*  Patagium - Wikipedia
The structure is found in living and extinct groups of animals including bats, birds, some dromaeosaurs, pterosaurs, gliding ... The patagium is a membranous structure that assists an animal in gliding or flight. ... A patagium has been found in the dinosaur Psittacosaurus, and ran from the animal's ankle to the base of the tail. Functional ... Dactylopatagium: the portion found within the digits. Plagiopatagium: the portion found between the last digit and the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patagium
*  Books by Subject - Lane Medical Library - Stanford University School of Medicine
Even today, our knowledge of bats remains limited compared to other groups in the animal kingdom. Also, their famous ability to ... is as poorly studied as birds finding their way from continent to continent. In recent times, where globalization transports ... avoid collisions with obstacles during their nightly flights with the help of a sophisticated and unique system using ... infections caused by animal bites; infections and intoxications by animal foods; iatrogenic transmission of zoonotic pathogens ...
  https://lane.stanford.edu/biomed-resources/ebsubjectbrowse.html?m=Tropical%20Medicine%20and%20Parasitology
*  Special exhibits at UCMP
How do they do it? How and why did flight evolve? What do a pterosaur, a bat, and a bird have in common? Find out for yourself! ... You can learn about these earliest animals in his exhibit.. Dilophosaurus!. Visit a very special account of the discovery and ... Vertebrate Flight. Visit our series of pages on the wonder of flight in vertebrates. ... Vendian Animals. Along with colleagues from the Paleontological Institute of Russia, UCMP researchers have worked extensively ...
  http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/specialexhibits.php
*  Tetrapod - Wikipedia
The amniotes include the tetrapods that further evolved for flight-such as birds from among the dinosaurs, and bats from among ... The tetrapods, including all large- and medium-sized land animals, have been among the best understood animals since earliest ... It is not found in amphibians. The muscularized diaphragm is unique to mammals. Although tetrapods are widely thought to have ... Traditionally, birds are not considered a type of reptile, but crocodiles are more closely related to birds than they are to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetrapod
*  Strouhal number - Wikipedia
... and in the cruising flight of birds, bats and insects. However, in other forms of flight other values are found. Intuitively ... In animal flight or swimming, propulsive efficiency is high over a narrow range of Strouhal constants, generally peaking in the ... In certain cases like heaving (plunging) flight, this characteristic length is the amplitude of oscillation. This selection of ... Corum, Jonathan (2003). "The Strouhal Number in Cruising Flight". 13pt,. Retrieved 2012-11-13- depiction of Strouhal number for ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strouhal_number
*  Books by Subject - Lane Medical Library - Stanford University School of Medicine
Prey Detection and Discrimination in Animal-Eating Bats -- Roles of Acoustic Social Communication in the Lives of Bats -- Guild ... is as poorly studied as birds finding their way from continent to continent. In recent times, where globalization transports ... Also, their famous ability to avoid collisions with obstacles during their nightly flights with the help of a sophisticated and ... 1. Biosonar of Bats and Toothed Whales: An Overview / Annemarie Surlykke and Paul E. Nachtigall -- 2. Sonar Signals of Bats and ...
  http://lane.stanford.edu/biomed-resources/ebsubjectbrowse.html?m=Zoology&proxy-links=false
*  Flying and gliding animals - Wikipedia
See List of soaring birds for birds that can soar as well as fly. Bats are the only mammal with flapping or powered flight. A ... It has been found that some flying fish can glide as effectively as some flying birds. Halfbeaks (gliding). A group related to ... flightless birds are the exception). Bird flight is one of the most studied forms of aerial locomotion in animals. ... Powered flight has evolved only four times (first in insects, then in pterosaurs, birds and bats). It uses muscular power to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_and_gliding_animals
*  Flight : Wikis (The Full Wiki)
Main article: Flying and gliding animals. The most successful groups of living things that fly are insects, birds, and bats. ... If we compare air with water we find it is nearly 1000 times lighter. To meet these peculiarities the insect, bird and bat are ... In natural flight the body of the flying creature falls slightly forward in a curve when the 1 On the Flight of Birds, of Bats ... Most birds fly (see bird flight), with some exceptions. The largest birds, the Ostrich and the Emu, are earthbound, as were the ...
  http://www.thefullwiki.org/Flight
*  Gliding flight - Wikipedia
It is most highly developed in bats. For similar reasons to birds, bats can glide efficiently. In bats, the skin forming the ... See list List of airline flights that required gliding flight. A number of animals have separately evolved gliding many times, ... the portion found within the digits Plagiopatagium: the portion found between the last digit and the hindlimbs Uropatagium: the ... Birds in particular use gliding flight to minimise their use of energy. Large birds are notably adept at gliding, including: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gliding_flight
*  Antievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::Common Descent - Evidence No.1
Incidentally, when examining insect wings, we find that they are structurally very different from either bat or bird wings, a ... Furthermore, one would expect that the collarbones for both animals would be similar, since both were 'designed' for flight, ... The evidence does, however, support a conclusion that birds and bats evolved from separate classes of walking animals, ... and in fact retain many of the structures found in all terrestrial vertebrate arms, but modified for flight. Bats' wings, on ...
  http://www.antievolution.org/cgi-bin/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi?s=4f980b8c82dc0b7e
*  goatsucker facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about goatsucker
The name goatsucker is based on an ancient belief that these birds fed on goats' milk by night, but their presence near such ... The nighthawk (Chordediles popetue), or bull bat, common in all parts of North America N to Labrador, is the most diurnal of ... The larger (12 in./30 cm) chuck-will's-widow (Caprimulgus carolinensis) is found in the South and the poorwill (7 in./17.5 cm) ... The whippoorwill's flight, like that of the swift, is graceful and erratic; it sometimes swoops downward and then stops ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/animals/vertebrate-zoology/goatsucker
*  Nectarivore - Wikipedia
The majority of nectarivores are insects or birds, but instances can also be found in other animal groups. Nectar-feeding is ... To maintain flight a bird must rapidly excrete much of the water content of the nectar it consumes. A hummingbird's kidneys are ... Many species of bat feed on nectar, their lifestyle similar to that of nectarivorous birds. There is significant overlap ... Some other bird groups have one or more similar specializations-For instance, the Lories, one group of Australasian parrots ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nectarivore
*  John Day Fossil Beds National Monument - Wikipedia
Birds are the animals most often seen in the monument. Included among the more than 50 species observed are red-tailed hawks, ... Beaver, otter, mink, and raccoons are found in or near the river. Coyotes, bats, and badgers are among the park's other mammals ... and flocks of sandhill cranes and swans pass overhead each year on their migratory flights. California quail, chukar partridges ... Predators hunt smaller animals such as the rabbits, voles, mice, and shrews found in the park's grasslands and sagebrush- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Day_Fossil_Beds_National_Monument
*  Hovering performance of Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna) in ground effect | Journal of The Royal Society Interface
1994 Aerodynamic corrections for the flight of birds and bats in wind tunnels. J. Zool. 234, 537-563. (doi:10.1111/j.1469- ... we found no significant differences among birds (two-way ANOVA; F0.86, d.f. = 2,148, p = 0.4). We also found no significant ... 1991 On the aerodynamics of animal flight in ground effect. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 334, 119-128. (doi:10.1098/rstb. ... For flight in ground effect, this bird exhibited both stroke plane and tail angles substantially lower than those of the other ...
  http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/11/98/20140505
*  Tupandactylus - Wikipedia
"These animals take the best parts of bats and birds," Chatterjee said. "They had the maneuverability of a bat, but could glide ... They were the dominant flying animals of their time." "[W]e've found they could actually sail on the wind for very long periods ... as a sensory organ that acted similarly to a flight computer in a modern-day aircraft and also helped with the animal's turning ... The holotype specimen is MCT 1622-R, a skull and partial lower jaw, found in the Crato Formation, dating to the boundary of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tupandactylus
*  Sankar Chatterjee - Wikipedia
"These animals take the best parts of bats and birds," Chatterjee said. "They had the maneuverability of a bat, but could glide ... They were the dominant flying animals of their time." "[W]e've found they could actually sail on the wind for very long periods ... as a sensory organ that acted similarly to a flight computer in a modern-day aircraft and also helped with the animal's turning ... Nothing alive today compares to the performance and agility of these animals. They lived for 160 million years, so they were ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sankar_Chatterjee
*  Common kestrel - Wikipedia
When the birds spots prey animals moving by, they will pounce on them. They also prowl a patch of hunting ground in a ground- ... Once prey is sighted, the bird makes a short, steep dive toward the target. It can often be found hunting along the sides of ... Mangoverde World Bird Guide (MWBG). 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2009. Mikula, P.; Hromada, M.; Tryjanowski, P. (2013). "Bats and ... hugging flight, ambushing prey as they happen across it. Common kestrels eat almost exclusively mouse-sized mammals. Voles, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_kestrel
*  List of Animal Mechanicals episodes - Wikipedia
Mission: Find out what is causing the island to rumble Abilities used: Flight, Strength, Speed. The Animal Mechanicals are sent ... Mechana-Animals: Purple Mechana-Bats Abilities used: Gizmo, Strength, and Flight. The wrong objects Komodo's tail popped out: ... Mechana-Birds: Big Blue Mechana Matcher of match things. Abilities used: Flight, Speed, and Stretch. The Animal Mechanicals ... Mechana-Birds: Yellow Mechana-Duck Tugboats Abilities used: Flight, Stretch, and Strength. The Animal Mechanicals slide over to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Animal_Mechanicals_episodes
*  Dino bones reveal DNA surprise - Technology & science - Science - LiveScience | NBC News
The distinction between birds and the dinosaurs from which they evolved is getting even murkier. The genomes (complete DNA ... or animals with backbones - the average bird genome length is a measly 1.45 billion base pairs. Bats also have short genomes - ... Also, flightless birds tend to have longer genomes than flying birds. But the new finding by Chris Organ of Harvard University ... Scientists used to think that relatively shorter genomes were associated with flight. Birds have short genomes compared to ...
  http://www.nbcnews.com/id/17507488/ns/technology_and_science-science/
*  This bird's flight through lasers could improve drones - Futurity
For a flight study-which could improve flying robots-Obi the parrotlet flew through a field of lasers. Don't worry, those are ... or other flying animal, generates based off its wake," says graduate student and coauthor Diana Chin. "What we found was that ... including other bird species, bats, and insects, makes comparison within the literature extremely challenging. As shown by the ... flight Stanford University This bird's flight through lasers could improve drones. Posted by Taylor Kubota-Stanford December ...
  http://www.futurity.org/lasers-bird-flight-goggles-1313092-2/
*  Flying and gliding animals - Wikipedia
Powered flight[edit]. Powered flight has evolved only four times (first in insects, then in pterosaurs, birds and bats). It ... Several species of extinct bat have been found, like Icaronycteris, Palaeochiropteryx, and Onychonycteris.[51] ... Bird flight is one of the most studied forms of aerial locomotion in animals. See List of soaring birds for birds that can soar ... Flight has evolved at least four times, in the insects, pterosaurs, birds, and bats. Gliding has evolved on many more occasions ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerial_locomotion
*  Flying squirrel - Wikipedia
They are not capable of flight in the same way as birds or bats but are able to glide from one tree to another with the aid of ... with flights recorded to 90 meters (295 ft). The direction and speed of the animal in midair are varied by changing the ... These studies found support that flying squirrels originated 18-20 million years ago, are monophyletic, and have a sister ... Flying squirrels are not capable of flight like birds or bats; instead, they glide between trees. They are capable of obtaining ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_squirrel
*  Away From Normal: February 2011
... including birds and bats which they catch in mid flight (they are able to leap up to 2 meters (6′ 6″) into the air). In China, ... This critically endangered animal is a survivor from the Cretaceous period, and can be found both in saltwater or in rivers and ... animals that were supposed to be long extinct and are unexpectedly found to be alive. Coelacanths were supposed to have become ... Found in relatively deep waters, these animals are sometimes called slime eels, but they are not really eels, and actually, ...
  http://unrealperception.blogspot.com/2011/02/
*  Spectral bat - Wikipedia
While true vampire bats, for which it was formerly named, parasitically feed on the blood of larger animals, often as they ... These bats are typically found roosting, usually on tree branches, but sometimes in hollow trees or even man-made structures, ... Adults may be killed in flight by owls. At this point, the little-known spectral bat is classified as near threatened, due only ... The remains of 84 bird specimens of 18 different species, including motmots, doves, trogons, cuckoos, wrens and orioles, were ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spectral_bat
*  The Institute for Creation Research
Fruit-eating bats are one of several animals that consume ripe fruits without destroying seeds. Their post-digestion droppings ... The saguaro cactus and tropical bat are only two examples of mutually beneficial relationships found in Earth's ecosystems. But ... 3 Frugivorous bats drop a lot of seeds. They deposit twice their weight each night, in flight, due to their rapid digestive ... Birds, rodents, and simians do the same-sometimes at locations quite distant from the fruit-producing parent trees. However, ...
  http://www.icr.org/article/10343