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*  Controlling Chronic Diseases Through Evidence-Based Decision Making: A Group-Randomized Trial
Several topics deserve future consideration among practitioners and researchers. First, more tailored, active approaches are ... Controlling Chronic Diseases Through Evidence-Based Decision Making: A Group-Randomized Trial. ORIGINAL RESEARCH - Volume 14 - ... Controlling Chronic Diseases Through Evidence-Based Decision Making: A Group-Randomized Trial. Prev Chronic Dis 2017;14:170326 ... Cancer control planners' perceptions and use of evidence-based programs. J Public Health Manag Pract 2010;16(3):E1-8. CrossRef ...
  https://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2017/17_0326.htm?s_cid=pcd14e121_x
*  When are randomised trials unnecessary? Picking signal from noise. - Oxford Clinical Trials Research Unit
This model may help to reduce controversy about evidence for treatments whose effects are so dramatic that randomised trials ... some treatments have dramatic effects that are highly unlikely to reflect inadequately controlled biases. We compiled a list of ... Although randomised trials are widely accepted as the ideal way of obtaining unbiased estimates of treatment effects, ... effects and identified the features of convincing inferences about treatment effects from sources other than randomised trials ...
  https://www.octru.ox.ac.uk/publications/195244
*  Real-time, evidence-based medicine instruction: a randomized controlled trial in a neonatal intensive care unit
Specifically, Cochrane contributors conduct very broad literature searches to locate RCTs on a topic, hand search some of the ... Real-time, evidence-based medicine instruction: a randomized controlled trial in a neonatal intensive care unit*. Doreen R. ... a randomized controlled trial. Online J Curr Clin Trials 1993 May 11;(Doc No 56). [PubMed] ... Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group. Evidence-based medicine. a new approach to teaching the practice of medicine. JAMA. 1992 ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC100764/
*  Schizophrenia past clozapine: what works?
Evidence-Based Medicine. Humans. Prospective Studies. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Retrospective Studies. ... We concluded that in patients who discontinue clozapine, considering a trial of olanzapine would be worthwhile.. ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Schizophrenia-Past-Clozapine-What-Works/23277242.html
*  Carotid endarterectomy versus carotid angioplasty with or without stenting for treatment of carotid artery stenosis: an updated...
We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled tr ... Evidence-Based Medicine. Humans. Odds Ratio. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Stents*. ... We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to compare the safety and efficacy of ... The results of ongoing randomized trials comparing CAS with CEA are easily awaited because they may provide sufficient evidence ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Carotid-endarterectomy-versus-carotid-angioplasty/20502407.html
*  Systematic reviews of surgical interventions. - Nuffield Department of Population Health
... tables associated with the practice of evidence-based health care. Systematic reviews relevant to surgery are no less relevant ... As a result, systematic reviews occupy the highest position in the 'levels of evidence' ... Bias, Evidence-Based Medicine, Humans, Meta-Analysis as Topic, Publication Bias, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, ... tables associated with the practice of evidence-based health care. Systematic reviews relevant to surgery are no less relevant ...
  https://www.ndph.ox.ac.uk/publications/49445
*  Patient-centered recruitment and retention for a randomized controlled study | Trials | Full Text
This is a multicenter, longitudinal randomized controlled trial in localized prostate cancer patients. We recruited 743 ... We have presented multilevel strategies for successful recruitment and retention in a clinical trial using a patient-centered ... describe the recruitment and retention activities and related challenges in a patient-centered comparative effectiveness trial ... and inform clinically relevant evidence-based policy [21-24].. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is an excellent ...
  https://trialsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13063-018-2578-7
*  Applying comparative effectiveness data to medical decision making : a practical guide (eBook, 2016) [WorldCat.org]
2. Randomized Controlled Trials --. 3. Observational Studies --. 4. Evaluating Published CER Evidence --. 5. Epidemiological ... The book considers, among other topics, evidence based medicine and the role of comparative effectiveness research in the ... Randomized Controlled Trials -- 3. Observational Studies -- 4. Evaluating Published CER Evidence -- 5. Epidemiological ... The book considers, among other topics, evidence based medicine and the role of comparative effectiveness research in the ...
  http://www.worldcat.org/title/applying-comparative-effectiveness-data-to-medical-decision-making-a-practical-guide/oclc/934476218
*  Liberal vs. Restrictive Transfusion Strategies: Are We Still Following the Results of the TRICC Trial? | Topics in Evidence...
A multicenter, randomized,controlled clinical trial of transfusion requirements in critical care. Transfusion Requirements in ... Restrictive Transfusion Strategies: Are We Still Following the Results of the TRICC Trial?." Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy ... William D. Linn.eds. Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2013. http://accesspharmacy. ... Larger randomized controlled studies are needed to further assess the risk-to-benefit balance of RBC transfusions in sicker ...
  http://accesspharmacy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=533§ionid=44337409
*  Drugwonks | Blog
We have this big thing about evidence-based medicine and, of course, the sanctimonious randomized, placebo-controlled clinical ... In particular, Temple said trials that randomize non-responders to a drug to receive both that drug and an alternative drug ... Have a look at Anhoury's new white paper on the topic, Approval is Nothing: Why Pharmaceutical Companies Need a Value ... The Ratings are based mainly on evidence-based reviews from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, an independent group ...
  http://www.drugwonks.com/blog?page=50
*  Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy
A new addition to our Evidence-Based Policy Help Desk for OMB/agencies: Checklist for Reviewing a Randomized Controlled Trial ... conference on the topic on July 28. For further information, see the White House OSTP summary and our brief meeting overview. ... New randomized trials have produced encouraging initial evidence that DoED's evidence-based Investing in Innovation (i3) Fund ... highlights evidence from randomized controlled trials as a critical missing piece needed for successful reform of the U.S. ...
  http://coalition4evidence.org/latest-progress/
*  The present status of off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. - Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences
In this contribution, the current evidence from randomised trials, meta-analyses and observational studies is critically ... Several trials have reported a significant reduction in morbidity with avoidance of cardiopulmonary bypass, while large ... Evidence-Based Medicine, Humans, Meta-Analysis as Topic, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Review Literature as Topic, ... In this contribution, the current evidence from randomised trials, meta-analyses and observational studies is critically ...
  https://www.nds.ox.ac.uk/publications/145784
*  Is Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose Cost-Effective in Noninsulin Treated Type 2 Diabetics? | Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy...
7 The review included seven randomized controlled trials (RCT) that investigated the effect of SMBG in noninsulin treated ... "Is Self-Monitoring Blood Glucose Cost-Effective in Noninsulin Treated Type 2 Diabetics?." Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy ... William D. Linn.eds. Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2013. http://accesspharmacy. ... These trials included a total of 2270 patients with a mean age range of 50-66, male participants ranged 21-66%, and the ...
  http://accesspharmacy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=533§ionid=41702528
*  A review of evidence-based psychosocial interventions for bipolar disorder. - Oxford Neuroscience
This article discusses each of these interventions and summarizes the evidence for their efficacy in randomized trials. ... Patient Education as Topic, Psychotherapy, Psychotherapy, Group, Psychotropic Drugs, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, ... This article discusses each of these interventions and summarizes the evidence for their efficacy in randomized trials. ...
  https://www.neuroscience.ox.ac.uk/publications/168264
*  The Risk of Bladder Cancer Associated with Pioglitazone (Actos®) | Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice | AccessPharmacy ...
4-5 This randomized controlled trial compared pioglitazone with placebo in more than 5,200 patients with type 2 diabetes an ... "The Risk of Bladder Cancer Associated with Pioglitazone (Actos®)." Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice Linn WD. Linn W.D ... William D. Linn.eds. Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2013. http://accesspharmacy. ... The first clinical trial to suggest an association between pioglitazone and bladder cancer was the PROactive study. ...
  http://accesspharmacy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=533§ionid=41702986
*  The clinical effects of red blood cell transfusions: an overview of the randomized controlled trials evidence base. - Oxford...
The gaps in the evidence base and the poor methodology of trials particularly in the past do not provide a strong evidence base ... Comparison with a study of RBC use in clinical practice highlighted a lack of correlation between the size of the evidence base ... The number of included patients varied widely across the RCTs (median, 57; IQ range, 27-167). Most trials were single center ... This systematic review examines the quantity and quality of the evidence for the clinical effects of RBC transfusion. One ...
  https://www.octru.ox.ac.uk/publications/191285
*  Can Parental Activation Over the Internet Improve Pediatric Preventive Care? - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
This study is a randomized controlled trial of an evidence based, patient specific web site's ability to improve preventive ... Parents visit the website within 2 weeks of a scheduled well child visit and are presented with a menu of age specific topics ... Allocation: Randomized. Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment. Masking: Single. Primary Purpose: Prevention. Condition ICMJE ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT00101855
*  The World Federation of Societies of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) guidelines for the biological treatment of bipolar disorders...
Their purpose is to supply a systematic overview of all scientific evidence pertaining to the treatment of acute mania in ... The data used for these guidelines have been extracted from a MEDLINE and EMBASE search, from the clinical trial database ... Their scientific rigor was categorised into six levels of evidence (A-F). As these guidelines are intended for clinical use, ... the scientific evidence was finally asigned different grades of recommendation to ensure practicability. ...
  https://www.ndcn.ox.ac.uk/publications/97947
*  Evidence-based pharmacotherapy of Alzheimer's disease. - Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal...
These drugs have been tested in 32 randomized, placebo-controlled trials. The trials assess cognitive function primarily, and ... There is little evidence from direct comparisons between the three drugs. There are several economic analyses of the cost- ... Evidence-Based Medicine, Research Design, Aged, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic, Rivastigmine ... These drugs have been tested in 32 randomized, placebo-controlled trials. The trials assess cognitive function primarily, and ...
  https://www.ndorms.ox.ac.uk/publications/60810
*  Red Yeast Rice, the "Real" Statin | Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice | AccessPharmacy | McGraw-Hill Medical
Becker et al published the results of what is believed to be the first randomized control trial that looked at the lipid ... "Red Yeast Rice, the "Real" Statin." Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice Linn WD. Linn W.D. Ed. William D. Linn. New York ... William D. Linn.eds. Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2013. http://accesspharmacy. ... Of the 174 patients assessed to be a part of the study only 62 were randomized to receive either red yeast rice or placebo. The ...
  http://accesspharmacy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=533§ionid=41702344
*  PA-06-523: Translational Research in Eating Disorders (R01)
... of randomized controlled trials for the treatment of anorexia and bulimia nervosa in the adolescent and adult population. ... Family based treatment is the only evidence based treatment shown to be effective in adolescent anorexia nervosa, and there is ... Examples of Relevant Topics. Examples of types of research topics and approaches that are encouraged include, but are not ... faith-based or community-based organizations, Indian/Native American Tribal Government (Federally Recognized), Indian/Native ...
  https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/pa-files/PA-06-523.html
*  evidence-based care | Delfini Group :: Blog
Empirical evidence of an association between internal validity and effect size in randomized controlled trials of low-back pain ... The analysis included only RCD studies conducted before any RCT was published on the same topic. They assessed the risk of bias ... research cost critical appraisal data access decision support diabetes evidence-based care evidence-based practice evidence ... Healthcare professionals must evaluate the internal validity of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) as a first step in the ...
  http://delfini.org/blog/?cat=40
*  evidence-based practice | Delfini Group :: Blog
Empirical evidence of an association between internal validity and effect size in randomized controlled trials of low-back pain ... The analysis included only RCD studies conducted before any RCT was published on the same topic. They assessed the risk of bias ... research cost critical appraisal data access decision support diabetes evidence-based care evidence-based practice evidence ... Demo: Critical Appraisal of a Randomized Controlled Trial. We recently had a great opportunity to listen to a live ...
  http://delfini.org/blog/?tag=evidence-based-practice
*  Simvastatin in Portal Hypertension | Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice | AccessPharmacy | McGraw-Hill Medical
A recent proof-of-concept, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial evaluated the effect of simvastatin in patients with ... "Simvastatin in Portal Hypertension." Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice Linn WD. Linn W.D. Ed. William D. Linn. New ... William D. Linn.eds. Topics in Evidence-Based Pharmacy Practice New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2013. http://accesspharmacy. ... Distribution of patients concurrently on beta-blocker therapy was allocated evenly to each arm of the trial. ...
  http://accesspharmacy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=533§ionid=41702397
*  NIMH » Evidence-Based Treatments for First Episode Psychosis: Components of Coordinated Specialty Care
This document provides an overview of the evidence-based components of coordinated specialty care programs for the treatment of ... Randomized controlled trials (Craig et al, 2004; Petersen et al., 2005), historical control investigations (Fowler et al., 2009 ... Home , Mental Health Information , Health Topics , Schizophrenia , Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) ... Training in evidence-based treatment for FEP occurs at two levels: (1) the overall philosophy of team-based care for FEP, and ( ...
  https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/raise/evidence-based-treatments-for-first-episode-psychosis-components-of-coordinated-specialty-care.shtml