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*  Heart Valve Disease | National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Acquired heart valve disease usually involves aortic or mitral valves. Although the valves are normal at first, problems ... Some types of heart valve disease, such as aortic or mitral valve stenosis, can cause dizziness or fainting. ... Severe heart valve disease can make pregnancy or labor and delivery risky. If you have severe heart valve disease, consider ... However, heart valve repair surgery is harder to do than valve replacement. Also, not all valves can be repaired. Mitral valves ...
  https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/heart-valve-disease
*  Comparison of Transcatheter Heart Valves in High Risk Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis - American College of Cardiology
Heart Valve Prosthesis, Coronary Artery Disease, Stroke, Drug-Eluting Stents, Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency, Mitral Valve ... Severe aortic stenosis (aortic valve area ≤1.0 cm2, or indexed aortic valve area ≤0.6 cm2/m2) ... Comparison of Transcatheter Heart Valves in High Risk Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis - CHOICE. Aug 21, 2015 Share via: ... Among high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing TAVR, the device success of a balloon-expandable valve was ...
  http://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/clinical-trials/2014/04/22/16/33/choice
*  Surgery Saves Girl's Heart by Repairing With 'Raincoat Material'
In England surgeons preformed a miracle surgery on Olivia Fowler's heart with material that would usually be used to make ... Aortic valve Stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the c valve. Symptoms include angina, and that of heart failure. Aortic valve ... Prosthetic Heart Valves. A prosthetic heart valve is an artificial device surgically implanted into the heart to replace a ... ... Mitral Valve Prolapse. Mitral Valve Prolapse is a relatively common condition and causes leakage of blood through the valve. ...
  http://www.medindia.net/news/surgery-saves-girls-heart-by-repairing-with-raincoat-material-143251-1.htm
*  Barbecue Sauces Protect Against Heart Diseases, Cancers
Heart Cancer Healthy Heart Statins Mitral Valve Prolapse Aortic Valve Stenosis Pericarditis ... Prosthetic Heart Valves. A prosthetic heart valve is an artificial device surgically implanted into the heart to replace a ... ... Aortic valve Stenosis is an abnormal narrowing of the c valve. Symptoms include angina, and that of heart failure. Aortic valve ... Mitral Valve Prolapse. Mitral Valve Prolapse is a relatively common condition and causes leakage of blood through the valve. ...
  http://www.medindia.net/news/Barbecue-Sauces-Protect-Against-Heart-Diseases-Cancers-66815-1.htm
*  Treatment decision in asymptomatic aortic valve stenosis: role of exercise testing | Heart
severe aortic stenosis with aortic valve area ⩽ 1 cm2, without coexisting valve disease; the value of ⩽ 1 cm2 was selected ... Some degree of aortic regurgitation is involved in about 80% of patients with aortic stenosis. Coexisting mitral valve disease ... Significant long term complications from mechanical and bioprosthetic valves occur at a rate of at least 2-3% a year, and there ... PATIENT S 66 consecutive patients with isolated severe aortic stenosis (aortic valve area ⩽ 1.0 cm2) were selected over a 58 ...
  http://heart.bmj.com/content/86/4/381
*  Mitral valve stenosis - Wikipedia
... because of increased force in closing the mitral valve. The first heart sound is made by the mitral and tricuspid heart valves ... aortic) component of the second heart sound (S2), which correlates to the forceful opening of the mitral valve. The mitral ... a pressure gradient across the mitral valve of 20 mmHg due to severe mitral stenosis will cause a left atrial pressure of about ... Mitral stenosis is a valvular heart disease characterized by the narrowing of the orifice of the mitral valve of the heart. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitral_valve_stenosis
*  Heart murmur - Wikipedia
In acute severe mitral regurgitation, a holosystolic (pansystolic) murmur may not be heard. Pulmonary valve stenosis typically ... but a systolic ejection click may be heard after S1 in calcified bicuspid aortic valves. Symptoms tend to present between 40 ... and the S2 heart sound may be obliterated. Stenosis of Bicuspid aortic valve is similar to the aortic valve stenosis heart ... In mild aortic stenosis, the crescendo-decrescendo is early peaking whereas in severe aortic stenosis, the crescendo is late- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart_murmur
*  Heart valve repair - Wikipedia
Mitral valve repair is mainly used to treat stenosis (narrowing) or regurgitation (leakage) of the mitral valve. Aortic valve ... Heart valve repair is a surgical technique used to fix defects in heart valves in valvular heart diseases, and provides an ... The first two percutaneous ultrasound-guided fetal balloon valvuloplasties, a type of in utero surgery for severe aortic valve ... Aortic valvuloplasty in repair of a stenotic aortic valve Mitral valvuloplasty in the correction of an uncomplicated mitral ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart_valve_repair
*  Heart sounds - Wikipedia
Stenosis of the mitral valve, if severe, also rarely produces an audible, low frequency soft rumbling murmur, best recognized ... It is caused by the closure of the semilunar valves (the aortic valve and pulmonary valve) at the end of ventricular systole ... Stenosis of the aortic valve is typically the next most common heart murmur, a systolic ejection murmur. This is more common in ... Normal heart sounds are associated with heart valves closing: The first heart sound, or S1, forms the "lub" of "lub-dub" and is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart_sounds
*  Coarctation of the aorta - Wikipedia
... such as aortic stenosis, ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus or mitral valve abnormalities. Coarctation is ... dimensions in fetuses with hypoplastic left hearts with intrinsically normal or slightly abnormal aortic and mitral valves". ... This is a severe problem for the heart and can cause many other complications. In a study of 120 coarctation repair recipients ... whereas aortic stenosis occurs in the aortic root, at or near the aortic valve. This naturally could present the question of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coarctation_of_the_aorta
*  List of dog diseases - Wikipedia
Heart valve dysplasia (including mitral and tricuspid valve dysplasia) is a congenital heart abnormality in dogs. Dysplasia of ... The major clinical sign is fainting (syncope). Heart defects Subvalvular aortic stenosis (Subaortic stenosis; SAS) is a ... Dogs with severe SAS are predisposed to dying suddenly. Pulmonic stenosis* is a congenital heart disease in dogs characterized ... the mitral and tricuspid valves - also known as the atrioventricular (AV) valves - can appear as thickened, shortened, or ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_dog_diseases
*  Regurgitation (circulation) - Wikipedia
... of the heart valves); for example, aortic valve insufficiency causes regurgitation through that valve, called aortic ... In patients with severe valvular lesions, regurgitant fraction can approach 80%. Valvular heart disease Stenosis. ... and is usually due to mitral valve prolapse, rheumatic heart disease, or a complication of cardiac dilatation. See also Mitral ... The various types of heart valve regurgitation via insufficiency are as follows: Aortic regurgitation: the backflow of blood ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regurgitation_(circulation)
*  Aortic insufficiency - Wikipedia
A surgical treatment for AI is aortic valve replacement; this is currently an open-heart procedure. In the case of severe acute ... murmur may also be present when auscultating the same aortic area. Unless there is concomitant aortic valve stenosis, the ... S1 is soft because the elevated filling pressures close the mitral valve in diastole.[medical citation needed] Chronic aortic ... "Management of Acute Regurgitation in Left-Sided Cardiac Valves". Texas Heart Institute Journal. 38 (1): 9-19. ISSN 0730-2347. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aortic_insufficiency
*  Valvular heart disease - Wikipedia
Severe aortic stenosis with or without symptoms Aortic regurgitation with NYHA functional class III-IV symptoms Mitral stenosis ... Aortic and mitral valve disease are termed left heart diseases. Diseases of these valves are more prevalent than disease of the ... Rheumatic heart disease typically only involves the mitral valve (70% of cases), though in some cases the aortic and mitral ... Heart valve dysplasia is an error in the development of any of the heart valves, and a common cause of congenital heart defects ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valvular_heart_disease
*  Bicuspid aortic valve - Wikipedia
... the mitral valve is the only bicuspid valve and this is situated between the heart's left atrium and left ventricle. Heart ... If the leaflets do not close correctly, aortic regurgitation can occur. If these become severe enough, they may require heart ... Bicuspid aortic valves may assume three different types of configuration: "Real" bicuspid valves with two symmetric leaflets A ... RN leaflet fusion has a stronger association with future complications such as aortic valve regurgitation and stenosis. However ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bicuspid_aortic_valve
*  Rheumatic fever - Wikipedia
RHD-induced mitral valve stenosis has been associated with MBL2 alleles encoding for high production of MBL. Aortic valve ... Heart complications may be long-term and severe, particularly if valves are involved. In countries in Southeast-Asia, sub- ... The heart is involved in about half of cases. Damage to the heart valves, known as rheumatic heart disease (RHD), usually ... a heart transplant, artificial heart valves, or "some types of congenital heart defects" may wish to consider long-term ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rheumatic_fever
*  Afterload - Wikipedia
For instance, if the blood pressure is 120/80, and the aortic valve stenosis creates a trans-valvular gradient of 30 mmHg, the ... if the aortic pressure is the same in both hearts, the dilated heart must create a greater tension to overcome the same aortic ... Hachicha, Z.; Dumesnil, J. G.; Bogaty, P.; Pibarot, P. (2007). "Paradoxical Low-Flow, Low-Gradient Severe Aortic Stenosis ... With an extra pathway for blood flow through the mitral valve, the left ventricle does not have to work as hard to eject its ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Afterload
*  Aortic valve repair - Wikipedia
Indication for aortic valve repair: Absence of relevant calcification and Congenital and severe aortic stenosis with symptoms ... First attempts at aortic valve repair were undertaken even before heart valve prostheses were developed. In 1912 the French ... apply the principles of aortic valve repair. This principle applies to tricuspid valves as well as bicuspid or unicuspid aortic ... The positive results with repair of the mitral valve stimulated surgeons in the 1980s and 1990s to develop surgical techniques ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aortic_valve_repair
*  Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy - Wikipedia
The device fastens together the mitral valve leaflets to improve the heart's blood outflow. The mitral clip has not yet ... This sign can be used to differentiate HCM from aortic stenosis. In individuals with aortic stenosis, after a premature ... mitral clips have been implanted via catheter as a new strategy to correct the motion of the mitral valve in people with severe ... In people with particularly large redundant mitral valves, anterior leaflet plication may be added to complete separation of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hypertrophic_cardiomyopathy
*  Outline of cardiology - Wikipedia
Disorders of the heart valves Specific valvular problems - Specific problems of each valve. Aortic valve - Disorders and ... Mitral stenosis - Narrowing of the mitral valve opening that reduces blood flow through the valve. Mitral valve replacement - ... Rupture of the aneurysm results in a subarachnoid hemorrhage and a very severe headache. Aortic dissection - Dissection along ... Aortic valve replacement - Replacement of the aortic valve due to aortic regurgitation, aortic stenosis, or other reasons. A ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_cardiology
*  Mitral valve - Wikipedia
... or the mitral valve may be narrowed (mitral stenosis). Rheumatic heart disease often affects the mitral valve; the valve may ... and heart (red). Heart valves are labeled with "B", "T", "A", and "P". Mitral valve, viewed in a cadaver specimen from within ... Rarely there can be a severe form known as caseous calcification of the mitral valve that can be mistaken for intracardiac mass ... where the mitral valve leaflet is contiguous with the posterior aortic root. During left ventricular diastole, after the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitral_valve
*  Heart - Wikipedia
... the tricuspid or mitral valves can be repaired surgically, avoiding the need for a valve replacement. Heart valves can also be ... Other defects include those affecting the heart valves (e.g. congenital aortic stenosis), or the main blood vessels that lead ... and if severe may reduce blood flow to the heart. If a narrowing (or stenosis) is relatively minor then the patient may not ... In a healthy heart blood flows one way through the heart due to heart valves, which prevent backflow. The heart is enclosed in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heart
*  Cardiothoracic surgery - Wikipedia
In 1925 operations on the heart valves were unknown. Henry Souttar operated successfully on a young woman with mitral stenosis ... Heart Failure/Transplant, Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery, Aortic Surgery, Thoracic Surgery, Pediatric Cardiac Surgery or ... an operation due to Dr Dwight Harken of the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital using a punch to remove a portion of the mitral valve. ... "A randomized trial comparing lung-volume-reduction surgery with medical therapy for severe emphysema". The New England Journal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardiothoracic_surgery
*  Congenital heart defect - Wikipedia
... aortic stenosis, and coarctation of the aorta, with other types such as bicuspid aortic valve stenosis and subaortic stenosis ... Hypoplastic right heart syndrome (HRHS) Mitral stenosis Persistent truncus arteriosus Pulmonary atresia Pulmonary stenosis ... the heart valves, or the large blood vessels that lead to and from the heart. Congenital heart defects are partly preventable ... About 6 to 19 per 1,000 cause a moderate to severe degree of problems. Congenital heart defects are the leading cause of birth ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congenital_heart_defect