*  Habit Formation and Macroeconomic Models of the Term Structure of Interest Rates
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Author(s): Andrea Buraschi & Alexei Jiltsov. 2007 Abstract: This paper introduces a new class of nonaffine models of the term structure of interest rates that is supported by an economy with habit formation. Distinguishing features of the model are that the interest rate dynamics are nonlinear, interest rates depend on lagged monetary and consumption shocks, and the price of risk is not a constant multiple of interest rate volatility. We find that habit persistence can help reproduce the nonlinearity of the spot rate process, the documented deviations from the expectations hypothesis, the persistence of the conditional volatility of interest rates, and the lead-lag relationship between interest rates and monetary aggregates. Copyright 2007 by The American Finance Association.
*  Habit Formation and the Gains from Price Stability
Downloadable (with restrictions)! A counter-intuitive result from consumer theory is that consumers facing stable prices will benefit from a mean-preserving spread of those prices. This article explores a new explanation for why the common intuition that price volatility is undesirable may be correct: the presence of habit formation in consumption. If prices are fluctuating, and preferences depend on past consumption, in every period the most favored goods can also be the most expensive ones, with negative consequences for both welfare and nutrition. (JEL codes: E2, O1, D9, I15) Copyright The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Ifo Institute, Munich. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com, Oxford University Press.
*  Habit - Wikipedia
Habit formation is the process by which a behavior, through regular repetition, becomes automatic or habitual. This is modelled as an increase in automaticity with number of repetitions up to an asymptote.[10][11][12] This process of habit formation can be slow. Lally et al. (2010) found the average time for participants to reach the asymptote of automaticity was 66 days with a range of 18-254 days.[12]. As the habit is forming, it can be analysed in three parts: the cue, the behavior, and the reward. The cue is the thing that causes the habit to come about, the trigger of the habitual behavior. This could be anything that one's mind associates with that habit and one will automatically let a habit come to the surface. The behavior is the actual habit that one exhibits, and the reward, a positive feeling, therefore continues the "habit loop".[13] A habit may initially be triggered by a goal, but over time that goal becomes less necessary and the habit becomes more automatic.. A variety of ...
*  Corticostriatal mechanisms of action learning and habit formation - David Lovinger
Development of Techniques for IN Vivo Investigation of the Function of Identified Neurons We seek to understand how basal ganglia circuitry contributes to actio...
*  Consumption-Leisure Choice with Habit Formation
Downloadable! In an intertemporal consumption-leisure choice model with wage uncertainty, and habit-forming consumption, we have shown that, consumption and leisure do move in opposite directions, consistent with the observed pro-cyclicy of aggregate hours worked. Dans un modèle intertemporel de consommation et de loisir avec incertitude salariale et formation d'habitudes, nous avons démontré que la consommation et le loisir se déplacent vers des directions opposées, ce qui est consistant avec la procyclicité observée des heures travaillées.
*  "Neural Pathways" A breakthrough in understanding or just a new name for conditioning, habitual behavior? - The Freedom To...
In its simplest form, take an activity like brushing your teeth. When you first learned how to do it, it wasn't "automatic" because you had never done it before. You have to learn how to take the cap off the toothpaste, squeeze some on the brush without getting it all over the place, learn the actual process of brushing, etc…. Obviously none of this is rocket science and after we learn how to do it, we don't "think" about it while doing so ...
*  Mariam Kavakci, M.S.
We are what we repeatedly do," Aristotle once proclaimed. Now that we have welcomed the New Year, it is the perfect time to rewire our brains to develop better habits and reverse our old ones. Every year, millions of people make New Year resolutions with the promise that this year, they will stick to them. So why is it that so many people fail to live up to their promises? The answer lies within our own habits. By acknowledging the impact that our habits have on our everyday lives, we can increase the chances of reaching our goals. Over the past few years, research on habit formation has been a hot topic, especially in the field of neuroscience. Simply stated, habits are behaviors that are automatically performed. For example, having a soda for lunch everyday, procrastinating at work or school, and tardiness are all habits, albeit negative ones. Some positive habits you may have are reading the newspaper, ...
*  The Heroin Habit, 1916
This is said not in a spirit of pessimism, but in the conviction that the treatment of the heroin habit, or of any other destroying habit of social origin, should be begun before that habit or some other is formed. Tendency precedes habit formation, and it seems that the special weakness of those now doomed to fall might be recognized before they left school. The heroin habit offers a particularly good opportunity for work on these lines. The victims are young, some having begun the habit while still in school. Those who have taken treatment average about twenty. Few are married. They are generally healthy and able to work, and are fairly intelligent. Many are of engaging personality but, as often happens with personalities who are engaging, they are all unstable, suggestible and easily led. It seems possible, or even probable, that if they could be kept, or if their parents could be induced to have them kept, under some form of industrial or educational control until they were eighteen or ...
*  How to Stop Cracking Your Knuckles: 13 Steps (with Pictures)
How to Stop Cracking Your Knuckles. Knuckle cracking is a common habit which anyone can develop. Even though you may enjoy the sensation it brings, it can drive the people around you crazy and lead to some unwanted side effects down the...
*  How to Construct Your Habits (and ACTUALLY Do Them Everyday) - InfoBarrel
Tired of trying to set your new habit, only to have it crash and fail within a few days? So was I. Luckily, there's a relatively simple science behind habit formation that will transform the way you try to stop smoking, begin exercising, or do almost anything you want.
*  Popularity Among Peers Increases Susceptibility To Smoking Habit Among School Children
Dealing with adolescence and teenage has always remained a problem for parents because of the vulnerability to habit formation, the curiosity to experiment and susceptibility to get easily influenced by peers.
*  Increasing stress leads to risky decisions - Fortinberry Murray
Neuroscientists find that increasing chronic workplace stress skews decisions toward higher-risk options. Making decisions is not always easy, especially when choosing between two options that have both positive and negative elements, such as deciding between a job with a high salary but long hours, and a lower-paying job that allows for more leisure time. MIT neuroscientists have now discovered that making decisions in this type of situation, known as a cost-benefit conflict, is dramatically affected by chronic stress. The found they found that stressed individuals were far likelier to choose high-risk, high-payoff options.. The researchers also found that impairments of a specific brain circuit underlie this abnormal decision making. The circuit begins in the medial prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for mood control and extends into clusters of neurons called striosomes, which are located in the striatum, a region associated with habit formation, motivation, and reward ...
*  striatum - oi
A large mass of striped white and grey matter of the forebrain or prosencephalon in front of and around the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere, the afferent part of the basal ganglia, mainly involved in movement planning and control and habit formation. It includes the putamen (connected mainly to the primary somatosensory cortex, the primary motor cortex, and the supplementary motor area) and the caudate nucleus (connected to widespread cortical association areas). Often confused with the corpus striatum, of which it is a part, or the striate cortex, to which it is unrelated. Also called the neostriatum. [From Latin striatus streaked, from stria a furrow, groove, or a flute of a column] ...
*  Flipping the 'Addiction Switch'
Habitual users of addictive drugs are apt to call themselves "addicts" even years after stopping their actual drug use. And with reason: The long-term use of psychostimulants such as cocaine or methamphetamine leaves deep marks on the brain, with associated chronic symptoms that can range from anxiety and impaired memory to intense drug cravings.. Some researchers have described this addiction process as the flipping of a neurochemical "switch," in which repeated drug use forces key synapses in the brain to undergo a more or less permanent change from one state to another. A big part of this switch is a set of circuits connecting areas of the cortex to the striatum, a region known to be involved in motivation, movement and habit formation. Previous research has shown that these "corticostriatal" circuits can be significantly less active following drug addiction and may remain so even after many months of drug withdrawal.. A report in the April 10 issue of Neuron describes in detail how this ...
*  Could Mom Have Been Wrong? Discovering the Truth Behind Common Myths and Misconceptions | Pittsburgh Better Times
prone to getting localized infections, which can significantly delay the healing process. With three boys in our house (they are currently 11, 9. And 7) I have tested this many times and have to say I fully agree with the research that has been published on the topic. Kept covered, my kid's cuts usually heal in 3 to 4 days, but when wounds aren't covered and properly cared for, they often take 6 or 7 days to heal.. That leads us to knuckle cracking. As annoying as it might be to parents, studies comparing "crackers" and "non-crackers" have shown that cracking your knuckles does not increase the likelihood that you will have arthritis in the joints of your fingers, or that they will be bigger when you get older. Turns out the "crack" or "pop" you hear when you crack your knuckles is just tiny gas bubbles being released from your joint capsule. Annoying … yes. Dangerous … no.. It seems that many of the things we grew up believing are just not true. For example, muscle will not turn to fat if ...
*  faudzil.blogspot.com: HEALTH - Why do your Joints Click?
The third main reason is gas, that normally builds up within a joint, suddenly popping out of the joint, when the joint is forcibly stretched or compressed. It's just like bursting a balloon, but much quieter. You'll know the guilty people. Those who regularly crack their knuckles, neck, back or toes. You can achieve the same result with less long-term harm by gentle joint stretching and mobility techniques to gradually loosen stiff joints. You'll probably also require some simple strength exercises to control the newly gained movement. Ultimately, these conservative methods are preferable in the long term, as repeat manipulation or cracking destroys the supportive ligaments and eventually the joints fall out of position much easier! And the looser your joints the quicker they develop degenerative arthritis and subsequent pain. Grandma was right - excessive knuckle cracking can cause arthritis ...
*  Habit - Symptoms, Treatments and Resources for Habit
Habit - MedHelp's Habit Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for Habit. Find Habit information, treatments for Habit and Habit symptoms.
*  Habits Are Everything | Psychology Today
Watch a video of any elite athlete or performer before a big game or show, and you will likely see one thing: their pre-performance habits, the things that they do every single time in exactly the same way. This is because habits are everything. Not just for game-day, and not just for elite performers
*  Healthy, Daily, Food And Gym Habits To Live Healthy - MensXP
Live a healthy life with MensXP's Healthy Habits communities and learn about healthy daily habits, food habits, gym habits and expert tips on healthy life.
*  Personal Safety Training Inc. - AVADE® Advanced Instructor Course Outline
I just wanted to let you know, and cannot help but send this now to express the feedback that I have been getting from your recent classes conducted here on site. Everyone that attended, expresses that this is the BEST CLASS they have ever received, (and I am not exaggerating), in comparison to other Speaker Reps from the past. They state that your content of class is very knowledgeable and covers all aspects of need in a volatile situation, including the extended training on proper and safe takedown or hands on procedures! Thank God for you, and see you soon ...
*  Running as a habit… The good and the bad - 278 to Boston
Well... taking a break yesterday didn't go as well as I had hoped. I got home and decided to just run/walk slowly. You need to understand that my success in running is based on habit. I have developed a habit of running 5 - 6 days a week over the past two years. The good…
*  12 simple ways to prevent cancer | Public Health
Every single item on this list is important. If you identify something on this list that you could improve, do it. If you're unsure or have questions, talk to your GP.. Although the list is stated in incredibly simple terms, in reality it's not that simple to change many of these behaviours. Some things on this list, like smoking, are habit-based and incredibly difficult to change. Pressures of daily life get in the way and we often have to prioritise the here and now, rather than take time out for something that won't affect us for probably many years. For example, going for cancer screening can be stress inducing and time-consuming, but it could save your life. There are other structural barriers too, such as the increasing cost of a healthy diet.. Although we know that many cancers are preventable, this knowledge does not mean that if you do get cancer, you are to blame. In reality, the true causes of any individual's cancer are often impossible to disentangle and victim blame is never ...
*  Is Cracking Your Knuckles Bad For You? It Might Just Be An Old Wive's Tale, According To This Study
If you, like yours truly, is a notorious knuckle-cracker, I have some really excellent news for you. According to recent research, it appears that cracking your knuckles may not be bad for you after all. In fact, it may actually be good for you. So w
*  Habit = Addiction? | Overcome Food Addiction
The oxford dictionary defines habit as a settled or regular tendency or practice or alternatively an addiction to drugs. Ok that was what the books told us, but lets see what I understood of the word habit, Habit is word or tendency such that when I remove the starting letter from it (i.e. H), I still have a-bit, if I remove the next letter (i.e. A), I am still left with bit, when I remove the next letter from that, I am left with it, I still keeping having it, now in my desperate attempt I remove the next letter from that (i.e. I), I am still left with T, i.e. tea or coffee whatever you prefer. So habit is one such word so well defined in the English literature that it doesn't make you feel like an addict nor does it sound insulting, an extremely polite way of saying, Yes, I am addicted to something ...
*  The Exercise Habit - familydoctor.org
If you want to commit to exercising, choose an activity you like to do. Schedule it as part of your daily routine. Try to do it the same time every day.