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*  Influenza pandemic - Wikipedia
One strain of virus that may produce a pandemic in the future is a highly pathogenic variation of the H5N1 subtype of influenza ... "Human influenza virus" usually refers to those subtypes that spread widely among humans. H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2 are the only ... Variants of Influenzavirus A are identified and named according to the isolate that they are like and thus are presumed to ... Doing so requires a good public health communication strategy and the ability to track public concerns, attitudes and behaviour ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_pandemic
*  Influenza pandemic - Wikipedia
One strain of virus that may produce a pandemic in the future is a highly pathogenic variation of the H5N1 subtype of influenza ... H1N2. Main article: H1N2. H1N2 is currently endemic in both human and pig populations. The new H1N2 strain appears to have ... Variants and subtypes of Influenzavirus A[edit]. Main article: Influenzavirus A. Variants of Influenzavirus A are identified ... Doing so requires a good public health communication strategy and the ability to track public concerns, attitudes and behaviour ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flu_pandemic
*  Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 - Wikipedia
H5N1 has strains called "highly pathogenic" (HP) and "low-pathogenic" (LP). Avian influenza viruses that cause HPAI are highly ... never previously susceptible to any influenza virus. H5N1 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus of the Influenzavirus A ... H5N1 is different from all previously known highly pathogenic avian flu viruses in its ability to be spread by animals other ... which has unusual zoonotic potential and killed one person H1N2, which is currently endemic in humans and pigs and causes ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H5N1
*  Recently Emerged Swine Influenza A Virus (H2N3) Causes Severe Pneumonia in Cynomolgus Macaques
... the swine H2N3 virus was more pathogenic causing severe pneumonia in nonhuman primates. Both viruses replicated in the entire ... Adaptation, in the H2 hemagglutinin derived from an avian virus, includes the ability to bind to the mammalian receptor, a ... In contrast to human H2N2 virus, which served as a control and largely caused mild pneumonia similar to seasonal influenza A ... Here we investigated the pathogenic potential of swine H2N3 in Cynomolgus macaques, a surrogate model for human influenza ...
  https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0039990
*  Application # 2017/0233794. Nucleic Acid Detection System and Method for Detecting Influenza - Patents.com
Of particular interest are the highly pathogenic strains of avian influenza virus (AIV), which cause severe disease in many ... viruses, influenza A (H3N2) viruses, and influenza B viruses have circulated globally. In 2001, influenza A (H1N2) viruses that ... Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza) due to subtype H7 and 12 outbreaks due to subtype H5 since 1959. In early 2003, an outbreak ... capable of blocking the ability of the virus to cleave itself from the host cell preventing further infection of neighboring ...
  http://patents.com/us-20170233794.html
*  Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 - Wikipedia
H5N1 has strains called "highly pathogenic" (HP) and "low-pathogenic" (LP). Avian influenza viruses that cause HPAI are highly ... H5N1 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus of the Influenzavirus A genus of the Orthomyxoviridae family. Like all other ... H5N1 is different from all previously known highly pathogenic avian flu viruses in its ability to be spread by animals other ... H1N2, which is currently endemic in humans and pigs and causes seasonal human flu ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H5n1
*  Gramer MR. Diagnostic notes: Defining swine influenza virus
Detection and subtyping of swine influenza H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 viruses in clinical samples using two multiplex RT-PCR assays. J ... Appearance of reassortant swine influenza viruses For 80 years, only one strain of SIV, classical H1N1, was endemic in North ... The HI test exploits the ability of influenza viruses to agglutinate red blood cells (RBCs), a characteristic for which the HA ... Pathogenic and antigenic properties of phylogenetically distinct reassortant H3N2 swine influenza viruses cocirculating in the ...
  https://www.aasv.org/shap/issues/v13n3/v13n3p157.html
*  ASMscience | Emergence of Influenza V
Subtypes H5 and H7 have the unique ability to evolve into highly pathogenic strains that are lethal in gallinaceous poultry and ... All 16 subtypes of influenza viruses in the aquatic bird reservoir occur as low-pathogenicity strains that replicate ... influenza viruses B and C established permanent lineages in ancient times, whereas influenza A viruses continue to emerge from ... Aquatic birds of the world are natural reservoirs for 16 of the 17 known influenza subtypes, and 1 subtype has been ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555818432.chap8
*  Continuing Evolution of H9N2 Influenza Viruses in Southeastern China | Journal of Virology
Qa/HK/G1/97-like viruses are thought to have been involved in the generation of the highly pathogenic H5N1 virus in 1997 (7). ... Phylogenetic analysis of H1N2 isolates of influenza A virus from pigs in the United States. Virus Res. 87:173-179. ... Sampling and virus isolation.Influenza virus strains were isolated from poultry in live-poultry markets in Hong Kong, Special ... H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses in poultry in Pakistan are closely related to the H9N2 viruses responsible for human infection ...
  https://jvi.asm.org/content/78/16/8609
*  EFSA Scientific report on animal health and welfare aspects of Avian … - English
... specialised inspection service of the EC HPAI highly pathogenic avian influenza HPAIV highly pathogenic AI virus HRP high risk ... and the reassortant H1N2, although genotype analysis of isolates of these subtypes suggests that they can be the result or ... Influenzavirus A, B and C. Only influenza A viruses have been reported to cause natural infections of birds. Type A influenza ... Influenza A viruses infecting poultry can be divided into two distinct groups on the basis of their ability to cause disease. ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/charmkey5/europefsa-report-on-hpai-2005
*  The Influenza a Virus Subtypes H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 ,Hdfx: a Novel Immunomodulatorand Potential Fighter against Cytokine Storms...
... influenza vaccines have been vastly improved in design. Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of the H5 subtype are a ... There are three types of influenza virus (A, B, and C), and each type may have various subtypes. New strains may develop when ... has the unique ability to induce a 'supercharged effect' in macrophages, NK cells, lymphocytes, Kupffer cells, as well as ?pit ... The influenza A virus subtypes H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 are prevalent in pig populations worldwide. All scientific data point ...
  http://scifed.com/fulltext/the-influenza-a-virus-subtypes-h1n1-h1n2-and-h3n2-hdfx-a-novel-immunomodulatorand-potential-fighter-against-cytokine-storms-in-viral-flu-infections-carica-papaya-linn/21844
*  Frontiers | MicroRNAs in the Host Response to Viral Infections of Veterinary Importance | Veterinary Science
... highly pathogenic avian influenza; IBDV, infectious bursal disease virus; IAV, influenza A virus; lncRNAs, long non-coding RNAs ... Pathogenic characteristics of Marek's disease virus field strains prevalent in China and the effectiveness of existing vaccines ... proteins and microRNAs in lung tissue of pigs infected experimentally with influenza virus (H1N2). Innate Immun (2013) 19(5): ... All IAV subtypes primarily originated in wild birds that are classified under the orders Anseriformes and Charadriiformes (97 ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2016.00086/full
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Andrea Lim
H1N2 and H3N2 influenza viruses genetically related to North American strains. Although most of the TRSw viruses were ... and A/H3N2 subtypes, respectively. The amantadine-resistant influenza A/H1N1pdm and A/H3N2 viruses were circulating ... moderately pathogenic, one [A/Swine/Korea/1204/2009; Sw/1204 (H1N2)] was virulent in ferrets, causing death within 10 d of ... This ability to self-heal is intimately coupled to Kapβ1-FG binding avidity that promotes the maximal incorporation of Kapβ1 ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Andrea_Lim
*  The AMEDEO Literature Guide
A Dual Motif in the Hemagglutinin of H5N1 Goose/Guangdong-Like Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Virus Strains Is Conserved ... Shifting clade distribution, reassortment, and emergence of new subtypes of highly pathogenic avian influenza A(H5) viruses ... Comparative in vitro and in vivo analysis of H1N1 and H1N2 variant influenza viruses isolated from humans between 2011 and 2016 ... Amino acid substitution K186E in the canine influenza virus H3N8 NS1 protein restores its ability to inhibit host gene ...
  https://amedeo.com/medicine/flu/jvirol.htm
*  Health Book: 2010
H1N2 and H7N7. While the animal is a subtype H1 to H5 and N1 to N9.. Of all these subtypes, only influenza A virus subtypes H5 ... While the pathogenic form called Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses. Cause symptoms are very severe, and contagious ... Because all influenza viruses have the ability to change genetically. Transmission of influenza A (H5N1) among human ... This virus has 2 types of protrusion of the haemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N). Strains of type A were coded according to ...
  http://holyhealthbook.blogspot.com/2010/
*  Pathogenesis of swine influenza virus (Thai isolates) in weanling pigs: an experimental trial | Virology Journal | Full Text
... gene of subtype H1N1 from Thailand clustered with the classical H1 SIV sequences and neuraminidase gene clustered with virus of ... Virus shedding was detected at 2 dpi from both infected groups as demonstrated by RT-PCR and virus isolation. The results ... Histopathological lesions related to swine influenza-induced lesions consisting of epithelial cells damage, airway plugging and ... subtype H1N1 and H3N2 (Thai isolates) in 22-day-old SPF pigs. The study found that all pigs in the infected groups developed ...
  https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-6-34
*  Experimental infection of pigs with H1 and H3 influenza A viruses of swine by using intranasal nebulization | BMC Veterinary...
... the remaining 2 strains (1 H1N1 and 1 H1N2 isolate) failed to induce any clinical signs throughout the experiments. ... nasal viral shedding began on 1 dpi for 6 strains, with all 9 viruses being shed from 2 to 5 dpi. The detection of viral ... In the current study, we used intranasal nebulization to inoculate pigs with 9 different IAVs-S-3 H1N1, 2 H1N2, and 4 H3N2 ... Significantly increased rectal temperatures were observed with an H1N1 or H3N2 strains between 1 and 3 days post-inoculation ( ...
  https://bmcvetres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12917-018-1434-z
*  Nat' Academies Press, The Threat of Pandemic Influenza: Are We Ready? Workshop Summary (2005)
This is completely understandable because these are the viruses that may mutate to become highly pathogenic strains (Easterday ... 2. LPNAI are all influenza A viruses of H5 and H7 subtypes that are not HPNAI viruses. Disease notification. The current ... especially regarding the potential risks posed by low-pathogenic strains and the ability of the virus to infect humans, a new ... Isolation from turkey breeder hens of a reassortant H1N2 influenza virus with swine, human, and avian lineage genes. Avian ...
  http://www.michaeljonjensen.com/iacrl/ob_page.htm
*  Publications - Prism
Vaccine efficacy against Indonesian Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1: systematic review and meta-analysis.. 14/09/2017 ... pdm09 virus shedding: duration is affected by severity but not age. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses DOI: 10.1111/irv. ... Influenza as a trigger for cardiovascular disease: An investigation of serotype, subtype and geographic location. D.C.Pearce ab ... High conservation level of CD8+ T cell immunogenic regions within an unusual H1N2 human influenza variant. 22/03/2016 ...
  http://prism.edu.au/publications/
*  Influenza research - Wikipedia
Before 2004, all previous highly pathogenic avian flu (HPAI) virus strains circulated only among domesticated poultry and by ... AVI Bio Pharma Inc. has evidence of inhibition of multiple subtypes of influenza A virus in cell culture with Morpholino ... The information being gathered is increasing the world's ability to keep H5N1 contained, limiting its speed and extent of ... Both the H2N2 and H3N2 pandemic strains contained avian flu virus RNA segments. "While the pandemic human influenza viruses of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_research
*  hemagglutination inhibition tests
Reemerging H5N1 influenza viruses in Hong Kong in 2002 are highly pathogenic to ducks. Katharine M Sturm-Ramirez. Division of ... H7 and H9 subtype avian influenza viruses pose a similar threat to humans as H5 virus... ... and H1N2 swine influenza viruses. Kristien Van Reeth. Laboratory of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University ... is an investigational 4-strain formulation of LAIV that contains 2 A strains, A/H1N1 and A/H3N2, and 2 B strains, 1 from each ...
  http://labome.ru/topics/diagnostic/diagnosis/laboratory/immunologic/serologic/hemagglutination-inhibition-tests-16562.html
*  Influenza Book | Avian Influenza
A medical textbook that provides a comprehensive overview of epidemic and pandemic influenza - by Bernd Sebastian Kamps, ... The highly pathogenic form of avian influenza has been caused to date by influenza A viruses of the H5 and H7 subtypes ... Recently, however, avian influenza acquired world-wide attention when a highly pathogenic strain of the subtype H5N1, which ... avian-like H1N1 viruses are highly prevalent (Heinen 2002) and an H1N2 virus, a human-avian reassortant virus, 﫿rst isolated in ...
  http://influenzareport.com/ir/ai.htm
*  SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IDENTIFYING REPLIKIN SCAFFOLDS AND USES OF SAID REPLIKIN SCAFFOLDS - Patent application
In yet a further aspect the peptide is present in an emerging strain of influenza virus such as the influenza virus strain H5N1 ... highly pathogenic) kknsaypiikrsynntnqedllvlwgihh 2004 H5N1 (China, highly pathogenic) kknsayptikrs lvlwgihh 2004 H5N1 (China, " ... kkgnsypkisksyinnkekevlvlwgihh 748 29 1999 GR in H1N2 Influenza kkgnsypklsksyinnkkkevlviwgihh 749 29 2000 GR in H1N2 Influenza ... not by the B strain, both may also be a function of the ability of the human A strains to receive new Replikin compositions ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20100247550
*  Pesquisa | Influenza A (H1N1)
Such viruses are often highly pathogenic (e.g., influenza virus, HIV, Ebola virus) and routinely circumvent therapeutic ... The treatment of influenza A virus (IAV) has proven particularly challenging, due to the ability of the virus to develop ... Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/genética Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N2/isolamento & purificação Vírus da Influenza A ... and the type and subtype of influenza was determined by RT-PCR using type- and subtype-specific primers. The IC50 was ...
  http://pesquisa.bvsalud.org/h1n1/?filter=tag:Tratamento&q=mh:
*  aminoisovaleric acid-alpha: Topics by WorldWideScience.org
... the predilection sites of swine influenza virus (SIV subtypes H1N1 and H1N2 as well as avian influenza virus (AIV subtype H4N6 ... BCG Connaught strain lacked methoxymycolates almost completely. These results were confirmed by MALDI-TOF mass analysis of ... This also provides a putative mechanism by which the ratio of dietary unsaturated fats may affect the ability of an organism to ... Pompe disease, known as Glycogen Storage Disorder type II, is caused by pathogenic mutations in the gene encoding lysosomal ...
  https://worldwidescience.org/topicpages/a/aminoisovaleric+acid-alpha.html