*  "Selection Dynamics in the Germinal Center During Antibody Affinity Mat" by Alexander Gitlin
... is critical to the development of high affinity humoral immunity. This process takes place in germinal centers (GCs), which are ... The mechanism whereby somatic antibody mutants are selected on the basis of affinity has been elusive. In the first part of ... high affinity cells can expand within the population and are provided more opportunities to hypermutate their antibody genes. ... High affinity B cells are selectively expanded in the GC by iterative rounds of migration between a zone of hypermutation and ...
  http://digitalcommons.rockefeller.edu/student_theses_and_dissertations/303/
*  Helmholtz-Zentrum für Infektionsforschung | Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research |: News Detail
... the body produces antibodies that recognise and fight the intruder by means of antibodies that bind to a specific portion of ... Visualizing Antibody Affinity Maturation in Germinal Centers. Science. 2016 Feb 19. DOI: 10.1126/science.aad3439. ... Germinal centres are antibody training sites: The B-cells proliferate in them, diversify their antibodies. through mutation and ... versus diverse germinal centres, we can specifically adapt the diversity of the induced antibodies. to the mutation rate of the ...
  https://www.helmholtz-hzi.de/en/news_events/news/view/article/complete/flexibility_rather_than_perfection_helps_in_the_fight_against_pathogens/
*  Newest Articles | JEM
Stochasticity enables BCR-independent germinal center initiation and antibody affinity maturation Whether Ig engagement by ... show that germinal center flexibility permits nonspecific B cells to achieve de novo antigen recognition and antibody affinity ... antigen is required to initiate somatic evolution and affinity maturation is not well defined. Silver and colleagues ...
  http://jem.rupress.org/latest?page=6&variant=full-text.pdf
*  Whitehead Institute - News - 2016 - B-cell diversity in immune system's germinal centers may hold key to broad-spectrum vaccines
... notion that only a handful of B cells producing the highest affinity antibodies are allowed to survive in the germinal center. ... While the predicted jackpot events were indeed observed in some germinal centers, most germinal centers contained a variety of ... Within the germinal centers that form in the body's lymph nodes during an immune response are B cells that produce antibodies ... To produce these high-quality antibodies, B cells undergo a selection process in the germinal centers. B cells mutate their ...
  http://wi.mit.edu/news/archive/2016/cell-diversity-immune-system-s-germinal-centers-may-hold-key-broad-spectrum
*  Keystone Symposia Conference | B Cells: Mechanisms in Immunity and Autoimmunity - Program
Affinity maturation of antibodies within the germinal center is now considered to be more complex than previously thought. The ... and the generation of autoantibodies during germinal center responses, have challenged existing dogmas. B cell metabolism and ... Maritim Hotel & International Congress Center Dresden, Dresden, Germany. Sponsored by Roche. BEWARE of booking lodging through ... Antibody-independent functions of B cells, for example in secreting inflammatory or regulatory cytokines, suggest B cells are ...
  http://keystonesymposia.org/index.cfm?e=Web.Meeting.Summary&meetingid=1555&subTab=summary
*  JCI - Volume 126, Issue 1
Antibody affinity for antigen is increased through the affinity maturation in germinal centers (GCs). This is an iterative ... The development of high-affinity antibodies in response to infection is an iterative process in which B cells cycle between ... These processes occur within specific regions of the secondary lymphoid structures known as germinal centers (GCs) and the ... The production of high-affinity antibodies by B cells is essential for pathogen clearance. ...
  https://jci.org/126/1
*  Early CCR6 expression on B cells modulates germinal centre kinetics and efficient antibody responses. | Sigma-Aldrich
... its absence accelerates the appearance of germinal centres (GCs) and increases the production of low-affinity antibodies. The ... Early CCR6 expression on B cells modulates germinal centre kinetics and efficient antibody responses.. [Dorothea Reimer, Adrian ... Lack of CCR6 increased the dark zone/light zone ratio of GC and led to decreased antigen-specific IgG1 and IgG2a antibody ...
  https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/27465674
*  Sir Henry Dale Fellowships: people we've funded | Wellcome
... at determining some of the biological mechanisms employed by germinal centre B cells for promoting efficient antibody affinity ... Exploring how the germinal centre cellular programme promotes efficient affinity maturation. Oliver is a cellular immunologist ... Germinal centres are highly-dynamic, tightly-regulated environments in which B cells repeatedly mutate their immunoglobulin ... I have co-discovered a novel antibody receptor, TRIM21, which can detect antibody-coated viruses inside the cell and strip them ...
  https://wellcome.ac.uk/node/1792
*  BCL6 Gene - GeneCards | BCL6 Protein | BCL6 Antibody
Transcriptional repressor mainly required for germinal center (GC) formation and antibody affinity maturation which has ... Transcriptional repressor mainly required for germinal center (GC) formation and antibody affinity maturation which has ... Tissue specificity: Expressed in germinal center T- and B-cells and in primary immature dendritic cells. ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=BCL6&keywords=kr-znf3
*  Era of polyurethane foam cells, an necessary stage for change cholesterol - Aurora Kinases as Druggable Targets in Cancer...
The germinal center (GC) is a microanatomical compartment wherein high affinity antibody-producing W cells are selectively ... The germinal center (GC) is a microanatomical compartment wherein high affinity. ...
  http://www.exposed-skin-care.net/2018/02/08/era-of-polyurethane-foam-cells-an-necessary-stage-for-change-cholesterol/
*  MicroRNAs in Immune Response and Macrophage Polarization | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
... miR-155 generate reduced extrafollicular and germinal center responses and fail to produce high-affinity IgG1 antibodies.48 ... Regulation of the germinal center response by microRNA-155. Science. 2007;316:604-608. ... and B1 B cells that are home to the peritoneal and pleural cavities and represent an important source of natural antibodies in ... including follicular B cells that are responsible for T cell-dependent antibody responses and marginal zone B cells that can ...
  http://atvb.ahajournals.org/content/33/2/170.full
*  Nature Immunology
Toll-like receptor 9 antagonizes antibody affinity maturation The presentation of antigen by germinal-center B cells to ... The RNA-binding protein PTBP1 is necessary for B cell selection in germinal centers ... which leads to the enhanced generation of short-lived plasma cells and the production of lower-affinity antibodies. ... follicular T cells engenders the process of antibody affinity maturation and humoral memory. Pierce and colleagues show that ...
  https://www.nature.com/ni/?error=cookies_not_supported&code=2ec63d9d-71d3-4d3a-8fb5-9a89c6af4004
*  Frontiers | Dimensionality of Motion and Binding Valency Govern Receptor-Ligand Kinetics As Revealed by Agent-Based Modeling |...
We here consider the general problem of receptor-ligand binding in the context of antibody-antigen binding. On the one hand, we ... We here consider the general problem of receptor-ligand binding in the context of antibody-antigen binding. On the one hand, we ... and this may initiate a germinal center (GC) reaction for antibody affinity maturation (12). During a GC reaction, B cells are ... Germinal center B cells govern their own fate via antibody feedback. J Exp Med (2013) 210(3):457-64. doi:10.1084/jem.20120150 ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2017.01692/full
*  Choreography of Cell Motility and Interaction Dynamics Imaged by Two-Photon Microscopy in Lymphoid Organs
In germinal centers, the humoral immune response becomes fine-tuned to produce high-affinity antibodies generated by ... Germinal center dynamics Germinal centers are sites of organization for B cells and FDCs, and perhaps also T cells, to interact ... Imaging of germinal center selection events during affinity maturation. Science. 2007;315:528-31. [PubMed] ... is required for B cell immunoglobulin class switching and hypermutation in germinal centers to become high-affinity antibody- ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2732400/?lang=en-ca
*  Control of plasma cell generation and population dynamics
Later, plasma cells emerge from the germinal centre reaction and secrete high--‐affinity antibodies. These plasma cells have ... affinity antibodies that provide a first line of defence against invading pathogens. ... Plasma cells, the effector stage of the B cell compartment, secrete large amounts of antibody. These cells arise in two waves ... This depletion mediated a reduction of antigen--‐specific bone marrow plasma cell populations and serum antibody previously ...
  https://www.era.lib.ed.ac.uk/handle/1842/7646
*  CD154 - Wikipedia
Absence of CD154 also stops the formation of germinal centers and therefore prohibiting antibody affinity maturation, an ... the B cell can undergo rapid cellular division to form a germinal center where antibody isotype switching and affinity ... Early evidence for these effects were that in CD40 or CD154 deficient mice, there is little class switching or germinal centre ... Randolph Noelle at Dartmouth Medical School generated an antibody that bound a 39 kDa protein on murine T cells and inhibited ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CD154
*  T helper cell - Wikipedia
Absence of CD154 also stops the formation of germinal centers and therefore prohibiting antibody affinity maturation, an ... The immune system loses its ability to improve the affinity of their antibodies, and are unable to generate B cells that can ... Type 2 and Type 3 hypersensitivity both involve complications from auto-immune or low affinity antibodies. In both of these ... CD4+ T cells have TCRs with an affinity for Class II MHC, and CD4 is involved in determining MHC affinity during maturation in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T_helper_cell
*  Frontiers | Follicular T Cells from smB− Common Variable Immunodeficiency Patients Are Skewed Toward a Th1 Phenotype |...
... most patients show a characteristic defective B cell differentiation into memory B cells or antibody secreting cells. We ... most patients show a characteristic defective B cell differentiation into memory B cells or antibody secreting cells. We ... Germinal center follicular T helper (GCTfh) cells are essential players in the differentiation of B cells. Circulating ... Germinal center follicular T helper (GCTfh) cells are essential players in the differentiation of B cells. Circulating ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fimmu.2017.00174/full
*  Monoclonal IgG antibodies generated from joint-derived B cells of RA patients have a strong bias toward citrullinated...
Imaging of germinal center selection events during affinity maturation. Science. 315:528-531. doi:10.1126/science.1136736. ... patients could be a consequence of recycling of nonreactive or low-affinity B cells within the germinal centers (Allen et al., ... The antibody 1103SF-B02 showed the highest binding affinity for cit-vim with a Kd = 1.06 × 10−10 M but exhibited 3- and 100- ... To address whether the citrulline-specific antibodies had undergone affinity-driven maturation, we reverted four antibodies ...
  http://jem.rupress.org/content/early/2013/02/19/jem.20121486
*  Australian Researchers Discover When/How Infection Triggers Autoimmune Disorders
... germinal centers'. [See video.]. • Most of the time, germinal centers serve us well, helping us fight disease and build up a ... This 'high affinity antibody' generation process occurs very rapidly within specialized environments in the lymph system known ... Focused Infection Far from the Germinal Center Can Spell Trouble. They demonstrated that:. • When the invading antigen is ... In contrast, when the target antigen is located only in a tissue or organ remote from the germinal center, B cells capable of ...
  http://www.prohealth.com/fibromyalgia/library/showArticle.cfm?libid=17703
*  Immune complex relay by subcapsular sinus macrophages and noncognate B cells drives antibody affinity maturation | Garvan...
... noncognate B cells relayed antigen opsonized by newly produced antibodies from the subcapsular region to the germinal center, ... and affinity maturation was impaired when this transport process was disrupted. Thus, we characterize SCS macrophages as ... and affinity maturation was impaired when this transport process was disrupted. Thus, we characterize SCS macrophages as ... Moreover, noncognate B cells relayed antigen opsonized by newly produced antibodies from the subcapsular region to the germinal ...
  https://www.garvan.org.au/research/publications/10276
*  antibody - Page 2
... and how high affinity antibodies are selected in the germinal centers of lymph nodes. ... The second antibody recognizes a common epitope on the virus-specific antibody. Multiple second antibodies can bind to the ... The bound antibodies are then detected by using a second antibody that binds to the first antibody. ... as opposed polyclonal antibodies which is a mixture of antibodies that recognize many epitopes. The antibodies in serum are ...
  http://www.virology.ws/tag/antibody/page/2/
*  The IgH 3' regulatory region and c-myc-induced B-cell lymphomagenesis
In germinal centers, SHM and CSR are AID-mediated modifications. SHM mainly occurs in VDJ exons for high affinity antibody ... regulatory region controls AID-induced somatic hypermutation in germinal centre B-cells in mice. J Exp Med. 2013;210:1501-1507. ... 1 Université de Limoges, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CNRS UMR, France ... 2 is flanked by inverted repeat sequences and is the center of a 25-kb palindrome bound by two inverted copies of hs3 enhancers ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5351691/
*  Short Communication on: Study of Avidity of Antigen-Specific Antibody as a Means of Understanding Development of Long-Term...
Study of Avidity of Antigen-Specific Antibody as a Means of Understanding Development of Long-Term Immunological Memory after ... 2006) High affinity germinal center B cells are actively selected into the plasma cell compartment. J Exp Med203:2419-2424. ... the germinal centre of the secondary lymphoid organs and can provide protection by differentiating into high affinity antibody ... Antibodies with high avidity have been shown to be more potent than antibodies with low avidity in bactericidal assays for ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/short-communication-on-study-of-avidity-of-antigenspecific-antibody-as-a-means-of-understanding-development-of-longterm-immunologi-2157-7560-1000363.php?aid=91533