*  Brain Sciences | Free Full-Text | Ethanol Neurotoxicity in the Developing Cerebellum: Underlying Mechanisms and Implications |...
In prostaglandin synthesis, the enzyme phospholipase A2 (PLA2) catalyzes the formation of arachidonic acid from membrane-bound ... 9. Ethanol Increases Prostaglandin Production. Prostaglandins (PGs), especially prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), regulate CNS ... which is subsequently converted into prostaglandin by enzyme cyclooxygenase. In vitro and in vivo studies show that ethanol can ... Prostaglandins 1988, 36, 835-846. [Google Scholar]. *Luo, J.; Lindstrom, C.L.; Donahue, A.; Miller, M.W. Differential effects ...
  http://mdpi.com/2076-3425/3/2/941/htm
*  Intracellular- and extracellular-derived Ca2+ influence phospholipase A2-mediated fatty acid release from brain phospholipids
1. Kudo I, Murakami M. Phospholipase A2 enzymes. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2002;68-69:3-58. [PubMed] ... cytosolic phospholipase A2. iPLA2. Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2. sPLA2. secretory phospholipase A2. PUFA. polyunsaturated ... Brain phospholipases A2: a perspective on the history. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids. 2004;71:161-169. [PubMed] ... 1. Overview of the phospholipase A2 families. Although PLA2 enzymes have been known for over 100 years, only within the last 15 ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2735787/
*  Endothelial cell phenotypes in the rheumatoid synovium: activated, angiogenic, apoptotic and leaky | Arthritis Research &...
Another enzyme involved in prostaglandin synthesis is phospholipase A2. In this context, phospholipase A2 activating protein ... Other enzymes such as heparanase and plasmin are produced and secreted from endothelial cells. These enzymes may play a role in ... Prostaglandins are important mediators of acute and chronic inflammation [132]. Prostaglandin E has been localised to the ... Bomalaski JS, Fallon M, Turner RA, Crooke ST, Meunier PC, Clark MA: Identification and isolation of a phospholipase A2 ...
  https://arthritis-research.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/ar1156
*  Cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 enzymes differentially regulate the brain upstream NF-κB pathway and downstream enzymes involved in...
2 enzymes differentially regulate the brain upstream NF-κB pathway and downstream enzymes involved in prostaglandin ... we examined the expression and activity of COX-2 and phospholipase A2 enzymes (cPLA2 and sPLA2), as well as the expression of ... M. Kerry O'Banion, Prostaglandin E2 synthases in neurologic homeostasis and disease, Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators, ... metabolic pathway to prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), as well as enzyme activity, protein and mRNA levels of the reciprocal isozyme, ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-4159.2006.03926.x/abstract
*  Fluticasone (Topical) (Professional Patient Advice) - Drugs.com
... liposomal enzymes, prostaglandins) through the induction of phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins (lipocortins) and sequential ...
  https://www.drugs.com/ppa/fluticasone-topical.html
*  KAKEN - Research Projects | Isolation of Phospholipase A 2 Activating Peptide From Inflamed Gingival Tissues. (KAKENHI-PROJECT...
Prostaglandins are synthesized by phospholipase A_2 (PLase A_2), a rate-limiting enzyme for their synthesis. Thus, group of ... Phospholipase A_2 / Peptide / Gingival tissues / Carrageenin induced granuloma / ホスホリパ-ゼA_2 / 実験的炎症 / 起炎 / 血管透過性. ... Isolation of Phospholipase A_2 Activating Peptide From Inflamed Gingival Tissues.. Research Project ... Publications] Kudo T.: 'Involvement of lysosomal enzymes in enkephalin production in dental pulp of the rat' Dentistry in Japan ...
  https://kaken.nii.ac.jp/grant/KAKENHI-PROJECT-01571014/
*  1 - Today Binary Options Education Spreads
Eunuch, one of the precursors of prostaglandins, is made available for prostaglandin synthesis by the enzyme phospholipase A2. ...
  http://forexturboprofits.com/today-binary-options-education-spreads.html
*  Scripps Research Scientists Discover Inflammation Is Controlled Differently in Brain and Other Tissues - Healthcanal.com :...
... with phospholipase A2 enzymes making a more limited contribution. MAGL also regulated arachidonic acid and prostaglandins in ... Phospholipase A2 enzymes have long been considered the dominant producers of arachidonic acid, and thus a major element in ... They work by inhibiting the cyclo-oxygenase enzymes that convert arachidonic acid into prostaglandins. But NSAIDs also inhibit ... Nomura, Cravatt, and their colleagues confirmed in their experiments that phospholipase A2 enzymes play a major role in ...
  https://www.healthcanal.com/brain-nerves/22208-scripps-research-scientists-discover-inflammation-is-controlled-differently-in-brain-and-other-tissues.html
*  April 2015 - Mast Attack
To make prostaglandins, an enzyme called phospholipase A2 turns diacylglycerol into arachidonic acid (AA). All prostaglandins ... To make prostaglandins from AA, cells use the enzymes COX-1 and COX-2. COX-1 produces regular low levels of prostaglandins, ... asthma, flushing, prostaglandin D2, prostaglandins, respiratory symptoms Prostaglandins and leukotrienes. Lisa Klimas. April 25 ... Other enzymes called prostaglandin synthases finish off making the prostaglandins into the right shapes. To make leukotrienes ...
  http://www.mastattack.org/2015/04/
*  Nutritional supplement to improve supplementary target protein fraction (TPF) delivery, intracellular absorption and...
... prostaglandin (PG) E2, and the inflammatory enzyme phospholipase A2. Embodiments of the present invention rely on benefits of ... and various enzymes including the digestive enzyme pepsin. Common chlorella without specialtreatment is hard to digest as the ... The proton pump consists of an enzyme reaction in the parietal cell membrane that uses ATP to transport H+ across the cell ... The primary role of chondroitin sulfate A-4 in promoting joint health lies in the ability to reduce the degenerative enzymes ...
  http://www.patentgenius.com/patent/8404246.html
*  Diverse Functions of Secretory Phospholipases A2
I. Kudo and M. Murakami, "Phospholipase A2 enzymes," Prostaglandins and Other Lipid Mediators, vol. 68-69, pp. 3-58, 2002. View ... "Expression of secretory phospholipase A2 enzymes in lungs of humans with pneumonia and their potential prostaglandin-synthetic ... M. Murakami, Y. Taketomi, C. Girard, K. Yamamoto, and G. Lambeau, "Emerging roles of secreted phospholipase A2 enzymes: lessons ... N. M. Muñoz, Y. J. Kim, A. Y. Meliton et al., "Human group V phospholipase A2 induces group IVA phospholipase A2-independent ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/avm/2014/689815/ref/
*  Three Candidate Genes and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor-Related Cough | Hypertension
... phospholipase C and/or A2, prostaglandins, neuropeptide Y) and to local release of histamine in the airways.2 3 Because cough ... An insertion/deletion polymorphism in the angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene accounting for half the variance of serum enzyme ... Three Candidate Genes and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor-Related Cough. A Pharmacogenetic Analysis. Robert Y. L. Zee, ... Three Candidate Genes and Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor-Related Cough. Robert Y. L. Zee, Valluri S. Rao, Robert Z. ...
  http://hyper.ahajournals.org/content/31/4/925
*  Functional Characterization of Cyclooxygenase-2 Polymorphisms | Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
... like phospholipases, specific prostaglandin synthases/isomerases, or possibly drug-metabolizing enzymes may be responsible for ... Cyclooxygenases (COX)-1 and -2 are the key enzymes in the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin (PG) H2, the ... Cyclooxygenases (COX)-1 and -2 are the key enzymes in the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins. COX-2 appears to ... 1989) Cloning of human gene encoding prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase and primary structure of the enzyme. Biochem Biophys ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/299/2/468.long
*  The role of the EP receptors for prostaglandin E2 in skin and skin cancer
Fukami K, Inanobe S, Kanemaru K, Nakamura Y. Phospholipase C is a key enzyme regulating intracellular calcium and modulating ... Prostaglandin E2 stimulates fibronectin expression through EP1 receptor, phospholipase C, protein kinase Calpha, and c-Src ... Prostaglandin receptor EP2 is responsible for cyclooxygenase-2 induction by prostaglandin E2 in mouse skin. Carcinogenesis. ... UVB light upregulates prostaglandin synthases and prostaglandin receptors in mouse keratinocytes. Toxicology and Applied ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3236828/?lang=en-ca
*  Fever - Wikipedia
... is mediated by the enzymes phospholipase A2 (PLA2), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), and prostaglandin E2 synthase. These enzymes ... A trigger of the fever, called a pyrogen, causes a release of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). PGE2 then in turn acts on the ... PGE2 acts on neurons in the preoptic area (POA) through the prostaglandin E receptor 3 (EP3). EP3-expressing neurons in the POA ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fever
*  Pharm Flashcards - Cram.com
block phospholipase enzyme from converting phospholipids into arachadonic acid, so can't form prostaglandins or leukotrienes ... block cyclooxygenase enzyme from converting arachadonic acid to endoperoxides (precursor of prostaglandins) ... An angiotensin-converting enzyme drug. - prodrug. - approved for use only in dogs ...
  http://www.cram.com/flashcards/pharm-392869
*  Plus it
lipoxygenase metabolites was determined via administration of specific enzyme inhibitors (phospholipase, lipoxygenase and dual ... Pretreatment with prostaglandin agonists and antagonists suggest a significant role for prostaglandin E (PGE) and a minor role ... prostaglandins/leukotrienes). A significant correlation between the in vivo and in vitro potency of prostaglandin synthetase ( ... However, inhibition of PES not only decreases the production of at least five prostaglandins and thromboxane but may shunt free ...
  http://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/277/1/308
*  Eicosanoid Synthesis - Molecular Biochemistry II Eicosanoid Synthesis Copyright 1999-2008 by Joyce J Diwan All rights reserved...
Arachidonate is released from phospholipids by hydrolysis catalyzed by Phospholipase A2 . This enzyme hydrolyzes the ester ... PGE2 (prostaglandin E2). Prostaglandins all have a cyclopentane ring . w A letter code is based on ring modifications (e.g., ... Arachidonic acid COOH PGE2 (prostaglandin E2) is an example of a prostaglandin, produced from arachidonic acid . COOH O HO OH ... w Prostaglandin receptors are specified by the same letter code. E.g., receptors for E-class prostaglandins are EP . ...
  https://www.coursehero.com/file/5960368/Eicosanoid-Synthesis/
*  Phospholipases | definition of Phospholipases by Medical dictionary
Phospholipases explanation free. What is Phospholipases? Meaning of Phospholipases medical term. What does Phospholipases mean? ... Looking for online definition of Phospholipases in the Medical Dictionary? ... Related to Phospholipases: Phospholipase B phospholipase. [fos″fo-lip´ās] any of four enzymes (phospholipase A to D) that ... Various phospholipases digest cell membranes, aid in the synthesis of prostaglandins, and help produce arachidonic acid, one of ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Phospholipases
*  Nutrients | Free Full-Text | Consequences of Essential Fatty Acids | HTML
Abbreviations for the enzymes and receptors are: cPLA2, cytosolic phospholipase A2; sPLA2, soluble phospholipase A2; COX-1, ... This enzyme gives rapid inactivation of all of the diverse active prostaglandins in Figure 2 and prevents their action at ... Abbreviations for the enzymes and receptors are: cPLA2, cytosolic phospholipase A2; sPLA2, soluble phospholipase A2; COX-1, ... hematopoietic prostaglandin D synthase; m-PGES-1, microsomal prostaglandin E synthase-1; PGFS, prostaglandin F synthase; PGIS, ...
  http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/4/9/1338/htm
*  Case for Prolotherapy - Journal of Prolotherapy
... or the enzyme phospholipase A2, which blocks the production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes. Already the underlying cause of ... This effect is prolonged by mediators such as serotonin, bradykinins and prostaglandins, which in turn encourage circulation, ... By blocking the production of prostaglandins and leukotrienes, both treatment forms mediate the inflammatory process, ... and compromised prostaglandin and granulation tissue formation. Simply put, the latter collagen rich tissue must be formed by ...
  http://journalofprolotherapy.com/case-for-prolotherapy/
*  Kevin Ahern's Biochemistry (BB 451/551) at Oregon State University
5. Prostaglandins are hormone-like compounds made from arachidonic acid by action of an enzyme known as prostaglandin synthase ... acid is produced from linoleic acid released from glycerophospholipids by action of an enzyme known as phospholipase A2 (PLA2 ... 7. Prostaglandins produced by COX-2 enzymes appear to have no role in stomach maintenance, so inhibitors specific to them were ... The reactions they catalyze are forming cyclic oxygen-containing compounds (that's what prostaglandins are), so the enzymes are ...
  http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/bb451/winter13/lectures/highlightsfasynth2.html
*  The genomics of preterm birth: from animal models to human studies | Genome Medicine | Full Text
Mice deficient in enzymes necessary for the synthesis of prostaglandins - cytoplasmic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) and ... Tai H-H, Ensor CM, Tong M, Zhou H, Yan F: Prostaglandin catabolizing enzymes. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2002, 68: 483- ... Okita RT, Okita JR: Prostaglandin-metabolizing enzymes during pregnancy: characterization of NAD+-dependent prostaglandin ... prostaglandin E synthase (PTGES) or prostaglandin F receptor (PTGFR), despite the activity of prostaglandins in promoting ...
  https://genomemedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/gm438
*  The low molecular weight fraction of human serum albumin upregulates COX2, prostaglandin E2, and prostaglandin D2 under...
COX enzymes catalyze the conversion of arachidonic acid, which is liberated from cell membranes by phospholipase A2, into ... Prostaglandin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs). Conditioned media for the two prostaglandin assays used in this ... Inhibition of the prostaglandin-degrading enzyme 15-PGDH potentiates tissue regeneration. Science. 2015;348(6240) aaa2340. [PMC ... Levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and prostaglandin D2 (PGD2) in the media were quantified by competitive ELISA. ...
  http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC5613771/
*  Issues to Consider Regarding Mechanical Low Back Pain
Phospholipase A2 is responsible for generating pro-inflammatory eicosaonoids, such as prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4. ... Their study suggested that the inflammatory power of the enzyme phospholipase A2 in herniated disc tissue was 20 to 100,000 ... Phospholipase A2 activity in herniated lumbar discs. Clinical correlations and inhibition with piroxicam. Spine 1997;22:2061-65 ... In 1997, researchers reported that inflammation-causing phospholipase A2 was more active in sequestrated herniations compared ...
  http://www.dynamicchiropractic.com/mpacms/dc/article.php?id=50263