*  Swine influenza - Wikipedia
Swine influenza is caused by influenza A subtypes H1N1, H1N2, H2N3, H3N1, and H3N2. In pigs, four influenza A virus subtypes ( ... Of the three genera of influenza viruses that cause human flu, two also cause influenza in pigs, with influenza A being common ... This makes pigs a host where influenza viruses might exchange genes, producing new and dangerous strains. Avian influenza virus ... Swine influenza virus (SIV) or swine-origin influenza virus (S-OIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swine_influenza
*  Gramer MR. Diagnostic notes: Defining swine influenza virus
Detection and subtyping of swine influenza H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 viruses in clinical samples using two multiplex RT-PCR assays. J ... 2 The Orthomyxoviridae family consists of four genera - influenza A virus, influenza B virus, influenza C virus, and ... avian internal genes and differs in the HA gene from both the classical H1N1 and the prototypic H1N2 swine influenza virus ... Thus, an influenza virus can be identified as to its subtype in an HI assay. A standard concentration of influenza virus ( ...
  https://www.aasv.org/shap/issues/v13n3/v13n3p157.html
*  Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 - Wikipedia
H5N1 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus of the Influenzavirus A genus of the Orthomyxoviridae family. Like all other ... The World Health Organization Global Influenza Program Surveillance Network. (2005). "Evolution of H5N1 avian influenza viruses ... which has unusual zoonotic potential and killed one person H1N2, which is currently endemic in humans and pigs and causes ... Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H5N1
*  Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 - Wikipedia
H5N1 is a subtype of the species Influenza A virus of the Influenzavirus A genus of the Orthomyxoviridae family. Like all other ... As with other avian flu viruses, H5N1 has strains called "highly pathogenic" (HP) and "low-pathogenic" (LP). Avian influenza ... H1N2, which is currently endemic in humans and pigs and causes seasonal human flu ... Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H5n1
*  Influenza A virus subtype H3N2 - Wikipedia
H3N2 is a subtype of the viral genus Influenzavirus A, which is an important cause of human influenza. Its name derives from ... Both the H2N2 and H3N2 pandemic flu strains contained genes from avian influenza viruses. The new subtypes arose in pigs ... A 2007 study reported: "In swine, three influenza A virus subtypes (H1N1, H3N2, and H1N2) are circulating throughout the world ... Influenza A virus subtype H3N2 (A/H3N2) is a subtype of viruses that causes influenza (flu). H3N2 Viruses can infect birds and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H3N2
*  Orthomyxoviridae - Wikipedia
Influenzavirus A Influenza A virus Genus: Influenzavirus B Influenza B virus Genus: Influenzavirus C Influenza C virus Genus: ... The first three genera contain viruses that cause influenza in vertebrates, including birds (see also avian influenza), humans ... Sixteen H subtypes (or serotypes) and nine N subtypes of influenza A virus have been identified. Further variation exists; thus ... H1N2 is endemic in humans and pigs[citation needed]. H9N2, H7N2, H7N3, H10N7. Influenza B virus is almost exclusively a human ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthomyxoviridae
*  SWINE FLU: Swine Influenza Classification
H1N2,[8] H2N3,[9] H3N1,[10] and H3N2.[8] In pigs, three influenza A virus subtypes (H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2) are the most common ... Of the three genera of influenza viruses that cause human flu, two also cause influenza in pigs, with influenza A being common ... avian, and human species boundaries.. Influenza C. Influenza C viruses infect both humans and pigs, but do not infect birds.[4 ... Swine influenza virus (SIV) or S-OIV (swine-origin influenza virus) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is ...
  http://swineflucares.blogspot.com/2010/01/swine-influenza-classification.html
*  The Influenza a Virus Subtypes H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 ,Hdfx: a Novel Immunomodulatorand Potential Fighter against Cytokine Storms...
... influenza vaccines have been vastly improved in design. Highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of the H5 subtype are a ... natural reassortment in H1N2 viruses in the pig populations of Sweden. These H1N2 viruses have an avian-like SIV H1N1 ... The influenza A virus subtypes H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 are prevalent in pig populations worldwide. All scientific data point ... The Influenza a Virus Subtypes H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2 ,Hdfx: a Novel Immunomodulatorand Potential Fighter against Cytokine Storms ...
  http://scifed.com/fulltext/the-influenza-a-virus-subtypes-h1n1-h1n2-and-h3n2-hdfx-a-novel-immunomodulatorand-potential-fighter-against-cytokine-storms-in-viral-flu-infections-carica-papaya-linn/21844
*  H1N1 2009 Pandemic Influenza | CIDRAP
Ten of the infections were caused by triple reassortant H1N1 viruses and one by triple reassortant H1N2 virus. ... A viruses are negative-sense single-stranded RNA viruses and belong to the family Orthomyxoviridae and the genus Influenzavirus ... human disease has been recognized to be caused by additional HA subtypes, including H5, H7, and H9 (all from avian origin). ... Virus Subtypes. Clinical Illness in Swine. Virus Subtypes. Influenza A was first recognized as a clinical illness in swine in ...
  http://cidrapsource.com/infectious-disease-topics/h1n1-2009-pandemic-influenza
*  Influenza - Wikipedia
In virus classification influenza viruses are RNA viruses that make up three of the five genera of the family Orthomyxoviridae ... Influenzavirus A Influenzavirus B Influenzavirus C These viruses are only distantly related to the human parainfluenza viruses ... Bano S, Naeem K, Malik S (2003). "Evaluation of pathogenic potential of avian influenza virus serotype H9N2 in chickens". Avian ... Influenza A viruses are classified into subtypes based on antibody responses to HA and NA. These different types of HA and NA ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza
*  ASMscience | Emergence of Influenza V
Of the three genera of orthomyxoviruses affecting humans, influenza viruses B and C established permanent lineages in ancient ... All 16 subtypes of influenza viruses in the aquatic bird reservoir occur as low-pathogenicity strains that replicate ... Aquatic birds of the world are natural reservoirs for 16 of the 17 known influenza subtypes, and 1 subtype has been ... the H1 and H3 subtypes are currently circulating in swine; and the H3 subtype is currently the only remaining epidemic subtype ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555818432.chap8
*  EFSA Scientific report on animal health and welfare aspects of Avian … - English
... and low pathogenic notifiable avian influenza (LPNAI). The viruses causing HPAI are placed in the Influenza virus A genus of ... and the reassortant H1N2, although genotype analysis of isolates of these subtypes suggests that they can be the result or ... Influenzavirus A, B and C. Only influenza A viruses have been reported to cause natural infections of birds. Type A influenza ... report on animal health and welfare aspects of Avian Influenza 1 GLOSSARY AI Avian Influenza AIV avian influenza virus BIP EU ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/charmkey5/europefsa-report-on-hpai-2005
*  Case Studies | Dr. Jayakumar M Pannakkal's Online Clinic
This virus is endemic in pigs(Swine influenza) and birds(Avian influenza).The varieties of viruses are Influenza C, Subtypes of ... It is an insectborne virus of the genus alpha virus.Transmitted to human by virus carrying Aedes Aegypti and Aedes Albopictus ... influenza A known as H1N1,H1N2,,H3N1,H3N2, and H2N3.. People with regular exposure to pigs are at increased risk of swine flu ... Swine influenza(Pig flue). The virus of this is actually a subtype of Influenza A virus, Influenza A(H1N1) virus. ...
  http://pannakkal.com/case-studies/
*  Teach Cough Hygiene Everywhere/Swine flu - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
H1N2,[8] H2N3,[9] H3N1,[10] and H3N2.[8] In pigs, three influenza A virus subtypes (H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2) are the most common ... Of the three genera of influenza viruses that cause human flu, two also cause influenza in pigs, with influenza A being common ... A triple reassortment event in a pig host of North American H1N1 swine virus, the human H3N2 virus and avian H1N1 virus ... Swine influenza virus (SIV) or swine-origin influenza virus (S-OIV ) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is ...
  https://en.m.wikibooks.org/wiki/Teach_Cough_Hygiene_Everywhere/Swine_flu
*  A dictionary of virology by Brian W.J. Mahy - WORKPLACESAFETYEXPERTS.COM E-books
Bandia virus (BDAV) A serotype of Qalyub virus in the genus Nairovirus. With Bakel, Omo and Qalyub viruses forms the Qalyub ... SARS and NL63 and a brand new subtype of influenza (H1N2) ... Bangor virus A strain of Avian paramyxovirus 2. Download PDF ... for every virus relatives the molecular information of the virus particle and the viral replication cycle are defined. in terms ... Includes the recent viruses of scientific or veterinary significance that experience emerged due to the fact 2001, akin to the ...
  http://workplacesafetyexperts.com/books/a-dictionary-of-virology
*  influenza
H7N7 Influenza Overview. H7N7 is a subtype of Influenzavirus A, a genus of Orthomyxovirus, the viruses responsible for ... H7N7 Influenza History. On 28 February 2003, the highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus subtype H7N7 (HPAI A/H7N7) was ... Influenza A H7N7 Virus. HA. ELISA. SEK11082. Worldwide Influenza Pandemics. Pandemic Influenza. Outbreak-Finish Time. Death ... Additional Influenza Research Reagents. Browse influenza reagents by product type. Influenza protein Influenza antibody. ...
  http://tw.sinobiological.com/H7N7-Influenza-Pandemic-Threat-a-5759.html
*  Influenza a-new-york-18-2009
In virus classification influenza viruses are RNA viruses that make up three of the five genera of the family Orthomyxoviridae ... In virus classification influenza viruses are RNA viruses that make up three of the five genera of the family Orthomyxoviridae ... Influenza NP,M1 sequence analysis among different subtypes and strains. Influenza. A/New York/18/2009. (. H1N1. ) Related ... 1957 Influenza Pandemic (Asian Flu). *1918 influenza pandemic (Spanish Flu). *H5N1 Influenza Pandemic Threat (Avian Flu) ...
  http://www.sinobiological.com/Influenza-A-New-York-18-2009-a-1619.html
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Andrea Lim
... and Transmissibility of H1N2 Influenza Virus in Ferrets Imply the Continuing Threat of Triple-reassortant Swine Viruses ... and A/H3N2 subtypes, respectively. The amantadine-resistant influenza A/H1N1pdm and A/H3N2 viruses were circulating ... Thus, the CIWI and CILI proteins of the PIWI family are conserved in avian species and play a critical role in germ line ... Nov, 2012 , Pubmed ID: 23045499 Lysinibacillus is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, and round-spore-forming bacterial genus of the ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Andrea_Lim
*  ng>Hng>igng>hng>ly Patng>hng>ogenic ...
Autng>hng>or Summary Alveolar macropng>hng>ages (AM), wng>hng>icng>hng> reside in tng>hng>e alveolar lumen, usually dampen down tng>hng>e ng>hng>ost immune response to incoming patng>hng>ogens. ng>Hng>owever, tng>hng>ey are tng>hng>ougng>hng>t to increase inflammation ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.1002099
*  Identification of potential risk factors associated witng>hng> ...
ng>Hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>Hng>PAI ng>Hng>5N1 was first reported in Africa in 2006, in Nigeria. Tng>hng>e country experienced severe outbreaks in 2006 and 2007, strongly affecting tng>hng>e poultry population. Current ...
  https://dspacetest.cgiar.org/handle/10568/16772
*  Welcome to CDC stacks | ng>Hng>igng>hng>ly Patng>hng>ogenic ...
Asian ng>hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> A(ng>Hng>5N8) ng>ng>virusng>esng> spread into Nortng>hng> America in 2014 during autumn bird migration. Complete genome sequencing and png>hng>ylogenetic ...
  https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/40199
*  ng>Hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ...
Free Online Library: ng>Hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>virusng> (ng>Hng>5N1) infection in red foxes fed infected bird carcasses.(RESEARCng>Hng>) by 'Emerging Infectious Diseases'; ng>Hng>ealtng>hng>, general ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/Highly+pathogenic+avian+influenza+virus+
*  Welcome to CDC stacks | Subclinical ng>Hng>igng>hng>ly Patng>hng>ogenic ...
Subclinical infection of vaccinated cng>hng>ickens witng>hng> a ng>hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> A(ng>Hng>5N2) ng>virusng> was identified tng>hng>rougng>hng> routine surveillance in ...
  https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/26365
*  PLOS Patng>hng>ogens: Domestic Pigs ng>Hng>ave Low Susceptibility to ng>Hng>5N1 ...
Autng>hng>or Summaryng>Hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> A ng>ng>virusng>esng> of ng>Hng>5N1 subtype ng>hng>ave spread tng>hng>rougng>hng> Eurasia and Africa witng>hng> continuing cases of ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article/authors?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.1000102&imageURI=info:doi/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000102.t002
*  Development of an antigen-capture ELISA for detection of ng>Hng>7 subtype ...
Emergence of ng>hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>Hng>7N1 was due to mutation of low patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>Hng>7N1 strain, ...
  http://scholarbank.nus.edu.sg/handle/10635/24739
*  USDA APng>Hng>IS | Update on ng>Hng>7 ng>Avianng> ...
lyndsay.m.cole@apng>hng>is.usda.gov. WASng>Hng>INGTON, January 17, 2016 -- Tng>hng>e United States Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Animal and Plant ng>Hng>ealtng>hng> Inspection Service (APng>Hng>IS) ng>hng>as confirmed tng>hng>e patng>hng>ogenicity of eigng>hng>t of tng>hng>e ...
  http://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/newsroom/news/SA_By_Date/newsroom-2016/newsroom-january-2016/
*  Rng>hng>iza Labs FluTracker Forum :: View topic - ng>Hng>5 Confirmed Farms In Taiwan Increase to ...
Following tng>hng>e country's first novel came out yesterday in Cng>hng>angng>hng>ua ng>hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ng>Hng>5N2 ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>virusng> infection cng>hng>icken case, anti-seizure Bureau ...
  http://fluboard.rhizalabs.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13377&view=print
*  Welcome to CDC stacks | ng>Hng>igng>hng>ly Patng>hng>ogenic ...
Tng>hng>e risk for ng>ng>influenzang>ng> A(ng>Hng>5N1) ng>virusng> infection is unclear among poultry workers in countries wng>hng>ere tng>hng>e ng>virusng> is endemic. To assess ng>Hng>5N1 seroprevalence and seroconversion among workers at live bird markets (LBMs) in ...
  https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/29298
*  PLOS Patng>hng>ogens: Spatial, Temporal, and Species Variation in Prevalence of ...
Autng>hng>or SummarySignificant gaps in our knowledge of tng>hng>e ecology of ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> in wild migratory birds ng>hng>ave become apparent during recent outbreaks of ng>Hng>5N1 ng>hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plospathogens/article/authors?id=10.1371/journal.ppat.0030061&imageURI=info:doi/10.1371/journal.ppat.0030061.g004
*  Integrated analysis of microRNA expression and mRNA transcriptome in lungs of ...
ng>Avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>virusng> (AIV) infection is a world-wide tng>hng>reat to botng>hng> ng>hng>uman and ng>avianng> species. AIV causes an infection of tng>hng>e respiratory tract of tng>hng>e ng>hng>ost, triggering a cascade of innate and adaptive ...
  https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-13-278
*  Publication : USDA ARS
Citation: Brown, J., Poulson, R., Carter, D., Lebarbencng>hng>on, C., Pantin Jackwood, M.J., Spackman, E., Sng>hng>epng>hng>erd, E.M., Killian, M., Stallknecng>hng>t, D. 2012. Susceptibility of ng>avianng> species to nortng>hng> american ng>Hng>13 low patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ...
  https://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=280160
*  GPR35 - New β-secretase inng>hng>ibitors for treatment of Alzng>hng>eimer's disease
Tng>hng>e objectives of tng>hng>e present study were to observe tng>hng>e temporal pattern of ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>virusng> (AIV) introduction into Japan and to determine wng>hng>icng>hng> migratory birds play an important role in introducing AIV. of Japan and entry ...
  http://healthyguide.info/category/gpr35/
*  Rng>hng>iza Labs FluTracker Forum • View topic - ng>Hng>5N2 In ...
Epidemiological comments As a precaution and in response to tng>hng>e recent ng>Hng>PAI outbreak in Canada, surveillance of poultry premises and of wild bird mortality events was enng>hng>anced by tng>hng>e USDA, and State personnel along tng>hng>e United States - Canadian Border. Tng>hng>rougng>hng> tng>hng>is ...
  http://fluboard.rhizalabs.com/forum/viewtopic.php?p=100792
*  Figure 2 - Protection and ng>Virusng> Sng>hng>edding of Falcons Vaccinated ...
Because fatal infections witng>hng> ng>hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> A (ng>Hng>PAI) ng>virusng> subtype ng>Hng>5N1 ng>hng>ave been reported in birds of prey, we sougng>hng>t to determine detailed information about ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/13/11/07-0705-f2
*  P2Y6 receptors are involved in mediating tng>hng>e effect of inactivated ...
P2Y6 receptors are involved in mediating tng>hng>e effect of inactivated ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>virusng> ng>Hng>5N1 on IL-6 and CXCL8 mRNA expression in respiratory epitng>hng>elium. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por ...
  http://libros.duhnnae.com/2017/jun9/149864523958-P2Y6-receptors-are-involved-in-mediating-the-effect-of-inactivated-avian-influenza-virus-H5N1-on-IL-6-and-CXCL8-mRNA-expression-in-respiratory-epithel.php
*  ng>Avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ...
ng>ng>Influenzang>ng> A ng>ng>virusng>esng> infect a wide range of animals including ng>hng>umans, pigs, ng>hng>orses, and poultry. ng>Hng>owever, witng>hng> tng>hng>e exception of a small number of ng>ng>virusng>esng> recently described in bats [1,2], wild (water) birds are ...
  https://bmcevolbiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12862-015-0410-5
*  Figure - ng>Avianng> ng>ng>Influenzang>ng> in Wild ...
To determine genotypes of ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>virusng> circulating among wild birds in Soutng>hng> America, we collected and tested environmental fecal samples from birds along tng>hng>e coast of Peru, June 2006-December 2007. Tng>hng>e 9 isolates recovered represented 4 low-patng>hng>ogenicity ng>avianng> ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/15/6/08-0981-f1
*  Publication : USDA ARS
Citation: Ewald, S.J., Kapczynski, D.R., Livant, E.J., Suarez, D.L., Ralpng>hng>, J., McLeod, S., Miller, C. 2011. Association of Mx1 Asn631 variant alleles witng>hng> reductions in morbidity, early mortality, viral sng>hng>edding, and cytokine responses in cng>hng>ickens infected witng>hng> a ng>hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ...
  https://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=257871
*  TNF-?? | Discovery of Serotonin N-acetyltransferase Inng>hng>ibitors
Vaccines are found in integrated control strategies to protect poultry against ng>Hng>5N1 ng>hng>igng>hng>-patng>hng>ogenicity ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> (ng>Hng>PAI). any of tng>hng>e ng>Hng>5 ng>avianng> ...
  http://extremebiology.net/category/tnf/
*  Introduction into Nigeria of a Distinct Genotype of ng>Avianng> ...
Genetic cng>hng>aracterization of ng>hng>igng>hng>ly patng>hng>ogenic ng>avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> ng>ng>virusng>esng> (ng>Hng>5N1) isolated in July 2008 in Nigeria indicates tng>hng>at a distinct genotype, never before detected in Africa, ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/15/3/08-1161_article
*  Wng>hng>at is Bird Flu or ng>Avianng> ...
ng>Avianng> ng>ng>influenzang>ng> (AI) or bird flu is a group of ng>ng>virusng>esng> tng>hng>at occur naturally in birds. A ng>virusng> is patng>hng>ogenic if it can cause illness or deatng>hng>. Some AI ng>ng>virusng>esng> can infect birds but not cause many bird illnesses or ...
  http://www.hindustanlink.com/health-care-blog/2009/05/11/what-is-bird-flu-or-avian-influenza/
*  Publication : USDA ARS
Citation: Senne, D.A., Suarez, D.L., Pedersen, J.C., Panigrang>hng>y, B. 2003. Molecular And Biological Cng>hng>aracteristics Of ng>Hng>5 and ng>Hng>7 ng>Avianng> ng>ng>Influenzang>ng> ng>ng>Virusng>esng> Found In Live-Bird Markets Of Nortng>hng>eastern United States During 1994-2001. ...
  https://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/publication/?seqNo115=133720&pf=1
*  Cng>hng>ina reports ng>Hng>7N9 ng>avianng> ...
Tng>hng>e 64-year-old male patient from Kunming, wng>hng>o was known to ng>hng>ave contact witng>hng> dead poultry, ng>hng>ad onset on November 21 and was in a serious condition.. "Tng>hng>is is tng>hng>e first ng>hng>uman case reported in tng>hng>e Mainland since October 2017. As winter ...
  http://outbreaknewstoday.com/china-reports-h7n9-avian-influenza-case-yunnan-province-11584/amp/