*  Influenza A virus - Wikipedia
Symptoms in animals vary, but virulent strains can cause death within a few days. "Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus is ... The known subtypes of influenza A virus that create influenza and are endemic in pigs are H1N1, H1N2, H3N1 and H3N2. Horse flu ... while human influenza HA binds alpha 2-6 sialic acid receptors. Swine influenza viruses have the ability to bind both types of ... Each virus subtype has mutated into a variety of strains with differing pathogenic profiles; some are pathogenic to one species ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus
*  Influenza pandemic - Wikipedia
One strain of virus that may produce a pandemic in the future is a highly pathogenic variation of the H5N1 subtype of influenza ... H1N2. Main article: H1N2. H1N2 is currently endemic in both human and pig populations. The new H1N2 strain appears to have ... Variants and subtypes of Influenzavirus A[edit]. Main article: Influenzavirus A. Variants of Influenzavirus A are identified ... Doing so requires a good public health communication strategy and the ability to track public concerns, attitudes and behaviour ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flu_pandemic
*  Influenza pandemic - Wikipedia
One strain of virus that may produce a pandemic in the future is a highly pathogenic variation of the H5N1 subtype of influenza ... "Human influenza virus" usually refers to those subtypes that spread widely among humans. H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2 are the only ... Variants of Influenzavirus A are identified and named according to the isolate that they are like and thus are presumed to ... Doing so requires a good public health communication strategy and the ability to track public concerns, attitudes and behaviour ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_pandemic
*  Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 - Wikipedia
H5N1 has strains called "highly pathogenic" (HP) and "low-pathogenic" (LP). Avian influenza viruses that cause HPAI are highly ... never previously susceptible to any influenza virus. H5N1 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus of the Influenzavirus A ... H5N1 is different from all previously known highly pathogenic avian flu viruses in its ability to be spread by animals other ... which has unusual zoonotic potential and killed one person H1N2, which is currently endemic in humans and pigs and causes ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H5N1
*  Gramer MR. Diagnostic notes: Defining swine influenza virus
Detection and subtyping of swine influenza H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 viruses in clinical samples using two multiplex RT-PCR assays. J ... Appearance of reassortant swine influenza viruses For 80 years, only one strain of SIV, classical H1N1, was endemic in North ... The HI test exploits the ability of influenza viruses to agglutinate red blood cells (RBCs), a characteristic for which the HA ... Pathogenic and antigenic properties of phylogenetically distinct reassortant H3N2 swine influenza viruses cocirculating in the ...
  https://www.aasv.org/shap/issues/v13n3/v13n3p157.html
*  Avian Flu - Backwoods Home Magazine
Influenza "pandemics," on the other hand, are caused by virus subtypes or virus strains that are either new or haven't been ... Another virus subtype, H1N2, appears to be a "reassortment" of genes from the H1N1 and H3N2 viruses. It's another case of ... Late in 2004, a low pathogenic avian influenza H5N2 was discovered on a breeding duck farm in the Republic of Korea. Though the ... The way they work is they interfere with the virus's ability to replicate. This is important because it gives the body's immune ...
  https://www.backwoodshome.com/avian-flu/amp/
*  Criminal Charges - Swine Flu Edits v2[1] | Influenza Pandemic | Swine Influenza
... new virus.' 48. The new strain is an apparent reassortment of four strains of influenza A virus subtype H1N1.[64] Analysis by ... A list of animal pathogens covered by the restrictions includes highly pathogenic bird flu viruses. Bacterial pathogens on the ... H1N2)) hemagglutinin (HA) gene, complete cds 2643 2643 100% 0.0 94% AY060048.1 Influenza A virus (A/SW/MN/23124-S/01(H1N2)) ... I certify that to the best of my abilities that this virus is synthetic (laboratory created, not natural). ...
  https://www.scribd.com/document/17044758/Criminal-Charges-Swine-Flu-Edits-v2-1
*  ASMscience | Emergence of Influenza V
Subtypes H5 and H7 have the unique ability to evolve into highly pathogenic strains that are lethal in gallinaceous poultry and ... All 16 subtypes of influenza viruses in the aquatic bird reservoir occur as low-pathogenicity strains that replicate ... influenza viruses B and C established permanent lineages in ancient times, whereas influenza A viruses continue to emerge from ... Aquatic birds of the world are natural reservoirs for 16 of the 17 known influenza subtypes, and 1 subtype has been ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555818432.chap8
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Andrea Lim
H1N2 and H3N2 influenza viruses genetically related to North American strains. Although most of the TRSw viruses were ... and A/H3N2 subtypes, respectively. The amantadine-resistant influenza A/H1N1pdm and A/H3N2 viruses were circulating ... moderately pathogenic, one [A/Swine/Korea/1204/2009; Sw/1204 (H1N2)] was virulent in ferrets, causing death within 10 d of ... This ability to self-heal is intimately coupled to Kapβ1-FG binding avidity that promotes the maximal incorporation of Kapβ1 ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Andrea_Lim
*  The Influenza a Virus Subtypes H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 ,Hdfx: a Novel Immunomodulatorand Potential Fighter against Cytokine Storms...
... influenza vaccines have been vastly improved in design. Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of the H5 subtype are a ... There are three types of influenza virus (A, B, and C), and each type may have various subtypes. New strains may develop when ... has the unique ability to induce a 'supercharged effect' in macrophages, NK cells, lymphocytes, Kupffer cells, as well as ?pit ... The influenza A virus subtypes H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 are prevalent in pig populations worldwide. All scientific data point ...
  http://scifed.com/fulltext/the-influenza-a-virus-subtypes-h1n1-h1n2-and-h3n2-hdfx-a-novel-immunomodulatorand-potential-fighter-against-cytokine-storms-in-viral-flu-infections-carica-papaya-linn/21844
*  Health Book: 2010
H1N2 and H7N7. While the animal is a subtype H1 to H5 and N1 to N9.. Of all these subtypes, only influenza A virus subtypes H5 ... While the pathogenic form called Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Viruses. Cause symptoms are very severe, and contagious ... Because all influenza viruses have the ability to change genetically. Transmission of influenza A (H5N1) among human ... This virus has 2 types of protrusion of the haemagglutinin (H) and neuraminidase (N). Strains of type A were coded according to ...
  http://holyhealthbook.blogspot.com/2010/
*  Nat' Academies Press, The Threat of Pandemic Influenza: Are We Ready? Workshop Summary (2005)
This is completely understandable because these are the viruses that may mutate to become highly pathogenic strains (Easterday ... 2. LPNAI are all influenza A viruses of H5 and H7 subtypes that are not HPNAI viruses. Disease notification. The current ... especially regarding the potential risks posed by low-pathogenic strains and the ability of the virus to infect humans, a new ... Isolation from turkey breeder hens of a reassortant H1N2 influenza virus with swine, human, and avian lineage genes. Avian ...
  http://www.michaeljonjensen.com/iacrl/ob_page.htm
*  Influenza research - Wikipedia
Before 2004, all previous highly pathogenic avian flu (HPAI) virus strains circulated only among domesticated poultry and by ... AVI Bio Pharma Inc. has evidence of inhibition of multiple subtypes of influenza A virus in cell culture with Morpholino ... The information being gathered is increasing the world's ability to keep H5N1 contained, limiting its speed and extent of ... Both the H2N2 and H3N2 pandemic strains contained avian flu virus RNA segments. "While the pandemic human influenza viruses of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_research
*  Publications - Prism
Vaccine efficacy against Indonesian Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1: systematic review and meta-analysis.. 14/09/2017 ... pdm09 virus shedding: duration is affected by severity but not age. Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses DOI: 10.1111/irv. ... Influenza as a trigger for cardiovascular disease: An investigation of serotype, subtype and geographic location. D.C.Pearce ab ... High conservation level of CD8+ T cell immunogenic regions within an unusual H1N2 human influenza variant. 22/03/2016 ...
  http://prism.edu.au/publications/
*  hemagglutination inhibition tests
Reemerging H5N1 influenza viruses in Hong Kong in 2002 are highly pathogenic to ducks. Katharine M Sturm-Ramirez. Division of ... H7 and H9 subtype avian influenza viruses pose a similar threat to humans as H5 virus... ... and H1N2 swine influenza viruses. Kristien Van Reeth. Laboratory of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University ... is an investigational 4-strain formulation of LAIV that contains 2 A strains, A/H1N1 and A/H3N2, and 2 B strains, 1 from each ...
  http://labome.ru/topics/diagnostic/diagnosis/laboratory/immunologic/serologic/hemagglutination-inhibition-tests-16562.html
*  Low-ng>patng>hng>ogenicng> Avian Flu ng>Virusng> Detected in Belize ...
BELIZE - During routine testing, tng>hng>e low-ng>patng>hng>ogenicng> avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>virusng> of tng>hng>e ng>Hng>5N2 ng>hng>as been detected in broiler breeders in tng>hng>e west of tng>hng>e country in December 2014.
  http://www.thepoultrysite.com/poultrynews/34220/lowpathogenic-avian-flu-virus-detected-in-belize-poultry/
*  Effects of ng>ng>influenzang>ng> A ng>virusng> ...
Tng>hng>e natural reservoir of ng>ng>influenzang>ng> A ng>virusng> is waterfowl, particularly dabbling ducks (genus Anas). Altng>hng>ougng>hng> it ng>hng>as long been assumed tng>hng>at waterfowl are asymptomatic carriers of tng>hng>e ng>virusng>, a recent study found tng>hng>at ...
  http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:158933
*  Rng>hng>iza Labs FluTracker Forum :: View topic - ng>Hng>5 Confirmed Farms In Taiwan Increase to ...
Following tng>hng>e country's first novel came out yesterday in Cng>hng>angng>hng>ua ng>ng>hng>igng>hng>lyng> ng>patng>hng>ogenicng> ng>Hng>5N2 avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>virusng> infection cng>hng>icken case, ...
  http://fluboard.rhizalabs.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13377&view=print
*  Poultry Production News: Avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> cases spur ...
Tng>hng>e Center for Food Safety (CFS) of ng>Hng>ong Kong's Food and Environmental ng>Hng>ygiene Department said, in view of a notification from tng>hng>e U.S. autng>hng>orities about outbreaks of ng>ng>hng>igng>hng>lyng> ng>patng>hng>ogenicng> ng>Hng>5N2 avian ...
  http://poultryproductionnews.blogspot.com/2015/04/avian-influenza-cases-spur-hong-kong.html
*  Avian Flu Scan for May 09, 2017 | CIDRAP
A series of tests witng>hng> low-ng>patng>hng>ogenicng> and ng>ng>hng>igng>hng>lyng> ng>patng>hng>ogenicng> ng>strainsng> of ng>Hng>7N8 avian flu involved in Indiana poultry farm outbreaks in 2016 found tng>hng>at turkeys are ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2017/05/avian-flu-scan-may-09-2017
*  RePub, Erasmus University Repository: Serological reports of ng>hng>uman infections of ng>Hng>7 ...
Background: ng>Hng>7 and ng>Hng>9 subtype avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>virusng>es pose a similar tng>hng>reat to ng>hng>umans as ng>Hng>5 ng>virusng>. Objectives: Tng>hng>is study aims to identify tng>hng>e potential existence of ng>Hng>7 and ...
  https://repub.eur.nl/pub/15494/
*  Dutcng>hng> autng>hng>orities to cull poultry after avian ...
ng>Hng>ealtng>hng> autng>hng>orities will cull11,000 cng>hng>ickens at a farm in tng>hng>e Netng>hng>erlands after an outbreakof a mild form of avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng>, tng>hng>e Dutcng>hng> Economic AffairsMinistry said on Saturday.
  https://in.reuters.com/article/netherlands-avian-flu-idINL5N0ED08O20130601
*  DR Congo Scientists Control Avian ng>ng>Influenzang>ng> ...
Scientists in tng>hng>e Democratic Republic of tng>hng>e Congo (DR Congo) ng>hng>ave identified a new outbreak of avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> using ng>ng>hng>igng>hng>lyng> specific and sensitive nuclear-derived tecng>hng>niques.
  https://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/dr-congo-scientists-control-avian-influenza-outbreak-using-nuclear-techniques
*  Issues Witng>hng> Mallard Ducks in Swimming Pools | Garden Guides
Mallards are tng>hng>e most common ducks in Nortng>hng> America, witng>hng> tng>hng>e males readily identified by tng>hng>eir brilliant green ng>hng>eads. All waterfowl, including mallard ducks and tng>hng>eir eggs, are protected under tng>hng>e federal Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918, wng>hng>icng>hng> regulates tng>hng>e treatment of ...
  https://www.gardenguides.com/info_8140336_issues-mallard-ducks-swimming-pools.html
*  DMOZ - ng>Hng>ealtng>hng>: Conditions and Diseases: Infectious Diseases: Viral: ...
Tng>hng>is category is for sites about avian or bird flu, a viral disease of birds. Even tng>hng>e ng>ng>hng>igng>hng>lyng> ng>patng>hng>ogenicng> strain ng>Hng>5N1 is overwng>hng>elmingly a disease tng>hng>at affects birds. Nearly all tng>hng>e small number of ng>hng>umans wng>hng>o ...
  http://dmoztools.net/Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Infectious_Diseases/Viral/Influenza/Avian/
*  Cng>hng>ina confirms ng>hng>uman bird flu case in ...
ng>Hng>ealtng>hng> autng>hng>orities in tng>hng>e soutng>hng>ern Cng>hng>inese province of Guizng>hng>ou ng>hng>ave confirmed a new ng>hng>uman case of ng>Hng>7N9 avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng>, state radio said, bringing ...
  http://uk.reuters.com/article/us-health-birdflu-china-idUKKBN14N08C
*  Antng>hng>rax Vaccine -- posts by Meryl Nass, M.D.: July 2016
In November of 2014, a ng>ng>hng>igng>hng>lyng> ng>patng>hng>ogenicng> strain of bird flu derived from Eurasia called ng>Hng>5N2 popped up in Nortng>hng> America-in a Canadian turkey farm east of Vancouver, to be exact. From tng>hng>ere, tng>hng>e ng>virusng> quickly spread and mutated into new varieties, ...
  http://anthraxvaccine.blogspot.com.es/2016/07/
*  Complete genome sequence of tng>hng>e ng>hng>emotropng>hng>ic Mycoplasma suis ...
Mycoplasma suis, a member of tng>hng>e ng>hng>emotropng>hng>ic mycoplasma (ng>Hng>M) group, parasitize erytng>hng>rocytes of pigs. Increasing evidence suggests tng>hng>at M. suis is also a zoonotic agent. ng>ng>Hng>igng>hng>lyng> ng>patng>hng>ogenicng> ng>strainsng> of M. suis (e.g., M. suis KI3806) ng>hng>ave ...
  http://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/59855/
*  News & Perspective | CIDRAP
Tng>hng>e 2 ng>ng>hng>igng>hng>lyng> ng>patng>hng>ogenicng> ng>strainsng> in Wasng>hng>ington state raise questions about possible connections witng>hng> outbreaks in Canada and Europe. ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective?f%5B0%5D=field_date%3A2014&f%5B1%5D=field_organization%3A265
*  ng>Hng>5N1: CIDRAP: Wng>Hng>O reports Egyptian ng>Hng>5N1 ...
Via CIDRAP, Lisa Scng>hng>nirring writes: Wng>Hng>O reports Egyptian ng>Hng>5N1 deatng>hng>. Click tng>hng>rougng>hng> for tng>hng>e full report and links to tng>hng>e Wng>Hng>O montng>hng>ly assessment. Excerpt: A 36-year-old Egyptian woman from Beng>hng>eira governorate recently died from an ...
  http://crofsblogs.typepad.com/h5n1/2013/02/cidrap-who-reports-egyptian-h5n1-death.html
*  Dim Sums: Rural Cng>hng>ina Economics and Policy: Animal Feed Output Plunges in 2013
Production of feed for all types of livestock except aquaculture were down, suggesting generally weak demand for animal protein. Even aquaculture feed's growtng>hng> was tepid in comparison witng>hng> previous years' growtng>hng>. Feed for meat poultry was down 16.3 percent due to tng>hng>e deep freeze in tng>hng>e poultry market caused by tng>hng>e avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> outbreak. ...
  http://dimsums.blogspot.com/2013/11/animal-feed-output-plunges-in-2013.html
*  News & Perspective | CIDRAP
CIDRAP News) Soutng>hng> Africa ng>hng>as stopped all poultry exports and plans to slaugng>hng>ter 6,000 ostricng>hng>es on two farms because of an avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> outbreak, but tng>hng>e flu is a different strain from tng>hng>e one tng>hng>at ng>hng>as plagued Soutng>hng>east Asia ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective?sort=search_api_relevance&order=desc&f%5B0%5D=field_country%3A176
*  News & Perspective | CIDRAP
CIDRAP News) Vietnam, mired in a renewed avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> outbreak tng>hng>at ng>hng>as led to tng>hng>e deatng>hng> of 12 people and tng>hng>e culling of rougng>hng>ly 1 million poultry since Dec 30, 2004, asked tng>hng>e international community for ng>hng>elp ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective?f%5B0%5D=field_country%3A179&f%5B1%5D=field_related_topics%3A50
*  One in Five Dying of ng>Hng>7N9 Flu | Medpage Today
Tng>hng>e mortality rate in tng>hng>e ng>Hng>7N9 avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> outbreak ng>hng>as reacng>hng>ed 20%, according to tng>hng>e latest figures from tng>hng>e World ng>Hng>ealtng>hng> Organization.
  https://www.medpagetoday.com/infectiousdisease/uritheflu/38847
*  PoultryWorld - Bird flu in US no problem for growers or consumers
Tng>hng>e finding of a low-ng>patng>hng>ogenicng>, Nortng>hng> American subtype of avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> in wild birds in Micng>hng>igan creates no problems for commercial poultry operations or consumers, according to tng>hng>e National Cng>hng>icken Council.
  http://www.poultryworld.net/Home/General/2006/8/Bird-flu-in-US-no-problem-for-growers-or-consumers-WP000409W/
*  Browsing Diagnostic Medicine/Patng>hng>obiology by Autng>hng>or ...
ng>Hng>9N2 subtype avian ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>virusng>es (AIVs) ng>hng>ave sng>hng>own expanded ng>hng>ost range and can infect mammals, sucng>hng> as ng>hng>umans and swine. To date tng>hng>e mecng>hng>anisms of mammalian adaptation ...
  http://krex.k-state.edu/dspace/handle/2097/14692/browse?value=Hu%2C+Yue&type=author
*  Mylocng>hng>romis mollis - Wikipedia
Espesye sa isda nga una nga ging>hng>ulagway ni Etng>hng>elwynn Trewavas ni adtong 1935 ang Mylocng>hng>romis mollis[3]. Ang Mylocng>hng>romis mollis sakop sa kang>hng>enera nga Mylocng>hng>romis sa kabanay nga Cicng>hng>lidae.[4][5] Giklaseklase sa IUCN ang espesye sa kinaminosang kalabotan.[1] Pagka karon wala pay siak nga ...
  https://ceb.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mylochromis_mollis
*  Png>Hng>P: 字符串 函数 - Manual
text = 'Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Pellentesque id massa. Duis sollicitudin ipsum vel diam. Aliquam pulvinar sagittis felis. Nullam ng>hng>endrerit semper elit. Donec convallis mollis risus. Cras blandit mollis turpis. Vivamus facilisis, sapien at tincidunt accumsan, arcu dolor suscipit sem, tristique convallis ante ante id diam. Curabitur mollis, lacus vel gravida accumsan, enim quam condimentum est, vitae rutrum neque magna ac enim.' ...
  http://www.php.net/manual/zh/ref.strings.php
*  Seminario Usabilidade aiv
Usabilidade: conceitos, práticas e futuro Ana Isabel Veloso . aiv@ua.pt Seminário . PD . MCMM . 5 Dezembro 2008
  https://www.slideshare.net/lfpedro/seminario-usabilidade-aiv-presentation