*  Influenza A virus - Wikipedia
The known subtypes of influenza A virus that create influenza and are endemic in pigs are H1N1, H1N2, H3N1 and H3N2. Horse flu ... Unusually for a virus, though, the influenza type A virus genome is not a single piece of RNA; instead, it consists of ... H7N3, H5N2, and H10N7. H1N1 H1N1 is currently pandemic in both human and pig populations. A variant of H1N1 was responsible for ... FI6 is the only known antibody effective against all 16 subtypes of the influenza A virus. Influenza type A viruses are very ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus
*  Influenza pandemic - Wikipedia
... was a category 5 influenza pandemic caused by an unusually severe and deadly Influenza A virus strain of subtype H1N1. The ... H7N3, H10N7 H1N1 H1N1 is currently endemic in both human and pig populations. A variant of H1N1 was responsible for the Spanish ... Controversy arose in October 2005, after the H1N1 genome was published in the journal, Science. Many fear that this information ... Typically this vaccine includes material from two influenza A virus subtypes and one influenza B virus strain. A vaccine ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_pandemic
*  Influenza - Wikipedia
... pigs and birds H9N2 H7N2 H7N3 H10N7 H7N9 This genus has one species, influenza B virus. Influenza B almost exclusively infects ... Influenza A viruses are classified into subtypes based on antibody responses to HA and NA. These different types of HA and NA ... Influenza A Virus Genome Project Archived 22 May 2006 at Archive.is at The Institute of Genomic Research. Retrieved 19 October ... February 2009). "Efficacy of soap and water and alcohol-based hand-rub preparations against live H1N1 influenza virus on the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza
*  Orthomyxoviridae - Wikipedia
Hence, nearly every newly manufactured influenza virus will contain a mutation in its genome. The separation of the genome into ... and HA and NA subtype. Examples of the nomenclature are: A/Brisbane/59/2007 (H1N1) A/Moscow/10/99 (H3N2). The type A viruses ... H1N2 is endemic in humans and pigs[citation needed]. H9N2, H7N2, H7N3, H10N7. Influenza B virus is almost exclusively a human ... Influenza virus A, Influenza virus B, Influenza virus C, Influenza virus D, Isavirus, Thogotovirus and Quaranjavirus. The first ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthomyxoviridae
*  avian influenza
Because the influenza virus genome occurs as 8 segments of RNA, when multiple viruses infect a single cell, new viruses can be ... The HA of the H1N1, H2N2, and H3N2 pandemic viruses are all derived from avian influenza viruses that underwent such a ... There is no vaccine for this subtype of influenza virus, but the virus is susceptible to neuraminidase inhibitors oseltamivir ... Influenza A viruses with the H7 hemagglutinin protein circulate among birds, and some, such as H7N2, H7N3, and H7N7, have been ...
  http://www.virology.ws/tag/avian-influenza/
*  Influenza pandemic - Wikipedia
... was a category 5 influenza pandemic caused by an unusually severe and deadly Influenza A virus strain of subtype H1N1. ... after the H1N1 genome was published in the journal, Science. Many fear that this information could be used for bioterrorism[ ... H9N2, H7N2, H7N3, H10N7. H1N1. Main articles: H1N1 and Pandemic H1N1/09 virus ... Typically this vaccine includes material from two influenza A virus subtypes and one influenza B virus strain.[16] A vaccine ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flu_pandemic
*  Type a Influenza Virus Essay - 516 Words
Influenza A H1N1 virus is a subtype of influenza virus A and the most cause of influenza/flu in humans. Viruses are considered ... The virus achieves such mutations due to the lack of enzymes that correct errors made on the viral genome during replication. ... but only some strains of four subtypes have been highly pathogenic in humans. These are types H5N1, H7N3, H7N7, and H9N2.[10] ... H1N1 Influenza Virus Essay ...RUNNING HEAD: H1N1 INFLUENZA VIRUS 1 H1N1 Influenza Virus 2 H1N1 is a new influenza virus causing ...
  http://www.studymode.com/essays/Type-a-Influenza-Virus-Essay-577927.html
*  Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 - Wikipedia
Like all other influenza A subtypes, the H5N1 subtype is an RNA virus. It has a segmented genome of eight negative sense, ... H1N1, which caused the 1918 flu pandemic ("Spanish flu") and currently is causing seasonal human flu and the 2009 flu pandemic ... which has infected two people H7N3, which has infected two people H10N7, which has infected two people H7N9, which as of Feb ... Influenza A virus subtype H5N1, also known as A(H5N1) or simply H5N1, is a subtype of the influenza A virus which can cause ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H5N1
*  The AMEDEO Literature Guide
Evidence for genetic variation of Eurasian avian influenza viruses of subtype H15: the first report of an H15N7 virus.. Arch ... In vitro and in vivo characterization of a novel H1N1/2009 influenza virus reassortant with an NS gene from a highly pathogenic ... Evidence for wild waterfowl origin of H7N3 influenza A virus detected in captive-reared New Jersey pheasants.. Arch Virol. 2016 ... First complete genome sequence of parainfluenza virus 5 isolated from lesser panda.. Arch Virol. 2017 Jan 30. doi: 10.1007/ ...
  http://www.amedeo.com/medicine/flu/archviro.htm
*  Influenza research - Wikipedia
AVI Bio Pharma Inc. has evidence of inhibition of multiple subtypes of influenza A virus in cell culture with Morpholino ... A technique called reverse genetics allows scientists to manipulate the genomes of influenza viruses and to transfer genes ... a subtype of avian strain H1N1, had been reconstructed using historic tissue samples.[32][33][34] On 18 January 2007, Kobasa et ... The Influenza Genome Sequencing Project was initiated in 2004 to create a library of influenza sequences to understand what ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_research
*  Avian Flu Diary: Taiwan CDC Reports Human Infection With Avian H6N1
Volunteers inoculated with avian influenza viruses belonging to subtypes currently circulating in humans (H1N1 and H3N2) were ... After conducting whole genome sequencing, the National Influenza Center (NIC) at Taiwan CDC identified the virus to be a novel ... Even less common, we've seen a few human infections with H9N2, H7N2, and H7N3 over the past decade. ... Laboratory-confirmed case of human infection with avian influenza A(H6N1) virus in Taiwan recovered; Taiwan CDC urges public to ...
  http://afludiary.blogspot.com/2013/06/taiwan-cdc-reports-human-infection-with.html
*  Lpmhealthcare » Influenza 2013
The detection of a low pathogenicity avian influenza virus subtype H9 infection in breeder turkeys in the United Kingdom ... Title: Tmprss2 deficient mice are resistant to spreading and pathology after H1N1 influenza A virus infection ... Genetic and phylogeographic origin of highly pathogenic avian influenza H7N3 in Mexico ... 5Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, CB10 1SA. 6 University of Cambridge, Centre ...
  http://lpmhealthcare.com/influenza-2013/
*  Influenza-A viruses in ducks in northwestern Minnesota: fine scale spatial and temporal variation in prevalence and subtype...
Predominant subtypes during 2007 (comprising ≥5% of subtype diversity) included H1N1, H3N6, H3N8, H4N6, H7N3, H10N7, and H11N9 ... Genomes & Maps*Database of Genomic Structural Variation (dbVar). *GenBank: tbl2asn. *Genome. *Genome Project ... The number of subtype combinations of avian influenza virus that were detected in ducks captured at multiple sites in ... Influenza-A viruses in ducks in northwestern Minnesota: fine scale spatial and temporal variation in prevalence and subtype ...
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21931636?access_num=21931636&link_type=MED&dopt=Abstract
*  INFLUENZA HUMANA H1N1
Influenza viruses Orthomyxoviridae - Influenza A - Influenza B - Influenza C Influenza A virus. Subtypes H1N1 - H1N2 - H2N2 - ... but the structure of these proteins differ from strain to strain due to rapid genetic mutation in the viral genome.. Influenza ... H2N3 - H3N1 - H3N2 - H3N8 - H5N1 - H5N2 - H5N3 - H5N8 - H5N9 - H7N1 - H7N2 - H7N3 - H7N4 - H7N7 - H9N2 - H10N7 H1N1 Pandemics ... Influenza Influenza Virus Avian influenza Swine influenza Flu season Research Vaccine Treatment A/H5N1 subtype A/H1N1 subtype ...
  http://influenzahumana9.blogspot.com
*  UNIVERSAL INFLUENZA VACCINE BASED ON RECOMBINANT MODIFIED VACCINE ANKARA VIRUS (MVA) - Patent application
H1N1 influenza A virus and an influenza B virus. Over the last several years, at least one of the components had to be changed ... wherein the influenza virus is a avian influenza virus selected from the group comprising of H5N1, H5N3, H5N2, H5N7, H7N1, H7N3 ... an influenza virus, wherein the said genes are inserted at the site of deletion III within the MVA genome 3. The virus as ... These subtypes are labeled H1 through H16. The first three hemagglutinins, H1, H2 and H3 are found in human influenza viruses. ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20120141525
*  Influenza A virus subtype H7N9 - Wikipedia
... virus is a subgroup among this larger group of H7 viruses. Although some H7 viruses (e.g. H7N2, H7N3 and H7N7) have ... Genome sequence and analyses of phylogenetic trees showed that both viruses were almost genetically identical. Forty-three ... H1N1)pdm09 vaccines [about 60% to 70% effectiveness], particularly with regard to vaccine efficacy in persons older than 65 ... H7N9 is a bird flu strain of the species Influenza virus A (avian influenza virus or bird flu virus). Avian influenza A H7 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H7N9
*  ASMscience | Emergence of Influenza V
All 16 subtypes of influenza viruses in the aquatic bird reservoir occur as low-pathogenicity strains that replicate ... influenza viruses B and C established permanent lineages in ancient times, whereas influenza A viruses continue to emerge from ... Aquatic birds of the world are natural reservoirs for 16 of the 17 known influenza subtypes, and 1 subtype has been ... the H1 and H3 subtypes are currently circulating in swine; and the H3 subtype is currently the only remaining epidemic subtype ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555818432.chap8
*  hemagglutination inhibition tests
Genomes and Genes, Scientific Experts, Publications, Species, Research Grants about hemagglutination inhibition tests ... H7 and H9 subtype avian influenza viruses pose a similar threat to humans as H5 virus... ... Oseltamivir-resistant influenza viruses A (H1N1) during 2007-2009 influenza seasons, Japan. Makoto Ujike. National Institute of ... A live attenuated H7N3 influenza virus vaccine is well tolerated and immunogenic in a Phase I trial in healthy adults. Kawsar R ...
  http://labome.ru/topics/diagnostic/diagnosis/laboratory/immunologic/serologic/hemagglutination-inhibition-tests-16562.html
*  Influenza Viruses
H1N1)pdm09 virus illness where the case-fatality ratio was roughly 1 in 10,000. Genome-wide studies in these conditions are ... One subtype H17N10 has been detected in bats. Influenza B and C viruses are primarily human pathogens. Influenza viruses are ... Sporoadic zoonotic infections due to avian A(H7N3), A(H7N7), A(H7N2), or A(H9N2) viruses have been recognized over the past 20 ... Pandemic 2009 A(H1N1) and swine-origin viruses "Clinical aspects of pandemic 2009 influenza A (H1N1) virus infection". N Engl J ...
  https://www.infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com/infectious-diseases/influenza-viruses/article/610066/
*  The highly pathogenic H7N3 avian influenza strain from July 2012 in Mexico acquired an extended cleavage site through...
Influenza viruses are classified into 3 different types (A,B,C) and influenza A is further divided into specific subtypes named ... as there was no significant hit in the genome of the virus itself we extended the search to all other known influenza viruses ( ... Experimental adaptation of an influenza H5 HA confers respiratory droplet transmission to a reassortant H5 HA/H1N1 virus in ... InfluenzaCleavage SiteAvian InfluenzaHighly Pathogenic Avian InfluenzaH7N3 Strain. Background. ...
  https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-10-139
*  Australia quarantines farm to contain H7 bird f...
Australia's first outbreak of a highly pathogenic bird flu virus in 15 years should be contained by a cull of 50,000 chickens, ... The highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses of the H5 subtype, such as the H5N1 viral strains or the novel H5N8 and H5N2 ... and other ssDNA virus genomes by Reps or RCR-mediating proteins endogenous to or from viruses or even bacteria co-infecting the ... we demonstrate that infection with one influenza B virus can prevent or limit infection with an influenza B virus of th. ...
  https://www.scoop.it/t/virology-news/p/3356956346/2012/11/16/australia-quarantines-farm-to-contain-h7-bird-flu-outbreak
*  Influenza A H3N2 (A/California/7/2004) Hemagglutinin / HA1 Protein (His Tag) | SinoBiological
Influenza A H3N2 (A/California/7/2004) Hemagglutinin / HA1 Protein (His Tag) , SinoBiological, 40118-V08H1 is produced in ... viral genome into the target cells by causing the fusion of host endosomal membrane with the viral membrane.The influenza virus ... Influenza A H1N1 (A/New Caledonia/20/99) Hemagglutinin / HA-specific B cell probe (His Tag). 11683-V08B1. ... Influenza A H7N3 (A/turkey/Italy/214845/2002) Hemagglutinin Protein (HA1 Subunit) (His Tag). 40128-V08H1. ...
  http://www.sinobiological.com/Influenza-A-H3N2-A-California-7-2004-Hemagglutinin-HA1-Protein-His-Tag-p154028.html
*  METHOD FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS DETECTION OF MULTIPLE NUCLEIC ACID SEQUENCES IN A SAMPLE - Patent application
... immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus, the screening and (sub)typing of influenza viruses, the ... H1N1, H7N1, H6N2, H9N2, H6N1, H7N3, H11N1, H5N3, H8N4, H5N1, H4N9, H4N8, H4N1, H10N8, H10N7, H11N6, H12N4, H11N9, H6N6, H2N9, ... virus or the genome of a bacterium, is known. From that known nucleic acid sequence, the skilled person may choose suitable ... virus and parainfluenza virus 1 and more sensitive for parainfluenza virus 3, influenza virus A and B, adenovirus and ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20100297630
*  RECOMBINANT MODIFIED VACCINIA VIRUS ANKARA (MVA)-BASED VACCINE FOR THE AVIAN FLU - Patent application
... subtype H1N1) served as controls. NP protein was detected using mouse monoclonal antibody HB-65 directed against the influenza ... H7N3, and H9N2 genome sequences. 14. Recombinant modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) according to claim 13, wherein the ... "Influenza A virus". Influenza A virus causes "avian influenza" (also known as bird flu, avian flu, Influenzavirus A flu, type A ... Influenza Viruses [0079]Influenza viruses A/HK/156/97, A/VN/1194/04 and A/Indonesia/5/05 (A/IND/5/05) were inoculated in the ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20110020391
*  Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy on Amantadine
"Surveillance of Resistance to Adamantanes among Influenza A(H3N2) and A(H1N1) Viruses Isolated Worldwide". Journal of ... Influenza. Amantadine is no longer recommended for treatment of influenza A infection. For the 2008/2009 flu season, the CDC ... "Ion channel activity of influenza A virus M2 protein: characterization of the amantadine block". Journal of Virology. 67 (9): ... "Functional studies indicate amantadine binds to the pore of the influenza A virus M2 proton-selective ion channel". Proc. Natl ...
  http://hitchhikersgui.de/Amantadine