*  Typhus | Health and Human Services | AustinTexas.gov - The Official Website of the City of Austin
Unit monitors the incidence of confirmed and probable typhus cases reported to the Austin/Travis County Health and Human ... Typhus prevention is directly related to flea control. The Epidemiology and Disease Surveillance ... Typhus Update. Typhus Data Profile. Murine or flea-borne typhus is endemic (regularly found) in Travis County. Fever, headache ... What is Typhus?. Murine typhus, also called fleaborne or endemic typhus, is caused by bacteria from a flea. It is not spread ...
  http://austintexas.gov/department/typhus
*  Typhus | Encyclopedia.com
Each illness occurs when the bacteria is passed to a human through contact with an infected insect. ... typhus,' all of them caused by one of the bacteria in the family Rickettsiae. ... Endemic flea-borne typhus causes sporadic cases in locations worldwide where humans and rodents live close together, such as in ... Endemic typhus (sometimes called murine typhus or rat-flea typhus) is found worldwide. The symptoms of endemic typhus are mild ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/diseases-and-conditions/pathology/typhus
*  Murine typhus | definition of murine typhus by Medical dictionary
... murine typhus explanation free. What is murine typhus? Meaning of murine typhus medical term. What does murine typhus mean? ... Looking for online definition of murine typhus in the Medical Dictionary? ... Also called endemic typhus, flea-borne typhus, New World typhus, rat typhus, urban typhus. Compare epidemic typhus, Rocky ... A mild, acute, endemic form of typhus caused by the microorganism Rickettsia typhi, transmitted from rats to humans by fleas ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/murine+typhus
*  NAVER Academic | Use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay techniques with cross-reacting human sera in diagnosis of murine...
These techniques provide a simple and convenient way to serodiagnose Mediterranean spotted fever and murine typhus with a ... Typhus, Endemic Flea-Borne. ... Spotted fever group and typhus group rickettsioses in humans, ... Use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay techniques with cross-reacting human sera in diagnosis of murine typhus and spotted ... Antigenic relationships among the rickettsiae of the spotted fever and typhus groups. (1991) S Vishwanath FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ...
  https://academic.naver.com/article.naver?doc_id=139567109
*  Orange County, California - Flea-borne Typhus
Is flea-borne typhus seasonal in its occurrence?. Since the disease is spread by fleas, it is possible that endemic typhus ... What are the symptoms of flea-borne typhus?. *What is the incubation period in humans (time from infection to first symptoms) ... How do people get flea-borne typhus?. People get flea-borne typhus from an infected flea. Most fleas defecate while biting; the ... Where did flea-borne typhus come from?. There are two natural cycles of flea-borne typhus. One involves opossums and possibly ...
  http://www.ocpetinfo.com/edu/disease/typhus
*  FM3 Part 2 Flashcards by Chrissy Ripp | Brainscape
Endemic in U.S:. -Q fever (Coxiella burnetii). -Murine typhus (fleaborne typhus): Rickettsia mooseri [typhi]. -Rocky Mountain ... most common vector-borne illness in U.S. + Europe. - found in all 50 states (esp. New England, upper Midwest, mid-Atlantic) o ... o human blood in midgut = B. burgdorferi out of salivary glands. • blood = increase water, excretes by injecting saliva. min. ... Siberian tick typhus. - Queensland tick typhus. Typhus group:. - murine typhus (fleaborne typhus): Rickettsia mooseri [typhi]. ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/fm3-part-2-2155901/packs/3484582
*  Burbank issues warning amid reported flea-borne Typhus infections - tribunedigital-burbankleader
The Burbank Animal Shelter on Thursday advised the public to take precautions against Endemic Typhus Fever amid reports that ... the flea-borne disease had infected several people in the city and San ... Animal Shelter on Thursday advised the public to take precautions against Endemic Typhus Fever amid reports that the flea-borne ... At least one human infection had been confirmed so far this year in Burbank, and two have been verified in the San Fernando ...
  http://articles.burbankleader.com/2012-08-23/the818now/tn-818-0823-burbank-issues-warning-amid-reported-fleaborne-typhus-infections_1_endemic-typhus-flea-borne-infections
*  Jail-fever | definition of Jail-fever by Medical dictionary
Endemic typhus is carried by fleas. When a flea lands on a human, it may defecate as it feeds. When the person scratches the ... murine typhus, caused by R. typhi; scrub typhus, caused by R. tsutsugamushi; and recrudescent typhus.. Louse-borne typhus (also ... See Epidemic typhus, Queensland tick typhus, Rickettsia São Paulo typhus, Scrub typhus. ty·phus (tī'fŭs) A group of acute ... Murine typhus is a less common variety, also known as tabardillo and endemic, rat, or flea typhus. As indicated by the term ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Jail-fever
*  Human-disease vectors | Rentokil
... mammals and other organisms that transmit diseases to humans are responsible for hundreds of millions of people becoming ... Diseases: Bubonic plague, bacteria Yersinia pestis; flea-borne typhus (also called murine typhus, endemic typhus, urban typhus ... Fleas Rodent fleas, Xenopsylla cheopis and Nosopsyllus fasciatus; cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis; human flea, Pulex irritans; ... so the flea bites do not transmit the plague or typhus. People are infected when a rat flea (or rarely other species of flea) ...
  https://www.rentokil-steritech.com/vector-control/disease-vectors/
*  Murine Typhus in Travelers Returning from Indonesia - Volume 4, Number 4-December 1998 - Emerging Infectious Disease journal -...
We report the first three documented cases of murine typhus imported into Europe from Indonesia, discuss clues for the ... In Malang, East Java, humans are highly exposed to R. typhi, and murine typhus appears to be endemic in the region (8). ... Flea-borne rickettsioses: ecologic considerations. Emerg Infect Dis. 1997;3:319-27. DOIPubMed ... The main vector of murine typhus is the rat flea Xenopsylla cheopis, which maintains R. typhi in rodents. Flea bites and ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/4/4/98-0423_article
*  Rickettsia prowazekii | definition of Rickettsia prowazekii by Medical dictionary
European typhus. *flea-borne typhus. *hospital fever. *jail fever. *louse-borne typhus ... The causative agent of epidemic typhus. It is spread by the human body louse. Unlike most other rickettsias, humans are the ... Rickettsia typhi - a species causing murine or endemic typhus fever.. rickettsial - pertaining to or caused by rickettsiae. ... Synonym: louse-borne typhus. See also: Rickettsia. Ricketts, Howard T., U.S. pathologist, 1871-1910. Rickettsia akari - a ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Rickettsia+prowazekii
*  Molecular Epidemiology of Rickettsial Diseases | SpringerLink
2012). Two pathogens and one disease: detection and identification of flea-borne rickettsiae in areas endemic for murine typhus ... in dogs and humans from an endemic area for Brazilian spotted fever in the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Cad Saude Publica 24: ... 2016). Detection of Rickettsia species in fleas collected from cats in regions endemic and nonendemic for flea-borne ... the causative agents of murine typhus and flea-borne spotted fever. Mol Cell Probes 21: 17-23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-46859-4_2
*  Rickettsia Flashcards by Daniel Barrionuevo | Brainscape
Severe form, commonly found after war (louse borne,lice and fleas) 7 ... To animal by tick and to humans by direct contact with animal ( goats,sheep, or cattle). Ingestion of raw contaminated milk, ... Can be a spore in soil, and survives many disinfectants, resistant to heat, dryness and sunlight ( air borne animal particles, ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/rickettsia-6815104/packs/10839868
*  Welcome to CDC stacks | Rickettsial Seroepidemiology among Farm Workers, Tianjin, People's Republic of China - 17126 | Emerging...
Humans Male Middle Aged Q Fever Rickettsia Typhi Seroepidemiologic Studies Seroprevalence Typhus, Endemic Flea-Borne Dispatch ... Human Infection from Avian-like Influenza A (H1N1) Viruses in Pigs, China ... suggest that human infections with these zoonotic bacteria are frequent and largely unrecognized. Demographic features of ...
  https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/17126
*  UC Riverside entomologist to study diseases transmitte... ( RIVERSIDE Calif. Summer for most pe...)
The rickettsial agent Anaplasma phagocytophilum a human pathogen uses one protein present in the tick saliva to colonize the ... Kotsyfakis, a biochemist who has worked extensively on tick-borne diseases, was the first to characterize the role of the tick ... Rickettsial diseases tend to be endemic in areas where public health infra-structure is poor or in tropical regions typically, ... The main types of rickettsial diseases include devastating typhus, spotted fever, and tsutsugamushi disease. Fever, chills, ...
  http://www.bio-medicine.org/medicine-news-1/UC-Riverside-entomologist-to-study-diseases-transmitted-by-ticks-84188-1/
*  Infectious Disease Names and their Etiologies Medicine
Typhus fever - Rickettsia prowazekii (G- intracellular; louse-borne), Rickettsia typhi (G- intracellular; flea-borne) Return to ... Human Immunodeficiency Virus Endemic Relapsing fever- Borrelia sp. Endemic syphilis -Bejel - Treponema pallidum var. pallidum ... Brill-Zinsser disease - recrudescent typhus - Rickettsia prowazekii (G- intracellular; flea-borne) Bronchiolitis (*) - ... North Asian tick typhus - Rickettsia sibirica (G- intracellular; tick-borne) Norwegian itch - Scabies - Sarcoptes scabiei ( ...
  http://www.rxpgonline.com/article394.html
*  Rickettsial Pathogens and Their Arthropod Vectors - Volume 4, Number 2-June 1998 - Emerging Infectious Disease journal - CDC
This article examines the common features of the host-pathogen relationship and of the arthropod vectors of the typhus and ... with arthropods is responsible for many features of the host-pathogen relationship that are unique among arthropod-borne ... exist primarily in endemic and enzootic foci that occasionally give rise to sporadic or seasonal outbreaks. Rickettsial ... While tick-borne rickettsiae are transmitted to humans by tick salivary secretions, flea- and louse-borne rickettsiae are ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/4/2/98-0205_article
*  The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | MOLECULAR DETECTION OF RICKETTSIA FELIS, RICKETTSIA TYPHI AND TWO...
... and extend our knowledge of the potential flea vectors of human pathogens. ... All fleas were tested for the presence of bacteria of the genera Rickettsia and Bartonella using PCR assays. In fleas from ... In addition, in four fleas from the genera Ornithophaga and Stenoponia collect from mice and a rat in mainland Portugal, we ... Our findings emphasize the potential risk of flea-transmitted infections in mainland Portugal and the Madeira archipelago, ...
  http://www.ajtmh.org/content/journals/10.4269/ajtmh.2006.75.727
*  Rickettsia - Wikipedia
Australian tick typhus Rickettsia felis (North and South America, Southern Europe, Australia) Flea-borne spotted fever ... Epidemic typhus, recrudescent typhus, and sporadic typhus Rickettsia typhi (worldwide) Murine typhus (endemic typhus) The ... Human immune response to the scrub typhus pathogen, Orientia tsutsugamushi, appears to provide a beneficial effect against HIV ... All three of these contain human pathogens. The scrub typhus group has been reclassified as a related new genus - Orientia - ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rickettsia
*  List of cutaneous conditions - Wikipedia
Felon Flea-borne spotted fever Flinders Island spotted fever Flying squirrel typhus Folliculitis Fournier gangrene (Fournier ... Ecthyma Ecthyma gangrenosum Ehrlichiosis ewingii infection Elephantiasis nostras Endemic typhus (murine typhus) Epidemic typhus ... Herpetic sycosis Herpetic whitlow HIV-associated pruritus Human monkeypox Human T-lymphotropic virus 1 infection Human tanapox ... epidemic louse-borne typhus) Erysipelas (ignis sacer, Saint Anthony's fire) Erysipeloid of Rosenbach Erythema marginatum ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_cutaneous_conditions
*  Civil Affairs Staging Area - Wikipedia
Major Isaacs was born in Japan, speaks Japanese and is a successful San Francisco fisheries expert. Senior Surgeon - William W ... This course covered endemic and epidemic diseases of the Pacific Area. The course included general symptomatology, methods of ... Use of training aids included: TF 8-1174 "Disposal of Human waste", Blackboard; sanitation models (table size), latrine box, ... flea larva, pupa and adult specimens, Phlebotomus adult specimens, louse egg, nymph and adult specimens, bedbug egg, nymph and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_Affairs_Staging_Area
*  October 2007 - Believe It or Not | Unbelievable News And Photos
Rickettsia is endemic in rodent hosts, including mice and rats, and spreads to humans through mites, fleas and body lice. The ... Typhus is any one of several similar diseases caused by louse-borne bacteria. The name comes from the Greek typhos, meaning ... Before a vaccine was developed in World War II, typhus was a devastating disease for humans and has been responsible for a ... 7)Typhus (430 BC? - today):. Killed 3 million people between 1918 and 1922 alone, and most of Napoleon's soldiers on Russia. ...
  http://believe-or-not.blogspot.com.ar/2007/10/
*  Globalization and disease - Wikipedia
Typhus is caused by rickettsia, which is transmitted to humans through lice. The main vector for typhus is the rat flea. Flea ... Bubonic plague is a variant of the deadly flea-borne disease plague, which is caused by the enterobacteria Yersinia pestis, ... Despite decreasing prevalence of leptospirosis in endemic regions, previously non-endemic countries are now reporting ... typhus may also be transmitted through cat and opossum fleas. The incubation period of typhus is 7-14 days. The symptoms start ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globalization_and_disease
*  Flea - Wikipedia
Bacterial diseases carried by fleas include murine or endemic typhus. and bubonic plague. Fleas can transmit Rickettsia typhi, ... Fleas appear in human culture in such diverse forms as flea circuses, poems like John Donne's erotic The Flea, works of music ... This triggers sexual maturity in the fleas and they start producing eggs. As soon as the baby rabbits are born, the fleas make ... One theory of human hairlessness is that the loss of hair helped humans to reduce their burden of fleas and other ectoparasites ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flea
*  Flea News 46
A suburban focus of endemic typhus in Los Angeles County: association with seropositive domestic cats and opossums. American ... Frank, A.A., J.L. Ross & B.K. Sawvell. Toxic epidermal necrolysis associated with flea dips. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 34 ... Titus, R.G. & J.M.C. Ribeiro. The role of vector saliva in transmission of arthropod-borne disease. Parasitology Today 6(5): ... Popiel, I. & R. Thomas. A study of the biology of fleas on cats using flea cages.. Gregory, L.M., S.D. Costa, K. Hecklenburg, B ...
  http://www.public.iastate.edu/~entomology/FleaNews/FleaNews46.html