*  Vibrio cholerae - Wikipedia
Many other serogroups of V. cholerae, with or without the cholera toxin gene (including the nontoxigenic strains of the O1 and ... cholerae genome. CTXφ can transmit cholera toxin genes from one V. cholerae strain to another, one form of horizontal gene ... and cholera in untreated water Vibrio cholerae El Tor N16961 Genome Page Patho-Genes Homepage Type strain of Vibrio cholerae at ... Two serogroups of V. cholerae, O1 and O139, cause outbreaks of cholera. O1 causes the majority of outbreaks, while O139 - first ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vibrio_cholerae
*  CTXφ bacteriophage - Wikipedia
... bacteriophage that contains the genetic material needed by the Vibrio cholerae bacterium for the production of cholera toxin, ... Heilpern, Andrew J.; Waldor, Matthew K. (2000). "CTXφ Infection of Vibrio cholerae Requires the tolQRA Gene Products". Journal ... While integrated into the bacterial genome, the CTX prophages are found on each of the two chromosomes (O1 serogroup of V. ... The core region contains genes that code for the CT toxin itself as well as some proteins that are presumed to form the outside ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CTX%CF%86_bacteriophage
*  Molecular Detection of Zonula Occludens Toxin (zot) Genes in Vibrio Cholerae O1 using PCR - Research in Molecular Medicine
... is one of the secretion toxins of Vibrio cholerae in small intestine that binds to certain receptors in the epithelial cells ... The purpose of this research is rapid detection of zot enterotoxin gene using PCR. Materials ... ... Genotyping of Vibrio cholerae strains based on the cholera toxin and virulence associated genes. Med Sci. 2015; 5(7): 197-99. ... Distribution of the zot (zonula occludens toxin) gene among strains of Vibrio cholerae O1 and non-01. FEMS Microbiol lett. 1993 ...
  http://rmm.mazums.ac.ir/article-1-248-en.html
*  Inovirus - Wikipedia
... of the rstR and orfU genes of the CTX prophages integrated in the small chromosomes of environmental Vibrio cholerae non-O1, ... At least one of the viruses (Vibrio phage CTX) is medically important as it encodes the cholera toxin. The type species is ... Vibrio phage 493 Vibrio phage CTX Vibrio phage fs1 Vibrio phage fs2 Vibrio phage v6 Vibrio phage Vf12 Vibrio phage Vf33 Vibrio ... Gene transcription is by the host's cellular machinery each gene having a specific promoter. The viral protein gp2 plays an ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inovirus
*  Genome structure and origin of nontoxigenic strains of Vibrio cholerae of El Tor biovar with different epidemiological...
"Genome structure and origin of nontoxigenic strains of Vibrio cholerae of El Tor biovar with different epidemiological ... Expression of the Vibrio cholerae gene encoding aldehyde dehydrogenase is under control of ToxR, the cholera toxin ... New variants of Vibrio cholerae O1 biovar El Tor with attributes of the classical biovar from hospitalized patients with acute ... Comparative genomic analysis of Vibrio cholerae: genes that correlate with cholera endemic and pandemic disease ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/genome-structure-and-origin-of-nontoxigenic-strains-of-vibrio-cholerae-0g88t2nBZX
*  Most recent papers with the keyword rashed shah | Read by QxMD
Of the 97 isolates, 95 possessed CTX-phage mediated genes, ctxA, ace, and zot, and two lacked the cholera toxin gene, ctxA. ... Vibrio cholerae O1 with Reduced Susceptibility to Ciprofloxacin and Azithromycin Isolated from a Rural Coastal Area of ... In this study, a total of 97 Vibrio cholerae O1 isolates from Mathbaria, Bangladesh, collected during 2010 and 2014 were ... www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270803/vibrio-cholerae-o1-with-reduced-susceptibility-to-ciprofloxacin-and-azithromycin-isolated-from ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/108294
*  ASMscience | The Evolution of Bacteri
Identification of a vibrio cholerae RTX toxin gene cluster that is tightly linked to the cholera toxin prophage. Proc. Natl. ... The contribution of accessory toxins of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor to the proinflammatory response in a murine pulmonary cholera ... The typical RTX toxin is encoded by a four-gene operon comprising, in order, the modifying enzyme, the toxin structural gene, ... Comparative genomic analysis of Vibrio cholerae: genes that correlate with cholera endemic and pandemic disease. Proc. Natl. ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555815622.ch10
*  Sequence polymorphisms of rfbT among the Vibrio cholerae O1 strains in the Ogawa and Inaba serotype shifts | Springer for...
... which may alternate among cholera epidemics. The rfbTgene is responsible for the conversion between the two... ... Background Vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 has two major serotypes, Ogawa and Inaba, ... of polymerase chain reaction-generated amplicons to identify three types of cholera toxin subunit B in Vibrio cholerae O1 ... Mutations in the rfbT gene are responsible for the Ogawa to inaba serotype conversion in Vibrio cholerae O1. Microbiol Immunol ...
  https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1186/1471-2180-13-173
*  DNA sequencing - Wikipedia
... of polymerase chain reaction-generated amplicons to identify three types of cholera toxin subunit B in Vibrio cholerae O1 ... DNA sequencing may be used to determine the sequence of individual genes, larger genetic regions (i.e. clusters of genes or ... Min Jou W, Haegeman G, Ysebaert M, Fiers W (May 1972). "Nucleotide sequence of the gene coding for the bacteriophage MS2 coat ... The major landmark of RNA sequencing is the sequence of the first complete gene and the complete genome of Bacteriophage MS2, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DNA_sequencing
*  Pathogen Safety Data Sheets: Infectious Substances - Vibrio cholerae - Canada.ca
Recently, V. cholerae serougroup O75 strains possessing the cholera toxin gene were isolated from patients with severe ... and functional analyses of variants of the toxin-coregulated pilus protein TcpA from toxigenic Vibrio cholerae non-O1/non-O139 ... Severe diarrhea caused by cholera toxin- producing vibrio cholerae serogroup O75 infections acquired in the southeastern United ... PATHOGENICITY/TOXICITY: Vibrio cholerae can cause syndromes ranging from asymptomatic to cholera gravis(Footnote 3 ). In ...
  https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/laboratory-biosafety-biosecurity/pathogen-safety-data-sheets-risk-assessment/vibrio-cholerae.html
*  Table 3 - Vibrio cholerae Non-O1, Non-O139 Serogroups and Cholera-like Diarrhea, Kolkata, India - Volume 19, Number 3-March...
These strains lacked the ctxA gene but many had hlyA, rtxA, and rtxC genes. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis showed no genetic ... Cholera-like diarrhea was the major symptom (66.0%); some patients (20.3%) had severe dehydration. ... We identified 281 Vibrio cholerae non-O1, non-O139 strains from patients with diarrhea in Kolkata, India. ... hlyA, hemolysin A; tcpA, toxin coregulated pilus A; rtxA, repeat in toxin A; rtxC, repeat in toxin C; TTSS, type 3 secretion ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/19/3/12-1156-t3
*  Detection, Isolation, and Identification of Vibrio cholerae from the Environment - Current Protocols
Identification of a Vibrio cholerae RTX toxin gene cluster that is tightly linked to the cholera toxin prophage. Proc. Natl. ... Seasonal cholera caused by Vibrio cholerae serogroups O1 and O139 in the coastal aquatic environment of Bangladesh. Appl. ... Accessory cholera toxin (Ace), the third toxin of a Vibrio cholerae virulence cassette. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90:5267‐ ... Genomic characterization of non‐O1, non‐O139 Vibrio cholerae reveals genes for a type III secretion system. Proc. Natl. Acad. ...
  http://cda.currentprotocols.com/WileyCDA/CPUnit/refId-mc06a05.html?quicktabs_cp=cited
*  Cholera toxin synonyms, Cholera toxin antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com
Antonyms for Cholera toxin. 8 synonyms for toxin: poison, venom, bane, canker, contagion, poison, venom, virus. What are ... Variation in epitopes of the B subunit of Vibrio cholerae non-O1 and Vibrio mimicus cholera toxins.. Biotyping of Vibrio ... Vibrio cholerae cytolysin is essential for high enterotoxicity and apoptosis induction produced by a cholera toxin gene- ... Distribution of serogroups of Vibrio cholerae non-O1 non-O139 with specific reference to their ability to produce cholera toxin ...
  https://www.freethesaurus.com/Cholera+toxin
*  Virulence regulator AphB enhances toxR transcription in Vibrio cholerae | BMC Microbiology | Full Text
Culture conditions for stimulating cholera toxin production by Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor. Microbiol Immunol. 1986, 30 (11): ... Comparative genomic analysis of Vibrio cholerae: genes that correlate with cholera endemic and pandemic disease. Proc Natl Acad ... The Gram-negative bacterium Vibrio cholerae is the etiologic agent of cholera. The ability of V. cholerae to colonize and cause ... cholera toxin (CT), which causes the diarrhea characteristic of cholera, and the toxin-coregulated pilus (TCP), which is ...
  https://0-bmcmicrobiol-biomedcentral-com.brum.beds.ac.uk/articles/10.1186/1471-2180-10-3
*  KAKEN - Research Projects | Mechanism of development of diarrhea by enteric bacteria (KAKENHI-PROJECT-08407011)
Vibrio cholerae / Shigella dysenteriae / enterohemorrhagic E.coli / cholera enterotoxin / Aquaporin / Shiga toxin gene / O157 ... Response of wild-type mutants of Vibrio cholerae O1 possessing different combinations of virulence genes in the ligated rabbit ... Response of wild-type mutants of Vibrio cholerae O1 possessing different combinations of virulence genes in the ligated rabbit ... Publications] S.Yamasaki: 'Cryptic appearance of a new clone of vibrio cholerae serogroup O1 biotype eltor in Calcutta,India' ...
  https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-08407011/
*  The Earth and the Worlds beyond: Red chilli cure for multi-drug resistant cholera pathogen
Cholera is caused by different strains of Vibrio cholerae bacterium. The strains, O1 and O139 serogroups, produce cholera toxin ... Capsaicin dramatically reduced the expression of major virulence-related genes. Regular intake of red chilli may be a good ... Fighting cholera pathogen, Vibrio cholerae strains, has become a challenging task for doctors in the country as it has turned ... rise in multi-drug resistant Vibrio cholerae strains is a big problem in treatment of patients suffering from severe cholera. ...
  https://sciencedevelopments.blogspot.com/2011/04/red-chilli-cure-for-multi-drug.html
*  Cholera - Wikipedia
The gene encoding the cholera toxin was introduced into V. cholerae by horizontal gene transfer. Virulent strains of V. ... If an epidemic of cholera is suspected, the most common causative agent is V. cholerae O1. If V. cholerae serogroup O1 is not ... Prevention and control of cholera outbreaks: WHO policy and recommendations Cholera-World Health Organization Cholera - Vibrio ... ISBN 978-1-904455-18-9. Ramamurthy T (2008). "Antibiotic resistance in Vibrio cholerae". Vibrio cholerae: Genomics and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cholera
*  The mosaic accessory gene structures of the SXT/R391-like integrative and conjugative elements derived from Vibrio spp....
In all cases, V. cholerae strains were detected as not virulent, since amplification of cholera CT toxin ctxA gene was negative ... one Vibrio alginolyticus and one Vibrio natriegens strains (Table 1). All the V. cholerae strains were identified as non-O1/ ... which included six Vibrio cholerae, three Vibrio parahaemolyticus, one Vibrio alginolyticus and one Vibrio natriegens. Most of ... Use of polymerase chain reaction for detection of toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 strains from the latin American cholera epidemic ...
  https://bmcmicrobiol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2180-13-214
*  Microsoft powerpoint - the genus vibrio web [režim kompatibility]
Vibrio cholerae. antigenic structure. l V. cholerae strains causing classical epidemic cholera belong into the O1 group. They ... synthesis of cholera toxin is controlled by chromosomal gene. Its molecule is a complex of multiple polypeptide chains ... V. cholerae serotype O1: epidemic and pandemic cholera - V. cholerae serotype non O1: choleralike diarrhea, mild diarrhea, - V ... lCholera in the world. Vibrio cholerae. l V. cholerae can grow aerobically or anaerobically on a l Vibrios grow at a very high ...
  http://onlinepdfcatalog.com/l/lf.upol.cz1.html
*  The NorR Regulon Is Critical for Vibrio cholerae Resistance to Nitric Oxide and Sustained Colonization of the Intestines
Prolonged colonization of mice by Vibrio cholerae El Tor O1 depends on accessory toxins. Infect. Immun. 75:5043-5051 [PMC free ... Vibrio cholerae causes the disease cholera and represents a large global health problem in impoverished countries. Cholera ... Gene 169:47-52 [PubMed]. 33. Hsiao A, Xu X, Kan B, Kulkarni RV, Zhu J. 2009. Direct regulation by the Vibrio cholerae regulator ... Genes induced late in infection increase fitness of Vibrio cholerae after release into the environment. Cell Host Microbe 2:264 ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3345576/?lang=en-ca
*  Oregon Health Authority : What and When to Report : Communicable Disease Reporting : State of Oregon
Cholera (Vibrio cholerae O1, O139, or toxigenic). *Diphtheria (Corynebacterium diphtheriae). *Influenza (novel) ... T-2 toxin. *Tick-borne encephalitis complex (flavi) viruses (Far Eastern subtype, Siberian subtype) *Kyasanur Forest disease ... replication-competent forms of the 1918 pandemic influenza virus containing any portion of the coding regions of all eight gene ...
  http://www.oregon.gov/oha/ph/DiseasesConditions/CommunicableDisease/ReportingCommunicableDisease/Pages/reportable.aspx
*  The Contribution of Accessory Toxins of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor to the Proinflammatory Response in a Murine Pulmonary Cholera...
Identification of a Vibrio cholerae RTX toxin gene cluster that is tightly linked to the cholera toxin prophage. Proc. Natl. ... Intranasal administration of an El Tor O1 V. cholerae strain deleted of cholera toxin genes (ctxAB) caused diffuse pneumonia ... The Contribution of Accessory Toxins of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor to the Proinflammatory Response in a Murine Pulmonary Cholera ... The Contribution of Accessory Toxins of Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor to the Proinflammatory Response in a Murine Pulmonary Cholera ...
  http://jem.rupress.org/content/195/11/1455
*  Edward Thomas Ryan - Wikipedia
Rasheduzzaman; Desai, Ishaan (2014-02-06). "Evaluation in Mice of a Conjugate Vaccine for Cholera Made from Vibrio cholerae O1 ... cholerae O1 Inaba and Recombinant Fragment of Tetanus Toxin Heavy Chain (OSP:rTTHc) Induces Serum, Memory and Lamina Proprial ... gene expression) analysis of a bacterial pathogen directly in the bloodstream of an infected human; work that was performed in ... to the O-Specific Polysaccharide and Lipopolysaccharide of Vibrio cholerae O1 in Bangladeshi Adult Patients with Cholera". ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Thomas_Ryan
*  Short Communication on: Study of Avidity of Antigen-Specific Antibody as a Means of Understanding Development of Long-Term...
... of Avidity of Antigen-Specific Antibody as a Means of Understanding Development of Long-Term Immunological Memory after Vibrio ... of antigen-specific antibody as a means of understanding development of long-term immunological memory afterVibrio choleraeO1 ... It should be recall that cholera toxin is a potent immunoadjuvant in addition to being an enterotoxin [9]. The toxin and LPS ... 2009) A variant in long palate, lung and nasal epithelium clone 1 is associated with cholera in a Bangladeshi population. Genes ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/short-communication-on-study-of-avidity-of-antigenspecific-antibody-as-a-means-of-understanding-development-of-longterm-immunologi-2157-7560-1000363.php?aid=91533
*  V. cholerae causes developmental delay in C. elegans vi | Open-i
... elegans via hlyA gene.A) Illustrative pictures of gonad and vulva in each developmental stage. Black arrowhead indi ... Background: Cholera toxin (CT) and toxin-co-regulated pili (TCP) are the major virulence factors of Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 ... Background: Cholera toxin (CT) and toxin-co-regulated pili (TCP) are the major virulence factors of Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 ... pone-0011558-g002: V. cholerae causes developmental delay in C. elegans via hlyA gene.A) Illustrative pictures of gonad and ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC2903476_pone.0011558.g002&req=4