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*  Central nervous system regulation of brown adipose tissue. - Semantic Scholar
... alterations in BAT thermogenesis and BAT energy expenditure that contribute to overall energy homeostasis and the autonomic ... Administration of Thyrotropin-Releasing Hormone in the Hypothalamic Paraventricular Nucleus of Male Rats Mimics the Metabolic ... Overview of the Anatomy, Physiology, and Pharmacology of the Autonomic Nervous System.. *Erica A. Wehrwein, Hakan S. Orer, ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Central-nervous-system-regulation-of-brown-adipose-Morrison-Madden/bc884e3eb17be70b84013569f50268b8f819e0f6
*  Embryonic Exposure to Dexamethasone Affects Nonneuronal Cells in the Adult Paraventricular Nucleus of the Hypothalamus, Journal...
"Embryonic Exposure to Dexamethasone Affects Nonneuronal Cells in the Adult Paraventricular Nucleus of the Hypothalamus, Journal ... The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus: a potential target for integrative treatment of autonomic dysfunction. Expert ... Hypothalamic integration: organization of the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei. Annu Rev Neurosci . 1983; 6( 1): 269- 324 ... neuroendocrine cells within the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) release corticotropin-releasing hormone/ ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/ou_press/embryonic-exposure-to-dexamethasone-affects-nonneuronal-cells-in-the-nbrCnSjvEN
*  Neural top-down control of physiology - Wikipedia
"Thyroid hormone modulates glucose production via a sympathetic pathway from the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus to the ... Love, J. A.; Yi, E.; Smith, T. G. (2007). "Autonomic pathways regulating pancreatic exocrine secretion". Autonomic Neuroscience ... The parasympathetic nervous system in the motor nuclei of cranial nerves III, VII, IX, (control over the pupil and salivary ... Veelken, R.; Vogel, E. -M.; Hilgers, K.; Amann, K.; Hartner, A.; Sass, G.; Neuhuber, W.; Tiegs, G. (2008). "Autonomic Renal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neural_top%E2%80%93down_control_of_physiology
*  Dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus - Wikipedia
The DMH is also a part of the pathway corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH) takes when it is secreted by the paraventricular ... The DMH is also involved in the regulation of hypothalamic outflow to the autonomic nervous and endocrine systems. Almost all ... The dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus is a nucleus of the hypothalamus. It is involved in feeding, drinking, body-weight ... The dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus (DMH) receives its circadian information from the suprachiasmatic nucleus and senses ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dorsomedial_hypothalamic_nucleus
*  What's The Best Magnesium Supplement For Anxiety
... production of cortisol in the brains of the test subjects through the activation of the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus, ... GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter that is responsible for the production of happy hormones such as serotonin. A 2012 ... When the HPAA is activated, the brain releases autonomic, neuroendocrine, and behavioral responses to stress, such as the ... Numerous papers cite that magnesium has control over the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis (HPAA), an important substrate of ...
  https://www.positivehealthwellness.com/product-reviews/whats-the-best-magnesium-supplement-for-anxiety/
*  Neuromedin U - Википедија, слободна енциклопедија
Novak CM, Zhang M, Levine JA (2007). „Sensitivity of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus to the locomotor-activating ... Tanida M, Satomi J, Shen J, Nagai K (2009). „Autonomic and cardiovascular effects of central neuromedin U in rats". Physiology ... Novel role of the anorexigenic peptide neuromedin U in the control of LH secretion and its regulation by gonadal hormones and ...
  https://sr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuromedin_U
*  Plus it
ICER mRNA in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) increased after 30 min and remained elevated for up to 4 h in a ... Differential steroid hormone and neural influences on peptide mRNA levels in CRH cells of the paraventricular nucleus: a ... CRH mediates behavioral and autonomic adaptation to stress (Vale et al., 1983; Reul et al., 2000). Although these responses are ... Stress-specific regulation of corticotropin releasing hormone receptor expression in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/25/16/4073
*  Neuromedin U - Wikipedia
Novak CM, Zhang M, Levine JA (September 2007). "Sensitivity of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus to the locomotor- ... Tanida M, Satomi J, Shen J, Nagai K (February 2009). "Autonomic and cardiovascular effects of central neuromedin U in rats". ... and hormone release. It was first isolated from the spinal cord in 1985, and named after its ability to cause smooth muscle ... It has been suggested that large doses () of NmU inhibits the activity of the paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus and/or ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuromedin_U
*  Hypothalamus - New World Encyclopedia
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone. anterior hypothalamic nuclei. Corticotropin-releasing hormone. paraventricular nucleus. Dopamine ... Autonomic inputs. *Blood-borne stimuli, including leptin, ghrelin, angiotensin, insulin, pituitary hormones, cytokines, plasma ... Paraventricular nucleus. Anterior nucleus. Suprachiasmatic nucleus. Lateral preoptic nucleus. Lateral nucleus. Part of ... Neurons in the OVLT and SFO project to the supraoptic nucleus and paraventricular nucleus, and also to preoptic hypothalamic ...
  http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Hypothalamus
*  Neurons Containing Hypocretin (Orexin) Project to Multiple Neuronal Systems | Journal of Neuroscience
... medial amygdaloid nucleus; mt, mammillothalamic tract; opt, optic tract;PaMP, paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus, medial ... melanin-concentrating hormone. *neuroendocrine. The hypothalamus is an essential interface between endocrine, autonomic, and ... paraventricular thalamic nucleus;PVA, paraventricular thalamic nucleus, anterior part;Re, reuniens thalamic nucleus; Rh, ... Fibers were also seen in the septal nuclei, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, the paraventricular and reuniens nuclei of ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/18/23/9996.long
*  Dietary Manipulations That Induce Ketosis Activate the HPA Axis in Male Rats and Mice: A Potential Role for Fibroblast Growth...
... regarding the presence of a stressor is conveyed to hypophysiotropic neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN ... growth hormone, and thyroid stimulating hormone in the adult male rat. Psychoneuroendocrinology . 1993; 18( 1): 67- 77. Google ... Neural regulation of endocrine and autonomic stress responses. Nat Rev Neurosci . 2009; 10( 6): 397- 409. Google Scholar ... E) Activation of cFos-positive cells in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus 1 hour after the onset of a 20-minute ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/ou_press/dietary-manipulations-that-induce-ketosis-activate-the-hpa-axis-in-MVePDs9O0H
*  Vasopressin, Cardiovascular Regulation, and Hypertension | SpringerLink
Swanson LW (1977) Immunohistochemical evidence for a neurophysin containing autonomic pathway in the paraventricular nucleus of ... Evidence of a direct projection from oxytocin and vaso-pressin neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus to the ... Manning M, Gzronka Z, Sawyer WH (1981) Synthesis of posterior pituitary hormones and hormone analogues. In: Bearwell C, ... Lang RE, Heil J, Ganten D, Hermann K, Rascher W, Unger T (1983) Effects of lesions in the paraventricular nucleus of the ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-68493-7_4
*  Frontiers | Relationship of the Chemokine, CXCL12, to Effects of Dietary Fat on Feeding-Related Behaviors and Hypothalamic...
... in both the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) where the neuropeptides enkephalin (ENK) and galanin (GAL) were also stimulated and ... and melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) were increased. In contrast, the HFD had no impact on expression of CXCL12 or its ... In contrast, the HFD had no impact on expression of CXCL12 or its receptors in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) where the carbohydrate ... receptors in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) where the carbohydrate-related peptide, neuropeptide Y (NPY), was suppressed. Analysis ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00051/full
*  Hypothalami | definition of hypothalami by Medical dictionary
Hypothalamic nuclei help activate, control, and integrate peripheral autonomic mechanisms, endocrine activities, and many ... This transportation network is called the hypothalamic-hypophyseal portal system. The secretion of the hypothalamic hormones is ... The nerve cells of the hypothalamus are grouped into the supraoptic paraventricular, lateral preoptic, lateral hypothalamic, ... dorsal hypothalamic area [TA], intermediate hypothalamic area [TA], lateral hypothalamic area [TA], and posterior hypothalamic ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/hypothalami
*  Blockade of Central GLP-1 Receptors Deteriorates the Improvement of Diabetes after Ileal Transposition
POMC neurons provide dense synaptic inputs to pre-autonomic structures (such as paraventricular nucleus) and direct peripheral ... The hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and the control of peripheral substrates. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014;28:725-37 ... Hormones (Athens). 2014;13:458-75 9. Joly-Amado A, Cansell C, Denis RG, Delbes AS, Castel J, Martinez S. et al. ... neurons in arcuate nucleus were activated [7]. The POMC neuron is a specific population of arcuate nucleus neurons in the ...
  http://www.medsci.org/v13p0955.htm
*  Stress and Infertility
Hypothalamic pituitary adrenal activation. - Para ventricular nucleus. - Vasopressin. - B-endorphin. - GnRH Pulse. - LH, FSH. ... Autonomic system. - Behavioral activation. - Para ventricular nucleus. - CRH. - Sympathetic system. - Adrenal medulla. - ... Stress affects pituitary gland hormones and ovaries (hypothalamic- pituitary- gonadal axis / HPG axis) through affecting brain ... The interaction between stress hormones (cortisol, melatonin and endogenous opioids) and the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal ...
  http://www.layyous.com/en/infertility/stress-and-infertility/2-33
*  Frontiers | Approaches Mediating Oxytocin Regulation of the Immune System | Immunology
The OSS, consisting of OT neurons in the supraoptic nucleus, paraventricular nucleus and their several accessory nuclei and ... directly by activating OT receptors or through modulating activities of other hypothalamic-pituitary-immune axes and autonomic ... particularly intrathymic OT that is known to elicit central immunological self-tolerance of T-cells to hypophysial hormones. In ... The OSS, consisting of OT neurons in the supraoptic nucleus, paraventricular nucleus and their several accessory nuclei and ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2016.00693/full
*  Paraventricular nucleus of hypothalamus - Wikipedia
Nillni EA (April 2010). "Regulation of the hypothalamic thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) neuron by neuronal and peripheral ... Other PVN neurons control various anterior pituitary functions, while still others directly regulate appetite and autonomic ... The paraventricular nucleus (PVN, PVA, or PVH) is a nucleus in the hypothalamus. It is a group of neurons that can be activated ... growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), dopamine (DA) and somatostatin (growth hormone release inhibiting hormone, GIH) into ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paraventricular_nucleus_of_hypothalamus
*  Neuropeptides Controlling Our Behavior | Springer for Research & Development
... hormone-synthesizing neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus and its role in the regulation of the hypothalamic- ... Swanson, L. W., & Sawchenko, P. E. (1980). Paraventricular nucleus: A site for the integration of neuroendocrine and autonomic ... of leptin in the stimulation of prothyrotropin releasing hormone neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. ... in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus and prevents fasting-induced suppression of prothyrotropin-releasing hormone gene ...
  https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-319-89506-2_2
*  JCI - Hypothalamic inflammation in obesity and metabolic disease
Hypothalamic neurons project to autonomic sites such as the rostral ventrolateral medulla, NTS, and dorsal motor nucleus of the ... Hormones and diet, but not body weight, control hypothalamic microglial activity. Glia. 2014;62(1):17-25.. View this article ... in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus to suppress food intake (16). These second-order neurons are part of ... Leptin increases hypothalamic pro-opiomelanocortin mRNA expression in the rostral arcuate nucleus. Diabetes. 1997;46(12):2119- ...
  https://jci.org/articles/view/88878
*  Insensitivity of well-conditioned mature sheep to central administration of a leptin receptor antagonist | animal | Cambridge...
... synthesis and CRF neuron activation in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus of obese (ob/ob) mice. Endocrinology 139, 1524- ... Leptin-mediated effects of undernutrition or fasting on luteinizing hormone and growth hormone secretion in ovariectomized ewes ... Low-dose leptin reverses skeletal muscle, autonomic, and neuroendocrine adaptations to maintenance of reduced weight. The ... Thyroid hormone regulation of metabolism. Physiological Reviews 94, 355-382. Myers, MG and Olson, DP 2012. Central nervous ...
  https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/animal/article/insensitivity-of-wellconditioned-mature-sheep-to-central-administration-of-a-leptin-receptor-antagonist/4F2282B90C5C09945F79A50DC231CDF0
*  Neural pathways of stress integration: relevance to alcohol abuse. - Free Online Library
Ventral subicular interaction with the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus: Evidence for a relay in the bed nucleus of the ... In contrast, the IL has rich interconnections with regions involved in autonomic regulation, including the CeA, nucleus of the ... Hormone and Metabolic Research 19(3):105-109, 1987. PMID: 3570145 Marinelli, M., and Piazza, P.V. Interaction between ... Anatomical interactions between the central amygdaloid nucleus and the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of the rat: A dual ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Neural+pathways+of+stress+integration%3A+relevance+to+alcohol+abuse-a0347526541
*  Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Thyroid Axis and Sympathetic Nervous System Involvement in Hyperthermia Induced by 3,4...
... hormone-synthesizing neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus and its role in the regulation of the hypothalamic- ... 1991) Effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine on autonomic thermoregulatory responses of the rat. Pharmacol Biochem Behav ... and amphetamine-regulated transcript in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus, resulting in an increased biosynthesis of ... This study predicts that MDMA may also increase thyroid hormone levels. 2) At the cellular level, thyroid hormone seems to play ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/305/1/159
*  Plus it
Anorectic effects of estrogen may be mediated by decreased neuropeptide-Y release in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. ... 2001) Hypothalamic pathways underlying the endocrine, autonomic, and behavioral effects of leptin. Physiol Behav 74:703-708. ... correlation with serum luteinizing hormone (LH) and median eminence LH-releasing hormone. Endocrinology 117:1151-1155. ... 1996) Effects of restricted daily feeding on neuropeptide Y release in the rat paraventricular nucleus. Am J Physiol 270:E589- ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/31/33/11825
*  The neurobiology of stress and gastrointestinal disease | Gut
corticotropin releasing hormone. CRF. corticotropin releasing factor. PVN. paraventricular nucleus. GCs. glucocorticoids. ... 1988) Catecholamine effects upon rat hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing hormone secretion in vitro. J Clin Invest 82:839-846. ... AUTONOMIC RESPONSE. The classical description of the autonomic nervous system to stress in the context of the "fight and flight ... 1980) The paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus: cytoarchitectonic subdivisions and organization of projections to the ...
  http://gut.bmj.com/content/47/6/861.full