*  Glycocholic Acid Summary Report | CureHunter
The glycine conjugate of CHOLIC ACID. It acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for absorption and is itself absorbed. ... 01/01/1981 - "The role of taurocholic acid, glycocholic acid and lysolecithin in experimental stress ulcer in the rat.". 05/01/ ... Related Therapies and Procedures. 1. Aftercare (After-Treatment) 2. Total Parenteral Nutrition ... Glycocholic Acid. Subscribe to New Research on Glycocholic Acid The glycine conjugate of CHOLIC ACID. It acts as a detergent to ...
  http://www.curehunter.com/public/keywordSummaryD006000-Glycocholic-Acid.do
*  Cholic acid - Wikipedia
... yielding glycocholic and taurocholic acid, respectively. Cholic acid downregulates cholesterol-7-α-hydroxylase (rate-limiting ... A follow-up report and analysis of factors influencing response to therapy". The New England Journal of Medicine. 293 (8): 378- ... Salts of cholic acid are called cholates. Cholic acid, along with chenodeoxycholic acid, is one of the two major bile acids ... Cholic acid, also known as 3α,7α,12α-trihydroxy-5β-cholan-24-oic acid is a primary bile acid that is insoluble in water ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cholic_acid
*  US7029657B2 - Nasal spray steroid formulation and method - Google Patents
... such as cholic acid, glycocholic acid, taurocholic acid, and other cholic acid derivatives, chitosan and cyclodextrins. In a ... Drospirenone for hormone replacement therapy US6416778B1 (en) 2002-07-09. Pharmaceutical preparations and methods for their ... Sealed lead-acid battery CA2021874A1 (en) * 1989-09-07. 1991-03-08. Marisa Mantovani. Pharmaceutical composition for topic use ... Method for solubilizing drugs using cyclodextrins and carboxylic acids US5514673A (en) 1996-05-07. Pharmaceutical composition ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US7029657?oq=7%2C172%2C682
*  Patent US7981863 - Treatment of Parkinson's disease with PDGF - Google Patents
... cholic acid and derivatives, deoxycholic acid, glycocholic acid, glycodeoxycholic acid, taurocholic acid, taurodeoxycholic acid ... Nucleic acid molecules encoding a proteinaceous agent can be inserted into vectors and used as gene therapy vectors. Gene ... Negatively charged (acidic) amino acids include aspartic acid and glutamic acid.. The reagent can be administered locally to ... nucleic acids encoding an aforementioned peptide; (iv) administration of antisense nucleic acid and nucleic acids that are " ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US7981863?dq=7,134,016
*  Acetylsalicylic acid | definition of acetylsalicylic acid by Medical dictionary
What is acetylsalicylic acid? Meaning of acetylsalicylic acid medical term. What does acetylsalicylic acid mean? ... Looking for online definition of acetylsalicylic acid in the Medical Dictionary? acetylsalicylic acid explanation free. ... bile acid. Any of the complex acids that occur as salts in bile, e.g., cholic, glycocholic, and taurocholic acids. They give ... and subcutaneous heparine were added to acetylsalicylic acid therapy (300 mg/day).. A case of brucellosis with multiple ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/acetylsalicylic+acid
*  Cholesterol Metabolism By Amr S. Moustafa, M.D.; Ph.D. - ppt download
... or Tauro-cholic -Chenodeoxycholic Bile acids Cholic acid Chenodeoxycholic 2° Bile acids Deoxycholic acid Lithocholic Intestinal ... Conjugated bile acids): amide-linked with glycine or taurine Glycocholic Taurocholic Glycochenodeoxycholic ... Bile acid replacement therapy  Surgical 24 Hypercholesterolemia Cholesterol blood level: Familial Hypothyroidism Diabetes ... 16 Bile Acids and Salts Primary bile acids: Cholic acid and Chenodeoxycholic acid Bile acids: 24 C, 2 or 3 OH -COOH at side ...
  http://slideplayer.com/slide/3376785/
*  Acid perfusion test | definition of acid perfusion test by Medical dictionary
... acid perfusion test explanation free. What is acid perfusion test? Meaning of acid perfusion test medical term. What does acid ... Looking for online definition of acid perfusion test in the Medical Dictionary? ... bile acid. Any of the complex acids that occur as salts in bile, e.g., cholic, glycocholic, and taurocholic acids. They give ... PNA has numerous uses in gene regulation, splicing, and therapy; in hybridization; and as a molecular diagnostic assay. ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/acid+perfusion+test
*  Bile acid - Wikipedia
Cholic acid Glycocholic acid Taurocholic acid Deoxycholic acid Chenodeoxycholic acid Glycochenodeoxycholic acid ... Oral therapy with chenodeoxycholic acid and/or ursodeoxycholic acid has been used to dissolve cholesterol gallstones. Stones ... In humans, taurocholic acid and glycocholic acid (derivatives of cholic acid) and taurochenodeoxycholic acid and ... Cholic acid is converted into deoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid into lithocholic acid. All four of these bile acids ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bile_acid
*  Pharmaceutical composition based on a hepatoprotector and a prebiotic, and production and application thereof - Dikovskiy...
... desoxycholic acid (DCA), lithochloic acid (LCA), taurodesoxycholic acid (TDCA), hyodeoxycholic acid (HDCA), taurocholic acid ( ... Main BAs detected in human bile are cholic acid (CA) (3a, 7a, 12a-trioxy-5b-cholanic acid), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), ... As the result of BA conjugation with amino acid, glycine, glycocholic (GCA) or glycochenodesoxycholic (GCDCA) acid is formed. ... Recommended: continue the therapy for up to 3 months. After 3 months-AMA 1:15, bifidobacteria 109/g, lactobacilli 107/g. ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/9446058.html
*  Acid | definition of acid by Medical dictionary
... acid explanation free. What is acid? Meaning of acid medical term. What does acid mean? ... Looking for online definition of acid in the Medical Dictionary? ... cholic, glycocholic, and taurocholic acids. They give bile its ... The Omega-3 Factor: CAM stands for Complementary and Alternative Medicine, a group of diverse therapies and products that are ... Essential fatty acid, Excitatory amino acid, Fatty acid, acid, Free-form amino acid, Fibric acid, Folic acid, Formic acid, ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/acid
*  Acidity (fiction) | definition of Acidity (fiction) by Medical dictionary
bile acid. Any of the complex acids that occur as salts in bile, e.g., cholic, glycocholic, and taurocholic acids. They give ... PNA has numerous uses in gene regulation, splicing, and therapy; in hybridization; and as a molecular diagnostic assay. ... Essential fatty acid, Excitatory amino acid, Fatty acid, acid, Free-form amino acid, Fibric acid, Folic acid, Formic acid, ... Alpha-lipoic acid, Amino acid, Arachidonic acid, Azelaic acid, Benzoic acid, Betulinic acid, Bile acid, Binary acid, Cis fatty ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Acidity+
*  E300 | definition of E300 by Medical dictionary
bile acid. Any of the complex acids that occur as salts in bile, e.g., cholic, glycocholic, and taurocholic acids. They give ... PNA has numerous uses in gene regulation, splicing, and therapy; in hybridization; and as a molecular diagnostic assay. ... n-3 fatty acid. Omega-3 fatty acid.. n-6 fatty acid. Omega-6 fatty acid.. nicotinic acid. Niacin.. nitric acid. HNO3, a ... amino acid. See: amino acid. aminoacetic acid. Glycine.. aminobenzoic acid. Para-aminobenzoic acid.. aminocaproic acid. C6H13NO ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/E300
*  Patent US20030059472 - Preparation of submicron sized nanoparticles via dispersion lyophilization - Google Patentsuche
... cholic acid and other bile acids (e.g., cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, glycocholic acid, taurocholic acid, glycodeoxycholic ... Because of the difficulties posed by poorly soluble drugs in drug therapy, the need for new technologies continues to expand ... bile acids and their salts, cholic acid, deoxycholic acid, glycocholic acid, taurocholic acid, glycodeoxycholic acid, and ... sorbitan fatty acid esters, polyoxyethylene fatty acid esters, sorbitan esters, glycerol monostearate, polyethylene glycols, ...
  http://www.google.de/patents/US20030059472
*  ALKA | definition of ALKA by Medical dictionary
bile acid. Any of the complex acids that occur as salts in bile, e.g., cholic, glycocholic, and taurocholic acids. They give ... Know that extended-release and enteric-coated forms are best for long-term therapy.. • Be aware that aspirin should be ... n-3 fatty acid. Omega-3 fatty acid.. n-6 fatty acid. Omega-6 fatty acid.. nicotinic acid. Niacin.. nitric acid. HNO3, a ... amino acid. See: amino acid. aminoacetic acid. Glycine.. aminobenzoic acid. Para-aminobenzoic acid.. aminocaproic acid. C6H13NO ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/ALKA
*  CLA | definition of CLA by Medical dictionary
bile acid. Any of the complex acids that occur as salts in bile, e.g., cholic, glycocholic, and taurocholic acids. They give ... Acid in meat and dairy products offers novel therapy for bowel disease ... n-3 fatty acid. Omega-3 fatty acid.. n-6 fatty acid. Omega-6 fatty acid.. nicotinic acid. Niacin.. nitric acid. HNO3, a ... amino acid. See: amino acid. aminoacetic acid. Glycine.. aminobenzoic acid. Para-aminobenzoic acid.. aminocaproic acid. C6H13NO ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/CLA
*  Patente US20060034815 - Novel statin pharmaceutical compositions and related methods of treatment - Google Patentes
... cholic acid and salts of cholic acid, deoxycholic acid and salts of deoxycholic acid, taurocholic acid, salts of taurocholic ... Omega-3 fatty acids and dyslipidemic agent for lipid therapy. US20060211763 *. 8 Mar 2006. 21 Sep 2006. Abdel Fawzy. Treatment ... acid, glycocholic acid, polyvinylpyrrolidone, cocamines, glyceryl stearates, glyceryl oleates, hydrogenated lanolins, lanolins ... Fatty acids (also described as "free acids" or "free fatty acids") are carboxylic acids and are classified based on the length ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US20060034815
*  Frontiers | Bile Acids in Neurodegenerative Disorders | Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
... the relevant bile acids, their origin, and the precise molecular mechanism(s) by which they confer neuroprotection are not ... the relevant bile acids, their origin, and the precise molecular mechanism(s) by which they confer neuroprotection are not ... Bile acids, a structurally related group of molecules derived from cholesterol, have a long history as therapeutic agents in ... Bile acids, a structurally related group of molecules derived from cholesterol, have a long history as therapeutic agents in ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnagi.2016.00263/full
*  HAIR GROWTH TREATMENT - Patent application
... stearic acid, linoleic acid, oleic acid, taurocholic acid, cholic acid, glycocholic acid, deoxycholic acid, alginic acid and ... Drugs in Cancer Therapy, Amsterdam, abstract 388 (2000); Rabindran et al., Cancer Res. 64:3958 (2004); Holbro et al., Ann. Rev ... oleic acid, orotic acid, oxalic acid, palmitic acid, pamoic acid, L-pyroglutamic acid, saccharic acid, salicylic acid, 4-amino- ... acids, palmitic acid, phytic acid, lactoferrin, citric acid, lactic acid, and malic acid, humic acid, bile acid, bile extracts ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20110130711
*  DELIVERY SYSTEMS FOR BIOACTIVE AGENTS - Patent application
Taurocholic Acid 45.1 ± 10.2 Glycocholic Acid 48.1 ± 8.1 Cholic Acid 42.6 ± 7.8 CHAPS 37.2 ± 5.9 N-Lauroyl Sarcosine 35.1 ± 9.3 ... 0002] This invention relates to methods of delivering nucleic acids into cells. [0003] Gene therapy is a highly promising ... Examples of lipids of the invention include polyethylene glycol diacyl ethanolamine, taurocholic acid, glycocholic acid, cholic ... Examples of lipids of the invention include polyethylene glycol diacyl ethanolamine, taurocholic acid, glycocholic acid, cholic ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20120171289
*  Activation of HCV Specefic T Cells - Patent application
... cholic acid; sodium cholate; deoxycholic acid; sodium deoxycholate; taurocholic acid; sodium taurocholate; taurodeoxycholic ... glycocholic acid/sodium glycocholate; laurosarcosine (sodium salt); glycodeoxycholic acid/sodium glycodeoxycholate; sodium ... 0009]Currently, the only available therapies for HCV are IFN-α and ribavirin. Unfortunately, these agents are effective in less ... amino acids 10-53; amino acids 1045; amino acids 67-88; amino acids 86-100; 81-130; amino acids 121-135; amino acids 120-130; ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20100034844
*  Category:Health Sciences Bibliographies - Citizendium
Chenodeoxycholic acid/Bibliography. *Chips (food)/Bibliography. *Cholesterol/Bibliography. *Cholic acid/Bibliography. *Chordoma ... Music therapy/Bibliography. *Myelodysplastic syndrome/Bibliography. N. *N-acetylaspartate/Bibliography. *National Ambient Air ... Taurocholic acid/Bibliography. *Testosterone/Bibliography. *Third molar/Bibliography. *Thought/Bibliography. *Tolvaptan/ ... Glycocholic acid/Bibliography. *Adam Goren/Bibliography. *Gut-brain signalling/Bibliography. *Gyrification/Bibliography ...
  http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Category:Health_Sciences_Bibliographies
*  Human Metabolome Database: Showing metabocard for Glycocholic acid (HMDB0000138)
Glycocholic acid is an acyl glycine and a bile acid-glycine conjugate. It is a secondary bile acid produced by the action of enzymes existing in the microbial flora of the colonic environment. In hepatocytes, both primary and secondary bile acids undergo amino acid conjugation at the C-24 carboxylic acid on the side chain, and almost all bile acids in the bile duct therefore exist in a glycine conjugated form (PMID:16949895 ). More specifically, glycocholic acid or cholylglycine, is a crystalline bile acid involved in the emulsification of fats. It occurs as a sodium salt in the bile of mammals. Its anion is called glycocholate. As the ...
  http://www.hmdb.ca/metabolites/HMDB0000138
*  Serum bile acid profiling reflects enterohepatic detoxification state and intestinal barrier function in inflammatory bowel...
AIM: To determine free and conjugated serum bile acid (BA) levels in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) subgroups with defined clinical manifestations. METHODS: Comprehensive serum BA profiling was performed in 358 IBD patients and 310 healthy controls by liquid chromatography coupled to electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Serum levels of hyodeoxycholic acid, the CYP3A4-mediated detoxification product of the secondary BA lithocholic acid (LCA), was increased significantly in Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), while most other serum BA species were decreased significantly. Total BA, total BA conjugate, and total BA glycoconjugate levels were decreased only in CD, whereas total unconjugated BA levels were decreased only in UC. In UC patients with hepatobiliary manifestations, the conjugated primary BAs ...
  http://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/32468/
*  Meal-time intranasal insulin delivery in type 2 diabetes | Garvan Institute of Medical Research
Correction of the deficiency of early meal-time insulin secretion, using intravenous insulin in patients with Type 2 diabetes causes substantial improvement in post-prandial hyperglycaemia. The present study was designed to determine whether similar benefit would result from physiological supplementation using intranasal insulin delivery. Six patients with Type 2 diabetes were studied twice during a standard mixed meal. At the start of the meal they received a single intranasal spray containing either 15 units of insulin in 1% sodium glycocholate (adjuvant agent) or glycocholate alone (placebo) in a single-blind fashion. Intranasal insulin delivery resulted in rapid absorption of insulin with peak levels (92 +/- 8 (+/- SE) mU l-1) within 5-10 min. Peak insulin levels were at least equal to those in non-diabetic subjects, though occurring at an earlier time-point. However, no significant improvement in post-prandial hyperglycaemia was seen (peak blood glucose increment 4.9 +/- 0.6 vs 5.4 +/- 0.5 mmol l-1
  https://www.garvan.org.au/research/publications/645
*  ORAL IMMUNIZATION AGAINST THE PNEUMOCOCCUS | JEM
1. Feeding heat killed pneumococci grown in milk produces a fair degree of immunity.. 2. Feeding acid killed degraded aruvilent organisms produces little protection.. 3. Feeding the desiccated, mechanically disrupted organisms creates a high degree of protection.. 4. Feeding the Berkefeld filtrate of sodium glycocholate dissolved cells produce a high degree of immunity.. 5. A single ingestion of this material equivalent to between 1 and 5 cc. growth is sufficient to protect a rat against 1000 to 10,000 fatal doses. Among rats fed the equivalent of 0.1 cc. an occasional one survives.. 6. This degree of protection is present 48 hours after the feeding, and to a smaller extent exists in occasional animals at the end of 24 hours.. 7. The treated animals are resistant to subcutaneous as well as intraperitoneal injections.. 8. A single ingestion of hydrochloric acid killed pneumococci equivalent to between 1 and 5 cc. growth also protects within ...
  http://jem.rupress.org/content/51/4/585
*  Cholic
Chol ic, Cholinic Cho*lin ic, a. [Gr. ?, from ? bile.] (Physiol. Chem.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, the bile. [1913 Webster] {Cholic acid} (Chem.), a complex organic acid found as a natural constituent of taurocholic and glycocholic acids in
  http://en.academic.ru/dic.nsf/cide/32144/Cholic
*  Conjugated Bile Salts in Rabale, Navi Mumbai - Exporter and Manufacturer
ADVENT CHEMBIO PVT. LTD. - Exporter and Manufacturer of Conjugated Bile Salts in Rabale, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. Get deals on Conjugated Bile Salts at Tradeindia.
  https://www.tradeindia.com/fp2531234/Conjugated-Bile-Salts.html
*  Plus it
These data are consistent with the current model of multiple overlapping binding sites on MRP2 (Ito et al., 2001a; Bodo et al., 2003; Zelcer et al., 2003), where transport activity can be markedly stimulated by numerous endogenous and exogenous compounds. Thus, taurocholate, glycocholate, glycochenodeoxycholate, taurochenodeoxycholate, and taurodeoxycholate can activate transport of E217G by MRP2 expressed in Sf9 cell membrane vesicles; glycocholate may also be transported in the presence of E217G (Bodo et al., 2003; Zelcer et al., 2003). Here, we examined a range of concentrations of UDC, TUDC, and GUDC to provide an in-depth mathematical assessment of the nature of the binding and to obtain good fits to a pharmacologically meaningful model. We also corrected for endogenous transport (i.e., transport in EV membranes) to obtain more accurate kinetic parameters of the modulation of MRP2-mediated transport. The present data confirm the previous studies (Bodo et al., 2003; Zelcer et al., 2003) and ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/320/2/893
*  Solubilization of lipids from hamster bile-canalicular and contiguous membranes and from human erythrocyte membranes by...
We have demonstrated in vitro the efficacy of the taurine-conjugated dihydroxy bile salts deoxycholate and chenodeoxycholate in solubilizing both cholesterol and phospholipid from hamster liver bile-canalicular and contiguous membranes and from human erythrocyte membrane. On the other hand, the dihydroxy bile salt ursodeoxycholate and the trihydroxy bile salt cholate solubilize much less lipid. The lipid solubilization by the four bile salts correlated well with their hydrophobicity: glycochenodeoxycolate, which is more hydrophobic than the tauro derivative, also solubilized more lipid. All the dihydroxy bile salts have a threshold concentration above which lipid solubilization increases rapidly; this correlates approximately with the critical micellar concentration. The non-micelle-forming bile salt dehydrocholate solubilized no lipid at all up to 32 mM. All the dihydroxy bile acids are much more efficient at solubilizing phospholipid than cholesterol. Cholate does not show ...
  http://www.biochemj.org/content/242/3/825
*  Functional analysis of four bile salt hydrolase and penicillin acylase family members in lactobacillus plantarum wcfs1 on...
Article Functional analysis of four bile salt hydrolase and penicillin acylase family members in lactobacillus plantarum wcfs1. Bile salts play an important role in the digestion of lipids in vertebrates and are synthesized and conjugated to either g...
  https://www.environmental-expert.com/articles/functional-analysis-of-four-bile-salt-hydrolase-and-penicillin-acylase-family-members-in-lactobacill-36321
*  Identification of bile acid-CoA: amino acid N-acyltransferase in rat kidney | Biochemical Journal
A novel location of the bile-acid-conjugating enzyme bile acid-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferase (BAT) has been discovered in the cytosolic fraction of rat kidney. Both taurine and glycine were utilized as substrates. Formation of bile acid N-acyl amidates was verified by h.p.l.c. by comparison with authentic standards and by specific hydrolysis using cholylglycine hydrolase. Immunoblot analysis using a human liver anti-BAT polyclonal antibody indicated that rat kidney BAT has the same molecular mass as rat liver BAT. These findings suggest that the kidney has a role in bile acid metabolism and physiology.. ...
  http://www.biochemj.org/content/280/3/821
*  Plus it
Effect of bile acids on DNA synthesis by the regenerating liver was investigated in mice in vivo after partial hepatectomy (PH). Radioactivity incorporation into DNA after [14C]thymidine intraperitoneal administration peaked at 48 h after PH. At this time a significant taurocholate-induced dose-dependent reduction in DNA synthesis without changes in total liver radioactivity content was found (half-maximal effect at approximately 0.1 mumol/g body wt). Effect of taurocholate (0.5 mumol/g body wt) was mimicked by chocolate, ursodeoxycholate, deoxycholate, dehydrocholate, tauroursodeoxycholate, taurochenodeoxycholate, and taurodeoxycholate. In contrast, chenodeoxycholate, glycocholate, glycochenodeoxycholate, glycoursodeoxycholate, glycodeoxycholate, 5 beta-cholestane, bromosulfophthalein, and free taurine lacked this effect. No relationship between hydrophobic-hydrophilic balance and inhibitory effect was observed. Analysis by high-performance liquid chromatography indicated ...
  http://ajpgi.physiology.org/content/268/6/G1051
*  The porcine taurochenodeoxycholic acid 6alpha-hydroxylase (CYP4A21) gene: evolution by gene duplication and gene conversion |...
Porcine taurochenodeoxycholic acid 6α-hydroxylase, cytochrome P450 4A21 (CYP4A21), differs from other members of the CYP4A subfamily in terms of structural features and catalytic activity. CYP4A21 participates in the formation of hyocholic acid, a species-specific primary bile acid in the pig. The CYP4A21 gene was investigated and found to be approx. 13 kb in size and split into 12 exons. The intron-exon organization of the CYP4A21 gene corresponds to that of CYP4A fatty acid hydroxylase genes in other species. Comparison with a genomic segment of a pig CYP4A fatty acid hydroxylase gene (CYP4A24) revealed a sequence identity with CYP4A21 that extends beyond the exons, indicating a common origin by gene duplication. A pronounced sequence identity was found also within the proximal 5´-flanking regions, whereas ...
  http://www.biochemj.org/content/378/3/1053
*  Fluctuations of serum bile acid concentrations during the menstrual cycle. | Journal of Clinical Pathology
Fasting primary bile acid conjugates were measured in 44 women by radioimmunoassay methods. Bile acid values were significantly greater in the 21 women who were in the first half of the menstrual cycle than in the 23 women in whom blood was sampled during the second half of the cycle. Similar measurements were made at weekly intervals after menstruation in five subjects; increased values were observed in the first week. It is concluded that serum bile acid values fluctuate during the menstrual cycle.. ...
  http://jcp.bmj.com/content/34/2/185
*  Poultry - Biosint
Cholesterol esterase, also secreted from the pancreas, hydrolyses cholesterol-fatty acid esters into cholesterol and free fatty acids. Short-chain fatty acids and free glycerol are then absorbed directly into the mucosa of the small intestine and transported to the portal circulation. Other free fatty acids, monoglycerides and cholesterol molecules are emulsified by bile salts, forming micelles which are essential for normal fat absorption. Water-insoluble compounds such as polar unsaturated fatty acids and monoglycerides that cannot form micelles alone readily form stable mixed micelles with conjugated bile salts. Saturated fatty acids such as palmitic and stearic acids on the other hand, which are non-polar and that have high melting points are only slightly soluble in ...
  http://biosintnutraceuticals.com/category/poultry/
*  Primary bile acid: chenodeoxycholic acid
Bile acid is the main component of bile, divided into primary bile acid (cholic acid, |a href='http://www.nwsbio.com/chenodeoxycholic-acid.htm
  http://www.nwsbio.com/news/Primary-bile-acid-chenodeoxycholic-acid-157.html
*  Morphological changes of the small-intestinal mucosa of guinea pig and hamster following incubation in vitro and perfusion in...
Incubation in vitro of the intestine of the hamster and guinea pig with 5 mM sodium cholate and with 2 mM sodium deoxycholate and sodium chenodeoxycholate resulted in significant morphological changes compared with control incubations. Generally, no major differences were observed between proximal and distal small intestine or between the species used. Only when guinea pig intestine was incubated with 5 mM cholate was less damage found proximally than distally.. Perfusion in vivo of the intestine of the hamster and guinea pig with Krebs-Ringer phosphate results in separation of the epithelium from the lamina propria without excessive shedding of epithelial cells from villous tips. This change was also seen in specimens taken before perfusion and probably represents unavoidable trauma during handling of the intestine.. In contrast to studies in vitro, regional differences are readily demonstrable with perfusion of bile salts in vivo. Dihydroxy bile salts produce more marked alterations of both ...
  http://gut.bmj.com/content/11/6/486
*  Acyl-coenzyme A amino acid N-acyltransferase elisa and antibody
Shop Acyl-coenzyme A amino acid N-acyltransferase ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Acyl-coenzyme A amino acid N-acyltransferase Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
  https://www.mybiosource.com/protein_family.php?root=acyl-coenzyme-a-amino-acid-n-acyltransferase
*  Science Prose: Gut Microbes Regulate Weight Gain
A new paper out of a group in Ireland, led by Drs. Susan Joyce and Cormac Gahan, has found a link between the bacterial enzyme bile salt hydrolase (BSH) and host lipid metabolism. Prior to this study, the authors had outlined the role of BSH, an enzyme limited to species of intestinal microbiota, in gut flora survival - this enzyme is an essential reaction in the metabolism of bile acids, allowing the microbes to tolerate bile, which is crucial to the digestion of fats. BSH activity is often associated with the bacteria used as probiotics for humans and animals, and is considered to be the contributing factor for their survival in the intestines. The authors took their characterization of BSH one step further by using mice to test the effect of BSH on microbe-mediated host lipid metabolism ...
  http://sciprose.blogspot.co.uk/2014/05/gut-microbes-regulate-weight-gain.html
*  Relation between indocyanine green (ICG) plasma disappearance rate and ICG blood clearance in critically ill patients |...
In contrast to indocyanine green (ICG) blood clearance, the plasma disappearance rate (PDR) of ICG does not require absolute ICG blood concentrations and today can be assessed transcutaneously. In thi
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00134-006-0109-6
*  Effects of Bile Salts on the Plasma Membranes of Isolated Hepatocytes | Biochemical Society Transactions
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word about Biochemical Society Transactions.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address.. ...
  http://www.biochemsoctrans.org/content/7/5/947
*  NWMN RS12085 - AureoWiki
Genetic information processingProtein fateProtein modification and repairapolipoprotein N-acyltransferase (TIGR00546; EC 2.3.1.-; HMM-score: 15.1) ...
  http://aureowiki.med.uni-greifswald.de/NWMN_RS12085
*  ST002790 Methyl cholate - Natural Compounds
|p|methyl cholate 1448-36-8 |/p||p|InChIKey=DLYVTEULDNMQAR-WSHFDDBJSA-N|/p||p||div style='width: 600px; overflow-y: scroll;'|InChI=1S/C25H42O5/c1-14(5-8-22(29)30-4)17-6-7-18-23-19(13-21(28)25(17,18)3)24(2)10-9-16(26)11-15(24)12-20(23)27/h14-21,23,26-28H,
  http://www.echemstore.com/natural-compounds/st002790-methyl-cholate.html
*  Besana, GianMario: Visual Computing (VC), Education - School of Computing
One of the nation's largest and most comprehensive programs, DePaul University's College of Computing and Digital Media (CDM) offers undergraduate and graduate programs in a wide and diverse range of fields.
  http://www.cdm.depaul.edu/Faculty-and-Staff/Pages/Faculty-Info.aspx?fid=274
*  The Game of Life, the Universe, and Everything
Lepore, a staff writer at The New Yorker and a professor of American history at Harvard who has written about the intellectual and political history of Colonial and 19th-century America, isn't really interested in board games. Instead, she wants to know what [Milton] Bradley's game can tell us about American values and aspirations. As in the game of Life, each chapter takes the reader a little further along the path of human development ...
  http://ozandends.blogspot.com/2012/06/game-of-life-universe-and-everything.html