*  Mobile genetic elements - Wikipedia
Plasmids of bacteria are a transferable genetic element through bacterial conjugation. This is a mechanism of horizontal gene ... Transposons (also called transposable elements) are DNA sequences that can move locations within a genome, which includes ... Classification of mobile genetic elements Horizontal gene transfer Virulence factors Mu, X.; Ahmad, S.; Hur, S. Endogenous ... "for her discovery of mobile genetic elements". Mobile genetic elements play a critical role in the spread of virulence factors ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_genetic_elements
*  The IncP-1 plasmid backbone adapts to different host bacterial species and evolves through homologous recombination.
... and are among the most important contributors to horizontal gene transfer between bacteria. They typically harbour a wide ... Although these inserted elements have drawn considerable interest, evolutionary information about the plasmid backbones, which ... Analysis of genomic signatures indicates that the plasmids have adapted to different host bacterial species. Globally ... Plasmids are important members of the bacterial mobile gene pool, ...
  http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/publication/169522-the-incp-1-plasmid-backbone-adapts-to-different-host-bacterial-species-and-evolves-through-homologou
*  DNA transposon - Wikipedia
... genetic material not originally in the transposable element gets copied and moved as well. The ability of these elements to ... Bacterial transposons are especially good at facilitating horizontal gene transfer between microbes. The first example of the ... DNA transposons (also called Class II elements) are a group of transposable elements (TEs) that can move in the DNA of an ... Class II transposable elements make up about 3% of the human genome. Today, there are no active DNA Transposons in the human ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA_transposon
*  GATE Biotechnology syllabus online tests books
Horizontal gene transfer and Transposable elements; RNA interference; DNA damage and repair; Chromosomal variation; Molecular ... Viruses- structure and classification; Microbial classification and diversity(bacterial, algal and fungal); Methods in ... basis of genetic diseases. Analytical Techniques. Principles of microscopy-light, electron, fluorescent and confocal; ... cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation, cloning and expression ; Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA ...
  https://ibpssc.in/gate-biotechnology-syllabus-online-tests-books
*  GATE Biotechnology Syllabus 2016 | GATE Biotech 2016 Coaching Delhi
Horizontal gene transfer and Transposable elements; RNA interference; DNA damage and repair; Chromosomal variation; Molecular ... Microbiology: Viruses- structure and classification; Microbial classification and diversity(bacterial, algal and fungal); ... basis of genetic diseases. Analytical Techniques: Principles of microscopy-light, electron, fluorescent and confocal; ... Molecular Biology and Genetics: Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes; Mutations and mutagenesis; Nucleic acid ...
  http://gyanbinduacademy.com/gate-biotechnology-syllabus.html
*  Frontiers | Insight into the mobilome of Aeromonas strains | Microbiology
The phenomenon of MGE transfer between bacteria, known as horizontal gene transfer (HGT), is well documented. The genes present ... IS elements, transposons, genomic/pathogenicity islands, and integron-associated gene cassettes. These genes are often referred ... The phenomenon of MGE transfer between bacteria, known as horizontal gene transfer (HGT), is well documented. The genes present ... IS elements, transposons, genomic/pathogenicity islands, and integron-associated gene cassettes. These genes are often referred ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00494/full
*  Horizontal gene transfer - Wikipedia
A transposable element (TE) (also called a transposon or jumping gene) is a mobile segment of DNA that can sometimes pick up a ... acquisition of new genes has the potential to disorganize the other genetic elements and hinder the function of the bacterial ... Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer in prokaryotes Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer ... Artificial horizontal gene transfer is a form of genetic engineering. Horizontal genetic transfer was first described in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horizontal_gene_transfer
*  Diversity and Evolution in the Genome of Clostridium difficile
Transposable Elements. Of the numerous genetic elements found in the genome of C. difficile, many are transposable and can ... The impact of horizontal gene transfer on the biology of Clostridium difficile. Adv Microb Physiol 65:63-82. doi:.10.1016/bs. ... Identification of genes that are associated with DNA repeats in prokaryotes. Mol Microbiol 43:1565-1575. doi:.10.1046/j.1365- ... with access to and frequent exchange with multiple host environments and bacterial gene pools. Consequently, as more C. ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC4475645/
*  Multicopy single-stranded DNA - Wikipedia
Since nearly all RT genes function in retrovirus replication and/or the movement of transposable elements, it is reasonable to ... observed fact that msDNA is widely yet sporadically dispersed among bacterial species in a manner suggestive of both horizontal ... imagine that retrons might be mobile genetic elements, but there has been little supporting evidence for such a hypothesis, ... Multicopy single-stranded DNA (msDNA) is a type of extrachromosomal satellite DNA that consists of a single-stranded DNA ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multicopy_single-stranded_DNA
*  Transposable element - Wikipedia
Bacterial transposons of this type belong to the Tn family. When the transposable elements lack additional genes, they are ... Transposable elements represent one of several types of mobile genetic elements. TEs are assigned to one of two classes ... Transposable elements make up a large fraction of the genome and are responsible for much of the mass of DNA in a eukaryotic ... Kidwell, M.G. (1992). "Horizontal transfer of P elements and other short inverted repeat transposons". Genetica. 86 (1): 275- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transposable_element
*  K-mer - Wikipedia
2016). "Genome of a tardigrade: Horizontal gene transfer or bacterial contamination?". Proceedings of the National Academy of ... haplogroup classification detect genome mis-assembly de novo detection of repeated sequence such as transposable element ... This is due to the fact that the k-mer will contain a balance of the repeat region and the adjoining DNA sequences (given it ... separating different species in a mixture of genetic material (metagenomics, microbiome); phase/frame information can be added ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-mer
*  ASMscience | Sleeping Beauty Transpos
The resurrection of SB was the first demonstration that ancient transposable elements can be brought back to life. Before this ... but the first functional gene ever reconstructed from inactive, ancient genetic material, for which an active, naturally ... SB not only represents the first DNA-based transposon ever shown to be active in cells of vertebrates, ... In summary, all the Tc1-like elements that we ( 2 ) and others ( 3 , 4 ) described from the different fish species were ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555819217.chap38
*  Widespread of horizontal gene transfer in the human genome
Schaack S, Gilbert C, Feschotte C. Promiscuous DNA: horizontal transfer of transposable elements and why it matters for ... 5. Gyles C, Boerlin P. Horizontally transferred genetic elements and their role in pathogenesis of bacterial disease. ... Few of these genes overlapped with known horizontal transferred genes. This indicated that horizontal gene transfer is more ... An alternative mechanism of gene acquisition is through horizontal gene transfer (HGT), which involves movement of genetic ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5379729/
*  Lateral Gene Transfer and the Evolution of Photosynthesis in Eukaryotes | SpringerLink
Rice DW, Palmer JD (2006) An exceptional horizontal gene transfer in plastids: gene replacement by a distant bacterial paralog ... Kidwell MG (2005) Transposable elements. In: Gregory TR (ed) The evolution of the genome. Elsevier, London, p 165-213CrossRef ... Leister D, Kleine T (2011) Role of intercompartmental DNA transfer in producing genetic diversity. Int Rev Cell Mol Biol 291:73 ... Rumpho ME, Worful JM, Lee J, Kannan K, Tyler MS, Bhattacharya D et al (2008) Horizontal gene transfer of the algal nuclear gene ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4614-7780-8_2
*  Towards genetic manipulation of wild mosquito populations to combat malaria: advances and challenges | Journal of Experimental...
... the possibility of horizontal transmission is minimized because, unlike transposable elements, the gene is never excised from ... These genes drive themselves through a population by using the host cell DNA repair machinery (Burt, 2003). One such selfish ... Demaio, J., Pumpuni, C. B., Kent, M. and Beier, J. C. (1996). The midgut bacterial flora of wild Aedes triseriatus, Culex ... The mechanism of transposable element silencing will need to be well understood before transposable elements are used in the ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/206/21/3809
*  Transposons as a genetic tool - Wikipedia
began their experiment by constructing a genetic sequence consisting of the Hmox-1 transposable element and transposase from ... known to cut very rarely in genomic DNA, but is known to in the reporter gene). Using primers for the reporter gene sections, ... "Genetic engineering in vivo using translocatable drug-resistance elements. New methods in bacterial genetics". J. Mol. Biol. ... melanogaster genome capable of being artificially synthesized or spread to other Drosophila species through horizontal transfer ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transposons_as_a_genetic_tool
*  Antievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::Evolution of multiple-parts-required pathways
The role of mobile genetic elements in bacterial adaptation to xenobiotic organic compounds.. Top EM, Springael D.. Department ... and remnants from two transposable elements. Some of the additional gene products might play as-yet-undefined roles in 2,4-DNT ... The construction of novel pathways seems to occur by an assembly process that involves horizontal gene transfer: different ... The genes encoding the degradative pathway were identified within a 27-kb region of DNA cloned from Burkholderia cepacia R34, a ...
  http://www.antievolution.org/cgi-bin/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi?s=5a37524deb85066d
*  JCI - Antimicrobial resistance: the example of Staphylococcus aureus
The mecA gene (the gene responsible for methicillin resistance) is part of a mobile genetic element found in all MRSA strains. ... The gene for β-lactamase is part of a transposable element located on a large plasmid, often with additional antimicrobial ... This distinction reflects the genetic constraints of horizontal transfer of the mec element from related staphylococcal species ... The mec element SCCmec has been identified in several different MSSA genetic backgrounds. Using the DNA fingerprint of the ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/18535
*  Genome - Wikipedia
Transposable elements (TEs) are sequences of DNA with a defined structure that are able to change their location in the genome ... Such duplications are probably fundamental to the creation of genetic novelty. Horizontal gene transfer is invoked to explain ... If the DNA is replicated faster than the bacterial cells divide, multiple copies of the chromosome can be present in a single ... genomecenter.howard.edu Build a DNA Molecule Some comparative genome sizes DNA Interactive: The History of DNA Science DNA From ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genome
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Daniel J. Jackson (Translated to Hindi)
Transposable Elements: from DNA Parasites to Architects of Metazoan Evolution Genes. 2012 , Pubmed ID: 24704977 One of the most ... The Evolution of an Ancient Metazoan Biomineralization Strategy Was Supported by a Horizontal Gene Transfer Mobile Genetic ... Mar, 2014 , Pubmed ID: 24236893 The association of early-onset wheezing with common viral and bacterial infections has raised ... Oct, 2011 , Pubmed ID: 21512106 Transposable elements (TEs), such as short interspersed elements (SINEs), evolve rapidly and ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Daniel++J._Jackson?language=Hindi
*  Escherichia coli - Wikipedia
The genome was observed to contain a significant number of transposable genetic elements, repeat elements, cryptic prophages, ... coli and related bacteria possess the ability to transfer DNA via bacterial conjugation or transduction, which allows genetic ... coli pangenome originated in other species and arrived through the process of horizontal gene transfer. Genes in E. coli are ... genes. Despite having been the subject of intensive genetic analysis for about 40 years, a large number of these genes were ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escherichia_coli
*  The Genealogical World of Phylogenetic Networks: September 2013
Bock R (2010) The give-and-take of DNA: horizontal gene transfer in plants. Trends in Plant Science 15: 11-22.. Boto L (2010) ... Engels WR (1983) The P family of transposable elements in Drosophila. Annual Review of Genetics 17: 315-344.. Freeman VJ (1951 ... Lysenko O., Sneath P.H.A. (1959) The use of models in bacterial classification. Journal of General Microbiology 20: 284-290.. ... Zinder ND, Lederberg J (1952) Genetic exchange in Salmonella. Journal of Bacteriology 64: 679-699.. ...
  https://phylonetworks.blogspot.com/2013/09/
*  Monitoring the Dissemination of the Broad-Host-Range Plasmid pB10 in Sediment Microcosms by Quantitative PCR
In C. M. Thomas (ed.), The horizontal gene pool; bacterial plasmids and gene spread. Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, ... Further analyses also showed that the mobile genetic element hosting the catabolic genes of the donor strain BR60, a Tn5271 ... Basically, it consists of an IncPβ backbone having acquired a class 1 integron and four transposable elements, which exhibit ... Because this design is specific enough to detect and quantify a given DNA segment in a complex DNA mixture, it now opens up a ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2798623/
*  The Genealogical World of Phylogenetic Networks: February 2014
... inheritance of exogenously acquired viral genes. Nature 252: 456-459.. Bock R (2010) The give-and-take of DNA: horizontal gene ... Engels WR (1983) The P family of transposable elements in Drosophila. Annual Review of Genetics 17: 315-344.. Flu P-C (1927) ... Jones D, Sneath PH (1970) Genetic transfer and bacterial taxonomy. Bacteriology Reviews 34: 40-81.. Lederberg J, Lederberg EM, ... possible distortions due to horizontal gene flow. Journal of Molecular Evolution 26: 16-23.. Syvanen M (1994) Horizontal gene ...
  https://phylonetworks.blogspot.com/2014/02/
*  Association Genetics Reveals Three Novel Avirulence Genes from the Rice Blast Fungal Pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae | Plant Cell
Silva, J.C., Loreto, E.L., and Clark, J.B. (2004). Factors that affect the horizontal transfer of transposable elements. Curr. ... To identify genes harboring polymorphisms associated with AVR phenotypes, we performed association genetic analyses of DNA ... Stavrinides, J., Mccann, H.C., and Guttman, D.S. (2008). Host-pathogen interplay and the evolution of bacterial effectors. Cell ... A) A scheme of linkage of putative secreted protein genes (SP = candidate effector genes) to transposable elements (TE). ...
  http://www.plantcell.org/content/21/5/1573.full?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&author1=Yoshida&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT