*  Orthopedic surgery - Wikipedia
Knee replacement Repair of femoral neck fracture Repair of trochanteric fracture Debridement of skin/muscle/bone/fracture Knee ... for reducing fractures, as well as an osteoclast to break and reset bones. Thomas's work was not fully appreciated in his own ... Knee arthroscopy and meniscectomy Shoulder arthroscopy and decompression Carpal tunnel release Knee arthroscopy and ... However, traction was the standard method of treating thigh bone fractures until the late 1970s when the Harborview Medical ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthopedic_surgery
*  Accessory bone - Wikipedia
It can be mistaken for an avulsion fracture of lateral tubercle of talus (Shepherd fracture) or a fracture of the Stieda ... A survey of carpal and tarsal anomalies. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1953; 35: 626-642 T.E. Keats, M.W. Anderson. Atlas of normal ... Accessory bones at the ankle mainly include: Os subtibiale, with a prevalence of approximately 1%. It is a secondary ... An accessory bone or supernumerary bone is a bone that is not normally present in the body, but can be found as a variant in a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accessory_bone
*  Growth hormone - Wikipedia
... resulting in weaker bones that are more prone to pathologic fracture and osteoporosis. However, deficiency is rare in adults, ... At the conclusion of the study, all the men showed statistically significant increases in lean body mass and bone mineral ... More rarely, patients can experience joint swelling, joint pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and an increased risk of diabetes. In ... Prolonged GH excess thickens the bones of the jaw, fingers and toes. Resulting heaviness of the jaw and increased size of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Growth_hormone
*  Bone - Wikipedia
The exceptions are the eight carpal bones of the wrist, the seven articulating tarsal bones of the ankle and the sesamoid bone ... depending on the location of the fracture. A common long bone fracture in children is a Salter-Harris fracture. When fractures ... Bone tissue is a mineralized tissue of two types, cortical bone and cancellous bone. Other types of tissue found in bones ... This increases bone reabsorption, and can lead to bone fractures. Bone tissue that is destroyed or altered as a result of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bone
*  Equine conformation - Wikipedia
Light-Framed/Fine Boned [32] Substance of long bones is slight and thin relative to the size & mass of the horse. Especially ... Backward angle causes compression fractures to the front surfaces of the carpals, and may cause ligament injury within knee. ... Coarse-Boned/Sturdy-Framed [33] Overall bones are larger, wider, & stronger in a horse with either light or bulky muscled ... Associated with a reduced size in the accessory carpal bone on back of knee over which the tendons pass. The small joints are ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equine_conformation
*  Winchester syndrome - Wikipedia
Due to the damage to the bones, many affected individuals suffer from short stature and bone fractures. Many individuals ... dissolution of the carpal and tarsal bones (in the hands and feet, respectively), and osteoporosis. Winchester syndrome was ... Bone remodeling is the process in which old bone is destroyed so that new bone can be created to replace it. This mutation ... This loss of bone causes pain and limited mobility. The abnormalities of the bone spread to other areas of the body, mostly the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Winchester_syndrome
*  Radius (bone) - Wikipedia
Radial shaft fracture Distal radius fracture Galeazzi fracture - a fracture of the radius with dislocation of the distal ... The radius or radial bone is one of the two large bones of the forearm, the other being the ulna. It extends from the lateral ... The carpal articular surface is triangular, concave, smooth, and divided by a slight antero-posterior ridge into two parts. Of ... Specific fracture types of the radius include: Proximal radius fracture. A fracture within the capsule of the elbow joint ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radius_(bone)
*  Median nerve - Wikipedia
Common mechanisms: Tight cast, forearm bone fracture Motor deficit: Loss of pronation of forearm, loss of flexion of radial ... Within the wrist: Carpal tunnel syndrome Common mechanism: Carpal tunnel syndrome, an injury by compression in the carpal ... Front of right upper extremity, showing surface markings for bones, arteries, and nerves. Median nerve Median nerve This ... Carpal tunnel syndrome is the disability that results from the median nerve being pressed in the carpal tunnel. The median ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Median_nerve
*  Jersey Finger - Wikipedia
... and presence of a concomitant fracture. Often, surgical pins are inserted into the injured digit to stabilize the bone and ... These bones are designated the proximal phalanx (closest to the palm), the middle phalanx, and the distal phalanx (farthest ... it gives off four tendons that travel through the carpal tunnel into the hand and attach to the distal phalanx in each of the ... Sometimes, the force is great enough to pull off or avulse a piece of phalangeal bone to which the tendon can remain attached. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jersey_Finger
*  Dynasplint Systems - Wikipedia
Dynamic splinting is contraindicated If there is an unstable fracture, Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) or a bone to bone end feel. ... and the various ligaments connecting these bones to each other and to the pastern bone. These structures are crucial for ... arthritis Dupuytren's contracture Fracture Burn Rotator cuff tear Achilles tendon rupture Bunion surgery recovery Carpal Tunnel ... Common orthopaedic diagnoses are: Frozen shoulder Distal radius fracture such as Colles fracture, Hallux rigidus or limitus ACL ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dynasplint_Systems
*  Moatfield Ossuary - Wikipedia
This was done by analyzing the bones and bone fragments found in the ossuary. There were difficulties matching bones to one ... A few of the healed fractures imply that long-term care was given to individuals who were injured. Very few bones showed any ... All small elements (e.g. Individual tarsals, carpals, vertebrae, ribs and loose teeth) were placed together in a bag that was ... Also, many bones in the body mature at different stages and therefore one individual may show maturation of some bones while ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moatfield_Ossuary
*  Wrist osteoarthritis - Wikipedia
Wrist Metacarpus Digits The wrist consists of eight small carpal bones. Each of these carpal bones has a different size and ... Scaphoid non-union fractures changes scaphoid bone shape, which leads to abnormal joint kinematics. Due to lack of stability ... During this procedure the carpal bones are all fused together and are then fastened to the distal radius. Patients who still ... During this surgical intervention the proximal row of the carpal bones is removed (scaphoid, lunate, triquetrum, pisiform). It ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wrist_osteoarthritis
*  Complex regional pain syndrome - Wikipedia
Bone densitometry can also be used to detect changes in bone mineral density. It can also be used to monitor the results of ... An example is severe Carpal Tunnel Syndrome, which can often present in a very similar way to CRPS. Unlike CRPS, Carpal Tunnel ... This typically occurs after an injury to the area in question such as a fracture or after surgery. It is proposed that ... "Stage" three is characterized by irreversible changes in the skin and bones, while the pain becomes unyielding and may involve ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complex_regional_pain_syndrome
*  Navicular bone - Wikipedia
The term navicular bone or hand navicular bone was formerly used for the scaphoid bone, one of the carpal bones of the wrist. ... CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) Chapter 32, FRACTURE AND LUXATION OF THE TARSUS AND METATARSUS "Textbook of ... The navicular bone in humans is one of the tarsal bones, found in the foot. Its name derives from the human bone's resemblance ... "Navicular Bone - The distal sesamoid bone of the horse. The navicular bone is located deep in the hoof behind the joint between ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navicular_bone
*  Skeletal system of the horse - Wikipedia
Carpus (knee): consists of 7-8 bones placed in 2 rows to form 3 joints. The 1st carpal bone is present only 50% of the time. ... formed by fusion of the foetal basisphenoid and presphenoid bones, at the base of the skull. Can become fractured in horses ... Horses typically have 205 bones. The pelvic limb typically contains 19 bones, while the thoracic limb contains 20 bones. Bones ... Zygomatic bone: attaches to the temporal bone to form the zygomatic arch (cheek bone) Palatine bone: forms the back of the hard ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skeletal_system_of_the_horse
*  Acrocanthosaurus - Wikipedia
None of the carpals (wrist bones) fit together precisely, suggesting the presence of a large amount of cartilage in the wrist, ... Unlike Allosaurus, there was no prominent crest on the lacrimal bone in front of the eye. The lacrimal and postorbital bones ... The neural spine of the eleventh vertebra was fractured and healed while the neural spine of its third tail vertebra had an ... The study examined the bone surfaces which would have articulated with other bones to determine how far the joints could move ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acrocanthosaurus
*  Hand injury - Wikipedia
However, if the bone presents an abnormal angularity or if it is displaced, one may need surgery and pins to hold the bones in ... Fractures of the fingers occur when the finger or hands hit a solid object. Fractures are most common at the base of the little ... Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common disorder of the hand. This disorder results from compression of an important nerve in the ... Carpal tunnel syndrome also occurs in people who overuse their hand or perform repetitive actions like using a computer key ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hand_injury
*  Saltville (archaeological site) - Wikipedia
The tibia bone exhibits three pairs of parallel fractures, two percussion fracture cone in the medullary cavity, and extensive ... Seven complete or partial ribs, two fragments of limb bones, one tooth, and nine pieces of tusk, all of these display alike ... A left astragalus, left calcaneus, and an undistinguished partial carpal or tarsal exhibit postmortem alterations that may ... The fractures could have either occurred with one or numerous blow with the goal of obtaining marrow. The wear pattern ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saltville_(archaeological_site)
*  Neurosurgery - Wikipedia
Further analysis of the bones concluded that the areas around the holes began to heal, which suggests that this person survived ... This condition can often result in bone spurring and disc herniation. Power drills and special instruments are often used to ... They include the techniques of vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, in which certain types of spinal fractures are managed. ... and includes the very common procedures of carpal tunnel decompression and peripheral nerve transposition. Numerous other types ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neurosurgery
*  Plastic surgery - Wikipedia
... such as facial bone fractures and breaks; congenital abnormalities, such as cleft palates or cleft lips; developmental ... manipulation of the facial bones through controlled fracturing Fillers injections: collagen, fat, and other tissue filler ... such as brachial plexus injuries or carpal tunnel syndrome). Hand surgery is an important part of training in plastic surgery, ... and pediatric fractures. Adult craniofacial surgery deals mostly with fractures and secondary surgeries (such as orbital ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plastic_surgery
*  Ulnar nerve - Wikipedia
"Transverse section through the carpal tunnel and distal row of the carpal bones." Ulnar_nerve at the Duke University Health ... In human anatomy, the ulnar nerve is a nerve that runs near the ulna bone. The ulnar collateral ligament of elbow joint is in ... fracture of the medial epicondyle (causing cubitus valgus with tardy ulnar nerve palsy) Motor deficit: Weakness in flexion of ... This is commonly referred to as bumping one's "funny bone". This name is thought to be a pun, based on the sound resemblance ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ulnar_nerve
*  Crucifixion - Wikipedia
The remains included a heel bone with a nail driven through it from the side. The tip of the nail was bent, perhaps because of ... He deduced from the form of the scratch, as well as from the intact wrist bones, that a nail had been driven into the forearm ... passing through the carpal tunnel. A foot-rest (suppedaneum) attached to the cross, perhaps for the purpose of taking the ... and were known to precipitate death by means of deliberate fracturing of the tibia and/or fibula, spear stab wounds into the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crucifixion
*  Joint dislocation - Wikipedia
Holdsworth, F. (1970). Fractures, dislocations, and fracture dislocations of the spine. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. ... Great and sudden force applied, by either a blow or fall, to the joint can cause the bones in the joint to be displaced or ... Elbow Dislocation Carpal dislocations Finger Dislocation Joint Reduction Golan, Elan; Kang, Kevin K.; Culbertson, Maya; Choueka ... The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 83(8): 1119-1124. Warby, Sarah A.; Pizzari, Tania; Ford, Jon J.; Hahne, Andrew J.; ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joint_dislocation
*  Subfossil lemur - Wikipedia
... including rare bones such as carpal bones (wrist bones), phalanges (finger and toe bones), and bacula (penile bone). In some ... Tool-induced bone alterations, in the form of cuts and chop marks near joints and other characteristic cuts and fractures, ... the area of cortical bone (hard bone) in long bones (such as the humerus). Despite the variations in the size estimates for ... Although the bones had been collected in the early 20th century and lacked stratigraphic records, one of the bones with tool ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subfossil_lemur
*  Multiple myeloma - Wikipedia
Persistent localized pain may indicate a pathological bone fracture. Involvement of the vertebrae may lead to spinal cord ... A CT of the brain revealed a lytic lesion in the left temporal bone (right side of image), and petrous temporal bones involving ... or carpal tunnel syndrome, and other neuropathies (due to infiltration of peripheral nerves by amyloid) may occur. It may give ... by bone marrow stroma. RANKL activates osteoclasts, which resorb bone. The resultant bone lesions are lytic (cause breakdown) ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Multiple_myeloma