  http://mdpi.com/2076-3425/3/2/941/htm
*  HRASLS3 - Wikipedia
Group XVI phospholipase A2 also commonly known as adipocyte phospholipase A2 (AdPLA) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by ... "Release and effects of prostaglandins in adipose tissue". Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids. 47 (3): 171-82. doi: ... to facilitate formation of a histidine-water complex and subsequent fatty acid hydrolysis. Studies on AdPLA have shown ... It belongs to a superfamily of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) enzymes and is found primarily in adipose tissue. AdPLA regulates ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HRASLS3