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*  Additives for waterborne Coatings - Pipes and conveying systems
5.1.1 Water as a solvent. 5.1.2 Surface tension. 5.1.3 Reason of the surface tension. 5.1.4 Effect of the high surface tension ... 5.6 Test methods for measuring surface tension. 5.6.1 Static surface tension. 5.6.2 Dynamic surface tension. 5.6.3 Dynamic ... 5.3.4 Effective reduction in static surface tension versus flow. 5.3.5 Reduction of dynamic surface tension. 5.3.6 Which ... 8.1.6 Surface tension gradients. 8.1.7 Summary. 8.2 Chemistry of active ingredients. 8.2.1 Polyether siloxanes. 8.2.2 ...
  http://www.chemtec.org/proddetail.php?prod=978-3-86630-850-3&cat=47
*  Lotus effect - Wikipedia
As this self-cleaning effect is based on the high surface tension of water it does not work with organic solvents. Therefore, ... The high surface tension of water causes droplets to assume a nearly spherical shape, since a sphere has minimal surface area, ... The higher the contact angle the higher the hydrophobicity of a surface. Surfaces with a contact angle < 90° are referred to as ... Another positive effect of self-cleaning is the prevention of contamination of the area of a plant surface exposed to light ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lotus_effect
*  What To Do When Facing A Floating Ball Of Fire Ants | New Hampshire Public Radio
It's such a high surface tension that that raft is just not affected whatsoever. ... They form such a close ball the water just ... They're in this ball that has a high surface tension so the water can't encroach on the interior." ... The ants achieve such a high surface tension by intertwining their legs, forming a kind of mat, Nester says. Their bodies are ... However, Nester says when you spray the soap mixture on the raft, "it tends to reduce that surface tension and the ants start ...
  http://nhpr.org/post/what-do-when-facing-floating-ball-fire-ants
*  FabricLink :: Search by Fabric
This reduces surface tension so that water dropletsw and even mud with significantly higher surface tension runs off easily. ... ecorepel® - This wash-resistant high-tech finish, ddeveloped by Schoeller, does not negatively affect the environment during ... EPIC - EPIC by Nextec" is a brand of high-performance fabrics that have been encapsulated with a patented process that applies ... EPIC by Nextec" fabrics are highly water-resistant and wind-proof, and because the barrier is placed on the inside, they remain ...
  http://www.fabriclink.com/search/fabric-Search.cfm?FirstChar=E
*  Tears of wine - Wikipedia
Viscimetry is the formation of whorls when water is added to a high-alcohol mixture. Surface tension Marangoni effect James ... The effect is a consequence of the fact that alcohol has a lower surface tension than water. If alcohol is mixed with water ... or the Gibbs-Marangoni effect): the flow of liquid caused by surface tension gradients. The effect can be used to move water ... due to its higher vapor pressure. The resulting decrease in the concentration of alcohol causes the surface tension of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tears_of_wine
*  US5871823A - Hydrophilic coating of surfaces of polymeric substrates - Google Patents
... subjecting at least one hydrophilic vinyl monomer to radiation-induced graft polymerization on an activated substrate surface. ... The higher surface energy has the effect of better wettability with water, aqueous solutions or dispersions and with other ... liquids of high surface tension. An improved wettability achieved by subsequent hydrophilization, is beneficial or even ... Silicone hydrogel lenses with water-rich surfaces US9630147B2 (en) 2010-09-24. 2017-04-25. Evoqua Water Technologies Llc. Fluid ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5871823A/en
*  Surface Wettability Impact on Water Management in PEM Fuel Cell
Due to high and uniform capillary force distribution effect of the pores through the GDL plane and surface tension between the ... The effect of the various coating materials on graphite and GDL surface morphology, roughness, static contact angle (θ), and ... water droplets and gas flow field channels surfaces, liquid water tends to block/fill the pores of the GDL and stick to the ... It has been observed that the two-phase flow resistance is considerably affected by surface wettability of the channels. ...
  https://uwspace.uwaterloo.ca/handle/10012/7095
*  Feedback : The Last Word | New Scientist
This is caused by the squeezing effect of surface tension, which acts. to reduce the bubble's surface area. As a result, the ... bubble behaves like a tiny float, rising to the highest available level. In the. vicinity of the bubble the outside water ... A: Consider a lone bubble on a large body of water. The distribution of. surface tension around it is uniform (hence it is ... low tension between the bubbles which the high tension elsewhere tries to. eliminate. This is done by pushing the bubbles ...
  https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg15020277-500-feedback-the-last-word/
*  DiVA - Search result
Large sulfur additions reduce particle size and this is an effect of reduced surface tension. Narrower size distributions were ... The most important variable for all studied responses is water pressure. Higher melt temperatures reduce particle size due to ... High resolution X-ray tomography applied to internal surfaces in metal foams1999In: 12o Collogue Internation sur les Methodes ... Some high-speed machined surfaces were anodized using chromic acid in order to see if differences in fatigue properties ...
  http://liu.diva-portal.org/smash/resultList.jsf?searchType=ORGANISATION&language=en&onlyFullText=false&af=%5B%5D&aq=%5B%5B%7B%22organisationId%22%3A%224014%22%7D%5D%5D
*  Patent US20090155334 - Implant for tissue engineering - Google Patents
MHEC is soluble in water and reduces the surface tension of the resulting solution thereby improving the wetting of the powder ... Irradiation can effect properties. Ideal mechanical properties. Limited availability and high cost.. ... It has a high surface area to mass ratio and is found mainly at the ends of long bones and in the spine and hip. Only 15-25% of ... The surface of an implant determines its ultimate ability to integrate into the surrounding tissue. The composite effect of ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US20090155334?dq=7181427
*  asdfgh.docx | Osmosis | Dialysis
Dialysis affects the amount of water in the cell which also change its size and shape. Surface tension refers to the hydrogen ... is exhibited when water goes from an area of low concentration to an area of high concentration until the concentration on both ... 4. Explain how soap lowers the surface tension of water. Soap lowers the surface tension for the reason that it breaks the ... dialysis and surface tension exhibited in the cell membrane? Osmosis, diffusion, dialysis and surface tension - either natural ...
  https://www.scribd.com/document/343236819/asdfgh-docx
*  Dr. Sthamer - Low Expansion Foam
The low surface tension of the foam solution increases the wetting effect when extinguishing fires of solid materials. ... The foam's high water releasing capacity supports the formation of an aqueous film and thus improves the flowability. ... Screens or downstream upgrading sections, e.g. discharge knees, which may be installed, have the effect that the water/foam ... has a particularly favourable effect. Special application methods, for example, CAFS, support this effect. Used as a preventive ...
  http://sthamer.com/englisch/f31_low_foam.html
*  Patent US7390438 - Water dispersible substituted polydioxythiophenes made with fluorinated ... - Google Patents
The obtained printing surface is not very smooth. The viscosity is too low and the surface tension is too high for effective ... To determine effect of the co-dispersing liquid on the surface tension, 25.436 ml of the PEDT/Nafion from Example 1 was mixed ... The surface tension of the dispersion with co-dispersing liquid was determined to be 42.24 mN/m. The lower surface tension of ... Viscosity and surface tension are two most critical physical properties for ink-jet printing. They effect drop formation, jet ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US7390438?dq=6948823
*  Spray nozzle - Wikipedia
Surface tension is more apparent at low operating pressures. A higher surface tension reduces the spray angle, particularly on ... In spraying, the main effect of the specific gravity Sg of a liquid other than water is on the capacity of the spray nozzle. ... This force is in the plane of the surface, and its amount per unit of length is surface tension. The value for water is about ... Liquid temperature changes do not directly affect nozzle performance, but can affect viscosity, surface tension, and specific ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spray_nozzle
*  Membrane distillation - Wikipedia
... the liquid phase does not enter the pores because of the high water surface tension. A convex meniscus develops into the pore. ... High temperatures on the permeate side's membrane bounding surface are the result of this effect (temperature polarisation), ... relatively high surface related permeate flows can be achieved with DCMD. A disadvantage is the high sensible heat loss, as the ... Hereby higher surface-related productwater mass flows can be achieved than with AGMD. A disadvantage of SWGMD caused by the gas ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Membrane_distillation
*  Wettability, Polarity, and Water Absorption of Holm Oak Leaves: Effect of Leaf Side and Age | Plant Physiology
The high surface tension, polarity, and H-bonding capacity of water theoretically pose restrictions for the penetration of this ... The adaxial surfaces were wettable and had a high degree of water drop adhesion in contrast to the highly unwettable and water- ... γ of young leaf adaxial surfaces was higher than that of mature surfaces (Table II). By contrast, the abaxial surface of mature ... For all the surfaces evaluated, the γ or surface tension and its components, i.e. γLW and γAB (with the contributions of ...
  http://www.plantphysiol.org/content/166/1/168.full
*  Surfactants 2 | Surfactant | Soap
At higher concentration of surfactant in water. The surface tension of water undergoes a precipitous decrease. They are soluble ... fabric, its shape will also be affected by the surface tension at the solid/liquid interface. If the surface tension in the ... Therefore, surface tension is responsible for the shape of a droplet of liquid. If the surface tension is high, the molecules ... The following are the surface tensions for some liquid substances: SURFACE TENSION SUBSTANCE water 73 dynes/cm mercury 480 ...
  https://www.scribd.com/document/47617486/Surfactants-2
*  Angelo Battelli - Wikipedia
He investigated osmotic pressures, surface tensions, and physical properties of carbon disulfide (CS2), water (H2O), and ... He investigated the resistance of solenoids to high-frequency alternating currents. Batelli was born in Macerata Feltria, a ... and the Thomson effect. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angelo_Battelli
*  Surface Chemistry of Microvasculature - Wikipedia
Changes in temperature affect the viscosity and surface tension of the blood, altering the minimum blood flow rate. At high ... If the surface is hydrophilic, it will allow water and charged molecules to pass through. If it is hydrophobic, non-charged and ... Changes in temperature affect the viscosity of blood and the surface tension. Surface tension decreases with increasing ... inverse relationship between temperature and surface tension. The decrease in surface tension increases the wettability of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surface_Chemistry_of_Microvasculature
*  Lipase-catalyzed Reactions at Interfaces of Two-phase Systems and Microemulsions
... which have extremely low internal oil-water interfacial tensions, i.e., high surface pressures [9]. The value of interfacial ... the inhibition effect obtained with different amphiphiles with the effect on the interfacial tension of a triolein/water ... too high interfacial tension, may lead to irreversible lipase denaturation [6]. It has also been claimed that very high surface ... Dynamics of mixed protein-surfactant layers adsorbed at the water/air and water/oil interface. Colloids and Surfaces B. 2003;31 ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2847170/
*  Ammonium lauryl sulfate - Wikipedia
It is hydrogen bonding that is the primary contributor to the high surface tension of water.) In aqueous (water-based) ... The overall effect of these micelles is a reduction in surface tension of the solution, which affords a greater ability to ... Lauryl sulfates are very high-foam surfactants that disrupt the surface tension of water in part by forming micelles around the ... surface) of the sphere and the nonpolar, hydrophobic tails pointing inwards towards the center. The water molecules around the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ammonium_lauryl_sulfate
*  Upstream contamination - Wikipedia
The research also showed that surface tension was a key element to the explanation through the so-called Marangoni effect, ... When pouring water from a higher container to a lower one, particles floating in the latter can climb upstream into the upper ... Whether it is caused solely by surface tension gradients or depends also on dynamical behaviors of the falling water still ... which was suggested by two facts: (a) both mate and chalk lowered the surface tension of water, and (b) if an industrial ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Upstream_contamination
*  Effect of wood grain and veneer side on loblolly pine veneer wettability | Treesearch
The resin and distilled water showed slightly higher contact angle mean values on the latewood portion for both the tight side ... This difference is largely attributable to the differences in the surface tension of these two wetting materials, and the ... The distilled water showed lower contact angle mean values on the loose side compared to the corresponding resin values on the ... Effect of wood grain and veneer side on loblolly pine veneer wettability. Forest Products Journal. 48(6): 95-97.. Related ...
  https://www.fs.usda.gov/treesearch/pubs/478
*  Mechanism of sonoluminescence - Wikipedia
... and surface tension on small cavitation bubbles in liquids that are set into motion by an acoustic pressure field. The effect ... water vapor is the main temperature-limiting factor and c) the averaged temperature over the bubble does not rise higher than ... The collapsed bubble expands due to high internal pressure and experiences a diminishing effect until the high pressure ... is the surface tension of the gas-liquid interface. The surface of a collapsing bubble like those seen in both SBSL and MBSL ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mechanism_of_sonoluminescence
*  Significance thresholds for the assessment of contaminated groundwater: perfluorinated and polyfluorinated chemicals |...
A predicted no-effect concentration for protection of the aquatic biocenosis could be derived for eight more substances. After ... regarding human health effects were sufficient to derive guide values according to the criteria of the German Drinking Water ... With regard to available ecotoxicological data, predicted no-effect concentration values from official risk assessments existed ... The German States' Water and Soil Consortia have compiled 'significance thresholds' (GFS) to assess groundwater contaminated ...
  https://enveurope.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s12302-018-0142-4