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*  Application # 2017/0368165. RECOMBINANT INFLUENZA VIRUS VACCINES FOR INFLUENZA AND RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS - Patents...
Disclosed are recombinant chimeric influenza virus vaccines and live attenuated influenza virus (LAIV) vaccines expressing ... Influenza epidemics in human population contain two influenza A subtypes (H1N1 and H3N2) and one variant of influenza B virus, ... In addition to the circulating human influenza subtypes, other avian origin influenza viruses including H5N1, H7N2, H7N3, H7N7 ... 0005] Influenza is a lipid-enveloped virus with a segmented negative sense RNA genome, which belongs to the family ...
  http://patents.com/us-20170368165.html
*  Influenza pandemic - Wikipedia
... was a category 5 influenza pandemic caused by an unusually severe and deadly Influenza A virus strain of subtype H1N1. The ... H7N3, H10N7 H1N1 H1N1 is currently endemic in both human and pig populations. A variant of H1N1 was responsible for the Spanish ... Controversy arose in October 2005, after the H1N1 genome was published in the journal, Science. Many fear that this information ... Typically this vaccine includes material from two influenza A virus subtypes and one influenza B virus strain. A vaccine ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_pandemic
*  Influenza - Wikipedia
... pigs and birds H9N2 H7N2 H7N3 H10N7 H7N9 This genus has one species, influenza B virus. Influenza B almost exclusively infects ... Influenza A viruses are classified into subtypes based on antibody responses to HA and NA. These different types of HA and NA ... Influenza A Virus Genome Project Archived 22 May 2006 at Archive.is at The Institute of Genomic Research. Retrieved 19 October ... February 2009). "Efficacy of soap and water and alcohol-based hand-rub preparations against live H1N1 influenza virus on the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza
*  Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 - Wikipedia
Like all other influenza A subtypes, the H5N1 subtype is an RNA virus. It has a segmented genome of eight negative sense, ... H1N1, which caused the 1918 flu pandemic ("Spanish flu") and currently is causing seasonal human flu and the 2009 flu pandemic ... H7N3, which has infected two people. *H10N7, which has infected two people ... Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/H5n1
*  Orthomyxoviridae - Wikipedia
Hence, nearly every newly manufactured influenza virus will contain a mutation in its genome. The separation of the genome into ... and HA and NA subtype. Examples of the nomenclature are: A/Brisbane/59/2007 (H1N1) A/Moscow/10/99 (H3N2). The type A viruses ... H1N2 is endemic in humans and pigs[citation needed]. H9N2, H7N2, H7N3, H10N7. Influenza B virus is almost exclusively a human ... Influenza virus A, Influenza virus B, Influenza virus C, Influenza virus D, Isavirus, Thogotovirus and Quaranjavirus. The first ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthomyxoviridae
*  Ecology, Epidemiology and Human Health Implications of Avian Influenza Virus Infections | Springer for Research & Development
Avian influenza (Al) represents one of the greatest concerns for public health that has emerged from the animal reservoir in ... Guan Y, Shortridge KF, Krauss S et al (1996) Emergence of avian H1N1 influenza viruses in pigs in China. J Virol 70(11):8041- ... Okazaki K, Yanagawa R, Kida H (1983) Contact infection of mink with 5 subtypes of avian influenza virus. Brief report. Arch ... Salzberg SL, Kingsford C, Cattoli G et al (2007) Genome analysis linking recent European and African influenza (H5N1) viruses. ...
  https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-88-470-0826-7_1
*  Sequence and phylogenetic analysis of H7N3 avian influenza viruses isolated from poultry in China in 2011, Archives of Virology...
"Sequence and phylogenetic analysis of H7N3 avian influenza viruses isolated from poultry in China in 2011, Archives of Virology ... Human illness and isolation of low-pathogenicity avian influenza virus of the H7N3 subtype in British Columbia ... Surveillance of resistance to adamantanes among influenza A (H3N2) and A (H1N1) viruses isolated worldwide ... All viruses were characterized by whole-genome sequencing with subsequent phylogenetic analysis and genetic comparison. ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/sequence-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-h7n3-avian-influenza-viruses-YEtKHBNsqu
*  avian influenza
Because the influenza virus genome occurs as 8 segments of RNA, when multiple viruses infect a single cell, new viruses can be ... The HA of the H1N1, H2N2, and H3N2 pandemic viruses are all derived from avian influenza viruses that underwent such a ... There is no vaccine for this subtype of influenza virus, but the virus is susceptible to neuraminidase inhibitors oseltamivir ... Influenza A viruses with the H7 hemagglutinin protein circulate among birds, and some, such as H7N2, H7N3, and H7N7, have been ...
  http://www.virology.ws/tag/avian-influenza/
*  Type a Influenza Virus Essay - 516 Words
Influenza A H1N1 virus is a subtype of influenza virus A and the most cause of influenza/flu in humans. Viruses are considered ... The virus achieves such mutations due to the lack of enzymes that correct errors made on the viral genome during replication. ... but only some strains of four subtypes have been highly pathogenic in humans. These are types H5N1, H7N3, H7N7, and H9N2.[10] ... H1N1 Influenza Virus Essay ...RUNNING HEAD: H1N1 INFLUENZA VIRUS 1 H1N1 Influenza Virus 2 H1N1 is a new influenza virus causing ...
  http://www.studymode.com/essays/Type-a-Influenza-Virus-Essay-577927.html
*  Influenza pandemic - Wikipedia
... was a category 5 influenza pandemic caused by an unusually severe and deadly Influenza A virus strain of subtype H1N1. ... after the H1N1 genome was published in the journal, Science. Many fear that this information could be used for bioterrorism[ ... H9N2, H7N2, H7N3, H10N7. H1N1. Main articles: H1N1 and Pandemic H1N1/09 virus ... Typically this vaccine includes material from two influenza A virus subtypes and one influenza B virus strain.[16] A vaccine ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flu_pandemic
*  Host shifts and molecular evolution of H7 avian influenza virus hemagglutinin | Virology Journal | Full Text
... viruses. In this study we focused on the evolutionary history of H7 IA virus in wild and domestic birds, with a particular ... We identified ten potential events of virus introduction from wild to domestic birds, but little evidence for spillover of ... we performed an extensive phylogeographic analysis in order to identify the overall genetic structure of H7 IA viruses. We then ... suggesting parallel evolution for the HA gene of IA viruses in domestic birds. These results highlight that evolutionary ...
  https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-8-328
*  Evolution of H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza: sequence data indicate stepwise changes in the cleavage site, Archives of...
"Evolution of H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza: sequence data indicate stepwise changes in the cleavage site, Archives of ... The IFITM proteins mediate cellular resistance to influenza A H1N1 virus, West Nile virus, and dengue virus ... Genome-wide RNAi screen identifies human host factors crucial for influenza virus replication ... Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus A (H7N3) in domestic poultry, Saskatchewan, Canada, 2007 ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/evolution-of-h5-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-sequence-data-22dQsvBDCt
*  The AMEDEO Literature Guide
Evidence for genetic variation of Eurasian avian influenza viruses of subtype H15: the first report of an H15N7 virus.. Arch ... In vitro and in vivo characterization of a novel H1N1/2009 influenza virus reassortant with an NS gene from a highly pathogenic ... Evidence for wild waterfowl origin of H7N3 influenza A virus detected in captive-reared New Jersey pheasants.. Arch Virol. 2016 ... First complete genome sequence of parainfluenza virus 5 isolated from lesser panda.. Arch Virol. 2017 Jan 30. doi: 10.1007/ ...
  http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/flu/archviro.htm
*  Avian influenza A virus (H7N7) associated with human conjunctivitis and a fatal case of acute respiratory distress syndrome |...
Complete Genome Sequence of an H7N3 Avian Influenza Virus Isolated from Ducks in Southern China ... Highly pathogenic avian influenza A viruses of subtypes H5 and H7 are the causative agents of fowl plague in poultry. Influenza ... Key Molecular Factors in Hemagglutinin and PB2 Contribute to Efficient Transmission of the 2009 H1N1 Pandemic Influenza Virus ... A highly pathogenic avian influenza A virus of subtype H7N7, closely related to low pathogenic virus isolates obtained from ...
  http://www.pnas.org/content/101/5/1356.long
*  Influenza research - Wikipedia
AVI Bio Pharma Inc. has evidence of inhibition of multiple subtypes of influenza A virus in cell culture with Morpholino ... A technique called reverse genetics allows scientists to manipulate the genomes of influenza viruses and to transfer genes ... a subtype of avian strain H1N1, had been reconstructed using historic tissue samples.[32][33][34] On 18 January 2007, Kobasa et ... The Influenza Genome Sequencing Project was initiated in 2004 to create a library of influenza sequences to understand what ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_research
*  Avian Flu Diary: Taiwan CDC Reports Human Infection With Avian H6N1
Volunteers inoculated with avian influenza viruses belonging to subtypes currently circulating in humans (H1N1 and H3N2) were ... After conducting whole genome sequencing, the National Influenza Center (NIC) at Taiwan CDC identified the virus to be a novel ... Even less common, we've seen a few human infections with H9N2, H7N2, and H7N3 over the past decade. ... Laboratory-confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H6N1) virus in Taiwan recovered; Taiwan CDC urges public to ...
  http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2013/06/taiwan-cdc-reports-human-infection-with.html
*  Lpmhealthcare » Influenza 2013
The detection of a low pathogenicity avian influenza virus subtype H9 infection in breeder turkeys in the United Kingdom ... Title: Tmprss2 deficient mice are resistant to spreading and pathology after H1N1 influenza A virus infection ... Genetic and phylogeographic origin of highly pathogenic avian influenza H7N3 in Mexico ... 5Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, CB10 1SA. 6 University of Cambridge, Centre ...
  http://lpmhealthcare.com/influenza-2013/
*  Influenza-A viruses in ducks in northwestern Minnesota: fine scale spatial and temporal variation in prevalence and subtype...
Predominant subtypes during 2007 (comprising ≥5% of subtype diversity) included H1N1, H3N6, H3N8, H4N6, H7N3, H10N7, and H11N9 ... Genomes & Maps*Database of Genomic Structural Variation (dbVar). *GenBank: tbl2asn. *Genome. *Genome Project ... The number of subtype combinations of avian influenza virus that were detected in ducks captured at multiple sites in ... Influenza-A viruses in ducks in northwestern Minnesota: fine scale spatial and temporal variation in prevalence and subtype ...
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21931636?access_num=21931636&link_type=MED&dopt=Abstract
*  INFLUENZA HUMANA H1N1
Influenza viruses Orthomyxoviridae - Influenza A - Influenza B - Influenza C Influenza A virus. Subtypes H1N1 - H1N2 - H2N2 - ... but the structure of these proteins differ from strain to strain due to rapid genetic mutation in the viral genome.. Influenza ... H2N3 - H3N1 - H3N2 - H3N8 - H5N1 - H5N2 - H5N3 - H5N8 - H5N9 - H7N1 - H7N2 - H7N3 - H7N4 - H7N7 - H9N2 - H10N7 H1N1 Pandemics ... Influenza Influenza Virus Avian influenza Swine influenza Flu season Research Vaccine Treatment A/H5N1 subtype A/H1N1 subtype ...
  http://influenzahumana9.blogspot.com
*  Flu season - Wikipedia
... surface glycoprotein components from influenza H3N2, H1N1, and B influenza viruses.[14] The dominant strain in January 2006 was ... Each annual flu season is normally associated with a major influenzavirus subtype. The associated subtype changes each year, ... Main article: Influenza. Three virus families, Influenzavirus A, B, and C are the main infective agents that cause influenza. ... Research done by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) in 2008 found that the influenza virus has a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flu_season
*  UNIVERSAL INFLUENZA VACCINE BASED ON RECOMBINANT MODIFIED VACCINE ANKARA VIRUS (MVA) - Patent application
H1N1 influenza A virus and an influenza B virus. Over the last several years, at least one of the components had to be changed ... wherein the influenza virus is a avian influenza virus selected from the group comprising of H5N1, H5N3, H5N2, H5N7, H7N1, H7N3 ... an influenza virus, wherein the said genes are inserted at the site of deletion III within the MVA genome 3. The virus as ... These subtypes are labeled H1 through H16. The first three hemagglutinins, H1, H2 and H3 are found in human influenza viruses. ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20120141525
*  The Polymerase Acidic Protein Gene of Influenza A Virus Contributes to Pathogenicity in a Mouse Model | Journal of Virology
... viruses such as the H1N1, H5N1, and H7N7 subtypes (7, 23, 48, 50). ... Increased virulence of a mouse-adapted variant of influenza A/FM/1/47 virus is controlled by mutations in genome segments 4, 5 ... between the haemagglutinin and matrix genes was responsible for the emergence of a highly pathogenic H7N3 avian influenza virus ... Viruses.Virus strain A/Aquatic bird/Korea/W81/05 (W81, H5N2) was isolated in 2005 from routine surveillance of influenza virus ...
  https://jvi.asm.org/content/83/23/12325.full
*  Influenza A virus subtype H3N2 - Wikipedia
... and 84 novel influenza A (H1N1) viruses. All 947 influenza seasonal A (H1) viruses are related to the influenza A (H1N1) ... Pigs can carry human influenza viruses, which can combine (i.e. exchange homologous genome subunits by genetic reassortment) ... Influenza A virus subtype H3N2 (A/H3N2) is a subtype of viruses that causes influenza (flu). H3N2 viruses can infect birds and ... H1N1) reference virus selected by WHO as a potential candidate for novel influenza A (H1N1) vaccine. Influenza B viruses ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H3N2
*  Influenza A virus subtype H7N9 - Wikipedia
... virus is a subgroup among this larger group of H7 viruses. Although some H7 viruses (e.g. H7N2, H7N3 and H7N7) have ... Genome sequence and analyses of phylogenetic trees showed that both viruses were almost genetically identical. Forty-three ... H1N1)pdm09 vaccines [about 60% to 70% effectiveness], particularly with regard to vaccine efficacy in persons older than 65 ... H7N9 is a bird flu strain of the species Influenza virus A (avian influenza virus or bird flu virus). Avian influenza A H7 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H7N9
*  ASMscience | Emergence of Influenza V
All 16 subtypes of influenza viruses in the aquatic bird reservoir occur as low-pathogenicity strains that replicate ... influenza viruses B and C established permanent lineages in ancient times, whereas influenza A viruses continue to emerge from ... Aquatic birds of the world are natural reservoirs for 16 of the 17 known influenza subtypes, and 1 subtype has been ... the H1 and H3 subtypes are currently circulating in swine; and the H3 subtype is currently the only remaining epidemic subtype ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555818432.chap8