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*  Patagium - Wikipedia
The structure is found in living and extinct groups of animals including bats, birds, some dromaeosaurs, pterosaurs, gliding ... The patagium is a membranous structure that assists an animal in gliding or flight. ... A patagium has been found in the dinosaur Psittacosaurus, and ran from the animal's ankle to the base of the tail. Functional ... Dactylopatagium: the portion found within the digits. Plagiopatagium: the portion found between the last digit and the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patagium
*  Books by Subject - Lane Medical Library - Stanford University School of Medicine
Even today, our knowledge of bats remains limited compared to other groups in the animal kingdom. Also, their famous ability to ... is as poorly studied as birds finding their way from continent to continent. In recent times, where globalization transports ... avoid collisions with obstacles during their nightly flights with the help of a sophisticated and unique system using ... infections caused by animal bites; infections and intoxications by animal foods; iatrogenic transmission of zoonotic pathogens ...
  https://lane.stanford.edu/biomed-resources/ebsubjectbrowse.html?m=Tropical%20Medicine%20and%20Parasitology
*  Tetrapod - Wikipedia
The amniotes include the tetrapods that further evolved for flight-such as birds from among the dinosaurs, and bats from among ... The tetrapods, including all large- and medium-sized land animals, have been among the best understood animals since earliest ... It is not found in amphibians. The muscularized diaphragm is unique to mammals. Although tetrapods are widely thought to have ... Traditionally, birds are not considered a type of reptile, but crocodiles are more closely related to birds than they are to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetrapod
*  Strouhal number - Wikipedia
... and in the cruising flight of birds, bats and insects. However, in other forms of flight other values are found. Intuitively ... In animal flight or swimming, propulsive efficiency is high over a narrow range of Strouhal constants, generally peaking in the ... In certain cases like heaving (plunging) flight, this characteristic length is the amplitude of oscillation. This selection of ... Corum, Jonathan (2003). "The Strouhal Number in Cruising Flight". 13pt,. Retrieved 2012-11-13- depiction of Strouhal number for ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Strouhal_number
*  Special exhibits at UCMP
How do they do it? How and why did flight evolve? What do a pterosaur, a bat, and a bird have in common? Find out for yourself! ... You can learn about these earliest animals in his exhibit.. Dilophosaurus!. Visit a very special account of the discovery and ... Vertebrate Flight. Visit our series of pages on the wonder of flight in vertebrates. ... Vendian Animals. Along with colleagues from the Paleontological Institute of Russia, UCMP researchers have worked extensively ...
  http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/exhibits/specialexhibits.php
*  Books by Subject - Lane Medical Library - Stanford University School of Medicine
Prey Detection and Discrimination in Animal-Eating Bats -- Roles of Acoustic Social Communication in the Lives of Bats -- Guild ... is as poorly studied as birds finding their way from continent to continent. In recent times, where globalization transports ... Also, their famous ability to avoid collisions with obstacles during their nightly flights with the help of a sophisticated and ... 1. Biosonar of Bats and Toothed Whales: An Overview / Annemarie Surlykke and Paul E. Nachtigall -- 2. Sonar Signals of Bats and ...
  http://lane.stanford.edu/biomed-resources/ebsubjectbrowse.html?m=Zoology&proxy-links=false
*  Flying and gliding animals - Wikipedia
See List of soaring birds for birds that can soar as well as fly. Bats are the only mammal with flapping or powered flight. A ... It has been found that some flying fish can glide as effectively as some flying birds. Halfbeaks (gliding). A group related to ... flightless birds are the exception). Bird flight is one of the most studied forms of aerial locomotion in animals. ... Powered flight has evolved only four times (first in insects, then in pterosaurs, birds and bats). It uses muscular power to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_and_gliding_animals
*  Gliding flight - Wikipedia
It is most highly developed in bats. For similar reasons to birds, bats can glide efficiently. In bats, the skin forming the ... See list List of airline flights that required gliding flight. A number of animals have separately evolved gliding many times, ... the portion found within the digits Plagiopatagium: the portion found between the last digit and the hindlimbs Uropatagium: the ... Birds in particular use gliding flight to minimise their use of energy. Large birds are notably adept at gliding, including: ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gliding_flight
*  Parti-coloured bat - Wikipedia
... male groups consist of about 250 animals and are found only during the spring and early summer. These bats migrate, and flights ... is a species of vesper bat that lives in temperate Eurasia. Their twittering call, similar to a bird's call, are to be heard ... Female bats live in small groups, of about 50 animals, sometimes up to several hundred adult females. In Western Europe, ... In cold weather, the bat may remain in its resting place. There is not much known about the behaviour of parti-coloured bats, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parti-coloured_bat
*  Flight : Wikis (The Full Wiki)
Main article: Flying and gliding animals. The most successful groups of living things that fly are insects, birds, and bats. ... If we compare air with water we find it is nearly 1000 times lighter. To meet these peculiarities the insect, bird and bat are ... In natural flight the body of the flying creature falls slightly forward in a curve when the 1 On the Flight of Birds, of Bats ... Most birds fly (see bird flight), with some exceptions. The largest birds, the Ostrich and the Emu, are earthbound, as were the ...
  http://www.thefullwiki.org/Flight
*  Antievolution.org - Antievolution.org Discussion Board -Topic::Common Descent - Evidence No.1
Incidentally, when examining insect wings, we find that they are structurally very different from either bat or bird wings, a ... Furthermore, one would expect that the collarbones for both animals would be similar, since both were 'designed' for flight, ... The evidence does, however, support a conclusion that birds and bats evolved from separate classes of walking animals, ... and in fact retain many of the structures found in all terrestrial vertebrate arms, but modified for flight. Bats' wings, on ...
  http://www.antievolution.org/cgi-bin/ikonboard/ikonboard.cgi?s=4f980b8c82dc0b7e
*  goatsucker facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about goatsucker
The name goatsucker is based on an ancient belief that these birds fed on goats' milk by night, but their presence near such ... The nighthawk (Chordediles popetue), or bull bat, common in all parts of North America N to Labrador, is the most diurnal of ... The larger (12 in./30 cm) chuck-will's-widow (Caprimulgus carolinensis) is found in the South and the poorwill (7 in./17.5 cm) ... The whippoorwill's flight, like that of the swift, is graceful and erratic; it sometimes swoops downward and then stops ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/plants-and-animals/animals/vertebrate-zoology/goatsucker
*  Nectarivore - Wikipedia
The majority of nectarivores are insects or birds, but instances can also be found in other animal groups. Nectar-feeding is ... To maintain flight a bird must rapidly excrete much of the water content of the nectar it consumes. A hummingbird's kidneys are ... Many species of bat feed on nectar, their lifestyle similar to that of nectarivorous birds. There is significant overlap ... Some other bird groups have one or more similar specializations-For instance, the Lories, one group of Australasian parrots ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nectarivore
*  John Day Fossil Beds National Monument - Wikipedia
Birds are the animals most often seen in the monument. Included among the more than 50 species observed are red-tailed hawks, ... Beaver, otter, mink, and raccoons are found in or near the river. Coyotes, bats, and badgers are among the park's other mammals ... and flocks of sandhill cranes and swans pass overhead each year on their migratory flights. California quail, chukar partridges ... Predators hunt smaller animals such as the rabbits, voles, mice, and shrews found in the park's grasslands and sagebrush- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Day_Fossil_Beds_National_Monument
*  Flying squirrel - Wikipedia
They are not capable of flight in the same way as birds or bats but are able to glide from one tree to another with the aid of ... with flights recorded to 90 meters (295 ft). The direction and speed of the animal in midair are varied by changing the ... These studies found support that flying squirrels originated 18-20 million years ago, are monophyletic, and have a sister ... Flying squirrels are not capable of flight like birds or bats; instead, they glide between trees. They are capable of obtaining ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_squirrel
*  List of Animal Mechanicals episodes - Wikipedia
Mission: Find out what is causing the island to rumble Abilities used: Flight, Strength, Speed. The Animal Mechanicals are sent ... Mechana-Animals: Purple Mechana-Bats Abilities used: Gizmo, Strength, and Flight. The wrong objects Komodo's tail popped out: ... Mechana-Birds: Big Blue Mechana Matcher of match things. Abilities used: Flight, Speed, and Stretch. The Animal Mechanicals ... Mechana-Birds: Yellow Mechana-Duck Tugboats Abilities used: Flight, Stretch, and Strength. The Animal Mechanicals slide over to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Animal_Mechanicals_episodes
*  Hovering performance of Anna's hummingbirds (Calypte anna) in ground effect | Journal of The Royal Society Interface
1994 Aerodynamic corrections for the flight of birds and bats in wind tunnels. J. Zool. 234, 537-563. (doi:10.1111/j.1469- ... we found no significant differences among birds (two-way ANOVA; F0.86, d.f. = 2,148, p = 0.4). We also found no significant ... 1991 On the aerodynamics of animal flight in ground effect. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 334, 119-128. (doi:10.1098/rstb. ... For flight in ground effect, this bird exhibited both stroke plane and tail angles substantially lower than those of the other ...
  http://rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/11/98/20140505
*  Common kestrel - Wikipedia
When the birds spots prey animals moving by, they will pounce on them. They also prowl a patch of hunting ground in a ground- ... Once prey is sighted, the bird makes a short, steep dive toward the target. It can often be found hunting along the sides of ... Mangoverde World Bird Guide (MWBG). 2009. Retrieved 2 January 2009. Mikula, P.; Hromada, M.; Tryjanowski, P. (2013). "Bats and ... hugging flight, ambushing prey as they happen across it. Common kestrels eat almost exclusively mouse-sized mammals. Voles, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Common_kestrel
*  BedTimes Oct 09 by International Sleep Products Association - Issuu
animal, since it would expend energy and be exposed to predatory birds with better vision and better flight abilities," Siegel ... Similar findings have been found when studying migrating birds. On the opposite end of the spectrum is the big brown bat, which ... They found that, on average, there were 3.6 more injuries on the Mondays after the country switched to daylightsaving time when ... Begin simply by finding out where your customers are online and listening to conversations. You'll want to search the Internet ...
  https://issuu.com/sleepproducts/docs/btoct09lr?viewMode=magazine&mode=embed
*  Carlsbad Caverns National Park - Wikipedia
Morning programs are also hosted pre-dawn to witness the return of bats into the cave. Once a year, a bat flight breakfast is ... Parmeter, John; Neville, Bruce; Emkalns, Doug (2002). New Mexico Bird Finding Guide (Third ed.). New Mexico Ornithological ... "Carlsbad Caverns National Park - Animals". National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-10-03. ... Optimal viewing normally occurs in July and August when the current year bat pups first join the flight of adult bats. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carlsbad_Caverns_National_Park
*  Central Park Zoo - Wikipedia
There are fruit bats in the rainforest and a large free-flight area for birds. In June 2009, a snow leopard exhibit was opened ... spontaneously evolved in 1859 from gifts of exotic pets and other animals informally given to the park; the original animals on ... which was founded in 1859. The zoo was given permanent quarters behind the Arsenal building in 1875. In 1934, to properly house ... The Herald's cover story claimed that there had been a mass escape of animals from the Central Park Zoo and several people had ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_Park_Zoo
*  Dino bones reveal DNA surprise - Technology & science - Science - LiveScience | NBC News
The distinction between birds and the dinosaurs from which they evolved is getting even murkier. The genomes (complete DNA ... or animals with backbones - the average bird genome length is a measly 1.45 billion base pairs. Bats also have short genomes - ... Also, flightless birds tend to have longer genomes than flying birds. But the new finding by Chris Organ of Harvard University ... Scientists used to think that relatively shorter genomes were associated with flight. Birds have short genomes compared to ...
  http://www.nbcnews.com/id/17507488/ns/technology_and_science-science/
*  This bird's flight through lasers could improve drones - Futurity
For a flight study-which could improve flying robots-Obi the parrotlet flew through a field of lasers. Don't worry, those are ... or other flying animal, generates based off its wake," says graduate student and coauthor Diana Chin. "What we found was that ... including other bird species, bats, and insects, makes comparison within the literature extremely challenging. As shown by the ... flight Stanford University This bird's flight through lasers could improve drones. Posted by Taylor Kubota-Stanford December ...
  http://www.futurity.org/lasers-bird-flight-goggles-1313092-2/
*  Flying and gliding animals - Wikipedia
Powered flight[edit]. Powered flight has evolved only four times (first in insects, then in pterosaurs, birds and bats). It ... Several species of extinct bat have been found, like Icaronycteris, Palaeochiropteryx, and Onychonycteris.[51] ... Bird flight is one of the most studied forms of aerial locomotion in animals. See List of soaring birds for birds that can soar ... Flight has evolved at least four times, in the insects, pterosaurs, birds, and bats. Gliding has evolved on many more occasions ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aerial_locomotion
*  Rhamphorhynchus - Wikipedia
Warm-blooded animals, like modern birds and bats, normally show rapid growth to adult size and determinate growth. Because ... including relative head orientation during flight and coordination of the wing membrane muscles. Witmer and his team found that ... Following from this interpretation, Bennett found several notable changes that occurred in R. muensteri as the animal aged. ... both in flight and while on the ground. Comparisons between the scleral rings of Rhamphorhynchus and modern birds and reptiles ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhamphorhynchus