*  Fundamentals of Human Nutrition/Vitamin C - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
8.8.4 Deficiency[edit]. A major deficiency of vitamin C, very rare, causes scurvy, when the supply is less than 10 mg per day. ... This is due to the lack of collagen protein and connective tissue in the body that is formed majorly through vitamin C.[4] ... European guidelines advise a daily intake of 75 mg for women and 90 mg for men. For example, an orange give an average of 53 mg ... Vitamin C: 8.8.5 Toxicity Vitamin C is rather an uncommon vitamin to overdose on, especially from its natural foods. Vitamin C ...
  https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Fundamentals_of_Human_Nutrition/Vitamin_C
*  Review of B Vitamins and Energy Drinks by ConsumerLab.com
... plus information about B vitamins for energy, memory, depression, MTHFR and methylfolate, and the safety of energy drinks with ... Find the best B vitamin supplements, including B complexes, niacin, B-6, B-12, biotin, thiamin and folic acid, ... B vitamins. All testing done independently by ConsumerLab.com. ... "active form" of vitamin B6, this form must still undergo ... The European Food Safety Authority suggests an even lower UL for all forms of vitamin B6 of 25 mg per day for adults and 5 to ...
  https://www.consumerlab.com/reviews/Review_B_Vitamins_B-Complexes_Energy-Shots_Thiamin_Niacin_B-6_B-12_Biotin_and_Folic_Acid/bvitamins/PREVIEW/
*  Chromium deficiency - Wikipedia
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels For Vitamins And Minerals (PDF), European Food Safety Authority, 2006 "Federal Register May 27, ... Because of the high excretion rates and the very low absorption rates of most forms of chromium, acute toxicity is uncommon. ... IN: Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A, Vitamin K, Arsenic, Boron, Chromium, Chromium, Iodine, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum ... Cases of deficiency have been claimed in hospital patients who were fed defined liquid diets intravenously for long periods of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromium_deficiency
*  Midterm 2 Flashcards by MONICA RUIZ-SOSA | Brainscape
Much less potent form of vitamin D compared to vitamin D3. • Much less effective at elevating blood 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels ... Deficiency in vitamin D. • Diminished sun exposure to skin resulted in diminished vitamin D production in skin.. • Very low ... in Europe and Asia but not with present-day humans (Homo sapiens) in sub-Saharan Africa.. -This can be explained by the fact ... calcitriol* is the biologically active form of vitamin D which functions as a hormone.. • *vitamin D-binding protein* binds to ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/midterm-2-5869968/packs/8768525
*  Hyperlipid: Vitamin D and UV fluctuations (2)
Again we are in the calcium deficiency rickets rather than vitamin D deficiency and I can't see what high phytate diets do to ... Obviously there is a level below which you can have as much of the enzyme for converting vitamin D to the active form as you ... European mtDNA that is around today may well have been rare in the ice age. It might be that today European mtDNA is more ... A simple vitamin D deficiency does not seem to be adequate for rickets, though it is required.. Here's what Dunnigan has to say ...
  http://high-fat-nutrition.blogspot.com/2009/12/vitamin-d-and-uv-fluctuations-2.html
*  Bacillus subtilis - Wikipedia
The endospore is formed at times of nutritional stress, allowing the organism to persist in the environment until conditions ... It was marketed throughout America and Europe from 1946 as an immunostimulatory aid in the treatment of gut and urinary tract ... The fermented beans are recognized for their contribution to a healthy gut flora and vitamin K2 intake; during this long ... Adenylosuccinate lyase deficiency Extremophile Guthrie test Euzéby JP (2008). "Bacillus". List of Prokaryotic names with ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bacillus_subtilis
*  International Journal of Pharmaceutics Page 15
... has been used as an emulsifier and therapeutic agent for children with vitamin E deficiency. Limited information, however, is ... Preparation and evaluation of a novel dosage form for onychomycosis. In this study novel dosage forms were prepared and ... Also, animal testing in the European Union is prohibited for cosmetic ingredients and products since 2004 and 2009, ... A systematic review of the use of dosage form manipulation to obtain required doses to inform use of manipulation in paediatric ...
  https://medworm.com/journal/international-journal-of-pharmaceutics/15/
*  Fluorine deficiency - Wikipedia
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels For Vitamins And Minerals (PDF), European Food Safety Authority, 2006 ... Fluoride is also essential as it incorporates into the teeth to form and harden teeth enamels so that the teeth are more acid ... Fluoride or fluorine deficiency is a disorder which may cause increased dental caries (or tooth decay, is the breakdown of ... It is most commonly found in its ion form, or additionally as inorganic or organic fluorides. There are a number of sources of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fluorine_deficiency
*  Cheilitis - Wikipedia
There are many possible causes, including nutritional deficiencies (iron, B vitamins, folate), contact allergy, infection ( ... It is especially common in people with light skin types who live in sunny climates (e.g., Australians of European ancestry), ... Some consider habitual lip licking or picking to be a form of nervous tic. This habit is sometimes termed perlèche (derived ... vitamin B6) deficiency. Lichen planus. Pemphigoid. Xerostomia. Oakley, Amanda. "Cheilitis on DermNet NZ". New Zealand ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheilitis
*  Methylcobalamin - Wikipedia
"Treatment of vitamin B12 deficiency-methylcobalamine? Cyancobalamine? Hydroxocobalamin?-clearing the confusion". European ... This vitamer is one of two active coenzymes used by vitamin B12-dependent enzymes and is the specific vitamin B12 form used by ... Preparation of the Reduced Forms of Vitamin B12 and of Some Analogs of the Vitamin B12 Coenzyme Containing a Cobalt-Carbon Bond ... and can be used to prevent or treat pathology arising from a lack of vitamin B12 (vitamin B12 deficiency), such as pernicious ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methylcobalamin
*  List of hematologic conditions - Wikipedia
"Transcobalamin II deficiency: Case report and review of the literature". European Journal of Pediatrics. European Journal of ... Mayo Clinic staff (March 4, 2011). "Vitamin deficiency anemia". Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Mayo Clinic ... Incidence of affected people with a form of blood cancer has been steady increasing over recent years; however, due in part to ... "Folate-deficiency anemia". National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine. 31 January 2010. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_hematologic_conditions
*  August issue of LSQ Magazine by eric robinson - issuu
There is no other plant source on the face of the planet that provides a complete protein in such an easy to digest form. This ... Jack Herer notes that medieval Europeans cooked up porridge, soups and mash containing a high proportion of hemp seed while a ... Much potential exists in using hemp seeds to prevent and heal immune deficiency diseases. High in fiber and fatty acids, the ... As if this extensive list is not impressive enough, hemp also contains high levels of calcium, magnesium, vitamin A and ...
  https://issuu.com/lsqmagazine/docs/lsq_issue_2_b
*  Dr Emmett Holt (1855-1924) and the foundation of North American paediatrics | ADC Fetal & Neonatal Edition
"Prothrombin is formed in the liver through the agency of vitamin K . . . Green vegetables furnish the normal supply of vitamin ... Prothrombin deficiency can, as a rule, be readily controlled by oral administration of vitamin K . . . We have found ... In 1908 he attended the Congress of Medicine in Europe where he was recognised as the leader of American pediatrics. ... the natural forms of vitamin K are fat soluble . . . A tendency to bleed spontaneously may appear within the first three or ...
  http://fn.bmj.com/content/83/3/F221.full
*  Vitamin - Wikipedia
While other findings suggest that vitamin E toxicity is limited to only a specific form when taken in excess. The European ... Well-known human vitamin deficiencies involve thiamine (beriberi), niacin (pellagra), vitamin C (scurvy), and vitamin D ( ... For example, ascorbic acid (one form of vitamin C) is a vitamin for humans, but not for most other animals. Vitamin D is ... Every Vitamin Page. All Vitamins and Pseudo-Vitamins. Davidson, Michael W. (2004) Anthranilic Acid (Vitamin L) Florida State ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitamin
*  Vitamin B12 deficiency anemia - Wikipedia
Forms of vitamin B12 deficiency other than PA must be considered in the differential diagnosis of megaloblastic anemia. For ... A review of literature shows that the prevalence of PA is higher in Northern Europe, especially in Scandinavian countries, and ... June 2006). "Oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 for vitamin B12 deficiency: a systematic review of randomized ... Serum vitamin B12 levels are used to detect its deficiency, but they do not distinguish its causes. Vitamin B12 levels can be ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vitamin_B12_deficiency_anemia
*  Praise for a New Life in a New World | Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Scurvy: A disease caused by vitamin C deficiency. The symptoms included spongy and bleeding gums and general weakness and was ... The war began in 1754 but later spread to Europe where it was known as the Seven Years War (1756-1763). Indenturing: A process ... Florin: A gold coin and form of currency. Forty-Eighters: Germans who immigrated to the United States after the failure of the ... Thirty Years' War (1618-1648): A war mostly fought in Germany between Protestants and Catholics but involved many European ...
  http://hsp.org/education/unit-plans/german-immigration-0/praise-for-a-new-life-in-a-new-world
*  Thiamine deficiency - Wikipedia
... leg edema due to vitamin B1 deficiency), a deficiency disease caused by lack of vitamin B1. For this, he prescribed ... 2009). "Wild birds of declining European species are dying from a thiamine deficiency syndrome". Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 106 ... In the acute form, the baby develops dyspnea and cyanosis and soon dies of heart failure. These symptoms may be described in ... historical aspects of the major neurological vitamin deficiency disorders: the water-soluble B vitamins". Handbook of clinical ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thiamine_deficiency
*  Riboflavin - Wikipedia
Riboflavin deficiency is usually found together with other nutrient deficiencies, particularly of other water-soluble vitamins ... a more soluble form of riboflavin. Riboflavin is also used as a food coloring and as such is designated in Europe as the E ... Vitamin B was originally considered to have two components, a heat-labile vitamin B1 and a heat-stable vitamin B2. In the 1920s ... Since both pellagra and vitamin H deficiency were associated with dermatitis, Gyorgy decided to test the effect of vitamin B2 ...
  https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riboflavin
*  Rhabdomyolysis - Wikipedia
Of these, some cause isolated attacks of rhabdomyolysis (e.g., dietary deficiency in vitamin E and selenium, poisoning ... myoadenylate deaminase deficiency and muscular dystrophies Damage to skeletal muscle may take various forms. Crush and other ... Rhabdomyolysis affecting horses may also occur in outbreaks; these have been reported in many European countries, and later in ... 3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency), thiolase deficiency Mitochondrial myopathies: deficiency of succinate ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhabdomyolysis
*  Nutrition and pregnancy - Wikipedia
Folic acid, which is the synthetic form of the vitamin folate, is critical both in pre-and peri-conception. Deficiencies in ... The European Food Safety Authority recommends an increase of 300 mL per day compared to the normal intake for non-pregnant ... Dietary vitamin A is obtained in two forms which contain the preformed vitamin (retinol), that can be found in some animal ... In addition, prenatal vitamins typically contain increased amounts of folic acid, iodine, iron, vitamin A, vitamin D, zinc, and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nutrition_and_pregnancy
*  Inflammatory bowel disease - Wikipedia
Deficiencies of B vitamins, fat-soluble vitamins, essential fatty acids, and key minerals such as magnesium, zinc, and selenium ... official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association. 21 (8): 2057-60. doi: ... "Amgen, MGH, Broad form IBD Therapeutics Initiative". News: Discovery & Development. Gen. Eng. Biotechnol. News (paper). 34 (4 ... IBD was significantly associated with having higher odds of vitamin D deficiency. Gram-positive bacteria present in the lumen ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inflammatory_bowel_disease
*  Lipid soluble forms of thiamine for prevention and treatment of age-related cognitive impairment of the nervous system -...
... vitamin A, vitamin B2, vitamin B6 panthotenic acid, nicotinic acid, vitamin C, vitamin E, etc), sweetening agents, organic ... Gerontol, 12:75-79, 1977); and 3) thiamine deficiency produces a larger decrease in the activity of α-KGDH (used in glucose ... parts of Europe, and some other countries around the world, but are not approved for human use in the United States. The lipid- ... Lipid soluble forms of thiamine for prevention and treatment of age-related cognitive impairment of the nervous system ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/5885608.html
*  NewYork-Presbyterian Queens - Newborn Babies - Newborn Screening Tests
Biotinidase deficiency. This inherited disorder is characterized by a deficiency of the biotinidase enzyme. This enzyme is ... It affects one in 60,000 to 75,000 babies in the United States and is most common in people of European descent. Lack of the ... The disease causes a severe form of anemia. There are different types of the disease. The disease occurs in about one out of ... important in metabolizing biotin, a B vitamin. ... It is caused by a deficiency of an enzyme necessary to digest ...
  http://www.nyhq.org/diw/content.asp?pageid=P07040
*  Rickets - Wikipedia
Asian immigrants living in Europe have an increased risk for vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D insufficiency was found in 40% of ... Vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) is the preferred form since it is more readily absorbed than vitamin D2. Most dermatologists ... Vitamin D natural selection hypotheses: Rickets is often a result of vitamin D3 deficiency. The vitamin D natural selection ... Glorieux FH, Pettifor JM (2014). "Vitamin D/dietary calcium deficiency rickets and pseudo-vitamin D deficiency rickets". ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rickets
*  Patent WO2002045754A2 - Pharmaceutical compositions for the oral delivery of pharmacologically ... - Google Patents
Method of treating vitamin B12 deficiency. US8664211. 15 Dec 2011. 4 Mar 2014. Novartis Ag. Modified amino acid for the ... In addition, a solid dispersion may be formed by known methods followed by further processing to form a tablet or capsule. ... Method of treating vitamin B12 deficiency. US8323688. 28 Aug 2007. 4 Dec 2012. Novartis Ag. Pharmaceutical compositions ... Orally dosed pharmaceutical compositions comprising a delivery agent in micronized form. WO2007051641A1 *. 3 Nov 2006. 10 May ...
  http://www.google.com.au/patents/WO2002045754A2?cl=en