*  RCSB PDB - Protein Feature View - Solute carrier family 2, facilitated glucose transporter member 3 - P11169 (GTR3...
The PDB archive contains information about experimentally-determined structures of proteins, nucleic acids, and complex ... Transport is mediated via a series of conformation changes, switching between a conformation where the substrate-binding cavity ... Facilitative glucose transporter that can also mediate the uptake of various other monosaccharides across the cell membrane ( ... PubMed:9477959, PubMed:26176916). Mediates the uptake of glucose, 2-deoxyglucose, galactose, mannose, xylose and fucose, and ...
  http://www.rcsb.org/pdb/protein/P11169
*  Structuresof the protein and the unnatural amino acid a | Open-i
Structuresof the protein and the unnatural amino acid analogues incorporatedinto the proteins. (A) Native GBP with glucose in ... Escherichia coli Proteins/chemistry/genetics/metabolism*. *Glucose/analysis*/metabolism. *Monosaccharide Transport Proteins/ ... prepared by truncating galactose/glucose binding protein (GBP) of E. coli and expanding the genetic code via global ... prepared by truncating galactose/glucose binding protein (GBP) of E. coli and expanding the genetic code via global ...
  https://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC4215909_cb-2014-00132g_0002&req=4
*  GalP (protein) - Wikipedia
The galactose permease or GalP found in Escherichia coli is an integral membrane protein involved in the transport of ... GalS is seen to bind only in the presence of GalR, so both of these proteins are required for repression (11). cAMP is what ... GalP is a monosaccharide transporter that uses a chemiosmotic mechanism to transport its substrates into the cytoplasm of E. ... Cysteine residues in the D-galactose-H+ symport protein of Escherichia coli: effects of mutagenesis on transport, reaction with ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GalP_(protein)
*  Carbohydrate - Wikipedia
They are composed of two monosaccharide units bound together by a covalent bond known as a glycosidic linkage formed via a ... Galactose, a component of milk sugar lactose, is found in galactolipids in plant cell membranes and in glycoproteins in many ... Humans are able to obtain all of their energy requirement from protein and fats, though the potential for some negative health ... Sucrose, pictured to the right, is the most abundant disaccharide, and the main form in which carbohydrates are transported in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrate
*  Atherogenicity of Monosaccharides, Disaccharides and Artificial Sweeteners in the Lipid-Laden Macrophage Model System: Cell...
However, the role of other monosaccharides, disaccharides or artif.. ... Cura AJ, Carruthers A (2012) Role of monosaccharide transport proteins in carbohydrate assimilation, distribution, metabolism, ... macrophage total thiol content was measured which determines the amount of protein bound SH groups, as well as glutathione [44 ... Monosaccharides (glucose, fructose, galactose, and mannose), disaccharides (lactose and sucrose), artificial sweeteners ( ...
  https://www.omicsonline.org/open-access/atherogenicity-of-monosaccharides-disaccharides-and-artificial-sweeteners-in-the-lipidladen-macrophage-model-system-cell-culture-a-2376-0354-1000209.php?aid=93826
*  Difference between revisions of "BME494s2013 Project Team2" - OpenWetWare
IPTG is added → LacI protein is created → IPTG binds to LacI → Conformational change in LacI protein → LacI can no longer bind ... LacY: LacY, or lactose permease, is a transmembrane protein that transports lactose into the cell. ... Being a monosaccharide, glucose is easier (i.e., takes less energy) to digest; therefore, if glucose is present, the cell will ... Furthermore, there are a couple of other other proteins that "mimic" the function of lactose as an input for the natural lac ...
  https://openwetware.org/wiki/?title=BME494s2013_Project_Team2&diff=prev&oldid=694554
*  Flashcards - CH8 BioChem
Protein Kinase A can also phosporylate proteins that bind to DNA, causing changes in gene expression ... 2 transport mechanisms for glucose to go into cells *1. NA+ independent, facilitated diffusion*2. Na+ Monosaccharide ... Substrate specificity: Glucose, fructose, galactose.*Role: provides cells with Glu. 6 Phos. needed for energy ... Protein Kinases *cAMP: 2nd messenger system*CyclicAMP activates protein kinase A by binding to 2 regulatory subunits, causing ...
  https://www.freezingblue.com/flashcards/print_preview.cgi?cardsetID=222953
*  Oligosaccharide - Wikipedia
Lectins, or proteins that bind carbohydrates, can recognize specific oligosaccharides and provide useful information for cell ... of monosaccharides (simple sugars). Oligosaccharides can have many functions including cell recognition and cell binding. For ... Protein-Carbohydrate bonding is often mediated by hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces.[citation needed] Mixed feeding of ... Some, such as the raffinose series, occur as storage or transport carbohydrates in plants. Others, such as maltodextrins or ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oligosaccharide
*  Targeting O-Acetyl-GD2 Ganglioside for Cancer Immunotherapy
... the ceramide tail is transported to the Golgi apparatus. Then, glycosylation of ceramide occurs by membrane-bound ... GD1b is formed by the action of galactosyltransferase II that transfers a galactose residue from UDP-galactose to GD2. GT2 is ... Transmembrane domains can be derived from several transmembrane proteins including CD3ζ, CD4, CD8, or CD28 molecules [113]. The ... S. Arming, D. Wipfler, J. Mayr et al., "The human Cas1 protein: a sialic acid-specific O-acetyltransferase?" Glycobiology, vol ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jir/2017/5604891/
*  Mannose - Wikipedia
ManX can be membrane bound or non-membrane bound. The MANY and MANZ subunits are hydrophobic integral membrane proteins with ... to nascent glycoproteins in the endoplasmic reticulum in a co-translational manner as the protein entered through the transport ... Mannose is a dominant monosaccharide in N-linked glycosylation. N-Linked glycosylation is a post-translational modification of ... galactose and sialic acid. This is important as the innate immune system in mammals is geared to recognise exposed mannose ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mannose
*  Carbohydrate - Wikipedia
They are composed of two monosaccharide units bound together by a covalent bond known as a glycosidic linkage formed via a ... Galactose, a component of milk sugar lactose, is found in galactolipids in plant cell membranes and in glycoproteins in many ... Mannose occurs in human metabolism, especially in the glycosylation of certain proteins. Fructose, or fruit sugar, is found in ... Sucrose, pictured to the right, is the most abundant disaccharide, and the main form in which carbohydrates are transported in ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbohydrates
*  Similarities and Differences in the Glycosylation Mechanisms in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
"Glycosylation of the phosphate binding protein, PstS, in Streptomyces coelicolor by a pathway that resembles protein O- ... It is conceivable, therefore, that P. gingivalis glycosylates its proteins via a similar pathway to B. fragilis. Monosaccharide ... whilst in prokaryotes the proteins are presumably fully folded, having already been transported from the cytoplasm, where ... Interestingly it transfers glucose to all glycosylated asparagines but only transfers galactose to a subset of these sites. ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ijmicro/2010/148178/
*  Carbohydrate chemistry
Displaces Na+ from the binding site of carrier protein and prevents the binding of sugar molecule and produces glycosuria. ... E.g. glucose, galactose,ribose 2- Oligosaccharides (oligo = few): contain from two to ten monosaccharide units joined in ... It blocks transport of sugar across mucosal cells of small intestine and renal tubular epithelium.  ... proteins, nucleic acids, and other compounds are known as biomolecules because they are closely associated with living ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/gangadharchatterjee/carbohydrate-chemistry-27717759
*  Inhibition of Intestinal α-Glucosidase and Glucose Absorption by Feruloylated Arabinoxylan Mono- and Oligosaccharides from Corn...
Monosaccharide composition, FA content, and protein content were analyzed as described previously by Malunga and Beta [30]. ... Phenolic acid or polyphenols in general have the ability to bind to proteins. ... After 30 minutes, transport buffer was aspirated and 1 mL ice cold OR-2 buffer was added to terminate glucose transport. The ... and galactose (0.97%). FAXmo extract from wheat aleurone was characterized to contain 29% protein, 7.2% FA, and 59.4% total ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnme/2016/1932532/
*  5. Absorption of glucose - Module 2: When you get hungry | Coursera
into the epithelial cells, intestine epithelial cells, and that transport,. monosaccharide transport, is mediated by this ... This transporter can recognize and bind to these green target molecules,. and there is a huge conformation or changes from one ... can be co-transported with sodium.. And sodium and glucose, or sodium and galactose, ... This process requires specialized protein called transporter.. 7:14. Transporter, you are looking at this diagram. ...
  https://www.coursera.org/learn/energy-metabolism/lecture/F0QrI/5-absorption-of-glucose
*  Biochemistry | Open Access articles | Open Access journals | Conference Proceedings | Editors | Authors | Reviewers |...
Proteins. Main articles: Protein and Amino acid. File:AminoAcidball.svg The general structure of an α-amino acid, with the ... Other monosaccharides like galactose and fructose can be converted into intermediates of the glycolytic pathway.[16] ... In essence, proteins are chains of amino acids. An amino acid consists of a carbon atom bound to four groups. One is an amino ... The produced NADH and quinol molecules then feed into the enzyme complexes of the respiratory chain, an electron transport ...
  http://research.omicsgroup.org/index.php/Biochemistry
*  Biochemistry - Wikipedia
One property many proteins have is that they specifically bind to a certain molecule or class of molecules-they may be ... Other monosaccharides like galactose and fructose can be converted into intermediates of the glycolytic pathway. In aerobic ... The structure of proteins is traditionally described in a hierarchy of four levels. The primary structure of a protein simply ... The produced NADH and quinol molecules then feed into the enzyme complexes of the respiratory chain, an electron transport ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biochemistry
*  Frontiers | E. coli Group 1 Capsular Polysaccharide Exportation Nanomachinary as a Plausible Antivirulence Target in the...
Considering E. coli as a case in point, this review explains the structure and functional roles of proteins involved in Group 1 ... Considering E. coli as a case in point, this review explains the structure and functional roles of proteins involved in Group 1 ... For example, the E. coli K1 antigen binds to C4b-binding protein (C4BP) - a major inhibitor of the classical complement pathway ... It belongs to the family of polysaccharide-specific transport (PST) proteins and is designated as PST-1 due to its involvement ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2017.00070/full
*  Carbohydrate Metabolism March 2007
... proteins embedded in the cell's outer membrane that provide transport systems for monosaccharides. The glucose transport ... binding of galactose and fructose to hexokinase. This excludes active handling of fructose and galactose by hexokinase at the ... Just move the protein to a compartment where it is not needed and inactivate it by binding to a parking place! This is the ... Galactose, the 'other half' of lactose (milk sugar).. Galactose is transported from the intestinal lumen by the same Na+- ...
  http://medbio.info/Horn/Time%201-2/carbohydrate_metabolism%20March%202007a.htm
*  Biology IB - SL core by IB Notes on Prezi
Explain the role of protein pumps and ATP in active transport across membranes. ATP is required for active transport. Particles ... galactose Disaccharide 2 monosaccharides Starch + (many) water (many) glucose Polysaccharide Many monosaccharides Triglyceride ... Proteins produced by ribosomes of the rough ER enters the lumen (the 'inside') of the ER.. Proteins exit the ER and enter cis ... 2 extracellular potassium ions bind to the protein, causing the release of the phosphate group. (4). Loss of the phosphate ...
  https://prezi.com/ga8scbv4jokq/biology-ib-sl-core/
*  Metabolism - Wikipedia
Binding of the hormone to insulin receptors on cells then activates a cascade of protein kinases that cause the cells to take ... Proteins are also important in cell signaling, immune responses, cell adhesion, active transport across membranes, and the cell ... The basic carbohydrate units are called monosaccharides and include galactose, fructose, and most importantly glucose. ... Metal cofactors are bound tightly to specific sites in proteins; although enzyme cofactors can be modified during catalysis, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metabolism
*  Glycolipid - Wikipedia
They can be bound to the C-terminus of a protein and have various functions associated with the different proteins they can be ... The essential feature of a glycolipid is the presence of a monosaccharide or oligosaccharide bound to a lipid moiety. The most ... Blood type A has an N-acetylgalactosamine added as the main determining structure, type B has a galactose, and type AB has all ... The glycolipid is assembled in the Golgi apparatus and embedded in the surface of a vesicle which is then transported to the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycolipid
*  Biomolecule - Wikipedia
... or inhibitors bound. It is often important as an inactive storage, transport, or secretory form of a protein. This is required ... Examples of monosaccharides are the hexoses, glucose, fructose, Trioses, Tetroses, Heptoses, galactose, pentoses, ribose, and ... DNA can sometimes occur as single strands (often needing to be stabilized by single-strand binding proteins) or as A-form or Z- ... Besides those used in protein synthesis, other biologically important amino acids include carnitine (used in lipid transport ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomolecule
*  Molecules Flashcards by Didi Hallervorden | Brainscape
The lock and key model assumes that the active site is a perfect fit for a specific substrate and that once the substrate binds ... Protein.. Chemisch gesehen sind Aminosäuren sehr unterschiedliche Moleküle, die jedoch in einer Eigenschaft übereinstimmen: ... Alle Monosaccharide haben eine Kette aus mindestens drei Kohlenstoffatomen als Grundgerüst und weisen eine Carbonylgruppe sowie ... Glucokinase beispielsweise akzeptiert Glucose als Substrat, die verwandte Galactose jedoch nicht. Enzyme können verschieden ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/molecules-377272/packs/798203
*  Carbohydrates and glycobiology: the '3rd alphabet of life' after DNA and proteins
... the other side of which is a binding protein that recognizes a specific sugar monosaccharides, sequence, anomerity, linkage, ... After a protein is transcribed in the nucleus, it must be transported to the proper location in the cell with the help of ... The most abundant monosaccharides that can be found in animal glycan are: fucose (Fuc), galactose (Gal), glucose (Glu), mannose ... We now know that the glycan structures on proteins can control everything from protein signaling, protein half life, and ...
  http://reasonandscience.heavenforum.org/t2071-carbohydrates-and-glycobiology-the-3rd-alphabet-of-life-after-dna-and-proteins