*  Mobile genetic elements - Wikipedia
Plasmids of bacteria are a transferable genetic element through bacterial conjugation. This is a mechanism of horizontal gene ... Transposons (also called transposable elements) are DNA sequences that can move locations within a genome, which includes ... Classification of mobile genetic elements Horizontal gene transfer Virulence factors Mu, X.; Ahmad, S.; Hur, S. Endogenous ... "for her discovery of mobile genetic elements". Mobile genetic elements play a critical role in the spread of virulence factors ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_genetic_elements
*  The IncP-1 plasmid backbone adapts to different host bacterial species and evolves through homologous recombination.
... and are among the most important contributors to horizontal gene transfer between bacteria. They typically harbour a wide ... Although these inserted elements have drawn considerable interest, evolutionary information about the plasmid backbones, which ... Analysis of genomic signatures indicates that the plasmids have adapted to different host bacterial species. Globally ... Plasmids are important members of the bacterial mobile gene pool, ...
  http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/publication/169522-the-incp-1-plasmid-backbone-adapts-to-different-host-bacterial-species-and-evolves-through-homologou
*  Koshika Academy: GATE 2018 Syllabus for Biotechnology
Horizontal gene transfer and Transposable elements; RNA interference; DNA damage and repair; Chromosomal variation; Molecular ... Microbiology: Viruses - structure and classification; Microbial classification and diversity(bacterial, algal and fungal); ... basis of genetic diseases. *Analytical Techniques: Principles of microscopy-light, electron, fluorescent and confocal; ... cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation, cloning and expression ; Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA ...
  http://koshikaacademylko.blogspot.com/2017/12/gate-2018-syllabus-for-biotechnology.html
*  Syllabus
Horizontal gene transfer and Transposable elements; RNA interference; DNA damage and repair; Chromosomal variation; Molecular ... Microbiology: Viruses- structure and classification; Microbial classification and diversity(bacterial, algal and fungal); ... basis of genetic diseases. Analytical Techniques: Principles of microscopy-light, electron, fluorescent and confocal; ... cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation, cloning and expression ; Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA ...
  http://www.guruchandigarh.com/biotechnology-syllabus/
*  DNA transposon - Wikipedia
... genetic material not originally in the transposable element gets copied and moved as well. The ability of these elements to ... Bacterial transposons are especially good at facilitating horizontal gene transfer between microbes. The first example of the ... DNA transposons (also called Class II elements) are a group of transposable elements (TEs) that can move in the DNA of an ... Class II transposable elements make up about 3% of the human genome. Today, there are no active DNA Transposons in the human ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA_transposon
*  GATE Biotechnology syllabus online tests books
Horizontal gene transfer and Transposable elements; RNA interference; DNA damage and repair; Chromosomal variation; Molecular ... Viruses- structure and classification; Microbial classification and diversity(bacterial, algal and fungal); Methods in ... basis of genetic diseases. Analytical Techniques. Principles of microscopy-light, electron, fluorescent and confocal; ... cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation, cloning and expression ; Transposons and gene targeting; DNA labeling; DNA ...
  https://ibpssc.in/gate-biotechnology-syllabus-online-tests-books
*  GATE Biotechnology Syllabus 2016 | GATE Biotech 2016 Coaching Delhi
Horizontal gene transfer and Transposable elements; RNA interference; DNA damage and repair; Chromosomal variation; Molecular ... Microbiology: Viruses- structure and classification; Microbial classification and diversity(bacterial, algal and fungal); ... basis of genetic diseases. Analytical Techniques: Principles of microscopy-light, electron, fluorescent and confocal; ... Molecular Biology and Genetics: Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes; Mutations and mutagenesis; Nucleic acid ...
  http://gyanbinduacademy.com/gate-biotechnology-syllabus.html
*  BIOTECHNOLOGY. Course Syllabus. Section A: Engineering Mathematics. Subject Code: BT. Course Structure. Engineering Mathematics...
Horizontal gene transfers and Transposable elements RNA interference DNA damage and repair Chromosomal variation Molecular ... Genetic Engineering & Recombinant DNA Genetic Engineering & Recombinant DNA Chapter 10 Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc ... AP: CHAPTER 27: PROKARYOTES (Bacteria) p559, 561-564 1. How does the bacterial chromosome compare to a eukaryotic chromosome? 2 ... Recombinant DNA and Gene Cloning Recombinant DNA is DNA that has been created artificially. DNA from two or more sources is ...
  http://businessdocbox.com/Biotech_and_Biomedical/67314780-Biotechnology-course-syllabus-section-a-engineering-mathematics-subject-code-bt-course-structure-engineering-mathematics-general-biotechnology.html
*  Frontiers | Insight into the mobilome of Aeromonas strains | Microbiology
The phenomenon of MGE transfer between bacteria, known as horizontal gene transfer (HGT), is well documented. The genes present ... IS elements, transposons, genomic/pathogenicity islands, and integron-associated gene cassettes. These genes are often referred ... The phenomenon of MGE transfer between bacteria, known as horizontal gene transfer (HGT), is well documented. The genes present ... IS elements, transposons, genomic/pathogenicity islands, and integron-associated gene cassettes. These genes are often referred ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2015.00494/full
*  Viruses and Other Gene Transfer Mechanisms (What'sNEW overflow)
Genetic Parasites and a Whole Lot More: Transposable elements generate DNA mutations, alter gene expression, and otherwise fuel ... "Horizontal transfer of genes of bacterial origin has contributed to some of the metabolic differences in these parasites....". ... 4 May 2006: A gene captured from a mobile element fused with another gene to make a new primate gene.. 3 May 2006: Genes ... Viruses 'steal bacteria DNA'- "...But within the virus' genetic make-up were scores of genes from a variety of bacterial ...
  https://panspermia.org/oldnewvirus.htm
*  Horizontal gene transfer - Wikipedia
A transposable element (TE) (also called a transposon or jumping gene) is a mobile segment of DNA that can sometimes pick up a ... acquisition of new genes has the potential to disorganize the other genetic elements and hinder the function of the bacterial ... Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer in prokaryotes Citizendium:Horizontal gene transfer ... Artificial horizontal gene transfer is a form of genetic engineering. Horizontal genetic transfer was first described in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horizontal_gene_transfer
*  Diversity and Evolution in the Genome of Clostridium difficile
Transposable Elements. Of the numerous genetic elements found in the genome of C. difficile, many are transposable and can ... The impact of horizontal gene transfer on the biology of Clostridium difficile. Adv Microb Physiol 65:63-82. doi:.10.1016/bs. ... Identification of genes that are associated with DNA repeats in prokaryotes. Mol Microbiol 43:1565-1575. doi:.10.1046/j.1365- ... with access to and frequent exchange with multiple host environments and bacterial gene pools. Consequently, as more C. ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC4475645/
*  Viruses and Other Gene Transfer Mechanisms. by Brig Klyce
Promiscuous DNA: horizontal transfer of transposable elements and why it matters for eukaryotic evolution by Sarah Schaack, ... Genetic cargo and bacterial species set the rate of vesicle-mediated horizontal gene transfer by Frances Tran and James Q. ... of a gene-size piece of DNA known as a transposable element (19). The particular transposable element they studied, called ... Bacterial adaptation through horizontal gene transfer is central to microbial evolution.... Beneficial [plasmid] genes are ...
  https://panspermia.org/virus.htm
*  Transposable element - Wikipedia
Bacterial transposons of this type belong to the Tn family. When the transposable elements lack additional genes, they are ... Transposable elements represent one of several types of mobile genetic elements. TEs are assigned to one of two classes ... Transposable elements make up a large fraction of the genome and are responsible for much of the mass of DNA in a eukaryotic ... Kidwell, M.G. (1992). "Horizontal transfer of P elements and other short inverted repeat transposons". Genetica. 86 (1): 275- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transposable_element
*  Multicopy single-stranded DNA - Wikipedia
Since nearly all RT genes function in retrovirus replication and/or the movement of transposable elements, it is reasonable to ... observed fact that msDNA is widely yet sporadically dispersed among bacterial species in a manner suggestive of both horizontal ... imagine that retrons might be mobile genetic elements, but there has been little supporting evidence for such a hypothesis, ... Multicopy single-stranded DNA (msDNA) is a type of extrachromosomal satellite DNA that consists of a single-stranded DNA ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multicopy_single-stranded_DNA
*  ASMscience | Sleeping Beauty Transpos
The resurrection of SB was the first demonstration that ancient transposable elements can be brought back to life. Before this ... but the first functional gene ever reconstructed from inactive, ancient genetic material, for which an active, naturally ... SB not only represents the first DNA-based transposon ever shown to be active in cells of vertebrates, ... In summary, all the Tc1-like elements that we ( 2 ) and others ( 3 , 4 ) described from the different fish species were ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555819217.chap38
*  K-mer - Wikipedia
2016). "Genome of a tardigrade: Horizontal gene transfer or bacterial contamination?". Proceedings of the National Academy of ... haplogroup classification detect genome mis-assembly de novo detection of repeated sequence such as transposable element ... This is due to the fact that the k-mer will contain a balance of the repeat region and the adjoining DNA sequences (given it ... separating different species in a mixture of genetic material (metagenomics, microbiome); phase/frame information can be added ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K-mer
*  Bio 345 Lecture Final - cueFlash - Learn by studying flashcards
... double stranded DNA-useful vectors in biotechnology, can induce traits into the plasmid, therefor transfering to generations ... insertion or transposable elements: transposon (jumping around of DNA frag) or retro transposon (re-inserted genes that are ... a bacterial virus (bacteriophage) transfers genetic material from the bacterium in which the phage was produced to the ... the mechanisms are unknown and in some cases, it may associate with horizontal resistence What is the GENE FOR GENE CONCEPT? -a ...
  https://cueflash.com/decks/69917/Bio_345_Lecture_Final
*  Widespread of horizontal gene transfer in the human genome
Schaack S, Gilbert C, Feschotte C. Promiscuous DNA: horizontal transfer of transposable elements and why it matters for ... 5. Gyles C, Boerlin P. Horizontally transferred genetic elements and their role in pathogenesis of bacterial disease. ... Few of these genes overlapped with known horizontal transferred genes. This indicated that horizontal gene transfer is more ... An alternative mechanism of gene acquisition is through horizontal gene transfer (HGT), which involves movement of genetic ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5379729/
*  Lateral Gene Transfer and the Evolution of Photosynthesis in Eukaryotes | SpringerLink
Rice DW, Palmer JD (2006) An exceptional horizontal gene transfer in plastids: gene replacement by a distant bacterial paralog ... Kidwell MG (2005) Transposable elements. In: Gregory TR (ed) The evolution of the genome. Elsevier, London, p 165-213CrossRef ... Leister D, Kleine T (2011) Role of intercompartmental DNA transfer in producing genetic diversity. Int Rev Cell Mol Biol 291:73 ... Rumpho ME, Worful JM, Lee J, Kannan K, Tyler MS, Bhattacharya D et al (2008) Horizontal gene transfer of the algal nuclear gene ...
  https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4614-7780-8_2
*  Towards genetic manipulation of wild mosquito populations to combat malaria: advances and challenges | Journal of Experimental...
... the possibility of horizontal transmission is minimized because, unlike transposable elements, the gene is never excised from ... These genes drive themselves through a population by using the host cell DNA repair machinery (Burt, 2003). One such selfish ... Demaio, J., Pumpuni, C. B., Kent, M. and Beier, J. C. (1996). The midgut bacterial flora of wild Aedes triseriatus, Culex ... The mechanism of transposable element silencing will need to be well understood before transposable elements are used in the ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/206/21/3809
*  Transposons as a genetic tool - Wikipedia
began their experiment by constructing a genetic sequence consisting of the Hmox-1 transposable element and transposase from ... known to cut very rarely in genomic DNA, but is known to in the reporter gene). Using primers for the reporter gene sections, ... "Genetic engineering in vivo using translocatable drug-resistance elements. New methods in bacterial genetics". J. Mol. Biol. ... melanogaster genome capable of being artificially synthesized or spread to other Drosophila species through horizontal transfer ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transposons_as_a_genetic_tool
*  Antievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::Evolution of multiple-parts-required pathways
The role of mobile genetic elements in bacterial adaptation to xenobiotic organic compounds.. Top EM, Springael D.. Department ... and remnants from two transposable elements. Some of the additional gene products might play as-yet-undefined roles in 2,4-DNT ... The construction of novel pathways seems to occur by an assembly process that involves horizontal gene transfer: different ... The genes encoding the degradative pathway were identified within a 27-kb region of DNA cloned from Burkholderia cepacia R34, a ...
  http://www.antievolution.org/cgi-bin/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi?s=5a37524deb85066d
*  Molecular Genetics of Bacteria: Jeremy W Dale, Simon F Park | NHBS Book Shop
8.6.2 Making new genes. 8.6.3 Other bacterial hosts. 8.6.4 Novel vaccines. 8.7 Other uses of gene technology. 9 Genetic Methods ... 7.3.4 Activation of genes by transposable elements. 7.3.5 Mu: A transposable bacteriophage. 7.3.6 Conjugative transposons. 7.4 ... 2.2.3 Variation due to larger-scale DNA alterations. 2.2.4 Extrachromosomal agents and horizontal gene transfer. 2.3 ... Appendix E Genes. Appendix F Standard Genetic Code. Appendix G Bacterial Species. Index. ...
  https://www.nhbs.com/molecular-genetics-of-bacteria-book
*  JCI - Antimicrobial resistance: the example of Staphylococcus aureus
The mecA gene (the gene responsible for methicillin resistance) is part of a mobile genetic element found in all MRSA strains. ... The gene for β-lactamase is part of a transposable element located on a large plasmid, often with additional antimicrobial ... This distinction reflects the genetic constraints of horizontal transfer of the mec element from related staphylococcal species ... The mec element SCCmec has been identified in several different MSSA genetic backgrounds. Using the DNA fingerprint of the ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/18535