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*  Septal nuclei - Wikipedia
... hippocampus, amygdala, hypothalamus, midbrain, habenula, cingulate gyrus, and thalamus. The septal area (medial olfactory area ... The septal nuclei play a role in reward and reinforcement along with the nucleus accumbens. In the 1950s, Olds & Milner showed ... The septal nuclei (medial olfactory area) are a set of structures that lie below the rostrum of the corpus callosum, anterior ... The septal nuclei receive reciprocal connections from the olfactory bulb, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Septal_nuclei
*  Fornix (neuroanatomy) - Wikipedia
The anterior fibers (precommissural fornix) end at the septal nuclei and nucleus accumbens of each half of the brain. The ... then to the anterior nuclei of thalamus, which project to the cingulate cortex. ... Here, it lies along the concavity of the hippocampus, on the surface of which some of its fibers are spread out to form the ... The posterior fibers (called the postcommissural fornix) of each side continue through the hypothalamus to the mammillary ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fornix_(neuroanatomy)
*  The Cerebrum | Boundless Anatomy and Physiology
The septal nuclei receive reciprocal connections from the olfactory bulb, hippocampus, amygdala, hypothalamus, midbrain, ... Fornicate gyrus: Region encompassing the cingulate and parahippocampal gyrus. *Nucleus accumbens: Involved in reward, pleasure ... septal nucle: Play a role in reward and reinforcement along with the nucleus accumbens. ... Fornix: A white matter structure that carries signals from the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies and septal nuclei. ...
  https://courses.lumenlearning.com/boundless-ap/chapter/the-cerebrum/
*  Limbic system - BioSolutions
Fornix:carries signals from the hippocampus to the mammillary bodies and septal nuclei. ... It is highly interconnected with the nucleus accumbens, the brain's pleasure center, which plays a role in sexual arousal and ... Fornicate gyrus: Region encompassing the cingulate, hippocampus, and parahippocampal gyrus. * Olfactory bulb: Olfactory sensory ... Hypothalamus:Regulates the autonomic nervous system via hormone production and release. Affects and regulates blood pressure, ...
  https://bioisolutions.blogspot.com/2009/05/limbic-system.html
*  Limbic System - LearnNeurosurgery.com
Cingulate gyrus --, entorrhinal cortex --, hypothalamus. Ganglion cells of retina --, SCN. Septal nuclei, thalamus, median ... Includes: septal region (septal nuclei of diagonal band, nucleus accumbens), sublenticular region (nucleus basalis of meynert, ... Afferent: hypothalamus, hippocampus, thalamus, sensory association cortical areas, *insula. Locus ceruleus, VTA, raphe nucleus ... Connects septal nuclei, preoptic nucleus (hypothalamus), anterior thalamic nucleus --, Habenecular nuclei. --, Fasciculus ...
  http://www.learnneurosurgery.com/limbic-system.html
*  User:MissadventureX - Wikiversity
Hypothalamus Pleasure - eat, drink, sex Septal Area Pleasure - sociability and sexuality Orbitofrontal Cortex Learning ... Nucleus Accumbens Pleasure - reward, hotspot for liking Cerebral Cortex (frontal lobes) Plans, goals, intentions ... Anterior Cingulate Cortex Mood, volition, decision making Left Prefrontal Cerebral Cortex Approach motivational/emotional ... Hippocampus Behavioural inhibition - during unexpected events Arousal-Oriented Structure Reticular Formation Arousal ...
  https://en.wikiversity.org/wiki/User:MissadventureX
*  Neurons Containing Hypocretin (Orexin) Project to Multiple Neuronal Systems | Journal of Neuroscience
... accumbens nucleus, core; AcbSh, accumbens nucleus, shell; AI, agranular insular cortex;Cg, cingulate cortex; Cl, claustrum;CPu ... Fibers were also seen in the septal nuclei, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, the paraventricular and reuniens nuclei of ... the paraventricular nuclei of the thalamus and hypothalamus, the central nucleus of the amygdala, the arcuate nucleus, the ... dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus;f, fornix; F, nucleus of the fields of Forel; fi, fimbria of the hippocampus;fr, fasciculus ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/18/23/9996.long
*  Limbic System
Nuclei of the limbic system : 1. Limbic lobe : fo… ... Adel Abdel Aziz It is formed of groups of nuclei connected ... Part Function Amygdala AGGRESSION and FEAR Cingulate gyrus AUTONOMIC FUNCTION Hippocampus RECENT MEMORY Hypothalamus ENDOCRINE ... li,,/ul,,ul,,li,4. Stria terminalis : it begins in the septal area and in the habenular nucleus. ,/li,,/ul, ... FUNCTION Mammillary body LONG MEMORY Nucleus accumbens ADDICTION Prefrontal area PERSONALITY Parahippocampus SPATIAL MEMORY ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/maynader/limbic-system
*  Limbic system - Wikipedia
Olds and Milner found that rats with metal electrodes implanted into their nucleus accumbens, as well as their septal nuclei, ... It includes the olfactory bulbs, hippocampus, hypothalamus, amygdala, anterior thalamic nuclei, fornix, columns of fornix, ... mammillary body, septum pellucidum, habenular commissure, cingulate gyrus, parahippocampal gyrus, entorhinal cortex, and limbic ... particularly the mammillary bodies and septal nuclei Subcortical areas: Septal nuclei, a set of structures that lie in front of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Limbic_system
*  Frontiers | Widespread Volumetric Brain Changes following Tooth Loss in Female Mice | Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
... hippocampus; HP, hypothalamic nucleus; HY, hypothalamus; ic, internal capsule; IC, inferior colliculus; Ins, insular cortex; ... and nucleus accumbens-regions related to motor processing and motivation. Specifically, nucleus accumbens is involved in reward ... cingulate cortex, and basal ganglia; (2) increased gray matter volume in several brainstem sensory and motor nuclei, and in the ... septal nuclei; sptV, spinal tract of the trigeminal nerve; STR, striatum; TH, thalamus; VL, lateral ventricle; VTA, ventral ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnana.2016.00121/full
*  Olfactory system - Wikipedia
The olfactory tubercle connects to numerous areas of the amygdala, thalamus, hypothalamus, hippocampus, brain stem, retina, ... The orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is heavily correlated with the cingulate gyrus and septal area to act out positive/negative ... "Dopamine Reward Circuitry: Two Projection Systems from the Ventral Midbrain to the Nucleus Accumbens-olfactory Tubercle Complex ... Stria terminalis, specifically bed nuclei (BNST), act as the information pathway between the amygdala and hypothalamus, as well ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olfactory_cortex
*  Neuroanatomy Of The Acetylcholine System - Psychopharmacology
... between the hypothalamus and orbital cortex. This complex includes the medial septal nucleus, the diagonal band of Broca, the ... The hippocampus is also densely innervated by cholinergic axons. These projections arise from the medial septal and diagonal ... and nucleus accumbens). However, these cholinergic cells are interneurons and thus do not project out of the striatum (Cooper ... and highest in the paralimbic entorhinal and cingulate cortices (Mesulam et al. 1992). The density of cholinergic axons also ...
  https://www.pharmacologicalsciences.us/psychopharmacology/neuroanatomy-of-the-acetylcholine-system.html
*  Robust Reproducible Resting State Networks in the Awake Rodent Brain
... mainly driven by the hypothalamus, also includes thalamic nuclei and the hippocampus. The hypothalamus is involved in numerous ... although we observed inclusion of the OFC in the rat in this component as well as the cingulate and insular cortices and septal ... The atlas is based on the Paxinos Atlas (Paxinos and Watson). Key: Ins: Insula, AcB: Nucleus Accumbens, Motor: Motor Cortex, ... These include networks that encompass basal ganglia (BG, CPu, Globus Pallidus), thalamic nuclei, the amygdala, septal nucleus, ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3196498/?lang=en-ca
*  Orbitofrontal cortex - Wikipedia
... to the nucleus accumbens - which is associated with the reinforcing effects of drug administration. The nucleus accumbens ... Limbic regions including the amygdala, hippocampus and cingulate gyrus also project to the OFC via direct and indirect pathways ... anterior thalamus and septal diagonal band. The lateral part can be further subdivided into three sectors. The most caudal ... and direct and indirect connections to the hypothalamus. Additional subcortical projections are shared between the striatum, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orbitofrontal_cortex
*  BRIEF FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OF THE BRAIN - The Lay Medical Man
striatum (caudate nucleus, putamen of the lentiform nucleus and the nucleus accumbens) ... ️ Limbic system is composed of the the parahippocampal and cingulate gyri, the septal area, the hippocampal formation and the ... ️ Lying close to the anterior end of the hippocampus is the amygdala. Its a mass of subcortical grey matter that also forms ... ️ The hypothalamus has important connections with the limbic system, a controlling influence on autonomic nervous system ...
  https://thelaymedicalman.wordpress.com/2017/03/22/brief-functional-anatomy-of-the-brain/
*  Basal nucleus | definition of basal nucleus by Medical dictionary
... basal nucleus explanation free. What is basal nucleus? Meaning of basal nucleus medical term. What does basal nucleus mean? ... Looking for online definition of basal nucleus in the Medical Dictionary? ... The septal nuclei receive inputs from the hippocampus (via the fornix) and the hypothalamus; the septal nuclei project to the ... The nucleus accumbens is part of the ventral striatum nuclei. Synapses in the nucleus accumbens use dopamine as their ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/basal+nucleus
*  Acetylcholinesterase inhibition ameliorates deficits in motivational drive
... nucleus accumbens, and cortical areas were analyzed using ImageJ. Cells in thalamic, hypothalamic, and septal nuclei were ... Every 6th (prefrontal cortex and brainstem) or 12th (hypothalamus, hippocampus) section was rinsed free-floating in PBS/0.5% ... cingulate cortex and the hypothalamus [29] could be influencing cholinergic signaling. AChE-I treatment reduces incidence of ... Paraventricular nucleus; NAcc: Nucleus accumbens; ANOVA: Analysis of variance; MPO: Medial preoptic area; PrL: Prelimbic area ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3328273/
*  Neurotransmitter - Wikipedia
... nucleus accumbens), olfactory bulb, amygdala, hippocampus, orbital and medial prefrontal cortex, and cingulate cortex. VTA DA ... Forebrain cholinergic nuclei (FCN):. Nucleus basalis of Meynert, medial septal nucleus, and diagonal band ... nucleus accumbens, amygdala, and hypothalamus. ... While the best characterized function of the histamine system in the brain ... The basal forebrain cholinergic nuclei are comprised the medial septal nucleus (Ch1), the vertical nucleus of the diagonal band ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neuro_transmitter
*  Habenula - Wikipedia
... bringing input from the nucleus accumbens and mediodorsal nucleus of the thalamus), the lateral hypothalamus, the medial ... Input regions include septal nuclei (the nucleus fimbrialis septi and the nucleus triangularis septi), dopaminergic inputs from ... The primary input regions to the lateral habenula are the lateral preoptic area (bringing input from the hippocampus and ... and the cingulate motor area revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging". Journal of Neuroscience. 23 (10): 4308-4314. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habenula
*  Chakras and the colors II. Love and pain.
... although perhaps the most interesting region of all is the nucleus accumbens. The nucleus accumbens is connected to all of ... Autistic people have disturbances in cingulate gyrus (small cells, high density), hypothalamus, amygdala, mammillary bodies and ... When acetylcholine was injected into a patient's septal area, "vigorous activity" showed up on the septal EEG, and the patient ... the hippocampus and the striatum (Caudate nucleus). All of these brain regions have been implicated in schizophrenia, ...
  http://zone-reflex.blogspot.com/2009/08/chakras-and-colors-ii-love-and-pain.html
*  Neuroanatomy of Reward: A View from the Ventral Striatum - Neurobiology of Sensation and Reward - NCBI Bookshelf
1995). The shell of the nucleus accumbens receives the most limited projection, almost exclusively midline nuclei and the ... This part of the VP projects not only to the subthalamic nucleus, but also to the adjacent lateral hypothalamus. Finally, this ... The midline and medial intralaminar thalamic nuclei project to medial prefrontal areas, the amygdala, and hippocampus, and, as ... 11.2.1. Orbital Prefrontal Cortex and Anterior Cingulate Cortex Frontal cortex is organized in a hierarchical manner and can be ...
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK92777/
*  Frontiers | Medial prefrontal cortex: genes linked to bipolar disorder and schizophrenia have altered expression in the highly...
... comparison with the effects in the central nucleus of the amygdala and the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. Brain ... Slotnick, B. M., and Nigrosh, B. J. (1975). Maternal behavior of mice with cingulate cortical, amygdala, or septal lesions. J. ... mPFC sends projections to many structures, including lateral septum (LS), nucleus accumbens (NA), and MPOA, and receives ... Effects of steroid hormones on neurogenesis in the hippocampus of the adult female rodent during the estrous cycle, pregnancy, ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnbeh.2014.00110/full
*  Microsoft word - na-3rd ed-index 11 08.doc
449 Septal nuclei 195 Septum-Bullae 330 Dorsal median 27 Pellucidum 37, 449 Serotonin 217, 233, 234, 468, 469 Serum hepatitis ... 479 Ventrolateral hypothalamus 468 Vestibular 225 Zona incerta 196 Nystagmus-Abnormal 325 Caloric 325 Congenital 345, 397 Jerk ... 54 Chow Chow-Myotonia 207 Chromatolysis 89 Chuzan virus 44 Cingulate gyrus 448 Cingulum 448 Circling 324 Circumventricular ... 135 Accumbens 195 Ambiguus 30, 152, 158, 159 Amygdala 195, 445 Basal 36, 37, 195 Caudate 195, 217, 364 Caudolateral thalamus ...
  http://diseasepdf.com/n/neurovideos.vet.cornell.edu1.html
*  Corpus striatum | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org
The corpus striatum is a collective name given to the caudate nucleus and lentiform nucleus. History and etymology The term ... basal nucleus of Meynert. * limbic system *limbic lobe. *parahippocampus. *septal nuclei. *nucleus accumbens ... The corpus striatum is a collective name given to the caudate nucleus and lentiform nucleus. ... referring to the caudatolenticar bridges of grey matter crossing the internal capsule from the putamen to the caudate nucleus 2 ...
  https://radiopaedia.org/articles/corpus-striatum
*  Abducens nerve | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org
It courses from its nucleus located in the dorsal pons to its innervation of the lateral rectus muscle and can be divided into ... four parts: nucleus and intraparenchymal portion cisternal portion ca... ... basal nucleus of Meynert. * limbic system *limbic lobe. *parahippocampus. *septal nuclei. *nucleus accumbens ... Nucleus The abducens nucleus is a small nucleus situated at the upper part of the rhomboid fossa beneath the colliculus ...
  https://radiopaedia.org/articles/abducens-nerve