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*  Project Plowshare by Scott Kaufman by Scott Kaufman - Read Online
Tritium is more problematic. It too is a form of hydrogen but is not naturally occurring; this makes it costly to produce. ... ⁶ Adding to that deterrent effect was the fact that the United States (as was the Soviet Union) was within a few years of ... the bomb in such activities as mining, where the fission products would be confined to relatively small regions into which men ... a muffled explosion. and felt a weak ground wave.. The entire mountain jumped about six inches,. a ripple…spread over [its] ...
  https://www.scribd.com/book/352380383/Project-Plowshare-The-Peaceful-Use-of-Nuclear-Explosives-in-Cold-War-America
*  The Life Cycle of Stars
The animation there shows how stars fuse the deuterium and tritium forms of hydrogen to form helium. Your task is to design a 3 ... You may also do any of the other activities there for extra credit. See me about activities or projects you paln to do. Task # ... UCI Science WebQuests from all years Grade level(s) 9-12 California Science Content Standards: See teacher page Purpose: 1) In ... Task #7: See animation of a Supernova explosion and photographs of actual supernova detected by emitted X-rays. At this point, ...
  http://can-do.com/uci/ssi2003/starlife.html
*  Caesium - Wikipedia
... and the prime sources of radioactivity from spent nuclear fuel after several years of cooling, lasting several hundred years. ... However, a caesium-water explosion is often less powerful than a sodium-water explosion with a similar amount of sodium. This ... The hydrogen gas produced by the reaction is heated by the thermal energy released at the same time, causing ignition and a ... Caesium-137 has been used in hydrologic studies analogous to those with tritium. As a daughter product of fission bomb testing ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesium
*  Fluoridation Queensland | Climate Change, Fluoride Gases and 'Clean Power'
For nearly 40 years, Hanford's eight production reactors made plutonium for hydrogen bombs for the US Military. During that ... and natural sources (amounts released are not known). The main anthropogenic sources of inorganic fluorides in Canada include ... 3) Manage all human activities as sustainably as possible:. Clean Air, Clean Water, Clean Food, and Clean Fire.. Voltaire -. " ... A Time-Lapse Map of Every Nuclear Explosion Since 1945 - by Isao Hashimoto. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LLCF7vPanrY&feature= ...
  http://fluoridationqueensland.com/?p=25002
*  Indian Point Energy Center - Wikipedia
... nickel-63 and tritium, a rarely-occurring isotope of hydrogen, flows into groundwater that eventually enters the Hudson River. ... Units 2 and 3 are two of six operating nuclear energy sources in New York State. New York is one of the five largest states in ... The NRC requires the spent fuel to be cooled and stored in the spent fuel pool for at least five years before being transferred ... At the end of each fuel cycle, one unit is brought offline for refueling and maintenance activities. On March 2, 2015, Indian ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_Point_Energy_Center
*  Project Orion (nuclear propulsion) - Wikipedia
... an Orion starship would require 100 years to travel 10 light years. The astronomer Carl Sagan suggested that this would be an ... The flat plate of propellant formed a cigar-shaped explosion aimed at the pusher plate. The plasma would cool to 14,000 °C as ... Disturbing the Universe - Freeman Dyson "Understanding Risk" retrieved 2012-1-11 UNSCEAR "Sources and Effects of Ionizing ... Project Daedalus later proposed fusion explosives (deuterium or tritium pellets) detonated by electron beam inertial ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Project_Orion_(nuclear_propulsion)
*  Search Results - - 51 Results - Digital Library
Filter: Years. This dialog allows you to filter your current search. Each of the Years listed note their name and the number of ... Given the hydrogen generation rate, the hydrogen concentration in the vapor space of the reactor vessel above the grout was ... Activities are currently underway at 105-R Disassembly Basin and will continue with the 105-P and 105-C disassembly basins. The ... Christopher Romanek is leading SREL's research in this area, which focuses on identifying the sources and fate of environmental ...
  https://digital.library.unt.edu/search/?q5=%22R%20Reactor%22&t5=dc_subject&searchType=advanced
*  United States v. Progressive, Inc. - Wikipedia
For many years, Rathjens had issued a challenge to his graduate students to produce a workable design for a hydrogen bomb, but ... of the hydrogen bomb. Though the information had been compiled from publicly available sources, the DOE claimed that it fell ... The Super design used large quantities of tritium, which could only be manufactured in a reactor, and therefore at the expense ... Although it was not what Truman had approved, the design did work, and was capable of producing multi-megaton explosions. " ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._Progressive,_Inc.
*  Nuclear Proliferation: Facts, Discussion Forum, and Encyclopedia Article
Tritium is a radioactive isotope of hydrogen. The nucleus of tritium contains one proton and two neutrons, whereas the nucleus ... The United States resumed tritium production in 2003 for the first time in 15 years. This could indicate that there is a ... Up to the late 1980s it was generally assumed that any undeclared nuclear activities would have to be based on the diversion of ... Nuclear fuels are the most dense sources of energy available.... cycle facilities and research reactors under full safeguards ...
  http://absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Nuclear_Proliferation
*  JOURNYS Issue 2.1 by JOURNYS - Issuu
Most fusion reactions involve isotopes of hydrogen such as deuterium and tritium. The problem with this is that 80% of the ... Other sources of renewable energy, such as biofuels, do not reduce greenhouse gasses, but instead further contribute to its ... With possibly only 17 years left of fossil fuel usage in the worst case scenario, it grows ever urgent to find a solution to ... Fecal matter is also a source of methane, a clean fuel used for heating, cooking, and other activities that normally require ...
  https://issuu.com/journys7/docs/issue-2.1-journys
*  Nuclear Energy Fallacies | Radioactive Waste | Chernobyl Disaster
She had claimed that "Tritium is composed of three atoms of hydrogen". Not so. Tritium is hydrogen having a proton and two ... Before that ban came into effect the explosions of atomic and hydrogen bombs released somewhere between three and eight tonnes ... Reliable reference sources: Cohen, B L, 'The Nuclear Energy Option', Plenum Press, New York NY 1990. ISBN 0-306-43567-5 ... After 100,000 years there will be more toxicity in the ground from the natural radioactivity of the rock above the waste ...
  https://www.scribd.com/document/19467068/Nuclear-Energy-Fallacies
*  Soviet atomic bomb project - Wikipedia
Further sources of uranium in the early years of the program were mines in East Germany (via the deceptively-named SAG Wismut ... It was a three-stage hydrogen bomb with a yield of about 50 megatons. This is equivalent to ten times the amount of all the ... The heat of the explosion was estimated to potentially inflict third degree burns at 100 km distance of clear air. Chagan was a ... On September 24, 1951, the 38.3 kiloton device RDS-2 was tested based on a tritium "boosted" uranium implosion device with a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_atomic_bomb_project
*  Thermonuclear weapon - Wikipedia
... it still provided the Soviet Union with knowledge such as the properties of tritium. Tritium is an isotope of hydrogen with two ... The W88 also contains tritium, which has a half life of only 12.32 years and must be repeatedly replaced. If these stories are ... If a small amount of deuterium/tritium gas is placed inside the primary's core, it will be compressed during the explosion and ... International sources, using local data and citing a United States Geological Survey report compiling seismic data from 125 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermonuclear_weapon
*  Arzamas-16
Stalin and the hydrogen bomb Zhores A. Medvedev. *50 YEARS SERVING MOTHERLAND V. A. Belugin (Sarov) June 26, 1996 *TASS Reviews ... There was also a need for new complex industries - the construction of a special reactor for the production of tritium, as well ... Sources and Methods. *Thomas Cochrane, William Arkin, Robert Norris and Jeffrey Sands, Soviet Nuclear Weapons Nuclear Weapons ... "counter-revolutionary activities". After 9 months in prison, she was sent into exile. She was able to return to Moscow only in ...
  https://www.globalsecurity.org/wmd/world/russia/arzamas_nuc.htm
*  Bioremediation of radioactive waste - Wikipedia
The sources of radioactivity are not exclusive of human activity. The natural radioactivity does not come from human sources: ... This technique has shown in field trials over the years that it does not offer better results than biostimulation; neither it ... Campbell, J.A (1983). "44.4.1. Tritium". In Riley, J.P; Chester, R. Chemical Oceanography (Web). 8. New York: Academic Press. ... These radioactive particles are by-products generated as a result of activities related to nuclear energy and constitute a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bioremediation_of_radioactive_waste
*  Luis Walter Alvarez - Wikipedia
When deuterium (hydrogen-2) is bombarded with deuterium, the fusion reaction yields either tritium (hydrogen-3) plus a proton ... over thousands of years, rather than millions of years as had previously been supposed. Others continue to study alternative ... Most people seem unaware that if separated U-235 is at hand, it's a trivial job to set off a nuclear explosion, whereas if only ... He said, "I found few activities as satisfying as being pilot in command with responsibility for my passengers' lives." Alvarez ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luis_Walter_Alvarez
*  Fukushima disaster cleanup - Wikipedia
1, before any nitrogen was injected to prevent explosions. When hydrogen would be detected at the other reactors, nitrogen ... with cleanup activities taking several more years. TEPCO announced it restored the automated cooling systems in the damaged ... it would take 59 years to safely discharge this amount of tritium to the sea. According to data that TEPCO submitted to the ... According to them, other sources could not be excluded. Numerous pipes were running everywhere on the reactor grounds to cool ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fukushima_disaster_cleanup
*  Prn.fm: Gary Null, PhD and Jeremy Stillman - Solar Storms: Katrina Times 1,000? A Real Armageddon is Possible but Not Inevitable
What is for certain is that we're in the midst of one of the most active solar periods we've witnessed in years. In April 16th ... No one will hear or see the explosion at Indian Point, but with the wind traveling at 12 mph, 20 million people located ... The power of a strong coronal mass ejection can approach that of 1 billion hydrogen bombs. Coronal mass ejections are sometimes ... every person's body with a barrage of radioactive substances such as plutonium and tritium; for many it will be lethal.. Within ...
  http://feedreader.com/observe/prn.fm/2013%2F09%2Fgary-null-phd-jeremy-stillman-solar-storms-katrina-times-1000-real-armageddon-possible-inevitable%2F%3F+itemId=601849486?from=5160829
*  Ionizing radiation - Wikipedia
Natural sources include the sun, lightning and supernova explosions. Artificial sources include nuclear reactors, particle ... causing direct ionization of the hydrogen atoms. When neutrons strike the hydrogen nuclei, proton radiation (fast protons) ... Measurements of carbon-14, can be used to date the remains of long-dead organisms (such as wood that is thousands of years old ... Examples of activities where occupational exposure is a concern include: Airline crew (the most exposed population) Industrial ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ionizing_radiation
*  IEER Reports: Nuclear Power Deception
A note about sources: We have used original documents and sources for much of the material. Where the book covers ground that ... Chapter 8: Plutonium Disposition, Military Tritium, and Commercial Reactors. A. Plutonium Disposition. B. Military Tritium. C. ... Further, the density of hydrogen in water (that is, the number of hydrogen atoms per unit volume of water) is far greater than ... there was great concern that it might cause an explosion. It is partly for these reasons that the fire following the explosion ...
  https://www.ieer.org/reports/npdz.html
*  Army Nuclear Power Program - Wikipedia
For about the first 10 years of its operation, the SM-1 unknowingly released tritium into the waters of the Chesapeake Bay, ... hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon), potentially producing methanol, liquid hydrogen and/or ammonia. Key to the codes: First ... Sources for this data include the only known book on the ANPP, by Suid, and a DOE document. SM-1: 2 MW electric. Fort Belvoir, ... "Nuclear Experts Probe Fatal Reactor Explosion". Times Daily. January 5, 1961. Retrieved July 30, 2010. "Richard Legg" (JPEG). ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Army_Nuclear_Power_Program
*  Interplanetary spaceflight - Wikipedia
Non-terrestrial sources of energy and materials are mostly a lot further away, but most would not require lifting out of a ... Hydrogen has also been proposed for use in these engines and would provide much greater specific impulse (thrust per kilogram ... For comparison, launching a spacecraft into low Earth orbit requires a change in speed of about 9.5 km/s. For many years ... The crew of the Apollo 13 mission survived despite an explosion caused by a faulty oxygen tank (1970). For astrodynamics ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interplanetary_spaceflight
*  The Nuclear Green Revolution: Are safer reactors possible?
Tritium has a half-life of 12.3 years and emits a weak beta particle. The most common form of tritium is in water, since ... The answer is probably because it was ejected from the reactor building by a hydrogen explosion. More likely the plutonium was ... My sources may not be fallable, but I am less fallable than they are. While I don't disagree with you that plutonium is ... It would eliminate tornado hazards and, most particularly, contribute to defense against terrorist activities. In case of ...
  http://nucleargreen.blogspot.com/2011/06/are-safer-reactors-possible.html
*  Isotopes | Encyclopedia.com
Hydrogen (1 proton, no neutrons), deuterium (1 proton, 1 neutron), and tritium (1 proton, 2 neutrons) are isotopes of hydrogen ... Because it has a half-life of 5,730 years, carbon-14 is useful for dating activities within the span of human history, though ... About 82% of this comes from natural sources, and 18% from manmade sources. Of course, some people are at much greater risk of ... Whereas the chain reaction in an atomic bomb becomes an uncontrolled explosion, in a nuclear plant, the reaction is slowed and ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/physics/physics/isotopes
*  List of civilian nuclear accidents - Wikipedia
On March 14, a second, hydrogen explosion (nearly identical to the first explosion in Unit 1) occurred in the reactor building ... Over the succeeding years, the site was cleaned up and all buildings and contamination removed. The soil was removed and other ... Subsequent monitoring of surrounding water sources revealed no contamination. After the incident, approximately 1202 people ... November 2005 - INES Level needed - Braidwood, Illinois, United States - Nuclear material leak Tritium contamination of ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_civilian_nuclear_accidents