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*  Togaviridae - Wikipedia
... virus O'nyong-nyong virus Pixuna virus Rio Negro virus Ross River virus Salmon pancreas disease virus Semliki Forest virus ... The vector for Togaviridae is primarily the mosquito, where replication of the virus occurs. The Togaviridae family is ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Unassigned Family: Togaviridae Genus: Alphavirus Aura virus Barmah Forest virus Bebaru virus Cabassou ... The Flaviviruses were formed into their own family when sufficient differences with the Alphaviruses were noted thanks to the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Togaviridae
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Ken Olson (Translated to Turkish)
Furthermore, in mosquito cells overexpressed LACV NSs was unable to inhibit RNAi against Semliki Forest virus. In mammalian ... is a mosquito-borne virus in the genus Alphavirus, family Togaviridae. Like most alphaviruses, SINVs exhibit lytic infection ( ... Effects of Inducing or Inhibiting Apoptosis on Sindbis Virus Replication in Mosquito Cells The Journal of General Virology. Nov ... The mosquito Aedes aegypti (Diptera, Culicidae), a vector of Dengue viruses, Yellow Fever Virus (YFV) and Chikungunya virus (CV ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Ken_Olson?language=Turkish
*  Semliki Forest virus strongly reduces mosquito host defence signaling - Fragkoudis - 2008 - Insect Molecular Biology - Wiley...
The Alphavirus genus within the Togaviridae family contains several important mosquito-borne arboviruses. Other than the ... The modulation of hepatitis C virus 1a replication by PKR is dependent on NF-kB mediated interferon beta response in Huh7.5.1 ... Gregory J. Atkins, The Pathogenesis of Alphaviruses, ISRN Virology, 2013, 2013, 1. CrossRef ... Semliki Forest virus strongly reduces mosquito host defence signaling. Authors. *. R. Fragkoudis,. * The Roslin Institute & ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2583.2008.00834.x/abstract
*  Alphavirus - Wikipedia
There are three subgroups in this genus: the Semliki Forest virus subgroup (Semliki Forest, O'nyong-nyong and Ross River ... Alphaviruses are of interest to gene therapy researchers, in particular the Ross River virus, Sindbis virus, Semliki Forest ... Replication occurs within the cytoplasm, and virions mature by budding through the plasma membrane, where virus-encoded surface ... Once a human is bitten by the infected mosquito, the virus can gain entry into the bloodstream, causing viremia. The alphavirus ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alphavirus
*  A Single Point Mutation Controls the Cholesterol Dependence of Semliki Forest Virus Entry and Exit | JCB
Replication of alphaviruses in mosquito cells. In The Togaviridae and Flaviviridae. S. Schlesinger and M.J. Schlesinger, ... Although all of the alphaviruses have not been tested, it seems probable that the other members of this genus will require ... Semliki Forest virus); RRV (Ross River virus); ONN (O'Nyong-nyong virus); CHIK (Chikungunya virus) (NCBI 576465); EEE (Eastern ... Membrane fusion and budding are key steps in the life cycle of all enveloped viruses. Semliki Forest virus (SFV) is an ...
  http://jcb.rupress.org/content/140/1/91
*  Mayaro virus: complete nucleotide sequence and phylogenetic relationships with other alphaviruses. - Semantic Scholar
... phylogenetic analyses of the obtained sequence confirmed that MAY is not a recombinant virus and belongs to the Semliki Forest ... the only other South American virus clustering with the Old World viruses. On the basis of our results and of the alphaviruses ... Alphaviruses are distributed throughout the world and cause a wide range of diseases in humans and animals. Here, we determined ... Furthermore, analyses based on the E1 region revealed that MAY is closely related to Una virus, ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Mayaro-virus%3A-complete-nucleotide-sequence-and-with-Lavergne-Thoisy/f9ed143ba2b26226adee55d602377cd1f7258d1f
*  Frontiers | A Novel Mechanism Underlying the Innate Immune Response Induction upon Viral-Dependent Replication of Host Cell...
... a process known as virus-host cell co-evolution. Positive-single stranded RNA (+sRNA) viruses are an important group of viral ... a process known as virus-host cell co-evolution. Positive-single stranded RNA (+sRNA) viruses are an important group of viral ... During replication, their genomic +sRNA is employed as template for translation of viral proteins; among them the RNA-dependent ... During replication, their genomic +sRNA is employed as template for translation of viral proteins; among them the RNA-dependent ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fcimb.2017.00005/full
*  Sindbis virus usurps the cellular HuR protein to stabilize its transcripts and promote productive infections in mammalian and...
... or Semliki Forest Virus (SFV) were incubated in a cell-free mRNA decay assay with mosquito cell cytoplasmic extract. As show in ... The alphaviruses: gene expression, replication, and evolution. Microbiol Rev. 1994;58:491-562. [PMC free article] [PubMed] ... Examination of the 3' UTRs of other viruses within the Alphavirus genus reveals that while the overall 3' UTR sequences may be ... Ranki M, Ulmanen I, Kaariainen L. Semliki Forest virus-specific nonstructural protein is associated with ribosomes. FEBS Lett. ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2929003/?lang=en-ca
*  The Multiplicity of Cellular Infection Changes Depending on the Route of Cell Infection in a Plant Virus | Journal of Virology
Superinfection exclusion of alphaviruses in three mosquito cell lines persistently infected with Sindbis virus. J Virol 71:7119 ... Multiple mechanisms for the inhibition of entry and uncoating of superinfecting Semliki Forest virus. Virology 231:59-71. doi: ... Here, we present a detailed analysis of the MOI of an RNA virus, Turnip mosaic virus (TuMV; genus Potyvirus), during infection ... Turnip mosaic virus RNA replication complex vesicles are mobile, align with microfilaments, and are each derived from a single ...
  https://jvi.asm.org/content/89/18/9665
*  Chikungunya - Wikipedia
It is a member of the Semliki Forest virus complex and is closely related to Ross River virus, O'nyong'nyong virus, and Semliki ... The chikungunya virus is passed to humans when a bite from an infected mosquito breaks the skin and introduces the virus into ... Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), is a member of the alphavirus genus, and Togaviridae family. It was first isolated in 1953 in ... Viral replication is highly cytopathic, but susceptible to type-I and -II interferon. In vivo, in studies using living cells, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chikungunya
*  bunyavirus: Topics by WorldWideScience.org
Furthermore, in mosquito cells overexpressed LACV NSs was unable to inhibit RNAi against Semliki Forest virus. In mammalian ... Full Text Available Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV is a mosquito-borne bunyavirus of the genus Phlebovirus that is highly ... In addition, we created a virus that expresses GFP and thus allows convenient monitoring of virus replication. These new tools ... The alphaviruses, bunyaviruses, and flaviviruses are the major implicated groups of viruses involved with equines/humans ...
  https://worldwidescience.org/topicpages/b/bunyavirus.html
*  Chikungunya: bending over the Americas and the rest of the world | The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
The Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an arthropod-borne virus that belongs to the family Togaviridae, genus Alphavirus. Its genome ... Ross River and Barmah Forest (Australia and the Pacific), Semliki Forest (Africa), Sindbis (Africa, Asia, Australia and Europe ... The alphaviruses: gene expression, replication, and evolution. Microbiol Rev, 58 (1994), pp. 491-562. Medline ... Chikungunya is an arthropod-borne virus transmitted by Aedes mosquito bites. A viral mutation has allowed Aedes albopictus to ...
  http://bjid.elsevier.es/en/chikungunya-bending-over-americas-rest/articulo/S1413867015002093/
*  Alphavirus Transducing System: Tools for Visualizing Infection in Mosquito Vectors | Protocol
The Alphavirus genus contains about 30 different mosquito-borne virus species. Alphaviruses are enveloped viruses and contain ... Lundstrom, K. Expression of mammalian membrane proteins in mammalian cells using Semliki Forest virus vectors. Methods Mol. ... Wang, H. Effects of inducing or inhibiting apoptosis on Sindbis virus replication in mosquito cells. J. Gen. Virol. 89, 2651- ... cDNA Infectious clones of a number of alphaviruses (Sindbis virus, Chikungunya virus, O'nyong-nyong virus, western equine ...
  https://www.jove.com/video/2363/alphavirus-transducing-system-tools-for-visualizing-infection
*  CR-2 Binding Peptide P28 as Molecular Adjuvant for DNA Vaccines - Patent application
... which includes Sindbis virus, Semliki Forest virus (SFV) and Venezuelan equine encephalitis (VEE) virus. These RNA viruses ... 0004]Malaria is caused by the mosquito-borne hematoprotozoan parasites belonging to the genus Plasmodium. Four species of ... mammalian origin of replication (e.g., a SV40 or adenovirus origin of replication). [0087]Transformation, as used herein, ... 0181]Berglund P, T. I. (1996). Alphaviruses as vectors for gene delivery. Trends Biotechnol., 14:130-4. [0182]Bermann-Leitner ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20100255075
*  β-d-N4-Hydroxycytidine Is a Potent Anti-alphavirus Compound That Induces a High Level of Mutations in the Viral Genome |...
Alphaviruses represent a group of mosquito-borne viruses that are widely distributed on all continents. Most of them are ... In vitro mutagenesis of a full-length cDNA clone of Semliki Forest virus: the small 6,000-molecular-weight membrane protein ... Ribavirin: a drug active against many viruses with multiple effects on virus replication and propagation: molecular basis of ... Based on their geographical distribution, the currently known members of the Alphavirus genus are divided into the New World ( ...
  https://jvi.asm.org/content/92/3/e01965-17