*  A study of pyrazines in cigarettes and how additives might be used to enhance tobacco addiction | Tobacco Control
Pyrazines in foods. CRC Crit Rev Food Technol 1973;4:39-115. doi:10.1080/10408397309527153. ... Pyrazines in food. J Agric Food Chem 1973;21:22-30. doi:10.1021/jf60185a006. ... Pyrazine flavour profiles. Pyrazines are heterocyclic aromatic organic compounds with the underlying chemical formula C4H4N2. ... Pyrazines and other flavors; pyrazines-their properties, reported uses, and technical information. RJ Reynolds, 1980. Bates ...
  https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/early/2015/05/03/tobaccocontrol-2014-051943
*  Staff Profile - Institute of Neuroscience - Newcastle University
Lindstr├Âm L, Rowe C, Guilford T. Pyrazine odour biases food selection in avian predators against conspicuously coloured ... Lindstrom L, Rowe C, Guilford T. Pyrazine odour makes visually conspicuous prey aversive. Proceedings of the Royal Society of ...
  http://www.ncl.ac.uk/ion/staff/profile/candyrowe.html
*  Pyrazine - Wikipedia
Safety evaluation of food additives - pyrazine derivatives. ... Pyrazine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound with the ... Pyrazine is a symmetrical molecule with point group D2h. Pyrazine is less basic than pyridine, pyridazine and pyrimidine. ... then condensed and then oxidized to a pyrazine. A variation is the Gutknecht pyrazine synthesis (1879) also based on this ... Many methods exist for the organic synthesis of pyrazine and its derivatives. Some of these are among the oldest synthesis ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyrazine
*  Alignment and Preprocessing for Data Analysis - PDF
Application of TargetView software within the food industry - the identi cation of pyrazine compounds in potato crisps ... Application Note: ANTV10 Application of TargetView software within the food industry - the identi cation of pyrazine compounds ... Unique Software Tools to Enable Quick Screening and Identification of Residues and Contaminants in Food Samples using Accurate ... Unique Software Tools to Enable Quick Screening and Identification of Residues and Contaminants in Food Samples using Accurate ...
  http://docplayer.net/1572677-Alignment-and-preprocessing-for-data-analysis.html
*  Alkylpyrazine - Wikipedia
P Hashim, J Selamat, S Muhammad, S Kharidah and A Ali, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 1998, Volume 78, pages ... Effect of mass and turning time on free amino acid, peptide-N, sugar and pyrazine concentration during cocoa fermentation. ... 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine is also used as flavor additive and odorant in foods such as cereals and products such as cigarettes. It ... 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine is used as flavor additive and odorant in foods such as cereals and products such as cigarettes. It occurs ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alkylpyrazine
*  Food Enzyme Preparations - China Chemical, Wheat Gluten Manufacturers/Suppliers on Made-in-China.com
This category presents Chemical, Wheat Gluten, from China Food Enzyme Preparations suppliers to global buyers. ... View reliable Food Enzyme Preparations manufacturers on Made-in-China.com. ... China Supply Chemical 2, 3-Dimethyl Pyrazine (CAS No. 5910-89-4) FOB Price: US $1 / kg Min. Order: 25 kg ... Fodder, Feed Food Emulsifiers Food Sweeteners Other Food Additives Biochemical Food Acidity Regulators Food Preservatives ...
  https://www.made-in-china.com/Agriculture-Food-Catalog/Food-Enzyme-Preparations.html
*  Biotage - Search Literature
Pyrazines are a class of organic molecules often used to provide flavor to foods. They are typically synthesized but some are ... Food. Grain. Groundnut (Peanut). Hair. Hemolysed whole blood. Honey. Hydrolysed urine. Infant food (cereal). Infant formula ( ... Fractionation of betanin food dyes on RENSA® PY Part No: AN086.v2 Issued year: 2014 File size: 1.02mb File type: pdf ... Food contaminant. Hallucinogen. Hexane Extractable Material. Imidazoline corrosion inhibitor. Imidazolines. Immunosuppressant. ...
  http://www.biotage.com/literature/search/15/50?search_query=
*  Biotage - Search Literature
Pyrazines are a class of organic molecules often used to provide flavor to foods. They are typically synthesized but some are ... Food. Grain. Groundnut (Peanut). Hair. Hemolysed whole blood. Honey. Hydrolysed urine. Infant food (cereal). Infant formula ( ... Food contaminant. Hallucinogen. Hexane Extractable Material. Imidazoline corrosion inhibitor. Imidazolines. Immunosuppressant. ... Improving Flash Purification of Chemically Related Pyrazines Part No: AN063 Issued year: 2012 File size: 0.48mb File type: pdf ...
  http://www.biotage.com/literature/search/8/100?search_query=
*  Isopropyl methoxy pyrazine - Wikipedia
Their Changes during Roasting". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 48 (3): 868-872. doi:10.1021/jf990609n. PMID ... Isopropyl methoxy pyrazine (IPMP) is a methoxypyrazine, a class of chemical compounds that produce odors. The odor is rather ... Alkylpyrazines Three highly odorous metabolites from an actinomycete: 2-Isopropyl-3-methoxy-pyrazine, methylisoborneol, and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isopropyl_methoxy_pyrazine
*  Odorizer - Wikipedia
Methylethyl pyrazine, odor of various foods including coffee and wines Wick type odorizers can be very small, odorizing the gas ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Odorizer
*  3-Isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine - Wikipedia
2002). "The FEMA GRAS assessment of pyrazine derivatives used as flavor ingredients". Food and Chemical Toxicology. 40: 429-451 ... This is to such an extent that Grindstaff pyrazine is sometimes just called the "bell pepper pyrazine." The human nose can ... The molecule is produced by some plants and is a contributor to the aroma of several plant-based foods. It is also seen to be ... Unlike capsaicin, which is produced and mainly stored in the placenta of the pepper, Grindstaff pyrazine is mainly contained in ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3-Isobutyl-2-methoxypyrazine
*  Acetylpyrazine - Wikipedia
Chemically, acetylpyrazine is a pyrazine and a ketone. Acetylpyrazine is found in foods such as seeds, nuts and meats. It is ... It is considered generally recognized as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Acetylpyrazine on Chemical Book ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acetylpyrazine
*  Pyridine - Wikipedia
In low doses, pyridine is added to foods to give them a bitter flavor, and such usage is approved by the US Food and Drug ... Buttery, Ron G.; Seifert, Richard M.; Guadagni, Dante G.; Ling, Louisa C. (1971). "Characterization of Volatile Pyrazine and ... and pyrazine. Impure pyridine was undoubtedly prepared by early alchemists by heating animal bones and other organic matter, ... Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 23 (5): 999. doi:10.1021/jf60201a032. Kostelc, J. G.; Preti, G.; Nelson, P. R.; ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyridine
*  Getting Pairing Down to a Science | Food & Wine
"Coffee beans are rich in volatile pyrazine compounds, especially dimethylpyrazines, as are some red wines, especially ones aged ... Food & Wine may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change ... As someone whose primary agenda is to get people less stressed out about wine and food, not more, my initial reaction to Taste ... The book is the culmination of six years of research on why some foods and wines go together well, and why other ones don't. ...
  http://www.foodandwine.com/articles/getting-pairing-down-to-a-science
*  Methional - Wikipedia
It is a notable flavor in potato-based snacks, namely potato chips, one of the most popular foods containing methional. Traces ... Furthermore, the methionine resulting from the Strecker degradation reaction produces alkyl pyrazines, which contribute to the ... In order to intensify flavoring of heat-processed potato foods, biotechnological approaches are used to increase methionine ... Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 53:4, 366-385. doi:10.1080/10408398.2010.536918. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methional
*  Heterocyclics, Pyrazines, & Sulfur
Pyrazines are increasingly being utilized in flavor production due to their existence in almost all types of food. Pyrazines ... Pyrazines are generally used to add a flavor boost to a product rather than to create the overall flavor of a food product. ... However, some pyrazines are capable of being utilized for stronger and more prominent flavor notes in a food or beverage ... Because of their ubiquitous nature, appearing in many different types of foods, an incredible range of pyrazine flavors are ...
  http://www.adv-bio.com/heterocyclics-pyrazines-sulfur/
*  Flavour And Aroma of The Probiotics
A number of compounds actually render the aroma that we find in the food products- lactones, aldehydes, ketones, esters, short ... Pyrazines. Pyrazines provide a roasted and nutty flavour to the food products and are essentially nitrogen based heterocyclic ... food however with the change in cooking processes in due course of time there is lack of pyrazine type flavours from our foods ... In particular, the compound 6 pentyl 2 pyrone is on high demand for the coconut flavour that they produce in the food products ...
  http://probiotics101.probacto.com/flavour-and-aroma-of-the-probiotics/
*  China Food Additives, Vitamins, Amino Acids supplier - Wuhan Landmark Life Science & Technology Co., Ltd.
China Food Additives supplier, Vitamins, Amino Acids Manufacturers/ Suppliers - Wuhan Landmark Life Science & Technology Co., ... Business involved in Food additives, Vitamins, Amino acids, Pharmaceutical raw materials, ... Wuhan Landmark Life Science& ... Business involved in Food additives, Vitamins, Amino acids, Pharmaceutical raw materials, Pharmaceutical intermediates and ... Food Additives, Vitamins, Amino Acids, Pharmaceutical Raw Materials, Pharmaceutical Intermediates, Plant Extracts ...
  http://landmarkchem.en.made-in-china.com
*  Microbial Glossary, Mold, Fungus, Environmental Bacteria
It produces a pungent musty-potato-like odor (2-methoxy-3-isopropyl-pyrazine). They can be isolated from food and plants. It is ... It is one of the most toxic fungi found in food and is the cause of Ayellow rice@. It is responsible for acute and chronic ... It can cause food poisoning in humans and animals. Usually considered nonpathogenic for humans, but may occasionally be an ... It is part of the normal intestinal flora of humans and animals and can be isolated from soil, water, sewage, and food. It is ...
  http://ntced.org/diagnosing-mold-exposure/microbial-glossary/
*  METHODS OF PRODUCING IMPROVED FRAGRANT PLANTS - Patent application
0231]Adams, A., De Kimpe, N. (2007) Formation of pyrazines and 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline by Bacillus cereus. Food Chemistry 101, ... roast-smelling food flavour compounds 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline and 2-acetyltetrahydropyridine. Journal of Agriculture and Food ... Assignees: GRAIN FOODS CRC LTD Origin: CHICAGO, IL US IPC8 Class: AA01H500FI USPC Class: 800275 Publication date: 07/22/2010 ... 2006/032102 in the name of Grain Foods CRC Ltd, which is incorporated herein by reference. [0045]It will be appreciated that a ...
  http://www.patentsencyclopedia.com/app/20100186107
*  Tetramethylpyrazine - Wikipedia
P Hashim, J Selamat, S Muhammad, S Kharidah and A Ali, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 1998, Volume 78, pages ... Effect of mass and turning time on free amino acid, peptide-N, sugar and pyrazine concentration during cocoa fermentation. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tetramethylpyrazine
*  Effects of Olive, Canola, and Sunflower Oils on the Formation of Volatiles from the Maillard Reaction of Lysine with Xylose and...
Pyrazines, Maillard reaction products with an important impact on food flavor, appeared to be particularly sensitive to the ... The unsubstituted pyrazine was formed more with olive oil, less with canola oil, and even less with sunflower oil, whereas 2- ... the results indicated that the relative amounts of the pyrazines are sensitive to the degree of unsaturation of the oil. The ...
  https://air.unimi.it/handle/2434/181887
*  Medical Advisor Journals by Kyle J. Norton: The Holistic prevention, management and treatment of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome:...
Foods for Health and Wealth. Absolutely everything you need to know to grow healthy, fresh organic food, without all the ... 9. Pyrazine. 10. Pyridine. 11. Isocoumarins. 12. Coriandrin. 13. Dihydrocoriandrin. 14. Flavonoids,. 15. Phenolic acids. 16. ... Foods for Spleen yang deficiency Spleen yang deficiency can be managed and treated in part with a diet of fresh and cooked ... Super foods Library, Eat Yourself Healthy With The Best of the Best Nature Has to Offer. References. (1) Adiposity and ...
  https://theplus-health.blogspot.com/2016/07/the-holistic-prevention-management-and_31.html
*  Patent US4698230 - Potato flavor enhancing composition and method of use - Google Patents
Others focus on the use of pyrazine derivatives, inasmuch as pyrazine flavor constituents are largely responsible for the ... Dehydrated Vegetable Food Product and Methods of Making the Same. WO2001078528A2 *. Apr 9, 2001. Oct 25, 2001. The Procter & ... Pyrazine compounds are separated from the cation-exchange resin and then can be added to the dough for making potato chips. U.S ... Fabricated snack food containing anti-sticking agent. US20060147606 *. Sep 24, 2003. Jul 6, 2006. Forinnova As. Reduction of ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US4698230?dq=5,381,459
*  WHO - Detail article
This report represents the conclusions of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee convened to evaluate the safety of various food ... pyrazine derivatives; pyridine, pyrrole and quinoline derivatives; saturated aliphatic acyclic branched-chain primary alcohols ... A summary follows of the Committee's evaluations of technical, toxicological and dietary exposure data for five food additives ... Specifications for the following food additives were revised: ethyl cellulose, mineral oil (medium viscosity), modified ...
  http://apps.who.int/bookorders/espagnol/detart3.jsp?codlan=1&codcol=10&codcch=974