*  In Herpetic Cornea, Inflammatory Cytokines Predominate, While Th1 Cytokines Hold Virus Spread in the Trigeminal Ganglion |...
Virus titer was maximum at 4 days PI in the cornea and at 5 days PI in the trigeminal ganglion. Stromal opacities appeared at 2 ... The results were superimposed on the clinical scores and virus titers for corneas and trigeminal ganglia. Results: In the ... while in the trigeminal ganglion, Th1 type cytokines (IL-2, IFN-gamma and IL-12) were preeminent at 4-8 days PI and 12 days PI ... Abstract: : Purpose: To compare cytokine expression levels between cornea and trigeminal ganglion in herpetic keratitis, and to ...
  http://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2417621
*  "Regulation of Neuropeptide Y, Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide, and T" by Debra D. DeLoach
Trigeminal ganglia were dissected after 1, 3, and 5 days after CFA-treatment. NPY expression was observed in Day 1 and Day 5 ... and their receptors in mediating neuronal and glial cell activation in trigeminal ganglion that is likely to contribute to TMJ ... NPY receptor, NPY Y₂ was upregulated in Day 1 tissues, localized to neurons and glia. VIP expression was observed in Day 1 and ... VIP receptor, VIP R1 was upregulated in Day 3 tissues. Results from my study provide evidence to support a role of NPY, VIP, ...
  https://bearworks.missouristate.edu/theses/1262/
*  Prenatal specification and target induction underlie the enrichment of calcitonin gene-related peptide in the trigeminal...
In colchicine-treated ganglia approximately 30% of adult trigeminal ganglion cells projecting to the middle cerebral artery ... The remainder of the enrichment can be explained by a late (postnatal days 55--90)target-induced expression of CGRP in some ... Each trigeminal cell in this population sends axon collaterals to both the cerebral artery and the forehead skin neonatally, ... However, axon retraction is involved in the postnatal loss of CGRP enrichment seen in 1 small subpopulation of the trigeminal ...
  http://www.jneurosci.org/content/10/7/2485
*  Frontiers | The emergence of Pax7-expressing muscle stem cells during vertebrate head muscle development | Frontiers in Aging...
With a delay of 1 day, cells with a history of Pax7 expression can be detected in the central nervous system, the trigeminal ... The position of the Pax7 signals beneath the trigeminal ganglion, beneath the eye and in the core of the mandibular arch ... In (G), cranial ganglia are revealed by Isl1 expression (red staining). In (L), the eye was removed after staining. (M) ... A-E) Pax3 labels the central nervous system, the frontonasal neural crest, the trigeminal ganglion, the somites and the somite- ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnagi.2015.00062/full
*  Herpes labialis - Wikipedia
... the viruses move to sensory nerve ganglia (trigeminal ganglion), where they reside as lifelong, latent viruses. Asymptomatic ... Pre-sore (day 2-3): This stage is defined by the appearance of tiny, hard, inflamed papules and vesicles that may itch and are ... Crusting (day 5-8): A honey/golden crust starts to form from the syrupy exudate. This yellowish or brown crust or scab is not ... Open lesion (day 4): This is the most painful and contagious of the stages. All the tiny vesicles break open and merge to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herpes_labialis
*  Chromatolysis - Wikipedia
Examination of the trigeminal and dorsal root ganglia revealed peripheral chromatolysis in these cells. The cells exhibited ... for the 6 and 12 days groups respectively. For the purposes of the study A-cells were defined as ganglia neurons whose ... and B-cell perikarya of their L5 dorsal root ganglion were examined. There was no morphological change in the B-cell perikarya ... "A Method for Peripheral Chromatolysis in Neurons of Trigeminal and Dorsal Root Ganglia, Produced in Rats by Lithium". Journal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromatolysis
*  Kcnk18 - Potassium channel subfamily K member 18 - Mus musculus (Mouse) - Kcnk18 gene & protein
... trigeminal ganglion and dorsal root ganglia from E15.5 and increased through E18 to reach a peak in newborn mouse postnatal day ... High expression in trigeminal ganglion, also expressed in autonomic nervous system ganglia such as the stellate ganglion and ... Detected in brain cortex, cerebellum, dorsal root ganglion, spinal cord and testis. ... paravertebral sympathetic ganglia. Expressed in all adult spinal cord and brain regions, with slightly higher expression in ...
  http://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/Q6VV64
*  Evidence that spontaneous reactivation of herpes virus does not occur in mice | Virology Journal | Full Text
Trigeminal ganglia removed from scid and immunocompetent recipient graft sites 5, 14, and 28 days after transplantation ... systemic viral infection and died within 14 days. Immunocompetent BALB/c mice that received ganglion grafts containing ... which survived the 65-day observation period with no evidence of viral infection although the immunocompetent mice developed ... spontaneous episodic production of immunogenic viral antigens but not of infectious virus occurs in mouse neural ganglia during ...
  https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-2-67
*  TRPV1 and TRPM8 Channels and Nocifensive Behavior in a Rat Model for Dry Eye | IOVS | ARVO Journals
Total RNA was extracted from anterior eye segment samples (cornea plus conjunctiva) and trigeminal ganglia (TG) of sham and DE ... TRPV1 protein levels were increased in anterior eye segment and trigeminal ganglion samples from DE rats, whereas TRPM8 levels ... or menthol 14 days after exorbital gland removal. Total RNA and protein were measured from anterior eye segment and trigeminal ... Trigeminal ganglion (TG) expression of TRPV1 (F1,6 = 0.22, P , 0.1) and TRPM8 (F1,6 = 0.84, P , 0.1) were similar for sham and ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2695021
*  Trigeminal ganglion | definition of trigeminal ganglion by Medical dictionary
What is trigeminal ganglion? Meaning of trigeminal ganglion medical term. What does trigeminal ganglion mean? ... Looking for online definition of trigeminal ganglion in the Medical Dictionary? trigeminal ganglion explanation free. ... Related to trigeminal ganglion: trigeminal neuralgia, otic ganglion, maxillary nerve. ganglion. [gang´gle-on] (pl. gan´glia, ... gasserian ganglion trigeminal ganglion.. geniculate ganglion the sensory ganglion of the facial nerve, on the geniculum of the ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/trigeminal+ganglion
*  migraine trigeminal nerve Archives - Sphenopalatine Ganglion - SPG Blocks Chicago
The Mary who came back was not the same Mary who had been in four days ago, in fact she was a Mary her parents had never ... We have reviewed the basic anatomy of both ganglia and the physiological responses usually associated with each, and have given ... The second division of the trigeminal nerve passes through the sphenopalatine ganglion, which is located posterior to the ... Anatomically and physiologically based guidelines for use of the sphenopalatine ganglion block versus the stellate ganglion ...
  https://www.sphenopalatineganglionblocks.com/tag/migraine-trigeminal-nerve/
*  Proenkephalin opioid peptide product in the sensory ganglia of the rat: a developmental immunohistochemical study. - Semantic...
Enk-8-like immunoreactivity first appeared in neurons of the trigeminal ganglia of the 18-day embryo, then in the dorsal root ... The number of immunoreactive neurons in these sensory ganglia peaked on the 5th-7th postnatal days, with several small ones ... ganglia of the 21-day embryo, thus exhibiting a rostrocaudal gradient in terms of appearance and abundance. ... Enk-8-like immunoreactivity in the sensory ganglia was decreased and was rarely detected in adult animals. However, colchicine ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Proenkephalin-opioid-peptide-product-in-the-sensor-Senba-Yanaihara/b5d35789c6db3fcfdb9102c1aca05b182679ac55
*  Effects of CXCR3 Signaling on Development of Fatal Encephalitis and Corneal and Periocular Skin Disease in HSV-Infected Mice...
Total RNA isolated from pooled right trigeminal ganglia (Tg) from groups of 10 strain 129 mice mock infected or infected with ... Persistent cytokine expression in trigeminal ganglion latently infected with herpes simplex virus type 1. J Immunol. 1996;157: ... 0.05 on day 21; P , 0.01 on day 35; Fig. 3A ). However, in the left eye, contralateral to HSV inoculation, corneal disease was ... Cytokine and chemokine production in HSV-1 latently infected trigeminal ganglion cell cultures: effects of hyperthermic stress ...
  https://iovs.arvojournals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2125826
*  Varicella zoster virus - Wikipedia
... in the trigeminal and dorsal root ganglia. VZV enters through the respiratory system. Having an incubation period of 10-21 days ... In Ramsay Hunt syndrome, VZV affects the geniculate ganglion giving lesions that follow specific branches of the facial nerve. ... averaging at 14 days. targeting the skin and peripheral nerve, the period of illness is from 3 to 4 days. 1-2 days before the ... dorsal root ganglia, and autonomic ganglia. Many years after the patient has recovered from chickenpox, VZV can reactivate to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Varicella_zoster_virus
*  US5840763A - Treatment of a latent infection of herpes viruses - Google Patents
DRG ganglia on day ganglia on dayTherapy+ve/8 +ve/8 +ve/8 +ve/8 120 (n = 16) 8 (n = 8)(days)Lt Rt Lt Rt Lt Rt Lt Rt L/RTG + DRG ... The trigeminal ganglia and cervical dorsal root ganglia were removed and co-cultivated. Those cultures showing virus ... ve ganglion______________________________________Control 10/10 10/10 10/10 6/10 100famciclovir 0/10 0/10 0/10 0/10 0 ... Mice were treated with Cyclosporin A (CyA) from day -2 to day=10 (day 0 being the day of infection). Groups of mice were ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5840763
*  Hematoxylin-Eosin staining of TG from animals treated w | Open-i
The ganglia consists of bipolar neurons sorrounded by a single layer o ... Results: Both CFA and IS induced enhanced expression of pERK1/2, IL-1β and CGRP in the trigeminal ganglia. The pERK1/2 ... We asked whether local inflammation of dura mater induces inflammatory activation in the trigeminal ganglion. ... The window was closed and the rats were sacrificed after 4 h and up to 7 days. Myography was performed on middle meningeal ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC4556720_10194_2015_564_Fig1_HTML&req=4
*  Rhombomere - Wikipedia
For example, r2 has been shown to give rise to the trigeminal ganglion, while r4 has been shown to give rise to the geniculate ... Finally, the border of r7 that is not in contact with r6 gives rise to the jugular/nodose ganglia. These mappings, however, ... For example, rhombomeres are detectable by light microscopy in Swiss/Webster strain of mice for up to embryonic day (E)10.5, ... The trigeminal and facial motor nuclei were also shown to not correlate well with the rhombomere boundaries in the lamprey. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhombomere
*  Pineal gland - Wikipedia
... neurons in the trigeminal ganglion innervate the gland with nerve fibers containing the neuropeptide PACAP. The pineal body ... A parasympathetic innervation from the pterygopalatine and otic ganglia is also present. Further, some nerve fibers penetrate ... synchronizing the SCN to the day-night cycle. Nerve fibers then relay the daylight information from the SCN to the ... The pineal gland receives a sympathetic innervation from the superior cervical ganglion. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pineal_gland
*  Shingles - Wikipedia
... called the dorsal root ganglion) or the trigeminal ganglion in the base of the skull. Shingles occurs only in people who have ... Two to four days before the rash occurs there may be tingling or local pain in the area. Otherwise there are typically few ... Although VZV has been detected in autopsies of nervous tissue, there are no methods to find dormant virus in the ganglia of ... The trigeminal nerve is the most commonly involved nerve, of which the ophthalmic division is the most commonly involved branch ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shingles
*  EMA401 - Wikipedia
... is expressed in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG), as well as human trigeminal ganglia. These receptors are locally produced ... EMA401 has a t1/2 of 6 hours on day 1 of drug intake and a t1/2 of 12 hours on day 7 of drug intake. AUC averages around 1400 ... A steady state of minimum drug plasma concentration is reached by the 8th day of being on the drug. EMA401 does not accumulate ... Blood circulation delivers the drug to the dorsal root ganglion located on the dorsal root of the spine. No serious adverse ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EMA401
*  Vampire bat - Wikipedia
These splicing events occur exclusively in trigeminal ganglia, and not in dorsal root ganglia, thereby maintaining a role for ... A vampire bat can only survive about two days without a meal of blood, yet they cannot be guaranteed of finding food every ... "Ganglion-specific splicing of TRPV1 underlies infrared sensation in vampire bats". Nature. 476: 88-91. doi:10.1038/nature10245 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vampire_bat
*  Dimethyl sulfoxide - Wikipedia
"Transient Receptor Potential Channels Encode Volatile Chemicals Sensed by Rat Trigeminal Ganglion Neurons". PLOS ONE. 8 (10): ... garlic taste upon skin contact with DMSO may be due to nonolfactory activation of TRPA1 receptors in trigeminal ganglia. Unlike ... 2007). Day JG, Stacey GN, eds. "Principles of Cryopreservation". Cryopreservation and Freeze-Drying Protocols, Second Edition. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dimethyl_sulfoxide
*  Duck plague - Wikipedia
Primary latency sites in carries are the trigeminal ganglion, lymphoid tissue, and blood lymphocytes. The latency sites of APV- ... Upon exposure to DVE there is a 3-7 day for domestic fowl and up to a 14 day for wildfowl incubation period for the onset of ... However during times of stress AHV-1 may move to nerve roots from nerve ganglia and "induce herpetic lesions", a visible ... The incubation period is three to seven days. Birds as young as one week old can be infected. DVE is not zoonotic. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duck_plague
*  Outline of the human brain - Wikipedia
Its administered three times a week, on alternate days, over a course of two to four weeks (6 to 12 procedures.) Deaths from ... See also: retinal ganglion cell Oculomotor nerve (cranial nerve 3) Eye movement (except rotation), including constriction of ... Human brain List of regions in the human brain Lobes of the brain Brain Basal ganglia Brain stem including Medulla oblongata, ... Trochlear nerve (cranial nerve 4) controls most eye rotation (with head still, look up, down, left, right). Trigeminal nerve ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_the_human_brain
*  Vagus nerve - Wikipedia
The celiac ganglia with the sympathetic plexuses of the abdominal viscera radiating from the ganglia The position and relation ... The cell bodies of visceral afferent fibers of the vagus nerve are located bilaterally in the inferior ganglion of the vagus ... therapy is similar to VNS but used only during the day. In a six-month open-label trial involving three medical centers in ... which receives afferent taste information and primary afferents from visceral organs The spinal trigeminal nucleus - which ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vagus_nerve