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*  Cyclosporiasis - Epidemiology
The first known human cases of Cyclospora infection (cyclosporiasis) were reported in 1979. ... The risk may vary with season; cases are reported year-round, but the majority of cases and outbreaks are reported during the ... If not treated, the illness may last from a few days to a month or longer. Symptoms may seem to go away and then return one or ... Cyclosporiasis is an infection of the intestine caused by a parasite called Cyclospora cayetanensis (SIGH-clo-SPORE-uh KYE-uh- ...
  http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/epidemiology/epidemiology-fact-sheets/cyclosporiasis/
*  Outbreak of Cyclosporiasis Among Residents of Tulsa County Oklahoma and Surrounding Area | Food Poison Journal
Home , Foodborne Illness Outbreaks , Outbreak of Cyclosporiasis Among Residents of Tulsa County Oklahoma and Surrounding Area. ... Cyclosporiasis is a diarrheal illness caused by a single-celled parasite called Cyclospora cayetanensis. It is spread by ... Twenty-one (88%) cases are residents of Tulsa County; although the other three cases are residents of Wagoner, Creek, and ... Even though the epidemiology of this outbreak suggests a geographic cluster among residents in northeast Oklahoma, it is ...
  https://www.foodpoisonjournal.com/foodborne-illness-outbreaks/outbreak-of-cyclosporiasis-among-residents-of-tulsa-county-oklahoma-and-surrounding-area/
*  News Scan for Aug 05, 2015 | CIDRAP
Including the current outbreaks, Nigeria has reported 170 outbreaks since January of this year, following a break in cases ... The latest illness pushes Saudi Arabia's Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) total to 1,064 cases, ... Viral infection lasted an average of 1.7 weeks, yet households with children under 5 experienced infections that lasted an ... More than half (226, or 59%) of people became ill with the intestinal parasite Cyclospora cayetanensis after May 1 and did not ...
  http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2015/08/news-scan-aug-05-2015
*  Emerging Foodborne Diseases: An Evolving Public Health Challenge - Volume 3, Number 4-December 1997 - Emerging Infectious...
... dispersed outbreaks. Outbreak investigations and case-control studies of sporadic cases can identify sources of infection and ... These pathogens cause millions of cases of sporadic illness and chronic complications, as well as large and challenging ... The epidemiology of foodborne disease is changing. New pathogens have emerged, and some have spread worldwide. Many, including ... outbreaks over many states and nations. Improved surveillance that combines rapid subtyping methods, cluster identification, ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/3/4/97-0403_article
*  Outbreaks and Alerts: June 10, 2010
June 9: The County of Lambton Community Health Services Department continues to investigate an outbreak of Cyclospora infection ... Lab tests have confirmed the illness in 40 attendees; at least 193 people have reported symptoms consisent with Cyclospora ... In some cases, E. coli was found in the wastewater from the feedlot operations. ... June 10: The Epidemiology and Disease Control Division (EDCD) of Nepal's Department of Health Services has registered 21 deaths ...
  http://efoodalert.blogspot.com/2010/06/outbreaks-and-alerts-june-10-2010.html
*  Cyclospora cayetanensis - Wikipedia
Overall, a median of two outbreaks were reported per year, with a median of 20 cases per outbreak (range, 3 to 582 cases). ... a food vehicle of infection was identified for 15 of the 31 outbreaks. Summary of U.S. foodborne outbreaks of cyclosporiasis, ... If not treated, the illness may last for a few days to a month or longer. Symptoms may seem to go away and then return one or ... "CDC - Cyclosporiasis - Epidemiology & Risk Factors". CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Bern, C.; Hernandez, B ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclospora_cayetanensis
*  Cyclospora cayetanensis infection in transplant traveller: a case report of outbreak | Parasites & Vectors | Full Text
In Europe, less than 100 cases of C. cayetanensis infection have been reported to date, almost all of which being diagnosed in ... A co-infection with Blastocystis hominis was identified in the immunocompetent man. Infection of C. cayetanensis shall be ... We described cases of three businessmen who developed acute traveller's diarrhoea after they returned to Poland from Indonesia ... A prolonged course of infection is often observed in immunocompromised individuals. ...
  https://parasitesandvectors.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13071-015-1026-8
*  Diarrhea | ARUPConsult Lab Test Selection
... of diarrhea cases and is often associated with clustering of cases or outbreaks. Clostridium difficile cases, while often ... Cyclospora cayetanensis. *Epidemiology *Incidence *Unknown in U.S.; usually tropical/subtropical regions ... The CDC's Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) reports ~48 million cases of foodborne illness annually ... May be used to determine past exposure to S. typhi (eg, infection or vaccination) and S. paratyphi. ...
  https://arupconsult.com/content/diarrhea
*  Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Robert H. Gilman (Translated to Arabic)
Cyclospora cayetanensis was found in 7/37(18.9%) cases and 1/15 (6.7%) controls via standard microscopic techniques. PCR for C ... The epidemiology and clinical course were similar to other reported outbreaks in developed regions. PCR greatly increased the ... including 3 from pulmonary infection, 7 from disseminated infection, and 2 from central nervous system infection (one case had ... The aim of this preliminary study was to investigate the prevalence and clinical correlates of TB-related illness among HIV- ...
  https://www.jove.com/author/Robert+H._Gilman?language=Arabic
*  Cyclospora Infection (Cyclosporiasis) Clinical Presentation: History, Physical, Causes
... produces an intestinal infection in nonimmune persons that is ultimately self-limited (lasting up to 7-9 wk) and characterized ... Cyclospora cayetanensis (8-10 µm in diameter), a coccidian protozoan parasite, ... of cases. It may be preceded by a flulike illness. After a few days, acute symptoms subside and then may recur (61% of cases) ... Update: outbreaks of Cyclospora cayetanensis infection--United States and Canada, 1996. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1996 Jul 19 ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/236105-clinical
*  Intoxications and Infections of the Small Intestine
The illness can be self-limiting, can wax and wane, or in many cases result in prolonged diarrhea, anorexia, upper ... B cereus outbreaks result in 63,000 illness/yr and 20 hospitalizations/yr as a result of this intoxication. Intoxications with ... The severity of this infection can vary from a self-limiting diarrhea to a mild, cholera-like illness. Usually disease occurs ... Cyclospora cayetanensis is a single celled coccidian parasite. The infectious form of the organism is a sporulated oocyst. ...
  https://www.atsu.edu/faculty/chamberlain/website/lectures/IntoxicationsandInfectionsoftheSmallIntestine.htm
*  ASMscience | Cryptosporidium
In the United States, the number of annual reported cases of cryptosporidiosis has increased more than 2-fold in recent years. ... and the most recent progress in Cryptosporidium taxonomy and the molecular epidemiology and treatment of cryptosporidiosis are ... are well recognized waterborne, foodborne, and zoonotic pathogens, having caused many outbreaks of human illness. ... having caused many outbreaks of human illness. In the United States, the number of annual reported cases of cryptosporidiosis ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555817381.mcm11.ch142
*  Foodborne Illness - OurMed
The hardest outbreaks to detect are those that are spread over a large geographic area, with only a few cases in each state. ... Foodborne illness can be caused by either a live organism (a food infection) or by a toxin or other harmful substances (food ... Epidemiology. An estimated 76 million cases of foodborne disease occur each year in the United States. The great majority of ... How do raspberries in Central America get contaminated with Cyclospora in the first place? Does this parasite have an animal ...
  http://ourmed.org/index.php?title=Foodborne_Illness
*  Cryptosporidium - Wikipedia
... the latter cases establish the possibility of primary respiratory infection with Cryptosporidium, which may have been acquired ... One of the largest challenges in identifying outbreaks is the ability to verify the results in a laboratory. The oocytes may be ... Cryptosporidium typically does not cause serious illness in healthy people. It may chronically sicken some children, as well as ... They must be differentiated from other partially acid-fast organisms including Cyclospora cayetanensis. Cryptosporidium causes ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cryptosporidium
*  DSHS Authors: 2015 Research Articles by DSHS Staff
Results: We identified 8 outbreaks totaling 473 cases from 41 states, Washington DC, and Puerto Rico with illness onsets during ... Cases were defined as infection with ≥1 of 10 molecular subtypes of Salmonella Sandiego, Pomona, Poona, Typhimurium, and I 4,[5 ... 2013 multistate outbreaks of Cyclospora cayetanensis infections associated with fresh produce: focus on the Texas ... Impact of the United States Two-Dose Varicella Vaccination Program on the Epidemiology of Varicella Outbreaks: Data from 9 ...
  http://www.dshs.texas.gov/library/DSHSauthors-2015.shtm
*  Food Poisoning Lawyers and Attorneys | Marler Clark
Marler Clark, The Food Safety Law Firm, is the nation's leading law firm representing victims of foodborne illness outbreaks.. ... Marler Clark represents the family of the Alberta woman who became ill with an E. coli O157:H7 infection and later died after ... Bill Marler spoke to Nation's Restaurant News in Denver, CO outlining his take on the Cyclospora outbreak nd had a Q&A ... One hundred cases were identified and included residents of North Carolina, Alabama... ...
  https://marlerclark.com/news_events/2013
*  Food Safety Newsletter - FoodHACCP.com
Infection with a resistant pathogen may result in more prolonged or severe illness. The basic science of bacteria tells us that ... There have been many foodborne illness outbreaks linked to food processors that have passed third-party audits and inspections ... The Swiss study, published in the journal Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, involved testing nearly 300 cutting ... Because the cyclospora infection takes up to two weeks to mature and hosts to show symptoms like explosive diarrhea, it's hard ...
  http://www.foodhaccp.com/memberonly/newsletter596.html
*  Epidemiology and geographical distribution of enteric protozoan infections in Sydney, Australia | Fletcher | Journal of Public...
Epidemiology and geographical distribution of enteric protozoan infections in Sydney, Australia ... and Cyclospora (E). Note the change of scale in (F) zooming in on Cyclospora cases in Sydney City Business District. ... particularly in developing settings and in out-breaks.22,23 Co-infection with multiple pathogens is usually an indication of ... Cyclospora cayetanensis has emerged as an important cause of endemic or epidemic diarrhoeal illness in children and adults ...
  http://www.jphres.org/index.php/jphres/article/view/298/162
*  Cruise Ship Travel - Chapter 6 - 2018 Yellow Book | Travelers' Health | CDC
The cases involved outbreaks on 8 ships, with a median of 4 cases per outbreak (range, 2-50 cases); 6 cases resulted in death. ... Descriptive epidemiology of injury and illness among cruise ship passengers. Ann Emerg Med. 1999 Jan;33(1):67-72. ... Although it is not a common cause of respiratory illness on cruise ships, Legionnaires' disease is a treatable infection that ... Cyclospora cayetanensis, and hepatitis A and E viruses. ... Despite this decrease, GI illness outbreaks continue to occur. ...
  https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2018/conveyance-transportation-issues/cruise-ship-travel
*  Tropical Sprue - ONA
No evidence of parasitic infection in stool (no Giardia, Cyclospora, Strongyloides, Cryptosporidium, or Isospora) ... There is ample evidence to suggest that tropical sprue is caused by an enteric infection; the onset of the illness if often ... Epidemiology of epidemic tropical sprue in South India.) DRG CODES and expected length of stay. Tropical sprue DRG 579.1; ... In this area, outbreaks have been linked to particular extended families or to sequential families living in a specific house ...
  http://www.oncologynurseadvisor.com/infectious-diseases/tropical-sprue/article/609828/
*  ASMscience | Molecular Diagnosis of G
The major pathogenic intestinal coccidia include Cryptosporidium parvum, Cryptosporidium hominis, Cyclospora cayetanensis, and ... It also discusses the special case of hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile infection and the role of molecular methods in ... Molecular epidemiology of astrovirus infection in Barcelona, Spain. J. Clin. Microbiol. 40:133-139.. ... Parashar, U. D.,, E. G. Hummelman,, J. S. Bresee,, M. A. Miller, and, R. I. Glass. 2003. Global illness and deaths caused by ...
  http://www.asmscience.org/content/book/10.1128/9781555816834.ch48
*  Risk of Waterborne Illness Via Drinking Water in the United States | Springer for Research & Development
... waterborne disease outbreaks continue to occur, and many more cases of endemic illness are estimated.... ... Barbeau B, Payment P, Coallier J, Clement B, Prevost M (2000) Evaluating the risk of infection from the presence of Giardia and ... Mansfield LS, Gajadhar AA (2004) Cyclospora cayetanensis, a food-and waterborne coccidian parasite. Vet Parasitol 126:73-90. ... Calderon RL (2004) Measuring benefits of drinking water technology: ten years of drinking water epidemiology. NEWWA Water ...
  https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-0-387-71724-1_4
*  Infectious Diarrhea - What`s New in Medicine
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology. May, 2010 C difficile Treatment- Drugs • • • • • Metronidazole Vancomycin ... Options? Indications for Operative Management Neal Ann Surgery 2011 Surgery • Surgical intervention in up to 20% of cases ... Other travelers with similar illness? Is the pathology in the small bowel or colon? Small Bowel Colon Symptoms Nausea, bloating ... TcdB is a cytotoxin assoc with outbreaks of severe disease • Binary toxin in 6% - 12.5% of strains, disrupts cell cytoskeleton ...
  http://slidegur.com/doc/54235/infectious-diarrhea---what-s-new-in-medicine
*  Cryptosporidium parvum
Waterborne Illness outbreaks. *Milwaukee contaminated municipal water (n=400,000). *Florida Summer Camp with contaminated ... infection; Cryptosporidium, Cryptosporidium; gastroenteritis, Cryptosporidium; infection, Infection by Cryptosporidium, NOS. ... Epidemiology. *Natural Hosts: Young animals (e.g. calves). *C. hominis only infects humans ... Paromomycin and Azithromycin may be trialed in refractory cases (but low efficacy) ...
  http://www.fpnotebook.com/legacy/GI/ID/CryptsprdmPrvm.htm