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*  Underlying mechanisms and ecological context of variation in exploratory behavior of the Argentine ant, Linepithema humile |...
Uncovering how and why animals explore their environment is fundamental for understanding population dynamics, the spread of ... In social animals, individuals within a group can vary in their exploratory behavior and the behavioral composition of the ... These findings reveal the importance of individual variation in behavior for the ecology of social animals. ... group can determine its collective success. Workers of the invasive Argentine ant (Linepithema humile) exhibit individual ...
  http://jeb.biologists.org/content/early/2018/10/31/jeb.188722?rss=1
*  Faculty of Biology
... animal behavior; human population genetics; origins and structure of ethnic groups and nations, etc. The Faculty of Biology ... Our curricula include fundamental science courses and biological disciplines in various fields of biology. The basic biological ... animal ecology, zoogeography, applied entomology, animal selection, etc. Courses in botany, including plant ecology, geobotany ... Physiology is taught jointly by the Departments of Human and Animal Physiology, Embryology, Cell Biology and Histology, Higher ...
  https://www.msu.ru/en/info/struct/depts/bio.html
*  Don Miller - Biological Sciences - CSU, Chico
Given that most animals live solitarily, why might some species live in groups? What are the causes and consequences of social ... My research involves natural populations of galling aphids (Tamalia spp.) on their food plants, manzanita (Arctostaphylos spp ... the insects lend themselves especially well towards addressing these fundamental questions in behavioral ecology. ... A remarkable fact about Tamaliaaphids is that they sometimes initiate galls in groups (rather than singly, as do all other ...
  http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/faculty_staff/miller.shtml
*  Polymorphisms | Encyclopedia.com
Polymorphisms are a type of genetic diversity within a population's gene pool. They can be used to map (locate) genes such as ... Polymorphisms can be used to illuminate fundamental biological patterns and processes. By studying polymorphisms in a group of ... Polymorphisms are a type of genetic diversity within a population's gene pool. They can be used to map (locate) genes such as ... breeding programs aimed at improving agriculturally important plants and animals can be made more efficient, since individuals ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/medical-magazines/polymorphisms
*  Frontiers | Potential impact of antimicrobial resistance in wildlife, environment and human health | Microbiology
Monitoring the resistance prevalence of indicator bacteria such as Escherichia coli and enterococci in wild animals makes it ... Monitoring the resistance prevalence of indicator bacteria such as Escherichia coli and enterococci in wild animals makes it ... feces from zoo animals were analyzed and a prevalence of group B1 in herbivorous animals and a prevalence of group A in ... mutant sub-populations of enhanced fitness invariably arise in growing populations, but their dynamics in the population are ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2014.00023/full
*  PhD Biological Sciences | Study at Bristol | University of Bristol
Members of this research group are listed on the school website.. Animal behaviour and sensory biology. Research is aimed at ... Research seeks to understand ecological relations between organisms (plant, animal or microbe) at individual, population and ... Assessing the effect of climate change on these ecological processes is also fundamental to our research. Key research areas ... Dr Christos Ioannau, Collective animal behaviour, group living and predator behaviour, particularly in fish, but not ...
  http://www.bristol.ac.uk/study/postgraduate/2019/life-sciences/phd-biological-sciences/
*  Bacillus anthracis and Anthrax by Nicholas H. Bergman - ASgraphic |Antonio Books
... plant fundamental creation, sustenance of secondary manufacturers, and law of plant and animal populations and groups. This ... Department of Agriculture, Health of Animals Branch, Bulletin 23, pp. 3-8. Ottawa. Ivanovics, G. 1939. The fate of the capsular ...
  http://www.antoniosonnessa.com/books/bacillus-anthracis-and-anthrax
*  Sociality - Wikipedia
Sociality is the degree to which individuals in an animal population tend to associate in social groups and form cooperative ... This wasp behaviour evidences the most fundamental characteristic of animal sociality: parental investment. Parental investment ... An animal that exhibits a high degree of sociality is called a social animal. The highest degree of sociality recognized by ... Solitary animals, such as the jaguar, don't associate except for courtship and mating. If an animal taxon shows a degree of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociality
*  Harvard Magazine
Now a group of Harvard scientists has calculated the number of mutations that can appear in any organism's genome in each ... And because this "speed limit" on genetic change arises from fundamental properties of molecules, the limit is the same for the ... Critical proteins must be structurally stable for an individual organism to survive; on a population level, if too many ... simplest viruses and the most complex plants and animals.. The study, which appeared recently in Proceedings of the National ...
  https://www.harvardmagazine.com/2008/03/lifes-speed-limit.html
*  NOT-OD-10-034: NIH Announces the Availability of Recovery Act Funds for Competitive Revision Applications for Small Business...
... small group, institution, organization, community, or population. At the individual level, this research may involve the study ... Human Subjects/ Vertebrate Animal documentation (if applicable). Include a current Human Subjects/IRB or Vertebrate Animals/ ... Projects proposed for these funds will need to address fundamental mechanisms and patterns of behavioral and social functioning ... group, community, and population-level patterns of collective behavior. Research studies on behavioral and social processes, ...
  https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-10-034.html
*  Read or download How Fossils Refute Darwinism
... large populations of animals exhibit no evolutionary development and can maintain their stasis. However, if some small groups ... the theory makes two fundamental assumptions:. *The assumption that macro-mutations-in other words, wide-ranging mutations that ... The Narrow Populations Error. The second concept that proponents of punctuated evolution stress is that of 'narrow populations ... They are quickly selected within this narrow group. The group of reptiles evolves quickly, and may even turn into mammals. ...
  http://harunyahya.com/en/books/3807/How-Fossils-Refute-Darwinism/chapter/15534/The-Starting-Point-of-Punctuated-Equilibrium
*  Introduction | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
... only those populations that had been maintained in groups suffered weakened long-term memory formation following social ... 2003 Animal innovation: an introduction in animal innovation. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ... laboratory paradigms involving prolonged training of batches of individuals to complete tasks aimed to elucidate fundamental ... In press. The nature and nurturing of animal minds. In Genes and behaviour beyond nature nurture (eds D Hosken, N Wedell, J ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/373/1756/20170280?rss=1&ssource=mfr
*  Publications
Large Animal Research Group *Large Animal Research Group Overview. * Long-term projects ... Mundy, N. I. (2016) Population genomics fits the bill: genetics of adaptive beak variation in Darwin's finches. Mol. Ecol. 25, ... Gluckman, T.-L. and N. I. Mundy (2013) Cuckoos in raptors' clothing: barred plumage illustrates a fundamental principle of ... Evolutionary Genetics Group *Evolutionary Genetics Group Overview. * Co-evolution of colour vision and coloration in birds and ...
  https://www.zoo.cam.ac.uk/research/groups/evolutionary-genetics/publications
*  Passenger pigeons may come back from the dead - Lowell Sun Online
The idea was recently promoted at a TEDx meeting in Washington and is being funded by Revive and Restore, a group dedicated to ... But eventually he hopes to release the animal into the wild.. Such a proposition, some experts say, poses a number of ... fundamental problems: There is some question as to whether today's forests can support a restored passenger pigeon population, ... "Much of their breeding and wintering habitat is gone," says Scott C. Yaich of the conservation group Ducks Unlimited, and the ...
  http://www.lowellsun.com/baseball/ci_23629628/passenger-pigeons-may-come-back-from-dead
*  SEACELLS | Marine Biological Association
SEACELLS addresses fundamental questions in phytoplankton biology from cellular to population scales. Our recent studies of ... including the discovery of cell membrane properties that were thought to be typical of animal cells but now must be considered ... focussing principally on two significant groups, the diatoms and coccolithophores. ... Knowledge of cell- to-cell variability will provide insights into the plasticity of populations and their responses to changing ...
  https://www.mba.ac.uk/projects/seacells
*  Brownlee Group | Marine Biological Association
SEACELLS addresses fundamental questions in phytoplankton biology from cellular to population scales. Our recent studies of ... The seas are teeming with a huge diversity of life from the simplest single-celled organisms to complex animals. The many ... SeaCells addresses fundamental questions in phytoplankton biology from cellular to population scales. This research is ... The marine biota also provide a rich resource of models for the study of the evolution of fundamental life processes such as ...
  https://www.mba.ac.uk/fellows/brownlee-group
*  New Research Suggests Bacteria Are Social Microorganisms | Flow Control Network
Thus, aggressive chemical reactions occur between, rather than within natural populations.. "It appears to be a group effort ... "This result contrasts with what we know about animal and plant populations, in which individuals can divide labors, perform ... The National Science Foundation (NSF), an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across ... "Bacteria typically have been considered purely selfish organisms and bacterial populations as groups of clones," said Otto ...
  https://www.flowcontrolnetwork.com/new-research-suggests-bacteria-are-social-microorganisms/
*  Modeling Human Disease Phenotype in Model Organisms | Circulation Research
Likewise, the primary reason to develop an animal model of a human disease is to gain insights into the pathogenesis of the ... Interindividual differences in expression of a disease state are well appreciated and very much form the essence of population ... No reasonable person would argue against the value of the model organisms in providing fundamental insights into biological ... are best reflected by our inability to exploit the group data, whether clinical or genetic, to predict the phenotype in a ...
  http://circres.ahajournals.org/content/109/4/356
*  Chapter 2: Bosque Background | New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science
... is that a species is a unit of classification that refers to a population (group) or series of populations (groups) of closely ... Plants and Animals of the Middle Rio Grande Valley. The river and its floodplain support a variety of plants and animals. In ... The fundamental unit of life on Earth is what biologists refer to as the species. Although the concept of a natural unit for ... A population is a group of organisms of the same species that live in the same area at the same time. Thus we can talk about a ...
  http://nmnaturalhistory.org/bosque-education-guide/chapter-2-bosque-background
*  Pre-Pharmacy Program | LIU
Topics include evolution, population genetics, systematics, animal behavior and ecology. Not open to students who have taken ... Fundamental to the changing role of the pharmacist is the evolving concept of pharmaceutical care, which has been defined as " ... This course introduces patterns and processes of organisms and groups of organisms with emphasis on their origin, evolution, ... Processes fundamental to all living things such as energy utilization, growth, development, and reproduction will be examined ...
  http://www.liunet.edu/About-LIU/~/~/link.aspx?_id=52B34D77726C48EF8F738E4948654DC2&_z=z
*  Frontiers | Integration of Brain and Skull in Prenatal Mouse Models of Apert and Crouzon Syndromes | Frontiers in Human...
Using mouse models for craniosynostosis conditions, our group has precisely defined how unique craniosynostosis causing ... Using mouse models for craniosynostosis conditions, our group has precisely defined how unique craniosynostosis causing ... Outbred stocks like CD1 are closed populations of genetically variable animals that are bred to maintain maximum heterozygosity ... group. Since mice in the two groups used in this comparison do not carry an activated FGFR2 mutation associated with ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2017.00369/full
*  Seed predation - Wikipedia
Therefore, animals with shorter life span, like insects, are more common pre-dispersal predators. Common insect groups of pre- ... If a population is safe site limited it is likely that seed predation will have little impact to the success of the population ... However, fundamental differences occur between the two. Pre-dispersal predators are most often specialists, as they are more ... However, if a population is seed limited, seed predation has a better chance of negatively affecting the plant population by ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seed_predation
*  biology, philosophy of | Britannica.com
animal. (kingdom Animalia), any of a group of multicellular eukaryotic organisms (i.e., as distinct from bacteria, their ... Indeed, work by the American population geneticist Sewall Wright (1889-1989) has shown that, in small populations, the less fit ... animals with radial symmetry). All agreed, however, that there is one unit of classification that seems more fundamental or ... When two groups come into conflict, members of each group will develop features that help them to benefit other group members ...
  https://www.britannica.com/topic/philosophy-of-biology
*  BI2017: GENES AND EVOLUTION - Catalogue of Courses
Evolution at the population level and the origin of species. *Macroevolution (evolution of major organism groups) ... The course explores the fundamental biological processes of genetics and evolution. Evolution is unified by the concept of ... BSc Animal Behaviour. *BSc Behavioural Biology. *BSc Biochemistry. *BSc Biochemistry (Biobusiness). *BSc Biochemistry ( ... to the population. There is a balance between molecular and organismal biology, and broader issues such as human population ...
  https://www.abdn.ac.uk/registry/courses/undergraduate/2018/biology/bi2017
*  Did Huns learn to farm from the Romans? | Cosmos
Given the fluctuating levels of animal protein, they suggest that groups of nomadic animal herders may have taken up farming, ... these events frequently emphasises the fundamental cultural difference between these nomads and the settled populations of the ... Fresh research indicates nomadic groups such as the Huns may have actually collaborated with farmers on the outskirts of the ... "Our research gives an insight into ordinary people's lives along the late Roman frontier, where nomadic animal herders could ...
  https://cosmosmagazine.com/archaeology/did-huns-learn-to-farm-from-the-romans