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*  Heleosaurus - Wikipedia
Partial skull elements present are the maxilla, quadrate, parabasisphenol, jugal, quadratojugal, mandible, and the palate. ... acting like a strut that extends past the posterior end of the skull. H. scholtzi's parietals are broad, triangular, and take ... Classification and phylogeny of the diapsid reptiles. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 84:97-164. Broom, R. "On Some ... up most of the post-orbital region. The corners form a wing-like concave process postlaterally. The pineal foramen is large, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heleosaurus
*  Craniofacial Flashcards by RE Kling | Brainscape
The inferior orbital rim, lateral orbital wall, and orbital floor are underdeveloped or absent. In contrast, the maxilla ... Patients also have hypoplasia of the maxilla and mandible and antegonial notching of the angle of the mandible. Occlusion is ... Extending into the frontal bone, Tessier No. 10 clefts involve the superior orbital rim and medial third of the orbit. ... As shown below, the most appropriate classification for this cleft is Tessier number 3 because this is the only classification ...
  https://www.brainscape.com/flashcards/craniofacial-5496886/packs/8232926
*  Skull Base Reconstruction: Microvascular Reconstruction of the Skull Base: A Clinical Approach to Surgical Defect...
Ablation using an anterior cranial fossa approach can result in loss of orbital content, palate, maxilla, bony skull base, and ... DEFECT CLASSIFICATION. Successful reconstruction of skull base defects is predicated upon a careful appreciation of the ... Both anterior and middle cranial fossa defects can involve the orbit, maxilla, mandible, nasal lining, palate, and skin. ... and calvarium may extend to the anterior cranial fossa through the base of the skull. Further spread of these tumors can lead ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC1852578/
*  Hesperosuchus - Wikipedia
The skull of Hesperosuchus was only partially preserved and is missing many segments. The mandible and the skull of the ... Fragments of the left premaxilla and maxilla were found to have sockets for nine teeth, with four being in the premaxilla. The ... The length of the extended hind limb in both genera are approximately equal to the length of the presacral vertebrae. ... In M. J. Benton (ed.). The Phylogeny and Classification of the Tetrapods Vol. 1.Amphibians, Reptiles, Birds. Clarendon Press, ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hesperosuchus
*  Galesaurus - Wikipedia
The skull has a septomaxillary foramen. The maxilla makes up a significant section of the lateral wall of the snout and ... A sheet of bone forms the septomaxilla that lines the floor of the naris and extends backwards between the nasal and maxilla. ... forming the upper orbital margin. As in other cynodonts, the frontal is excluded from the orbital margin by the prefrontal and ... Ontogenetic changes that were unique to Galesaurus include a large shift in the relative position of the mandible within the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galesaurus
*  Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma by drtbalu
d. It can encroach into the orbit by passing through the infra orbital fissure.. e. It can erode the skull base and cause ... Intra oral palpation in the interval between the ascending ramus of the mandible and the side of the maxilla may reveal the ... Andrews staging classification:. Stage I: Tumor limited to the nasal cavity. Stage II: Tumor extension into the pterygopalatine ... Incision is extended laterally and downwards on either side along the pterygomandibular raphe. The mucosa of the lateral ...
  http://drtbalu.com/jna.html
*  Fish jaw - Wikipedia
In bony fish, the maxilla is called the "upper maxilla," with the mandible being the "lower maxilla". The alveolar process of ... who also designed a new classification system, which is especially well suited for biological systems. The skull of fishes is ... The rostrums extend ventrally in front of the fish. In the case of hammerheads the rostrum (hammer) extends both ventrally and ... In orbitostyly, the orbital process hinges with the orbital wall and the hyoid provides the majority of suspensory support. In ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fish_jaw
*  last diadectomorph | Biology Letters
The jugal overlaps the maxilla to form the ventral orbital margin. The edentate palatine includes a secondary shelf that ... 1941 The mandible of a diadectid cotylosaur. Uni. Calif. Publ., Bull. Dept. Geol. Sci. 25, 423-432. ... Alveusdectes extends the upper end of diadectomorph chronology by approximately 16 Ma. The length of its ghost lineage depends ... The photos and illustrations of skull and mandibles of Alveusdectes fenestratus (IVPP V 20127). Dorsal (a), ventral (b) and (f ...
  http://rsbl.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/11/5/20150100
*  The opacified paranasal sinus: Approach and differential
... ameloblastomas occur much more commonly in the mandible than the maxilla; only 20% of ameloblastomas occur in the maxilla.22 ... downward bowing and thinning of the orbital floor and increased orbital volume, near-to-complete sinus opacification, lateral ... Skull Base. 2004;14(3):157-162.. *Madani G, Beale TJ, Lund VJ. Imaging of sinonasal tumors. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2009;30: 25 ... A choanal polyp is a benign solitary sinonasal mass that originates in a paranasal sinus and secondarily extends into the nasal ...
  http://appliedradiology.com/articles/the-opacified-paranasal-sinus-approach-and-differential
*  Sialis Glossary (terms related to bluebirding): what is a... (definitions) ornithology
Mandible: see Beak. The lower portion of the bill, or lower mandible. The upper mandible, or maxilla, is a flattened, hollow ... with two horns or forks that extend backward from the base of the tongue into the skull. ... Genus: a grouping in the classification of living organisms having one or more related and morphologically similar species. In ... Orbital ring: The frelshy ring around the eye; contrasting color in some species. ...
  http://sialis.org/glossary.htm
*  Glossary of bird terms - Wikipedia
All beaks are composed of two jaws, generally known as the upper mandible (or maxilla) and lower mandible (or mandible), which ... attach to the proximal end of the lower mandible and to the bird's skull. The muscles that depress the lower mandible are ... The ridge line on the upper maxilla may extend to a prominent crest on the front of the face and on the head, such as in the " ... By contrast, an orbital ring is bare skin ringing the eye. In some species, such as little ringed plover, the orbital ring may ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glossary_of_bird_terms
*  Fracture | definition of fracture by Medical dictionary
... the fracture may extend through the body of the maxilla down the midline of the hard palate, through the floor of the orbit, ... fracture of skull. , fractured skull. Loss of the integrity of one or more bones of the cranium. A fracture is classified ... fracture of the orbital floor caused by a sudden increase of intraorbital pressure due to traumatic force; the orbital contents ... A classification system has been used which is based on the mechanism of injury and the extent of tissue damage. In type I, a ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/fracture
*  Treacher Collins Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of Literature - Journal of Pediatrics Review
... prognathic anterior maxilla, short upper lip, incompetent lips, absence of mental groove, and retrognathic mandible. Her ENT ... The OMENS classification was developed as a comprehensive and stage-based approach to classify the disorder (15) into the ... The skull was normal except for an open anterior fontanelle. The facial characteristics were bilaterally symmetrical but ... Tongue-shaped' processes of hair frequently extending into the pre-auricular region were observed. The external ears were ...
  http://jpr.mazums.ac.ir/browse.php?a_id=169&slc_lang=en&ftxt=1&html=1
*  EvC Forum: lion vs tiger
When the skull + mandible is placed squarely on a flat surface, the Lion skull will rock forwards and backwards, primarily due ... while the same nasal projection extends farther posteriorly in the Tiger. The shape of the frontal process of the maxilla also ... 7. The posterior palatine foramen is closer to the orbital border.. 8. The inferior border of the mandible has a rather convex ... You understand that the only part of our binomial classification system that can even maybe be said to physically exist in ...
  http://www.evcforum.net/dm.php?control=page&t=8988&mpp=15&p=6
*  dentalaka: TNM staging of head and neck cancer and neck dissection classification
... treatment with radiotherapy can lead to radionecrosis of the mandible or maxilla. Moreover, oral cavity squamous cell ... clinical target volume in radiation therapy of a clinically or pathologically involved neck typically extends up to the skull ... Reconstruction and rehabilitation, especially in cases with orbital involvement, may be prosthetic or tissue based. Sinonasal ... The glottic larynx extends from the ventricle to 1 cm below the level of the true cords. The vocal cords are lined with ...
  http://dentalaka.blogspot.com/2012/05/tnm-staging-of-head-and-neck-cancer-and.html
*  Nancy Fischbein | Stanford Medicine Profiles
Ameloblastoma is a rare odontogenic neoplasm of the mandible and maxilla, with multiple histologic variants, and high ... which extends from peripheral nerve endings, through the skull base, cavernous sinus (V1, V2 only), and trigeminal ganglion, to ... and all but one were limited laterally by the sphenotemporal suture and medially by the orbital fissure; none extended above ... In this review, we present a classification scheme based on our review of the literature and of the MR scans of 64 patients ...
  https://med.stanford.edu/profiles/nancy-fischbein
*  The Theropod Database Blog: 2011
We only have the skull, mandible, overly schematic ilium and a single caudal vertebra illustrated. Lucky for us, Auditore was ... I actually learned what Onchopristis was, and that there's a partial Spinosaurus maxilla with an Onchopristis tooth embedded in ... Palatal process of pterygoid: extends anterior to the anterior limit of the palatine (0); forms oblique suture with palatine ... Squamosal lateral exposure: ventral process long, descends to level limit of orbital margin (0); ventral process short, ...
  http://theropoddatabase.blogspot.rs/2011/
*  Middle Miocene tarsier from Thailand | Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences
a-d) Tarsius bancanus skull (PAL-44), with orbital floor expanding until above P3 root. (e-h) Tarsius spectrum skull (AS 1821 ... TF 6244, right mandible with P3-M3 (figure 3e); TF 6245, left mandible with P4-M2; TF 6246, right mandible with P4 (figure 3d ... 2004 Asian primate classification. Int. J. Primatol. 25, 97-164. doi:10.1023/B:IJOP.0000014647.18720.32 (doi:10.1023/B:IJOP. ... TF 6260 (Department of Mineral Resources, Bangkok), left maxilla preserving partial orbit floor with P3-M1 (figures 1a, 2i-l). ...
  http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/278/1714/1956
*  Mongoloid - Wikipedia
The Mongoloid skull shows a round head shape with a medium-width nasal aperture, rounded orbital margins, massive cheekbones, ... meaning the part of the maxilla is "moderate" compared to individuals of "African ancestry" who have a "projecting maxilla", ... Historically, the racial classification of the Turkic peoples was sometimes given as "Turanid". Turanid racial type or "minor ... A study took panoramic radiographs of two sites at the angle of the mandible of 79 dental students, consisting of 20 male ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mongoloid
*  Cambridge Natural History Mammalia/Chapter XV - Wikisource, the free online library
Fig. 246.-Lepus cuniculus. Skull. A, Lateral view; B, ventral view. ang.pro, Angular process of mandible; as, alisphenoid ( ... In the skull the frontals are broad, and there are long postorbital processes. The infra-orbital foramen is, as a rule, not ... extending back within the jaw to near the hinder part of the skull. These teeth are reinforced in the upper jaw by a small ... AS, Alisphenoid; Ex.O, exoccipital; Fr, frontal; L, lachrymal; Ma, malar; Mx, maxilla; Na, nasal; OS, orbito-sphenoid; Pa, ...
  https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Cambridge_Natural_History_Mammalia/Chapter_XV
*  Pediatric Cancer
Common site- anterior part of maxilla. Other sites are skull, mandible, & brain. The lesion is usually solitary & not multiple ... Parameningeal- Adjacent to the base of the skull. Orbital - Around the eye. Head and neck. Arms and legs (extremities). Urinary ... The tumor extended beyond the kidney, but it was completely excised. The tumor may regionally extend into the renal sinus or ... Classification: Altaman's classification. Type 1- Entirely outside. Type 2- Mostly outside. Type 3-Mostly inside. Type 4- ...
  http://paediatric-cancer.blogspot.com/?widgetType=BlogArchive&widgetId=BlogArchive1&action=toggle&dir=open&toggle=MONTHLY-1117609200000&toggleopen=MONTHLY-1317452400000
*  New insights on the Permian and Triassic vertebrates from the Iberian Peninsula with emphasis on the Pyrenean and Catalonian...
The skull represents 20% of the total body length. The width of the gape is moderate. The opercular is much larger than the ... The incomplete mandible MGSB-39.483 (Fig. 3) is 27.3 cm long. It is contained in a hard sandstone matrix and exposed in labial ... Most of the elements of the orbital series cannot be well distinguished (Fig. 6). The upper jaw is composed of a moderately- ... Gardiner, B.G., (1967): Further notes on Palaeoniscoid fishes with a classification of the Chondrostei. Bulletin of the British ...
  https://www.thefreelibrary.com/New+insights+on+the+Permian+and+Triassic+vertebrates+from+the+Iberian+...-a0309587667
*  Syndrome recognition | definition of syndrome recognition by Medical dictionary
... dominant inherited disorder characterized by deformities of the skull and face with hypoplasia of the zygomatic and mandible ... orbital apex syndrome See orbital fissure syndrome.. orbital fissure syndrome A disorder caused by trauma or tumour involving ... Gradenigo's syndrome An inflammation of the middle ear (otitis media) and mastoid bone (mastoiditis) extending to the apex of ... organic mood syndrome a term used in a former system of classification, denoting an organic mental syndrome marked by manic or ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/syndrome+recognition
*  Frontiers | Deep Skull from Niah Cave and the Pleistocene Peopling of Southeast Asia | Ecology and Evolution
Here we undertake a new assessment of the Deep Skull and consider its bearing on this question. In doing so, we provide a new ... Here we undertake a new assessment of the Deep Skull and consider its bearing on this question. In doing so, we provide a new ... The morphological evidence strongly suggests that the Deep Skull samples the earliest modern humans to have settled Borneo, ... The morphological evidence strongly suggests that the Deep Skull samples the earliest modern humans to have settled Borneo, ...
  https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fevo.2016.00075/full
*  Posterior cervical space | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org
Gross Anatomy Location posterolateral part of the neck extending from the mastoid tip and base of skull to the clavicles 1,2 ... posterolateral part of the neck extending from the mastoid tip and base of skull to the clavicles 1,2 ... orbital nerve supply. * lacrimal apparatus *lacrimal gland. * nasolacrimal drainage apparatus *lacrimal canaliculi ... Keros classification. *vomer. * mandible * temporomandibular joint *articular disc. *retrodiscal zone. *pterygoid fovea ...
  https://radiopaedia.org/articles/posterior-cervical-space