*  Faculty of Biology
... animal behavior; human population genetics; origins and structure of ethnic groups and nations, etc. The Faculty of Biology ... Our curricula include fundamental science courses and biological disciplines in various fields of biology. The basic biological ... animal ecology, zoogeography, applied entomology, animal selection, etc. Courses in botany, including plant ecology, geobotany ... Physiology is taught jointly by the Departments of Human and Animal Physiology, Embryology, Cell Biology and Histology, Higher ...
  https://www.msu.ru/en/info/struct/depts/bio.html
*  Don Miller - Biological Sciences - CSU, Chico
Given that most animals live solitarily, why might some species live in groups? What are the causes and consequences of social ... My research involves natural populations of galling aphids (Tamalia spp.) on their food plants, manzanita (Arctostaphylos spp ... the insects lend themselves especially well towards addressing these fundamental questions in behavioral ecology. ... A remarkable fact about Tamaliaaphids is that they sometimes initiate galls in groups (rather than singly, as do all other ...
  http://www.csuchico.edu/biol/faculty_staff/miller.shtml
*  Polymorphisms | Encyclopedia.com
Polymorphisms are a type of genetic diversity within a population's gene pool. They can be used to map (locate) genes such as ... Polymorphisms can be used to illuminate fundamental biological patterns and processes. By studying polymorphisms in a group of ... Polymorphisms are a type of genetic diversity within a population's gene pool. They can be used to map (locate) genes such as ... breeding programs aimed at improving agriculturally important plants and animals can be made more efficient, since individuals ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/medical-magazines/polymorphisms
*  Frontiers | Potential impact of antimicrobial resistance in wildlife, environment and human health | Microbiology
Monitoring the resistance prevalence of indicator bacteria such as Escherichia coli and enterococci in wild animals makes it ... Monitoring the resistance prevalence of indicator bacteria such as Escherichia coli and enterococci in wild animals makes it ... feces from zoo animals were analyzed and a prevalence of group B1 in herbivorous animals and a prevalence of group A in ... mutant sub-populations of enhanced fitness invariably arise in growing populations, but their dynamics in the population are ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmicb.2014.00023/full
*  Sociality - Wikipedia
Sociality is the degree to which individuals in an animal population tend to associate in social groups and form cooperative ... This wasp behaviour evidences the most fundamental characteristic of animal sociality: parental investment. Parental investment ... An animal that exhibits a high degree of sociality is called a social animal. The highest degree of sociality recognized by ... Solitary animals, such as the jaguar, don't associate except for courtship and mating. If an animal taxon shows a degree of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociality
*  Bacillus anthracis and Anthrax by Nicholas H. Bergman - ASgraphic |Antonio Books
... plant fundamental creation, sustenance of secondary manufacturers, and law of plant and animal populations and groups. This ... Department of Agriculture, Health of Animals Branch, Bulletin 23, pp. 3-8. Ottawa. Ivanovics, G. 1939. The fate of the capsular ...
  http://www.antoniosonnessa.com/books/bacillus-anthracis-and-anthrax
*  NOT-OD-10-034: NIH Announces the Availability of Recovery Act Funds for Competitive Revision Applications for Small Business...
... small group, institution, organization, community, or population. At the individual level, this research may involve the study ... Human Subjects/ Vertebrate Animal documentation (if applicable). Include a current Human Subjects/IRB or Vertebrate Animals/ ... Projects proposed for these funds will need to address fundamental mechanisms and patterns of behavioral and social functioning ... group, community, and population-level patterns of collective behavior. Research studies on behavioral and social processes, ...
  https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/notice-files/NOT-OD-10-034.html
*  Read or download How Fossils Refute Darwinism
... large populations of animals exhibit no evolutionary development and can maintain their stasis. However, if some small groups ... the theory makes two fundamental assumptions:. *The assumption that macro-mutations-in other words, wide-ranging mutations that ... The Narrow Populations Error. The second concept that proponents of punctuated evolution stress is that of 'narrow populations ... They are quickly selected within this narrow group. The group of reptiles evolves quickly, and may even turn into mammals. ...
  http://harunyahya.com/en/books/3807/How-Fossils-Refute-Darwinism/chapter/15534/The-Starting-Point-of-Punctuated-Equilibrium
*  Introduction | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
... only those populations that had been maintained in groups suffered weakened long-term memory formation following social ... 2003 Animal innovation: an introduction in animal innovation. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. ... laboratory paradigms involving prolonged training of batches of individuals to complete tasks aimed to elucidate fundamental ... In press. The nature and nurturing of animal minds. In Genes and behaviour beyond nature nurture (eds D Hosken, N Wedell, J ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/373/1756/20170280?rss=1&ssource=mfr
*  Publications
Large Animal Research Group *Large Animal Research Group Overview. * Long-term projects ... Mundy, N. I. (2016) Population genomics fits the bill: genetics of adaptive beak variation in Darwin's finches. Mol. Ecol. 25, ... Gluckman, T.-L. and N. I. Mundy (2013) Cuckoos in raptors' clothing: barred plumage illustrates a fundamental principle of ... Evolutionary Genetics Group *Evolutionary Genetics Group Overview. * Co-evolution of colour vision and coloration in birds and ...
  https://www.zoo.cam.ac.uk/research/groups/evolutionary-genetics/publications
*  Passenger pigeons may come back from the dead - Lowell Sun Online
The idea was recently promoted at a TEDx meeting in Washington and is being funded by Revive and Restore, a group dedicated to ... But eventually he hopes to release the animal into the wild.. Such a proposition, some experts say, poses a number of ... fundamental problems: There is some question as to whether today's forests can support a restored passenger pigeon population, ... "Much of their breeding and wintering habitat is gone," says Scott C. Yaich of the conservation group Ducks Unlimited, and the ...
  http://www.lowellsun.com/baseball/ci_23629628/passenger-pigeons-may-come-back-from-dead
*  New Research Suggests Bacteria Are Social Microorganisms | Flow Control Network
Thus, aggressive chemical reactions occur between, rather than within natural populations.. "It appears to be a group effort ... "This result contrasts with what we know about animal and plant populations, in which individuals can divide labors, perform ... The National Science Foundation (NSF), an independent federal agency that supports fundamental research and education across ... "Bacteria typically have been considered purely selfish organisms and bacterial populations as groups of clones," said Otto ...
  https://www.flowcontrolnetwork.com/new-research-suggests-bacteria-are-social-microorganisms/
*  Modeling Human Disease Phenotype in Model Organisms | Circulation Research
Likewise, the primary reason to develop an animal model of a human disease is to gain insights into the pathogenesis of the ... Interindividual differences in expression of a disease state are well appreciated and very much form the essence of population ... No reasonable person would argue against the value of the model organisms in providing fundamental insights into biological ... are best reflected by our inability to exploit the group data, whether clinical or genetic, to predict the phenotype in a ...
  http://circres.ahajournals.org/content/109/4/356
*  Chapter 2: Bosque Background | New Mexico Museum of Natural History & Science
... is that a species is a unit of classification that refers to a population (group) or series of populations (groups) of closely ... Plants and Animals of the Middle Rio Grande Valley. The river and its floodplain support a variety of plants and animals. In ... The fundamental unit of life on Earth is what biologists refer to as the species. Although the concept of a natural unit for ... A population is a group of organisms of the same species that live in the same area at the same time. Thus we can talk about a ...
  http://nmnaturalhistory.org/bosque-education-guide/chapter-2-bosque-background
*  Pre-Pharmacy Program | LIU
Topics include evolution, population genetics, systematics, animal behavior and ecology. Not open to students who have taken ... Fundamental to the changing role of the pharmacist is the evolving concept of pharmaceutical care, which has been defined as " ... This course introduces patterns and processes of organisms and groups of organisms with emphasis on their origin, evolution, ... Processes fundamental to all living things such as energy utilization, growth, development, and reproduction will be examined ...
  http://www.liunet.edu/About-LIU/~/~/link.aspx?_id=52B34D77726C48EF8F738E4948654DC2&_z=z
*  Frontiers | Integration of Brain and Skull in Prenatal Mouse Models of Apert and Crouzon Syndromes | Frontiers in Human...
Using mouse models for craniosynostosis conditions, our group has precisely defined how unique craniosynostosis causing ... Using mouse models for craniosynostosis conditions, our group has precisely defined how unique craniosynostosis causing ... Outbred stocks like CD1 are closed populations of genetically variable animals that are bred to maintain maximum heterozygosity ... group. Since mice in the two groups used in this comparison do not carry an activated FGFR2 mutation associated with ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnhum.2017.00369/full
*  biology, philosophy of | Britannica.com
animal. (kingdom Animalia), any of a group of multicellular eukaryotic organisms (i.e., as distinct from bacteria, their ... Indeed, work by the American population geneticist Sewall Wright (1889-1989) has shown that, in small populations, the less fit ... animals with radial symmetry). All agreed, however, that there is one unit of classification that seems more fundamental or ... When two groups come into conflict, members of each group will develop features that help them to benefit other group members ...
  https://www.britannica.com/topic/philosophy-of-biology
*  Tragedy of the commons - Wikipedia
For each additional animal, a herder could receive additional benefits, but the whole group shared damage to the commons. If ... Abstract: "The population problem has no technical solution; it requires a fundamental extension in morality". Hardin, G. (1968 ... Groups prefer leaders who are elected, democratic, and prototypical of the group, and these leader types are more successful in ... Groups are more likely to endorse a leader when a common resource is being depleted and when managing a common resource is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tragedy_of_the_commons
*  BI2017: GENES AND EVOLUTION - Catalogue of Courses
Evolution at the population level and the origin of species. *Macroevolution (evolution of major organism groups) ... The course explores the fundamental biological processes of genetics and evolution. Evolution is unified by the concept of ... BSc Animal Behaviour. *BSc Behavioural Biology. *BSc Biochemistry. *BSc Biochemistry (Biobusiness). *BSc Biochemistry ( ... to the population. There is a balance between molecular and organismal biology, and broader issues such as human population ...
  https://www.abdn.ac.uk/registry/courses/undergraduate/2018/biology/bi2017
*  Population Ecology: First Principles
Complex variables such as distribution and territory for expanding groups come into play when mathematical models are applied. ... Here, two leading experts present the fundamental quantitative principles of ecology in an accessible yet rigorous way, ... from animals and viruses to plants and humans. They address a host of exciting topics along the way, including age-structured ... populations, spatially distributed populations, and metapopulations. This second edition of Population Ecology is fully updated ...
  https://www.platekompaniet.no/bok/population-ecology-first-principles-john-h-vandermeer1/
*  Ecology/Species and Populations - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
Population Biology[edit]. A species population is a discrete group of potentially interbreeding organisms in the same species ... Some animals that would not normally be considered part of the same species can breed with limited success. For example, a ... In systematic biology species serve as fundamental units (taxa) for the description and historical progression of diversity. ... is any group of individuals that can breed with themselves but not with any other group. In other words, a species is any group ...
  https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Ecology/Species_and_Populations
*  Seed predation - Wikipedia
Therefore, animals with shorter life span, like insects, are more common pre-dispersal predators. Common insect groups of pre- ... If a population is safe site limited it is likely that seed predation will have little impact to the success of the population ... However, fundamental differences occur between the two. Pre-dispersal predators are most often specialists, as they are more ... However, if a population is seed limited, seed predation has a better chance of negatively affecting the plant population by ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seed_predation
*  NCIRE Researcher Directory
Liu has tackled fundamental issues in how the brain recovers from injury from several key directions. A substantial amount of ... Due to the common occurrence of these types of brain injuries in our veteran population, her research is highly relevant to the ... Liu's team was the first group to show that cerebral ischemia - interruption of blood flow - increases the formation of new ... Many laboratories have subsequently confirmed this finding in animal models. At present, the strategy of promoting neuronal ...
  http://ncire.org/research/researcher_directory/Jialing-Liu-PhD/
*  Reason in Revolt: Marxist Philosophy and Modern Science
Just as certain animals or plants become parasitic on other plants or animals, these families have become parasitic on society ... Individuals and populations cannot be shifted from one place or occupation to another after an appropriate period of training ... It is as futile to bemoan these discoveries as it was for desperate groups of workers to break machines in the early days of ... The fundamental arguments in this book have been repeatedly demolished. According to psychiatrist Peter Breggin, it is an ...
  http://www.marxist.com/reason-in-revolt-marxist-philosophy-and-modern-science/15.-the-selfish-gene.htm
*  Yvonne Maldonado | Stanford Medicine Profiles
Seroconversion was significantly higher (P less than 0.01) in both vaccine groups compared with the placebo group. No ill ... Temporal trends in early clinical manifestations of perinatal HIV infection in a population-based cohort JAMA-JOURNAL OF THE ... Two animal-derived and several reassortant rotavirus vaccines are currently being evaluated in field studies, and a number of ... is often a particularly vulnerable point in the development process.One fundamental lesson learned is that within the varied ...
  https://med.stanford.edu/profiles/yvonne-maldonado?tab=research-and-scholarship