*  Placental adaptations to the maternal-fetal environment: implications for fetal growth and developmental programming.
The placenta exchanges a wide array of nutrients, endocrine signals, cytokines and growth factors with the mother and t ... Recent studies show that the placenta is not just a passive organ mediating maternal-fetal exchange. It can adapt its capacity ... The placenta exchanges a wide array of nutrients, endocrine signals, cytokines and growth factors with the mother and the fetus ... Recent work suggests the placenta has the ability to 'sense' the maternal and fetal environment and respond to changes in a ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Placental-adaptations-to-maternal-fetal/22560117.html
*  Maternal influences on placental development.
The growth of the fetus may be adversely affected by a suboptimal maternal environment. Understanding placental development and ... Maternal-Fetal Exchange / genetics, physiology*. Mice. Placenta / abnormalities, growth & development*, physiology. Pregnancy. ... The growth of the fetus may be adversely affected by a suboptimal maternal environment. Understanding placental development and ... function will help unravel the mechanisms controlling fetal growth. This article poses the problem: how does the maternal ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Maternal-influences-placental-development/10873708.html
*  JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods and Protocols
... and pregnancy success because appropriate maternal/fetal exchange of nutrients and gases is crucial for normal fetal growth. ... IGF-I, which is produced by the placenta, is critical for normal fetal growth and studies of animal vascular systems have shown ... Humoral factors such as oestrogen, which increases in the placenta and maternal circulation throughout human pregnancy, may ... Differential effect of insulin like growth factor-I on constriction of human uterine and placental arteries. ...
  https://www.jove.com/visualize?author=Michael%20Taggart%20
*  93% of Unborn Babies Have GMO Food Toxins in their Blood - Salem-News.Com
An optimal exchange across the maternal-fetal unit (MFU) is necessary for a successful pregnancy. The placenta plays a major ... intrauterine growth retarda-tion, maternal death, and a great deal of morbidity for both, mother and child. ... "Maternal and fetal exposure to pesticides associated to genetically modified foods in Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada" ... Maternal and fetal exposure to pesticides associated to genetically modified foods in Eastern Townships of Quebec, Canada ...
  http://www.salem-news.com/articles/may202011/gmo-toxins-tk.php
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Atsuo Ogura (Translated to Portuguese)
... the so-called feto-maternal interface, for fetal development by exchanging nutrition, gas and waste between fetal and maternal ... In the presence of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, epidermal growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, and ... is essential for maintenance of the fetal capillaries, and that both its loss and its overproduction cause late-fetal and/or ... Thus, fetal male germ cell development is remarkably flexible, and the maturation process, from epiblast cells through PGCs to ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Atsuo_Ogura?language=Portuguese
*  Most recent papers with the keyword Maternal-fetal | Read by QxMD
The placenta, as the site for all maternal-fetal oxygen and nutrient exchange, influences birth weight and is thus central to a ... Context: Fetal overexposure to glucocorticoids in utero is associated with fetal growth restriction and is postulated to be a ... Decidual stromal cells form the largest proportion of maternal cells at the maternal-fetal interface. Our aim was to ... maternal-fetal interface is associated with clinically important placental pathologies including preeclampsia and fetal growth ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/54178
*  IJMS | Free Full-Text | MicroRNAs in Human Placental Development and Pregnancy Complications | HTML
IUGR is characterized as failure of a fetus to reach its growth potential and it can be caused by maternal, fetal, placental, ... It serves as the interface between the fetal and maternal environments and is involved in the exchange of gases, nutrients and ... an endocrine organ producing a number of pregnancy-associated hormones and growth factors to regulate fetal growth and maternal ... It is possible that these circulating miRNAs are involved in mediating maternal-fetal communication and maternal adaptation of ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1422-0067/14/3/5519/htm
*  Cytotrophoblast - Wikipedia
This pathway is important because the syncytiotrophoblast plays an important role in fetal-maternal gas exchange, nutrient ... The result of this is decreased blood flow to the fetus which may cause intrauterine growth restriction. Clinical symptoms of ... The primary function of an interstitial cytotrophoblast is to anchor the growing fetus to the maternal uterine tissue. These ... The primary function of the endovascular cytotrophoblast is to penetrate maternal spiral arteries and route the blood flow ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cytotrophoblast
*  The human proteome in placenta - The Human Protein Atlas
The placenta mediates fetal nutrient uptake, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the maternal blood supply. The main ... IGFBP1,expressed in decidual cells, is a secreted protein that binds both insulin-like growth factors I and II, and is also ... Since the syncytiotrophoblasts are in direct contact with the maternal blood these cells are closely involved in exchange of ... Fetal vessels and fetal blood vessels, including vascular smooth muscle cells, pericytes and endothelial cells. ...
  https://www.proteinatlas.org/humanproteome/placenta
*  Pregnancy in Sickle Cell Disease Is a Very High-Risk Situation: An Observational Study
The journal publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies related to obstetrics, maternal-fetal ... the intake of normal red blood cells improves maternal and fetal exchanges. Indeed, transfusion brings normal hemoglobin in the ... intrauterine growth retardation (15.9%), abnormal fetal heart rate (14.3%), and intrauterine fetal death (4.8%). Pregnancies ... the risk of maternal and fetal complications is higher than in the general population [8]. Chronic fetal hypoxia associated ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2016/9069054/
*  Regulation of Nutrient Transport across the Placenta
The journal welcomes submissions on breastfeeding, labor, maternal health and the biomedical aspects of pregnancy. ... "Fetal and maternal plasma insulin-like growth factors and binding proteins in pregnancies with appropriate or retarded fetal ... The BM localization of LAT2 allows for exchange of amino acids between non-essential amino acids in the fetal compartment with ... Alterations in fetal development and growth have been associated with lifelong adverse health consequences. Since fetal growth ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jp/2012/179827/
*  Fluid Shear Stress Promotes Placental Growth Factor Upregulation in Human Syncytiotrophoblast Through the cAMP-PKA Signaling...
... help to understand the mechanism by which the syncytiotrophoblast detects blood flow to optimize the maternal-fetal exchange ... Angiogenic growth factor levels in maternal and fetal blood: correlation with Doppler ultrasound parameters in pregnancies ... Placental growth factor influences maternal cardiovascular adaptation to pregnancy in mice. Biol Reprod. 2015;92:44. doi: ... Localisation of placenta growth factor (PIGF) in human term placenta. Growth Factors. 1996;13:243-250,color plates I-II. doi: ...
  http://hypertensionaha.smart01.highwire.org/content/68/6/1438
*  Multimodality Imaging | Gruss Magnetic Resonance Research Center | Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Fetal Multimodality Imaging The field of study of maternal-fetal exchange has been a significant and well researched topic due ... Poor maternal nutrition has been shown to lead to growth restriction and small weight babies. Furthermore, these babies are ... The exchange of nutrients in the placenta is vital and the mechanisms by which fetal life can change phenotype in later life ... Maternal nutrition and the environment of the fetus affect fetal phenotype during childhood and adulthood. Studies have shown ...
  http://www.einstein.yu.edu/centers/gruss-magnetic-resonance-research/multimodality-imaging.aspx
*  Somatrem | Article about somatrem by The Free Dictionary
... the organ in which maternal and fetal blood exchange nutrients and waste products) that have various effects upon. ..... Click ... and growth hormonegrowth hormone. or somatotropin. , glycoprotein hormone released by the anterior pituitary gland that is ... There is evidence that it even contains a substance similar to growth hormone. Insects have a unique hormonal system that ... Hormones, with a few exceptions like pituitary growth hormone and insulin, may also be classified as either tropic hormones or ...
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/somatrem
*  Help Quitting Drinking - Ormed Medical Exchange
Interuterine growth retardation is a reliable consequence of materno-fetal function under conditions of environmental adversity ... Indeed, increased activity of the maternal and or fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is considered the proximal ... maternal protein deprivation, tobacco and alcohol consumption, and maternal stress anxiety are related to ... Fetal alcohol syndrome, produced by excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy, affects different aspects of embryonic ...
  https://www.ormedmedical.us/alcoholism.html
*  ISMRM 19th Annual Meeting
... nutrient exchange. Intrauterine Growth Restriction and maternal diabetes are often related to abnormal placental perfusion. ... 3Maternal and Fetal Helath Research Group, The University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom, 4Faculty of Medicine and ... Acute maternal hypercapnia caused reproducible and reversible reductions in UPBF while fetal cerebral perfusion was unchanged; ... Preeclampsia and intrauterine fetal growth restriction are common disorders of pregnancy frequently associated with reduced ...
  http://www.ismrm.org/11/Session16.htm
*  Estimation of placenta thickness in third trimester to determine fetal weight in Sudanese women 2016.
Estimation of placenta thickness in third trimester to determine fetal weight in Sudanese women 2016., Khairy S Ismail, Abd ... Placenta is concerned with the exchanges that occur between the maternal and fetal organisms, which consist of two basic ... Prediction of fetal growth by measuring the placental thickness using ultrasonography. J Gynaecol Obstet. 2014;2:26-31. ... Their estimated fetal weight by ultrasound scan the maximum estimated fetal weight was 3.9 kg; the minimum estimated fetal ...
  http://www.alliedacademies.org/articles/estimation-of-placenta-thickness-in-third-trimester-to-determine-fetal-weight-insudanese-women-2016-7507.html
*  Pituitary diseases | Article about Pituitary diseases by The Free Dictionary
... the organ in which maternal and fetal blood exchange nutrients and waste products) that have various effects upon. ..... Click ... The growth hormonegrowth hormone. or somatotropin. , glycoprotein hormone released by the anterior pituitary gland that is ... Oversecretion of the pituitary hormone human growth hormonegrowth hormone. or somatotropin. , glycoprotein hormone released by ... Injecting the animals with a pituitary extract that contains growth hormone restores their normal growth. Injection of young ...
  https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Pituitary+diseases
*  Placentation - Wikipedia
Evolution of placental functions Placental functions include nutrient transport, gas exchange, maternal-fetal communication, ... During pregnancy, placentation is the formation and growth of the placenta inside the uterus. It occurs after the implantation ... In mammals, maternal-fetal communication occurs via the production of a range of signalling molecules and their receptors in ... This suggests that maternal fetal communication has evolved by utilising the existing signalling molecules and their receptors ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Placentation
*  Clinical Trials | Contraception, Birth Control, Incontinence, Menopause | Center for Women's Health in Portland Oregon | OHSU
Maternal Body Composition Regulates Placental Function and Fetal Growth The purpose of this research study is to learn more ... This blood goes to the placenta which controls the exchange of nutrients to the baby and removal of waste products from the ... We want to learn how this impacts the baby's growth through the first year of life, and see if there are differences in growth ... Maternal Well-Being Study We are interested in working with pregnant women to promote well-being, support mothers and babies ...
  http://www.ohsu.edu/xd/health/services/women/clinical-trials/open-studies/
*  QF2011: a protocol to study the effects of the Queensland flood on pregnant women, their pregnancies, and their children's...
Animal studies testing the fetal programming hypothesis find that maternal glucocorticoids pass through the placenta and alter ... to which flood exposure influences the maternal biological stress response which may then affect the maternal-placental-fetal ... longitudinal study of the effects of prenatal maternal stress from the floods on maternal, perinatal and early childhood ... Questionnaires assessing maternal and child outcomes were sent to women at 6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. The protocol ...
  http://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com.preview-live.oscarjournals.springer.com/articles/10.1186/s12884-015-0539-7
*  gonadotropic hormone facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about gonadotropic hormone
... the organ in which maternal and fetal blood exchange nutrients and waste products) that have various effects upon the ovaries ... FSH causes an increase in the weight of the ovaries and encourages the growth of Graafian follicles (containing maturing eggs ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biochemistry/biochemistry/gonadotropic-hormone
*  Umbilical vein - Wikipedia
The unpaired umbilical vein carries oxygen and nutrient rich blood derived from fetal-maternal blood exchange at the chorionic ... Patients with cirrhosis experience rapid growth of scar tissue in and around the liver, often functionally obstructing nearby ... More than two-thirds of fetal hepatic circulation is via the main portal vein, while the remainder is shunted from the left ... The umbilical vein is a vein present during fetal development that carries oxygenated blood from the placenta into the growing ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Umbilical_vein
*  Qbrelis - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses
Disease-associated maternal and/or embryo/fetal risk. Hypertension in pregnancy increases the maternal risk for pre-eclampsia, ... Hypertension increases the fetal risk for intrauterine growth restriction and intrauterine death. Pregnant women with ... Exchange transfusions or dialysis may be required as a means of reversing hypotension and/or substituting for disordered renal ... reduced fetal renal function leading to anuria and renal failure, fetal lung hypoplasia and skeletal deformations, including ...
  https://www.drugs.com/pro/qbrelis.html
*  OB/Gyn Vocab Quiz - By roberson16
The space in the placenta in which maternal blood bathes chorionic villi, allowing the exchange of materials between the fetal ... Intrauterine growth restriction leading to a small-for-dates baby, associated with placental insufficiency. ... A physical assessment of the fetus, including ultrasound evaluation of fetal movement, breathing movements, fetal tone, ... C-word) A fetal assessment and therapeutic technique in which a needle is passed into an umbilical vessel and blood sampled or ...
  https://www.sporcle.com/games/roberson16/obgyn-vocab