*  Plant disease - General characteristics | Britannica.com
Fungi often have a plantlike vegetative body consisting of microscopic branching threadlike filaments of various lengths, ... It is the mass of the mycelium that gives fungal growth its characteristic ... The fungi represent an extremely large and diverse group of eukaryotic microorganisms. The cells, which contain a membrane- ... Fungi are spread primarily by spores, which are produced in abundance. The spores can be carried and disseminated by wind ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/plant-disease/General-characteristics
*  Sudden Death Syndrome - Wikipedia
Foliar applications of fungicides have no effect on disease suppression for SDS because the fungi are found in the soil and ... eventually leading to leaf and pod drop. Blue Fungal spore masses are produced on the roots of the plant where macroconidia are ... If soil conditions are moist, roots are also likely to show blue masses of spores (macroconidia) around the taproot just below ... These thick walled overwintering structures can withstand large temperature fluctuations within the soil and even resist ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sudden_Death_Syndrome
*  Hellebore - Wikipedia
... hellebori is a fungus that causes the most common fungal disease for helleborus species known as Hellebore black spot or leaf ... The fungus will form black seed like structures in the dead plant tissue to create its spores to help it survive when new host ... Botrytis cinerea or grey mold is a fungal disease that infects most ornamental plants. The fungus causes a decay of plant ... The small black fruiting bodies which carry the spores, pycnidia are formed in the dead cells of the leaf spots. The spores are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hellebore
*  Fungi by Emma Ritcey on Prezi
Transcript of Fungi. Kingdom Fungi. Common Structures. All fungi are eukaryotic and heterotrophic.. Almost all fungal cells ... These parasitic fungi can cause leaf curl, chestnut blight, or Dutch elm disease.. Ascomycota. Phylum Ascomycota. Almost all of ... When the host dies, the fruiting bodies of the fungus produce new spores. 2. Predatory Fungi. Predatory fungi have mycelia that ... They also cause disease in crops. Some fungi are parasites of plants and most crops are extremely susceptible to fungal attack. ...
  https://prezi.com/5qt3qvlmxotp/fungi/
*  Sugarcane smut - Wikipedia
Sugarcane smut is a fungal disease of sugarcane caused by the fungus Sporisorium scitamineum. The disease is known as ... Two to four months after the fungus has infected the plant, black whip-like structures, instead of a spindle leaf, emerge from ... When spores that are contained inside the whip are released, the core of the whip remains behind and is a straw-like color. ... Fungi portal Smut (fungus) Comstock, J. C. and Lentini, R. S. Sugarcane Smut Disease, University of Florida. "Information Sheet ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sugarcane_smut
*  Grape Black Rot | Ohioline
These dots are fungal structures (pycnidia), which contain thousands of spores (conidia) that can infect new tissue. New ... The disease is caused by the fungus Guignardia bidwellii. The fungus can infect the leaves, shoots, berries, tendrils, rachises ... Figure 1. Black rot spots on a grape leaf. Inset shows the dark pycnidia that can be seen in the center of each spot.. ... Disease Development and Symptoms Disease development is favored by warm and humid weather. Symptoms of black rot first appear ...
  https://ohioline.osu.edu/node/638
*  Urocystis agropyri - Wikipedia
The leaf discoloration is due to fungal structures called sori, which are clusters of spore-bearing structures. During ... Urocystis agropyri is a fungal plant pathogen that causes flag smut on wheat. The flag smut fungus, U. agropyri, is a ... These spores are reddish brown, smoothly rounded, and they tend to be in clumps of 5-6 with sterile cells around them. The ... The occurrence of the disease in the United States was limited to the Pacific Northwest and was the result of the introduction ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urocystis_agropyri
*  Ascochyta pisi - Wikipedia
New disease is established when spores of the fungus are carried to a new, healthy crop by wind or rain splash. These fungal ... spores then penetrate the leaf. In the spring, it produces conidia in pycnidia. The release of these spores begins in spring ... Crop Rotation: In order to reduce the risk of infection of pea crops from infected residue and soil-borne survival structures ... The fungus survives on seeds and in the soil as resting spores, called chlamydospores. The seed to seedling transmission rate ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ascochyta_pisi
*  Powdery Mildew on Turfgrass | Ohioline
Fungal growth is restricted to the surface of the leaf with the exception of special sucker-like structures called haustoria ... Under favorable environmental conditions, the fungus produces massive amounts of asexual spores called conidia on the surface ... When the disease becomes severe, the entire turfgrass stand may appear dull white or pale green. Severely infected leaves ... Powdery mildew on leaf surface.. Conidia of Erysiphe graminis.. Symptoms. The fungus is usually first seen as isolated wefts of ...
  https://ohioline.osu.edu/node/53
*  PP-232/PG133: 2013 Florida Plant Disease Management Guide: Guava (Psidiumguajava)
Disease Cycle and Epidemiology. Conidia (asexual spores) are the fungal structures responsible for anthracnose infection. ... Once infected, the fungus reproduces abundantly from the lower leaf surfaces. Sporulation is greatest during warm, wet weather ... Disease Cycle and Epidemiology. The fungus usually spreads vegatatively via threadlike fungal strands from infected roots to ... Algal Leaf Spot. Algal leaf spot occurs on a wide range of tropical fruit species. The presence of the pathogen on the leaf ...
  http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/pg133
*  Peach scab - Wikipedia
The fungus overwinters as mycelium and chlamydospores in twig or leaf lesions and continues to produce asexual structures. The ... As a part of asexual fungi group Fungi imperfecti, Cladosporium carpophilum does not produce sexual spores but produce conidia ... is a disease of stone fruits caused by the fungi Cladosporium carpophilum. The disease is most prevalent in wet and warm areas ... Like most fungal diseases, peach scab thrives in warm and moist conditions. As a fungus, adequate shade plays an important role ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peach_scab
*  Septoria cannabis - Wikipedia
To avoid this disease, you must eliminate survival structures which are dead and decaying leaves or organic matter around the ... Index Fungorum USDA ARS Fungal Database Bergman, Robert. "Stop Leaf Septoria On Marijuana Plants Now!" I Love Growing Marijuana ... When the conditions are favorable (summer-fall) the spores are released and carried by wind or raindrops to a nearby host. Once ... Septoria, which is an ascomycete and pycnidia producing fungus, has been well known to attack Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Septoria_cannabis
*  Spring black stem - Wikipedia
The disease produces small black spots on the leaves which eventually turn the leaf yellow, resulting in chlorosis and ... This can cause spread of the disease to the crowns and roots, also turning them black. When the fungus extends into the crown ... The disease is present in numerous alfalfa fields throughout the Northeast United States. The fungal pathogen Phoma medicaginis ... this helps reduce leaf loss, but does not reduce the amount of spores in the field. Selecting warm and well-drained soils; this ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spring_black_stem
*  Cercospora melongenae - Wikipedia
This fungus produces secondary conidia within the same season; this furthers the disease cycle and allows the fungus to infect ... Because of common garden growing mistakes, Cercospora leaf spot on eggplant is one of the most common fungal infections of ... This fungi produces larger fruiting structures during a rainy season than during a dry season, indicating the need for a moist ... and nucleic acids causing damage or cell death.The fungal spores are not harmed by the production of this toxin because they ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cercospora_melongenae
*  Botrytis cinerea - Wikipedia
... refers to the bunching of the fungal spores on their conidiophores, and "ashes" just refers to the greyish colour of the spores ... The fungus also produces highly resistant sclerotia as survival structures in older cultures. It overwinters as sclerotia or ... Standing water on plant leaf surfaces provides a place for spores to germinate. Humid conditions can result from improper ... can be applied as a soil amendment to strawberry plants to reduce the severity of the fungal disease by stimulating defense ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Botrytis_cinerea
*  Canna rust - Wikipedia
... of the leaf, will show yellow to brownish spore-producing these pustulate structures, and these are the signs of the disease. ... The Canna rust fungus grows best under high relative humidity and extended periods of leaf wetness (roughly ≥20°C). This type ... Canna rust is a fungal disease of canna caused by Puccinia thaliae. Symptoms include yellow to tan spots on the plant's leaves ... Urediniospores (or uredospores), asexual rust spores, have been discovered on the leaf surface. The color of the urediniospore ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canna_rust
*  Septoria lycopersici - Wikipedia
High humidity and leaf wetness are also ideal for disease development. The initial source of inoculum for S. lycopersici ... thus reducing the spread of fungal spores. Drip irrigation and mulching also help with the reduction of splashing thus ... Pycnidia are fruiting bodies of the fungus. When the lesions become numerous often the leaves turn yellow, then brown, ... results from overwintered resting structures such as mycelium and conidia within pycnidia which can be found on and in infected ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Septoria_lycopersici
*  Sclerotinia sclerotiorum - Wikipedia
These sclerotia give rise to a fruiting body in the spring that produces spores in a sac which is why fungi in this class are ... Its diverse host range and ability to infect plants at any stage of growth makes white mold a very serious disease. The fungus ... Next, white fungal mycelium covers the fruit and it decays. This can occur when the fruit is in the field or when in storage. ... A key characteristic of this pathogen is its ability to produce black resting structures known as sclerotia and white fuzzy ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sclerotinia_sclerotiorum
*  Time to scout for chestnut blight on European and Japanese hybrid cultivars | MSU Extension
Photo 2. Close-up of a chestnut blight canker producing spores.. These fungal reproductive structures are bright orange this ... When present, it weakens the blight fungus and the fungus has trouble causing disease-the tree can survive the infection. When ... As the canker enlarges and begins to girdle the branch or stem, other symptoms such as yellowing leaves, small leaves, leaf ... The fungus that causes chestnut blight can be traced from China and Japan where it did not cause much disease when compared to ...
  http://msue.anr.msu.edu/news/time_to_scout_for_chestnut_blight_on_european_and_japanese_hybrid_cultivars
*  Uncinula necator - Wikipedia
Powdery mildew is a polycyclic disease (one which produces a secondary inoculum) that initially infects the leaf surface with ... Cleistothecia, which are the overwintering structures, present themselves as tiny, spherical fruiting structures that go from ... nutrients from the plant cells directly under the epidermis of the leaf. At this point, the fungi can infect leaves, buds and ... Once these spores or conidia germinate, they produce a structure called a haustoria, capable of "sucking" ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uncinula_necator
*  Oomycete - Wikipedia
... or lower fungi. Most of the oomycetes produce two distinct types of spores. The main dispersive spores are asexual, self-motile ... on the leaf undersides (although this group can be confused with the unrelated fungal powdery mildews). The fourth group are ... "Oomycota" means "egg fungi", referring to the large round oogonia, structures containing the female gametes, that are ... Some species can cause disease in fish, and at least one is a pathogen of mammals. The majority of the plant pathogenic species ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oomycete
*  Citrus black spot - Wikipedia
Urea, lime, and calcium carbonate reduce the number of fungal structures and spore production. Since the fungus requires wet ... Citrus Black Spot is a fungal disease caused by Guignardia citricarpa. This Ascomycete fungus affects citrus plants throughout ... Kumaran RS, Muthumary J, Hur BK (July 2008). "Taxol from Phyllosticta citricarpa, a leaf spot fungus of the angiosperm Citrus ... If there is more than one age of fruit present on the tree, it is possible for the asexual spores on the fruit to be ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Citrus_black_spot
*  Acer pseudoplatanus - Wikipedia
Rectangular patches of bark become detached exposing thick layers of black fungal spores. The fungus may be present in the ... The leaf stalk or petiole is 5 to 15 cm (2 to 6 in) long, is often tinged red with no stipules or leaf-like structures at the ... This disease can cause moderate leaf loss but trees are little affected in the long run. Horses eating seeds or emergent ... Sycamore leaf spot, caused by the fungus Cristulariella depraedans, results in pale blotches on leaves which later dry up and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acer_pseudoplatanus
*  Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Nature/Fungi - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
For anyone who may be exposed to mold and fungi: *Avoid breathing dust (fungal spores) generated by moldy building materials, ... oval leaf spot of graminea, pitting disease, ryegrass blast, and johnson spot, is a plant-pathogenic fungus that causes an ... and structures to protect themselves while handling building materials that are visibly contaminated with fungi. ... Fusarium oxysporum, also referred to as Agent Green, is a fungus that causes Fusarium wilt disease in more than a hundred ...
  https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Adventist_Youth_Honors_Answer_Book/Nature/Fungi
*  Erysiphe cruciferarum - Wikipedia
... usually both sides of the leaf show white, powdery fungal growth. Additional signs of the pathogen would be that its conidia ... Wind and rain can also spread the spores of E. cruciferarum. Adding vegetative wind barriers can impede the spores' travel into ... Disease diagnosis is determined on the basis of anamorph morphology and host. Erysiphe cruciferarum is an obligate parasite. ... It is a fungus, Ampelomyces quisqualis, and should be applied preventatively. Cultural If resistant varieties are available, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erysiphe_cruciferarum