Operations research in global health: a scoping review with a focus on the themes of health equity and impact
... especially in settings where the burden of disease is high but health systems are weak and resources limited. Despite the ... Embedding non-communicable diseases in the post-2015 development agenda. Lancet. 2013;381:566-574. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12) ... How can mathematical models advance tuberculosis control in high HIV prevalence settings? Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014;18:509- ... the cost-effectiveness of different treatment options for patients with chronic hepatitis B was studied using Markov disease ...http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5395767/
Why the number of people with more than one chronic condition is rising in Africa | eNCA
The increase in cases of non-communicable diseases in developing countries has led to an emerging pattern of high levels of ... developed countries have a high prevalence of non-communicable diseases - like hypertension - and due to this, a high rate of ... have the additional burden of chronic infectious diseases.. Non-communicable diseases and chronic communicable diseases co- ... Due to the rise in the cases of non-communicable diseases in developing countries, there is an increasing emerging pattern of ...https://www.enca.com/africa/why-the-number-of-people-with-more-than-one-chronic-condition-is-rising-in-africa
The influence of lifestyle and gender on sickness absence in Brazilian workers | BMC Public Health | Full Text
... where the burden of non-communicable diseases is particularly high. This study aimed to analyze the relationships among ... Younger employees, those with lower educational level, those who worked as air crew members and those with higher levels of ... Gender differences were reduced mainly when adjusted for type of work (15%) and educational level (7%). The higher occurrence ... the risk for coronary heart disease was determined based on measurement of blood pressure, total cholesterol and glucose levels ...https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2458-14-317
Browsing School of Public Health by Title
High prevalence of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and increasing chronic non-communicable diseases have drawn attention ... ... Estimating the burden of disease attributable to excess body weight in South Africa in 2000 Joubert, Jane; Puoane, Thandi ( ... Emerging roles and competencies of district and sub-district pharmacists: a case study from Cape Town Bradley, Hazel A.; ... OBJECTIVE: To estimate the burden of disease attributable to excess body weight using the body mass index (BMI), by age and sex ...http://repository.uwc.ac.za/xmlui/handle/10566/10/browse?order=ASC&rpp=20&sort_by=1&etal=-1&offset=45&type=title
Browsing Research Articles (SoPH) by Title
High prevalence of HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and increasing chronic non-communicable diseases have drawn attention ... ... Community intervention for the emerging epidemic of non-communicable diseases Puoane, Thandi; Bradley, Hazel A. (MedPharm ... Estimating the burden of disease attributable to excess body weight in South Africa in 2000 Joubert, Jane; Puoane, Thandi ( ... OBJECTIVE: To estimate the burden of disease attributable to excess body weight using the body mass index (BMI), by age and sex ...http://repository.uwc.ac.za/xmlui/handle/10566/11/browse?order=ASC&rpp=20&sort_by=1&etal=-1&offset=35&type=title
Bangladesh policy on prevention and control of non-communicable diseases: a policy analysis | BMC Public Health | Full Text
... and chronic respiratory diseases. As the prevalence of these diseases increase, they will impose an even greater burden in the ... Like many other developing countries, in Bangladesh also non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are emerging as major cause of ... support national capacity for high-quality research and development for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases ... Boutayeb A. The double burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases in developing countries. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. ...https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-017-4494-2
Prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease in urban adult Cameroonians according to three common estimators of the...
There is a high prevalence of CKD in urban adults Cameroonian, driven essentially by the commonest risk factors for CKD. ... the four-variable Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) study and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD ... In the 500 participants with a mean age of 45.3 ± 13.2 years included, we observed a high prevalence of overweight and obesity ... The prevalence of albuminuria was 7.2 % while the prevalence of decreased GFR (eGFR < 60 ml/min) and CKD (any albuminuria and/ ...https://bmcnephrol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12882-015-0102-9
Frontiers | Utilizing Behavior Change Techniques to Elicit Adherence to Clinical Practice Guidelines | Public Health
... the prevalence of non-communicable diseases is on the rise. The problems related to these diseases are often compounded by high ... nations are faced with a dual burden of battling infectious diseases along with non-communicable diseases such as chronic pain ... clinical practice guidelines have started emerging utilizing the most current evidence-based research (5). Despite evidence ... As the population lives longer, it is expected that chronic conditions, like chronic pain, will become more of a burden on ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2017.00037/full
Non-Communicable Diseases Deemed Development Challenge of 'Epidemic Proportions' in Political Declaration Adopted During...
Fast-food caused high rates of non-communicable diseases and obesity, and had led to chronic deficiencies during pregnancy. ... The burden of the disease's economic losses threatened future growth, particularly in emerging economies. Wealthier countries ... Prevalence rates were also high among children. Prevalence of high blood pressure among adults older than 25 years of age was ... of communicable diseases, new and re-emerging infections and the increasing incidence of non-communicable diseases. Due to ...https://www.un.org/press/en/2011/ga11138.doc.htm
Sub-Saharan African healthcare. The user experience
... communicable diseases such as HIV, malaria and tuberculosis, malnutrition,… ... These are the chronic, non- communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, sickle-cell disease and ... a dearth of solid data on prevalence, incidence, and risks associated with NCDs. Even the Global Burden of Disease study ... African ones must do this in a context of continuing high rates of communicable disease and few resources. Nevertheless, ...https://www.slideshare.net/Management-Thinking/subsaharan-african-healthcare-the-user-experience
Narrowing the gap of personalized medicine in emerging countries: the case of multiple endocrine neoplasias in Brazil
Chronic non-communicable diseases in Brazil: burden and current challenges. Lancet. 2011;377:1949-61, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016 ... Consequently, high cure rates have been observed in this group of patients, particularly in RET-positive mutation carriers who ... Spectrum and prevalence of FP/TMEM127 gene mutations in pheochromocytomas and paragangliomas. JAMA. 2010;304:2611-9, http:// dx ... Genomic medicine in emerging countries: the Brazilian experience. Recently, a series of six papers discussing the Brazilian ...http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1807-59322012001300002&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en
Xenotransplantation-current status and prospects and looking behind the bars: emerging health issues for people in prison,...
... emerging health issues for people in prison, British Medical Bulletin" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for ... These individuals experience a higher burden of communicable and non-communicable disease, mental health and substance misuse ... In PS players, the prevalence rate of OA of both hip and knee is significantly higher compared to age and sex matched controls ... Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD). This review covers the pillars of care essential ...https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/ou_press/xenotransplantation-current-status-and-prospects-and-looking-behind-gLEf8LXkrJ
Preventing Chronic Disease | Obesity and Associated Factors - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2013 - CDC
To determine obesity prevalence and associated factors in the KSA, we conducted a national survey on chronic diseases and their ... Boutayeb A, Boutayeb S. The burden of non-communicable diseases in developing countries. Int J Equity Health 2005; 14;4(1):2. ... older men had a higher prevalence of obesity. Obesity prevalence decreased for women of all age groups, except for those aged ... Obesity: an emerging problem in Saudi Arabia. Analysis of data from the National Nutrition Survey. East Mediterr Health J 2007; ...https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2014/14_0236.htm
Richard and Susan Kiphart Northwestern Global Health Research Fund: Center for Global Health: Feinberg School of Medicine:...
Implementing targeted screening for high burden Non-communicable diseases among HIV-infected adults in Jos, Nigeria ... HIV has become a chronic manageable disease. As this population ages, an emerging trend is an upsurge of NCDs (including ... Studies, mostly from western countries have shown high prevalence of diseases such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, ... "Implementing targeted screening for high burden Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) among HIV adults in Jos, Nigeria". This aims ...http://globalhealth.northwestern.edu/research/kiphart/index.html
Inputs to quality: supervision, management, and community involvement in health facilities in Egypt in 2004 | BMC Health...
Egypt and its health system are nonetheless under increasing pressure with the growing burden of chronic disease, emerging ... To date, national data have not been reported regarding the prevalence of key management practices than enable high quality ... the percent of years of life lost in Egypt due to communicable disease was 31% versus 61% from non-communicable diseases . ... Such an epidemiologic transition involves declining prevalence of infectious diseases and acceleration of chronic disease, such ...https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6963-11-282
UNICEF East Asia and Pacific - What we do - Nutrition
The costs of the resulting chronic non-communicable diseases represents a huge drain on countries' resources. In Indonesia, for ... The region has experienced a 74 per cent reduction in stunting prevalence (low height for age) over a 24 year period, the ... Emerging areas of work include the prevention of childhood overweight and obesity, and adolescent nutrition. ... Many countries are now facing a 'double burden' of malnutrition. In the same country, child can face undernutrition and ...https://www.unicef.org/eapro/activities_21715.html
The Lancet: Latest global disease estimates, combined with health worker shortfall, show that global progress in health is not...
In 91 nations, fertility rates are not high enough to maintain current population, and in 104 nations high fertility rates are ... Latest global estimates for the state of the world's health from the Global Burden of Disease study (GBD) estimate that: ... Global Burden of Disease 2017 - other key findings Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) comprised the greatest fraction of deaths ... and chronic respiratory diseases (3.9 million deaths). The prevalence of obesity continues to rise in almost every country in ...https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-11/tl-tll110718.php
Global Health Committee Warns of Non-Communicable Disease Burden
According to the Global Health Committee the global disease burden has shifted from infectious diseases to non-communicable ... Northern Territory Children At Higher Risk For Heart Diseases. The prevalence of rheumatic heart disease was high in indigenous ... Health insurance has emerged as one of the fastest growing segments in the non-life insurance industry with 30% growth in 2010- ... Slow walking speed might just help determine the risk of chronic illness, hospitalization and sometimes even death. ...http://www.medindia.net/news/global-health-committee-warns-of-non-communicable-diseases-burden-175188-1.htm
Health in Cambodia - Wikipedia
Dual Burden of disease refers to the prevalence of both infectious and chronic disease in each population, mainly due to shifts ... Mortality data suggests emerging burdens specifically from injuries (traffic accidents), high blood pressure, heart disease, ... Currently, rate of non-communicable diseases occurring in Cambodia has been rising, and mortality due to non-communicable ... Such dual burden/epidemiological transition from infectious to chronic disease burden has been identified, as the burden death ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Health_in_Cambodia
Preventing Chronic Disease: January 2006: 05 0069
We observed a high prevalence (18.8%) of hypertension (blood pressure greater than 160/95 mm Hg); 28.8% had blood pressure ... of chronic disease are more serious for developing countries because many of them have not yet conquered communicable diseases ... The Burden of CVD in Tunisia. In the context of epidemiologic transition and disease prevention, it is important to be able to ... Although CVD is emerging in developing countries, little is known there about comprehensive preventive measures for controlling ...https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2006/jan/05_0069.htm
PAR-18-835: Global Brain and Nervous System Disorders Research Across the Lifespan (R01 Clinical Trials Optional)
... burden_disease/en/ ), continues to show that non-communicable diseases and disorders (NCDs) are rapidly becoming the dominant ... and their prevalence is high. Early neurodevelopmental disorders, along with disability due to postnatal injury or insult to ... malaria and other neglected tropical diseases as well as emerging diseases such as Zika, are a burden for LMICs, where they ... Chronic pain, especially of the neck and back, is also now recognized for its large contribution to the burden of disability. ...https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PAR-18-835.html
PHARMACEUTICAL MARKET INDIA 2014-2020 : Formulations, Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs), Contract Research and...
Exhibit 2.6: Trend of Communicable and Non-Communicable Disease Burden in Developing World Exhibit 2.7: Cardiovascular ... Exhibit 2.8: Factors Contributing to High Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease in India Exhibit 2.9: Distribution of Cause of ... 2.11 Chronic Respiratory Disease- Asthma and COPD 3.0 Twelfth Five Year Plan - A Boost for Scientific Research and Development ... Exhibit 4.8: Global, Emerging Market & Developing Countries Economic Growth Change 2010-2013 Exhibit 4.9: Global, Emerging ...https://www.marketresearch.com/Kelly-Scientific-Publications-v3983/PHARMACEUTICAL-INDIA-Formulations-Active-Pharmaceutical-8283773/
The double burden of disease among mining workers in Papua, Indonesia: at the crossroads between Old and New health paradigms |...
The high prevalence of multimorbidity, preponderance of non-communicable diseases, and extensive interweaving of non- ... Diagnosed cases of ischaemic heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes (types 1 and 2), chronic obstructive pulmonary ... This study examined the non-communicable disease-infectious disease overlap in the specific comorbidity rates for key diseases ... A novel application of Circos software was used to visualize the interconnectedness between the disease burdens as overlapping ...https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-016-3630-8
Trend and causes of adult mortality in Kersa health and demographic surveillance system (Kersa HDSS), eastern Ethiopia: verbal...
Emerging chronic non-communicable diseases in rural communities of northern Ethiopia: evidence using population-based verbal ... The lack of such cause-specific mortality data exists mostly in countries with the highest burden of disease. This is largely ... Prevalence and determinants of khat (Catha edulis) chewing among high school students in eastern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional ... Non-communicable diseases were the second leading causes of mortality in Kersa HDSS, with considerably higher proportion of ...https://pophealthmetrics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12963-017-0144-2
Thomas Montine | Stanford Medicine Profiles
Conversely, leading chronic sequelae were largely attributable to non-communicable diseases, with prevalence estimates for ... In the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013), we estimated these quantities for acute and chronic diseases and ... with high-level Alzheimer's disease neuropathology. As levels of Alzheimer's disease neuropathology increased, cerebral α- ... Inflammation has emerged as an important factor in disease progression in human and transgenic models of amyotrophic lateral ...https://med.stanford.edu/profiles/thomas-montine?tab=bio