*  Reactions of aldehydes and ketones. The purpose of this experiment is to compare some reactions of ethanal and propanone. - A...
Ester generally will give out a fruity smell. Materials: Ethanol, n-butanol, glacial acetic acid, alcohol X, Lucas reagent, 2- ... Besides, esterification is also taken out to determine the properties of esters by reacting alcohol with a carboxylic acid. ...
  http://www.markedbyteachers.com/as-and-a-level/science/reactions-of-aldehydes-and-ketones-the-purpose-of-this-experiment-is-to-compare-some-reactions-of-ethanal-and-propanone.html
*  Combustion Characteristics of a DI Diesel Engine with Short and Medium Chain Saturated Fatty Acid Methyl Esters - SAE...
An Experimental Analysis on Diesel/n-Butanol Blends Operating in Partial Premixed Combustion in a Light Duty Diesel Engine 00: ... From the experimental results, the blend of saturated fatty acid methyl ester with a lower carbon number has a lower kinematic ... The fuels blend (50/50 mass%) of three saturated fatty acid methyl esters (methyl caproate, methyl caprylate, methyl caprate); ... Combustion Characteristics of a DI Diesel Engine with Short and Medium Chain Saturated Fatty Acid Methyl Esters - SAE ...
  http://papers.sae.org/2013-32-9080/
*  we reacted acetic acid with butanol and formed butyl acetate which is supposed
Acetic acid (CH3COOH) reacts with isopentyl alcohol (C5H12O) to yield the ester isopentyl acetate which has the odour of ... we reacted acetic acid with butanol and formed butyl acetate which is supposed to smell like banana but it smelled like sharpie ... im not sure how to do Write a mechanism for the acid-catalyzed transesterification reaction of ethyl acetate with 1-butanol, ...
  https://www.jiskha.com/display.cgi?id=1327283909
*  Patente US20020119169 - Soft capsules comprising polymers of vinyl esters and polyethers, the use ... - Google Patentes
... polymers prepared by polymerization of vinyl esters in the presence of polyethers (b) where appropriate structure-improving ... Examples of suitable solvents are alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, isopropanol, n-butanol, sec-butanol, tert- ... These salts, esters and amides of these substituted acrylic acids may be selected as described above for the salts, esters and ... Further suitable crosslinkers are the vinyl esters or the esters of monohydric unsaturated alcohols with ethylenically ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US20020119169
*  Patent US4746558 - Magnetic recording medium - Google Patents
... sulfuric acid esters of alkyl or alkylallyl ethers, sulfuric acid esters of (higher) fatty acid esters and sulfuric acid esters ... propanol or butanol; an aromatic hydrocarbon such as benzene, toluene, xylene or ethylbenzene; an ether such as isopropyl ether ... oxyethylene fatty acid esters, (higher) fatty acid glycerin esters, sorbitan fatty acid esters, sucrose fatty acid esters and ... vinyl alcohol esters, methyl vinyl alcohol esters, allyl alcohol esters and glycerides. These lubricants may be represented by ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US4746558?dq=3657699
*  US5445606A - Indicator for iontophoresis system - Google Patents
... acrylic or methacrylic resins such as polymers of esters of acrylic or methacrylic acids with alcohols such as n-butanol, n- ... 1-methyl butanol, 1-methyl pentanol, 2-methyl pentanol, 3-methyl pentanol, 2-ethyl butanol, isooctanol, n-decanol or n- ... under the trademarks Staybellite Ester® #5 and #10, Regal-Rez® bad Piccotac®. ... hydrogenated esters and low molecular weight grades of polyisobutylene. Particularly suitable are tackifiers sold by Hercules, ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5445606
*  US5865792A - Reduction of skin irritation during electrotransport delivery - Google Patents
Preferably, the anti-inflammatory agent is hydrocortisone or esters thereof, and the solvent is an alcohol, a glycol, a ... acrylic or methacrylic resins such as polymers of esters of acrylic or methacrylic acid with alcohols such as n-butanol, 1- ... Glucocorticoid carboxylic acid ester for suppression of cutaneous delayed hypersensitivity EP0314528A1 (en) * 1987-10-29. 1989- ... Glucocorticoid carboxylic acid ester for suppression of cutaneous delayed hypersensitivity EP0314528A1 (en) * 1987-10-29. 1989- ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US5865792A/en
*  PubMed Journals Articles About 'Metabolic Engineering Escherichia Coli Production Butanol From Crude'
Metabolic Engineering Escherichia Coli Production Butanol From Crude PubMed Journal Articles published on BioPortfolio , ... The rose-like odor 2-phenylethanol (2-PE) and its more fruit-like ester 2-phenylethylacetate (2-PEAc) are two important ... n-Butanol represents a key commodity chemical and holds significant potential as a biofuel. It can be produced naturally by ... However, butanol production via such systems can be associated with significant drawbacks. Therefore, substantial efforts have ...
  https://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/pubmed/?keyword=Metabolic+engineering+Escherichia+coli+production+butanol+from+crude&orderfield=score&orderval=desc
*  2-Methylglutaronitrile - Wikipedia
... reacted to an acid chloride with thionyl chloride and formed to an ester with more hydrophobic alcohols (like butanols or ... The ester mixture is very similar to so-called dibasic esters, which are commercially available as FlexiSolv® DBE® esters. The ... esters, FlexiSolv® DBE® esters US 20130237722, T. Vidal, R. Rached, M. Guglieri, "Process for preparing esteramide compounds", ... The resulting ester amides are readily biodegradable and good solvents for a variety of different plant protection agents (such ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2-Methylglutaronitrile
*  WTFRC Research Report Database
2-methyl-1-butanol was the most abundant volatile collected in all three rooms, and ester accumulation was low in all rooms. ... 1-pentanol1-butanol2-methyl 1-butanol1-hexanol1-propanol2-methyl 1-propanolacetonebutyl 2-methylbutyrate6-methyl-5-hepten-2-ol ... methyl hexanoate1-pentanol1-butanolacetone1-hexanolbutyl 2-methylbutyratedecanal6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one6-methyl-5-hepten-2-ol2- ... Accumulation of other esters occurred at a faster rate, but no clear patterns associated with 5% CO2 and injury were observed. ...
  http://jenny.tfrec.wsu.edu/wtfrc/core.php?rout=displtxt&start=150&cid=637
*  Formula Browser
C16H18O (phenethyl ester). *C16H18O (2,3-diphenyl-1-butanol) ... C16H18O (3,3-diphenyl-2-butanol). *C16H18O (1-hexanone, 1-(1- ...
  https://webbook.nist.gov/cgi/formula/C16H18O
*  Butyl butyrate - Wikipedia
... is an organic compound that is an ester formed by the condensation of butyric acid and n-butanol. It is a clear, colorless ... Its refractive index is 1.406 at 20 °C. Like other volatile esters, butyl butyrate has a pleasant aroma. It is used in the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butyl_butyrate
*  Molecules | Free Full-Text | Enzymatic Synthesis of Glucose-Based Fatty Acid Esters in Bisolvent Systems Containing Ionic...
... and 2-methyl-2-butanol (2M2B) was the best for both reactions, yielding optimal productivities (769.6 and 397.5 µmol/h/g, ... transesterification of glucose with fatty acid vinyl esters and (2) esterification of methyl glucoside with fatty acids, ... Sugar fatty acid esters (SFAEs) are biocompatible nonionic surfactants with broad applications in food, cosmetic, and ... Zhao K-H, Cai Y-Z, Lin X-S, Xiong J, Halling PJ, Yang Z. Enzymatic Synthesis of Glucose-Based Fatty Acid Esters in Bisolvent ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/21/10/1294
*  21.9 REDUCTION OF CARBOXYLIC ACID DERIVATIVES - PDF
10 APTER 1 TE EMITRY F ARBXYLI AID DERIVATIVE TUDY GUIDE LIK 1.5 Esters and ucleophiles 1.17 Give the structure of the product ... in the reaction of each of the following esters with isotopically labeled ... one derived from the acyl group of the ester (- methyl-1-butanol in Eq. 1.47), and one derived from the alkoxy group (ethanol ... UNIT (9) CARBOXYLIC ACIDS, ESTERS, AMINES, AND AMIDES UNIT (9) CARBXYLIC ACIDS, ESTERS, AMINES, AND AMIDES 9.1 Carboxylic Acids ...
  http://docplayer.net/21322986-21-9-reduction-of-carboxylic-acid-derivatives.html
*  US Patent # 5,449,650. Catalyst components for polymerization of olefins and use thereof - Patents.com
... ethanol and butanol, electron-donor compounds such as an ether, an ester and an amine, alkoxy-containing compounds such as ...
  http://patents.com/us-5449650.html
*  alpha.-fluoroacrylic acid esters and polymers thereof - Patent # 5319131 - PatentGenius
The esters are polymerizable and are suitable for use as a starting material for preparing fluoropolymers which in turn are ... fluoromalonic acid ester, decarboxylation and dehydration of the hydrolysis product and subsequent esterification of the ... Esters of .alpha.-fluoroacrylic acid are accessible by hydrolysis of an .alpha.-hydroxymethyl-.alpha.- ... butanol, perfluoro-1,1-dimethylpropanol, 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-methyl-2-propanol, 1,1-bis(trifluoromethyl)propanol, 1,1-bis( ...
  http://www.patentgenius.com/patent/5319131.html
*  Patent US7650940 - Cement compositions comprising particulate carboxylated elastomers and ... - Google Patents
... and a styrene maleic ester copolymer elastomer in an amount of 1% bwoc. The styrene maleic ester copolymer elastomer used in ... this sample comprised a copolymer of styrene and maleic acid partially esterified with secondary butanol and methanol, obtained ... a copolymer comprising styrene and an acrylic acid ester, a copolymer comprising ethylene and an acrylic acid ester, and ... a copolymer comprising styrene and an acrylic acid ester, a copolymer comprising ethylene and an acrylic acid ester, and ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US7650940?dq=6,128,731
*  BIODIESEL FROM WIKIPEDIA | BIODIESEL ARGENTINA-NOTICIAS SOBRE BIODIÉSEL BIOCOMBUSTIBLES Y ENERGIAS RENOVABLES
... commonly referred to as Fatty Acid Ethyl Ester - FAEE) biodiesel and higher alcohols such as isopropanol and butanol have also ... Space-filling model of ethyl stearate, or stearic acid ethyl ester, an ethyl ester produced from soybean or canola oil and ... Space-filling model of methyl linoleate, or linoleic acid methyl ester, a common methyl ester produced from soybean or canola ... Fatty acid methyl ester. Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008. Gasoline gallon equivalent. Greasestock. Sustainable ...
  https://biodiesel.com.ar/biodiesel-from-wikipedia
*  Patente US5077341 - Process for producing a high-stiffness polypropylene and a highly ... - Google Patentes
3 an aromatic carboxylic acid ester (E) or an organosilicon compound (S) having a Si--O--C bond and/or a mercapto group. ... butanol, pentanol, hexanol, octanol, phenol, cresol, xylenol, ethylphenol, naphthol, etc., phenols, esters such as methyl ... 3 an aromatic carboxylic acid ester (E),. the molar ratio of said aromatic carboxylic acid ester (E) to said titanium ... 3 an aromatic carboxylic acid ester (E),. the molar ratio of said aromatic carboxylic acid ester (E) to said titanium ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US5077341?hl=es&dq=flatulence
*  Method for preparing an ester of nitroacetic acid - Patent # 4433162 - PatentGenius
... a first step of subjecting a vinyl ester of a fatty acid and a nitrogen oxide to reaction with each other in the presence of a ... an ester of nitroacetic acid can effectively be obtained in higher yield. ... There is disclosed a method for preparing an ester of nitroacetic acid which comprises;(1) ... Concrete examples thereof include methanol, ethanol, propanol, butanol, pentanol, hexanol, heptanol,octanol, nonanol, decanol, ...
  http://www.patentgenius.com/patent/4433162.html
*  CoBioTech: Call Information
Within this market, butyl esters, derivable from n-butanol (BuOH) and suitable organic acids by esterification, have diverse ... GBL). What is needed to produce butyl esters for the commodity market are efficient processes to produce suitable organic acids ... The three companies are positioned along the butyl ester value chain, which will ensure that project results are efficiently ... In combination, the use of esterase enzymes as natural, sustainably producible biocatalysts for ester formation will allow ...
  https://www.cobiotech.eu/call-information
*  Patent US3856770 - Psychopharmacologically active tetra-, penta-, hexa-, and heptapeptides - Google Patents
... or an activated ester such as the N-hydroxy-succinimido ester, or the p-nitro-phenyl ester; ... the substance is dissolved in a mixture of butanol and water (1:1). after which about 2 g of Dowex X 8 ionexchanger in the ... The active ester obtained is used at once for a coupling reaction with H--Glu(Ot- Bu)His-Phe--ArgPhe Ol-l (obtained by the ... Of the tripeptide ester of 1) 1.28 g are suspended in 2 ml of 1 N sodium hydroxide and 10 ml of methanol. When a clear solution ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US3856770?dq=7,328,163
*  Global (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa) N-propanol Market 2018, Forecast to 2023 -...
N-butanol production by the upstream ethylene prices greater impact, most enterprises will be processed into sales propanol ... acetate, acrylic ester compound.. Tianjin Port explosion hazardous chemicals do strict inspection, foreign products can not ...
  http://www.rnrmarketresearch.com/global-north-america-europe-asia-pacific-south-america-middle-east-and-africa-n-propanol-market-2018-forecast-to-2023-market-report.html
*  US20050072736A1 - Purification process - Google Patents
... n-butanol, s-butanol, t-butanol or a pentanol. Acetone is a preferred extracting solvent for cyclosporin A. ... Method to produce highly pure eicosapentaenoic acid or its ester US6022985A (en) 2000-02-08. Process for the preparation of 4- ... As aqueous phase, the present applicants contemplate, in addition to water, ketones, e.g. acetone; esters, e.g. amyl acetate, n ... The common component may comprise any of the above-mentioned solvents, e.g. water; hydrocarbons; alcohols; ketones; or esters. ...
  https://patents.google.com/patent/US20050072736A1/en
*  Siloxane hard-coating resin composition - KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
... alcohols such as butanol, 2-butanol, isobutyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol and the like; halogenated hydrocarbons such as ... an ester group, a carbonyl group, a carboxyl group, a vinyl group, a nitro group, a sulfone group and an alkyd group, but may ... an ester group, a carbonyl group, a carboxyl group, a vinyl group, a nitro group, a sulfone group, an alkyd group and the like ... esters such as methyl acetate, ethyl acetate, propyl acetate, isopropyl acetate, butyl acetate, isobutyl acetate, pentyl ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/9598609.html