*  Hannibal E. Howell Jr. - tribunedigital-dailypress
... where he designed and patented the tetraethyl lead digestion apparatus (catalytic converter) for fuel injected engines that is ...
  http://articles.dailypress.com/2009-09-03/news/0909030012_1_hampton-institute-hampton-university-african-american
*  ENGINE TECHNOLOGY in the Modern World / AJ6 Engineering
The Basic Fuel. Evolution from early days around WW1. The advent of lead (tetra ethyl lead, etc.) and how it works. Need for ... Lead still best. LPG issues. Racing Fuels. Racing gasolines. Turbo F1 super-fuels. ELF blend of Toluene and n-heptane. Lower ... ENGINE TECHNOLOGY. in the Modern World.. Chapter 5. Combustion Maladies and Fuel Qualities.. 10139 words. 9 illustrations.. ' ... Lead Substitute MMT. Origins as AK33X. Modest effect. Effective for low lead fuels. Toxicity problems. Unintended and ...
  http://www.jagweb.com/aj6eng/techbook/ch5.php
*  gasoline facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about gasoline
... it wastes fuel and may cause engine damage. The addition of tetramethyl lead and tetraethyl lead to raise the octane number is ... Severe knocking can damage the engine.. Preflame reactions occur in the engine cylinders when portions of the fuel self- ... In leaded gasoline, tetraethyl lead is the anti-knock additive. (Unleaded gasoline is refined further so the need for anti- ... gas·o·line / ˌgasəˈlēn; ˈgasəlēn/ (dated also gas·o·lene) • n. refined petroleum used as fuel for internal combustion engines. ...
  http://encyclopedia.com/node/1223872
*  Ferrocene - Wikipedia
Ferrocene and its derivatives are antiknock agents used in the fuel for petrol engines; they are safer than tetraethyllead, ... Its distinctive "sandwich" structure led to an explosion of interest in compounds of d-block metals with hydrocarbons, and ... "Application of fuel additives" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-05-05. US 4104036, Chao, Tai S., "Iron- ... containing motor fuel compositions and method for using same", issued 1978-08-01 Van Staveren, Dave R.; Metzler-Nolte, Nils ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ferrocene
*  Post-sale restraint - Wikipedia
... a motor fuel containing tetra-ethyl lead, and a method of operating an automobile engine with fuel containing tetra-ethyl lead ... by adding tetra-ethyl lead to ordinary gasoline) and the use of the fuel in automobile engines. The Supreme Court refused to ... Corporation had established an elaborate licensing program under its several patents on the fuel additive tetra-ethyl lead, ... Ethyl sold the fuel additive, and licensed purchasers to use it to practice the other patents. The licensing program fixed ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-sale_restraint
*  General Talking Pictures Corp. v. Western Electric Co. - Wikipedia
... a motor fuel containing tetra-ethyl lead, and a method of operating an automobile engine with fuel containing tetra-ethyl lead ... by adding tetra-ethyl lead to ordinary gasoline) and the use of the fuel in automobile engines. Ethyl argued that the licensed ... defendant Ethyl had established an elaborate licensing program under its several patents on a fuel additive tetra-ethyl lead, ... or to manufacture such engines only for sale to farmers, or only engines rated from 100 to 200 horsepower. More generally, this ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/General_Talking_Pictures_Corp._v._Western_Electric_Co.
*  3D Maps Reveal a Lead-Laced Ocean - Slashdot
It's a huge mass of seawater infused with traces of the toxic metal lead, a pollutant once widely emitted by cars burning ... No other part of the engine but the cylinder walls themselves are touched by fuel, and they are not in the best case. They, of ... It shows some outflow of some amount of lead based chemicals (paint, tetra ethyl lead, metallic lead, whatever); but, without a ... 2) Leaded gasoline: crude-oil distillates with Tetraethyl lead [wikipedia.org] added to raise and stabilize the octa ...
  https://science.slashdot.org/story/14/02/27/2310253/3d-maps-reveal-a-lead-laced-ocean
*  Liquid fuel - Wikipedia
... additives such as lead-tetra-ethyl. Because of the environmental impact of lead additives, the octane rating is increased today ... It is a common liquid rocket fuel for rocket applications and can be used as a fuel in an internal combustion engine or fuel ... Liquid fuels are contrasted with solid fuels and gaseous fuels. Some common properties of liquid fuels are that they are easy ... A diesel engine is a type of internal combustion engine which ignites fuel by injecting it into a combustion chamber previously ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquid_fuel
*  Octane Supreme130 12 Qts
formally Lead Supreme-130)contains more Tetraethyl than any other product we have found. There are dozens of so called Octane ... For off road use and non emission controlled engines only. ... By adding Octane Supreme-130 to your fuel, your engine will ... Just Straight Forward Lead Octane Boost. Typical Applications High compression race engines Pre-unleaded gasoline engines ... 2. Boosts octane from 2-16 points when added to fuel. Perfect for HIGH COMPRESSION ENGINES. Eliminates engine knocking. ...
  https://www.batterystuff.com/fuel-treatments/OScase.html
*  Charles Franklin Kettering facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Charles Franklin Kettering
... leaded gasoline to eliminate engine knock; the high-compression automobile engine; the non-toxic, non-inflammable refrigerant " ... he found a remedy in the addition of tetraethyl lead to gasoline. The resulting product, ethyl gasoline, was put on the market ... The specific steps involved using a two-cycle system, better fuel injection, and prevention of piston overheating. The result ... His most notable achievements included the development of "Ethyl" leaded gasoline to correct engine knock; the refrigerant ( ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/people/history/historians-miscellaneous-biographies/charles-franklin-kettering
*  Octane Supreme 130 2 Qts
... as it contains more Tetraethyl Lead than any other product we have found. For off road use and non emission controlled engines ... formally Lead Supreme-130) There is dozens of so called Octane Boosters on the market today. Octane Supreme-130 is the best we ... By adding Octane Supreme-130 to your fuel, your engine will perform better by increasing horsepower and burning the fuel more ... 2. Boosts octane from 2-16 points when added to fuel. Perfect for HIGH COMPRESSION ENGINES. Eliminates engine knocking. ...
  https://www.batterystuff.com/fuel-treatments/OS2q.html
*  Ethyl Gasoline Corp. v. United States - Wikipedia
... by adding tetra-ethyl lead to ordinary gasoline) and the method of using the fuel in automobile engines. Ethyl argued that the ... a patent on a motor fuel-gasoline containing tetra-ethyl lead, and a patent on a method of using the fuel in an automobile ... Ethyl owned several patents on tetra-ethyl lead, an anti-knock fuel additive, and on its utilization: two patents on the ... power to exclude at will from participation in the nationwide market for lead-treated motor fuel all of the 12,000 motor fuel ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethyl_Gasoline_Corp._v._United_States
*  Karrick process - Wikipedia
More power is developed in internal combustion engines and an increase in fuel economy of approximately 20% is obtainable under ... Gasoline obtained from coal by the Karrick process combined with cracking and refining is equal in quality to tetraethyl lead ... The cheapest liquid fuel from coal will come when processed by LTC for both liquid fuels and electric power. As a tertiary ... Stewart, Danny (2008). "The role of alternative fuels. Submission to the Senate Enquiry on Fuel and Energy" (PDF). Senate. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karrick_process
*  Fluoridation Australia | Unleaded petrol: have we been told the full story?
Midgie was able to get a compound called lead tetra-ethyl which slowed down the reaction to make fuel burn evenly. It was ... However, there was lead in all petrol to stop motor vehicle engines "pinging". Lead causes the CCs to lose working efficiency. ... The total amount of lead in fuel in Australia peaked in the early '70s. By 1990 the amount of lead in fuel had declined by 40% ... Lead in aviation fuel. ⇒ The Disappearing Sparrow. ⇒ Oil is NOT a Fossil Fue. ⇒ Lead From Guns. ...
  http://fluoridationaustralia.com/unleaded-petrol-have-we-been-told-the-full-story/
*  The Center for Land Use Interpretation
... to produce Tetra-ethyl lead, which was discovered to significantly reduce engine knock and improve mileage when added to ... It makes the usual list of fuels; gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, as well as lubricants, coke, and chemicals. It was one of the ... A few companies still market Tetra-ethyl lead, including the Ethyl Corporation. It is owned by the NewMarket Corporation of ... The largest single site is the Houston Fuel Oil Terminal, a tank farm exclusively used for crude and fuel oil. The facility has ...
  http://www.clui.org/newsletter/spring-2009/tour-houstons-water-and-oil
*  US3064023A - Organometallic compounds - Google Patents
When present in a liquid hydrocarbon fuel used in a spark ignition internal combustion engine, our compounds may be present in ... A phosphorus scavenger reacts with lead to form lead ortho-phosphate, Pb (PO phosphorus represents, in the case of lead, an ... deposit-modifying agents containing phosphorus or boron and with antiknock agents such as tetraethyllead. They may be used in ... Reaction between a halide scavenger and lead gives the lead dihalide. A theory of halogen scavenger represents, in the case of ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US3064023
*  The Ethyl-Poisoned Earth • Damn Interesting
If you're going to blame this guy for Leaded fuel….blame the engine makers for building something that required it. ... Wikipedia: Tetra-ethyl Lead The Nation: The Secret History of Lead Charles Kettering's Ethyl Career Bio on Clair Patterson ... I predict at least an attempt at legislation banning lead in aircraft fuel… they already have lead-free additives that ... We'll continue to burn on our limited stocks of carbon based fuels while we wait for the "super" fuel of the future to save us ...
  https://www.damninteresting.com/the-ethyl-poisoned-earth/
*  Single Can - Race Gas | Real 100 Octane Race Fuel Concentrate
Organometallic compounds are added to gasoline to increase the octane of the fuel. Up until recently Tetra Ethyl Lead was used ... In addition lead was used as a lubricant on older engines that didn't have hardened valve seats. The problem with lead in ... allows the engine to burn fuel more completely thereby taking advantage of the additional carbon atoms added by the fuel ... As we all know our engines need oxygen to burn fuel. By adding an oxygenate to RACE GASTM we are adding that crucial oxygen to ...
  http://www.motorsports.mybigcommerce.com/single-can/?revpage=2
*  National Benzole - Wikipedia
This led in 1922 to the replacement of benzole fuel with a "fifty-fifty mixture" of benzole and petroleum which addressed the ... its anti-knocking properties as a fuel ingredient were no longer so important for the smooth running of engines, since various ... additives including, ironically, tetraethyllead were now routinely included in refined petroleum. Therefore, from the early ... Initially the AA fuel stations supplied only National Benzole which was seen a particularly patriotic fuel choice because the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Benzole
*  Innospec's Independence Oilfield Chemicals Performs Industry's First TruClean(TM) Water Service in the Eagle Ford Shale Region
Innospec's Octane Additives business is the world's only producer of tetra ethyl lead. ... The Fuel Specialties business specializes in manufacturing and supplying the fuel additives that help improve fuel efficiency, ... boost engine performance and reduce harmful emissions. This business also contains Oilfield Specialties which provides ... 100,000 of Lead Plaintiff Deadline in Class Action Lawsuit Against Wells Fargo & Company - WFC ...
  https://www.cnbc.com/2015/01/15/globe-newswire-innospecs-independence-oilfield-chemicals-performs-industrys-first-trucleantm-water-service-in-the-eagle-ford-shale-region.html
*  Engineering - mechanical | Page 8 | Mitacs
Aircraft piston engines are widely used for aviation in North America and still use leaded fuel. 100 octane low-lead (100LL) ... is the common fuel used in aviation that contains lead in the form of Tetra-ethyl Lead (TEL). The TEL additive is mainly used ... This lead additive is harmful for the environment and it has been phased out in the automotive industry in the 1970-1980 s and ... These fuel cells have been considered for automotive powertrain applications. In this proposed work, a set of varying PEMFC ...
  http://www.mitacs.ca/en/discipline/engineering-mechanical?page=7
*  Solvents facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about Solvents
The first octane enhancers were lead compounds such as tetraethyl lead (TEL) or tetramethyl lead (TML). A few milligrams of ... Gasoline is a solution of hydrocarbons chosen by composition and boiling point as a fuel for internal combustion engines. ... Graded dyes favored by men often contain lead acetate. The lead ions penetrate into hair and form lead sulfide (PbS), a dark- ... As the danger of lead to. the environment and to catalytic converters became apparent, lead compounds were phased out and lead- ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/chemistry/chemistry-general/solvents
*  Gasoline Additives: How do the ethanol and nitrogen in your gas affect the environment?
Gasoline companies have been pushing engine-cleaning formulations lately. Setting aside the benefits for my car, are these ... Refiners can still add lead to jet fuel and boat engines.). As the EPA began phasing out lead, refiners replaced it with a ... One of the first gasoline additives used for this purpose was tetraethyl lead, which turned out to be an environmental disaster ... the EPA had banned lead from automobile gasoline entirely. Over those two decades, the regulations reduced lead levels in ...
  http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/the_green_lantern/2011/03/ethanol_nitrogen_mtbe_lead.html
*  Process for production of lignin fuel, ethyl alcohol, cellulose, silica/silicates, and cellulose derivatives from plant biomass...
MTHF, up to 10%, has been added to gasoline as a replacement for tetraethyl lead. ... and a lignin extract using a strong caustic solvent is an economically viable engine fuel. REFERENCES CITED. ... Process for production of lignin fuel, ethyl alcohol, cellulose, silica/silicates, and cellulose derivatives from plant biomass ... Method of facilitating comminution of wood and other types of vegetable biomass for use as fuel. 1989-01-10. Kubat et al.. 44/ ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/5735916.html
*  CHARACTERISTICSANDPROPERTIESOFAVIATIONGASOLINE
Tetraethyl lead (TEL) is added to the gasoline to improve its performance in the engine. Organic bromides and chlorides are ... The low lead will replace the 80/87 and 91/96 octane fuels as they are phased out. Engine manufacturers have prepared ... Aviation fuels must be free of impurities that would interfere with the operation of the engine or the units in the fuel and ... Certain properties of the fuel affect engine performance. These properties are volatility, the manner in which the fuel burns ...
  http://avstop.com/ac/apgeneral/characteristicsandpropertiesofaviationgasoline.html