*  Frontiers | Which Is the Ideal Treatment for Benign Diffuse and Multinodular Non-Toxic Goiters? | Endocrinology
Patients with large benign goiters often present local compressive symptoms that require surgical treatment, including dysphagia, neck tightness, and airway obstruction. In contrast, patients with such goiters who remain asymptomatic may be observed after exclusion of malignancy. The use of levothyroxine (LT4) to reduce the volume of the goiter is still a controversial treatment for large goiters, and the optimal surgical procedure for multinodular goiter is still debatable. Radioiodine is a safe and effective treatment option when used alone or in combination with recombinant human TSH. This review discusses current therapeutic options to treat diffuse and multinodular nontoxic benign goiters.
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fendo.2016.00048/full
*  Diffuse goiter synonyms, diffuse goiter antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Synonyms for diffuse goiter in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for diffuse goiter. 3 synonyms for goiter: goitre, struma, thyromegaly. What are synonyms for diffuse goiter?
  http://www.freethesaurus.com/diffuse+goiter
*  Aberrant goiter - definition of aberrant goiter by The Free Dictionary
Define aberrant goiter. aberrant goiter synonyms, aberrant goiter pronunciation, aberrant goiter translation, English dictionary definition of aberrant goiter. n. A noncancerous enlargement of the thyroid gland, visible as a swelling at the front of the neck, that is often associated with iodine deficiency.
  https://www.thefreedictionary.com/aberrant+goiter
*  GOITRE in Scrabble | Words With Friends score & GOITRE definition
Verify GOITRE in Scrabble dictionary and games, check GOITRE definition, GOITRE in wwf, Words With Friends score for GOITRE, definition of GOITRE.
  https://www.anagrammer.com/scrabble/goitre
*  RACGP - Goitre - Causes, investigation and management
Goitre refers to an enlarged thyroid gland. Causes of goitre include autoimmune disease, the formation of one or more thyroid nodules and iodine deficiency (Table 1). Goitre occurs when there is reduced thyroid hormone synthesis secondary to biosynthetic defects and/or iodine deficiency, leading to increased thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). This stimulates thyroid growth as a compensatory mechanism to overcome the decreased hormone synthesis. Elevated TSH is also thought to contribute to an enlarged thyroid in the goitrous form of Hashimoto thyroiditis, in combination with fibrosis secondary to the autoimmune process in this condition. In Graves disease, the goitre results mainly from stimulation by the TSH receptor antibody (Figure 1). | RACGP
  http://www.racgp.org.au/afp/2012/august/goitre/
*  THE NATURAL OCCURRENCE OF ANTITHYROID COMPOUNDS AS A CAUSE OF SIMPLE GOITER* | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College...
As more is learned about the thyroid gland the more plausible is the concept that goiter is a compensatory enlargement consequent to some interference with normal thyroid function. The subject of continuing debate, however, relates to the relative importance of the numerous factors which are known to be or which are suspected of being concerned in thyroid hormone synthesis. While there can be no question of the fact that iodine is an essential dietary ingredient; and, while it is well established that iodine deficiency is a cause of simple goiter, there is reason to believe that goiter is not always ...
  http://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/674072/natural-occurrence-antithyroid-compounds-cause-simple-goiter
*  DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Endocrine Disorders: Thyroid: Goiter
A goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland that is not associated with cancer. There are several kinds that can occur. A simple goiter, which usually occurs when the thyroid gland is not able to produce enough thyroid hormone, may be classified as either an endemic (colloid) goiter or a sporadic (nontoxic) goiter.
  http://dmoztools.net/Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Endocrine_Disorders/Thyroid/Goiter/
*  George Crile Sr.'s 25,000th Goiter Operation Photograph :: Ohio Memory Collection
This 8" x 10" (20.32 x 25.40 cm) photograph shows Dr. George W. Crile Sr. at his 25,000th goiter operation. A goiter occurs when the thyroid gland swells and becomes visible at the front of the neck, often as a result of iodine deficiency. Crile described this milestone case in his autobiography, stating the goiter was so extensive it had invaded much of the upper thorax and was extremely difficult to work with. "I needed all the technique that I had developed in those twenty-five thousand operations" he wrote. Dr. George Crile Jr. assisted and is at the near left in the photograph. Although he performed many kinds of surgery, George Crile Sr. was known for his skill in thyroid and goiter surgery. In other hospitals, mortality was generally very high in these delicate operations, mostly because of stress, trauma, and surgical shock. Crile devised a special routine to avoid shock and trauma, known as "stealing the thyroid." For several days ...
  http://www.ohiomemory.org/cdm/singleitem/collection/p267401coll36/id/8618/rec/2
*  Thyroid Enlargement (Goiter) from Lithium Use | Healthhype.com
Most patients with lithium-induced goiter do not exhibit any symptoms. A visible neck swelling is rarely present. However, the enlargement may be felt during a physical examination. In most cases, lithium-induced goiter does not present with any significant increase or decrease in thyroid hormone levels. Therefore the symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are not present. When it does occur, the symptoms are essentially the same to hypo- and hyperthyroidism in patients who do not use lithium.. Often the symptoms of hypo- and hyperthyroidism are missed in patients with lithium-induced goiter, as the focus is on the underlying bipolar depression. Some of the symptoms may actually be a part of the manic depressive disorder itself. However, it is important to take note of the symptoms of thyroid disturbances, which are often subtle in the initial stages.. ...
  http://www.healthhype.com/thyroid-enlargement-goiter-from-lithium-use.html
*  Acute goiter | Article about acute goiter by The Free Dictionary
Looking for acute goiter? Find out information about acute goiter. see thyroid gland thyroid gland, endocrine gland, situated in the neck, that secretes hormones necessary for growth and proper metabolism. It consists of... Explanation of acute goiter
  http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/acute+goiter
*  How to shrink goiter with essential oils - Things You Didn't Know
How to shrink goiter with essential oils - Can a goiter shrink without surgery? Goiter. Yes -- it can and often does. Goiter is usually an inflammatory reaction caused by an autoimmune disorder. This can wax and wane as antibody levels do. Sometimes thyroid hormone replacement can shrink it to a degree but not always.
  https://www.healthtap.com/topics/how-to-shrink-goiter-with-essential-oils
*  Hyperplastic Goiter, LM - Stock Image C025/2890 - Science Photo Library
Light micrograph of hyperplastic goiter. Causes of goiter include Graves's disease, lack of dietary iodine, simple overgrowth or the presence of a tumour. A lack of dietary iodine, which is necessary for the production of thyroid hormones, causes the gland to enlarge in an attempt to increase hormone production. Iodine deficiency was the cause of endemic goiter, formerly common in regions where the diet lacked iodine. - Stock Image C025/2890
  http://www.sciencephoto.com/media/666355/view
*  Goiter and Hypothyroidism. | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians
Nontoxic goiter, a compensatory phenomenon, reflects a defect in the synthesis of thyroxine. The deficiency stimulates secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone, enlargement of the thyroid ensues, the daily requirement of thyroxine is met, and the only abnormality that results is the "simple" goiter. We suspected that the compensation should not always be so complete and that goiter and hypothyroidism should sometimes coexist. The suspicion was confirmed by finding 234 patients during a 13-year period.. The frequency of the signs and symptoms was tabulated. Both the protein-bound iodine (PBI) and the 24-hr 131I uptake by the thyroid were carried out in 200 ...
  http://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/682259/goiter-hypothyroidism
*  Goiter and Hypothyroidism. | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians
Nontoxic goiter, a compensatory phenomenon, reflects a defect in the synthesis of thyroxine. The deficiency stimulates secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone, enlargement of the thyroid ensues, the daily requirement of thyroxine is met, and the only abnormality that results is the "simple" goiter. We suspected that the compensation should not always be so complete and that goiter and hypothyroidism should sometimes coexist. The suspicion was confirmed by finding 234 patients during a 13-year period.. The frequency of the signs and symptoms was tabulated. Both the protein-bound iodine (PBI) and the 24-hr 131I uptake by the thyroid were carried out in 200 ...
  http://annals.org/aim/article/682259/goiter-hypothyroidism
*  what is cytomorphologic fatures consistent with adenomatous goiter mean? and what is the treatment needed? - Thyroid...
Women's health Thyroid Conditions question and answers about what is cytomorphologic fatures consistent with adenomatous goiter mean? and what is the treatment needed?
  http://www.empowher.com/community/ask/what-cytomorphologic-fatures-consistent-adenomatous-goiter-mean-and-what-trea
*  Most recent papers with the keyword Goiter | Read by QxMD
The transoral endoscopic thyroidectomy vestibular approach (TOETVA) is a novel, scar-free surgical procedure that does not require visible incisions. Indications for TOETVA are as follows: predicted gland width on diagnostic imaging ≤10 cm; a thyroid volume outline of ,45 mL or dominant nodule dimension of ≤50 mm; three or four Bethesda lesions; a primary papillary microcarcinoma without local or distant metastasis; and patient request for optimal esthetic results. Contraindications are as follows: patients unfit for general anesthesia; precedent radiation in the head, neck, upper mediastinum; antecedent neck surgery; recurrent goiter; a gland volume of ,45 mL or main nodule diameter of ,50 mm; and documentation of lymph node or distant metastases, tracheal/esophageal infiltration, preoperative laryngeal nerve palsy, hyperthyroidism, mediastinal goiter, or an oral abscess ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/3847
*  German goiter - Idioms by The Free Dictionary
Definition of German goiter in the Idioms Dictionary. German goiter phrase. What does German goiter expression mean? Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary.
  https://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/German+goiter
*  German goiter - Idioms by The Free Dictionary
Definition of German goiter in the Idioms Dictionary. German goiter phrase. What does German goiter expression mean? Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary.
  http://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/German+goiter
*  A STUDY OF THE CHANGES IN SERUM CHOLESTEROL, GASTRIC SECRETION AND CARBOHYDRATE METABOLISM IN PATIENTS WITH TOXIC GOITER* |...
In 1922, Epstein and Lande1 studied the blood cholesterol of 24 patients, 14 of whom had exophthalmic goiter and 10 of whom had toxic nodular goiter. The conclusion from this group was that, in general, the decrease in blood cholesterol bears a direct relationship to the extent of increase of the basal metabolic rate. In nine of the 14 cases this was true. The lowest basal metabolic rate of plus 14 corresponded to a blood cholesterol of 196 mg. per 100 c.c., and the highest basal rate of plus 82 to a cholesterol of 90 mg. However, in this group ...
  http://annals.org/aim/article/671577/study-changes-serum-cholesterol-gastric-secretion-carbohydrate-metabolism-patients-toxic
*  Dissolving thyroid goiter - Thyromine - Natural Herbal Thyroid Health Supplement - Dec 16, 2017
Dissolving thyroid goiter - Thyroid Surgery and Thyroidectomy - verywell.com. Thyromine is a natural thyroid health supplement that will help your thyroid function normally optimising your weight and overall health.
  http://thyromine.herbalyzer.com/dissolving-thyroid-goiter.html
*  Health history thyroid goiter documentation - Thyromine - Natural Herbal Thyroid Health Supplement - May 14, 2017
Health history thyroid goiter documentation - Take the Thyroid Quiz - University of Rochester Medical Center. Thyromine is a natural thyroid health supplement that will help your thyroid function normally optimising your weight and overall health.
  http://thyromine.herbalyzer.com/health-history-thyroid-goiter-documentation.html
*  Younger men with goiter at higher risk for thyroid cancers - Jackson Surgical Associates
More than one-fourth of men under age 50 undergoing surgery for benign goiter were found to have thyroid cancers, based on a chart review performed at the University of Pennsylvania.. The overall incidence of thyroid cancers in the patient series was 12%. Among men under age 45, the rate was "surprisingly" 28%, said Douglas R. Farquhar, a medical student at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine in Philadelphia.. Although thyroid goiters have traditionally been thought to be associated with a low risk for malignancy, recent studies have suggested otherwise. "In the literature we have seen published rates of up to 35%, which is much higher than we all had anticipated," Mr. Farquhar said at the annual Society of Surgical Oncology Cancer Symposium.. To get a better handle on the preoperative and patient characteristics associated with incident thyroid cancer and characterize the types of thyroid cancer discovered incidentally, Mr. Farquhar and his colleagues reviewed ...
  https://www.jacksonsurgical.com/blog/2014/4/17/younger-men-with-goiter-at-higher-risk-for-thyroid-cancers.html
*  Swelling in left side of neck. Prescribed thyroxine for non toxic goiter. Surgery required? - Doctor's insight on...
Question - Swelling in left side of neck. Prescribed thyroxine for non toxic goiter. Surgery required?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Graves'disease, Ask a General & Family Physician
  http://www.healthcaremagic.com/questions/Swelling-in-left-side-of-neck-Prescribed-thyroxine-for-non-toxic-goiter-Surgery-required/371032
*  goiter | Origin and history of goiter by Online Etymology Dictionary
morbid enlargement of the thyroid gland," 1620s, from French goitre (16c.), from Rhône dialect, from Old Provençal goitron "throat, gullet," from Vulgar Latin *gutturiosum or *gutturionem, from Latin guttur "throat" (see guttural). Related: Goitrous ...
  http://etymonline.com/index.php?term=goiter&allowed_in_frame=0
*  toxic goiter
... definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
  http://www.dictionary.com/browse/toxic-goiter