*  Entropy - Wikipedia
Non-isolated systems may lose entropy, provided their environment's entropy increases by at least that amount. Since entropy is ... The concept of entropy has been found to be generally useful and has several other formulations. Entropy was discovered when it ... An irreversible process increases entropy. The concept of entropy arose from Rudolf Clausius's study of the Carnot cycle. In a ... Clausius called this state function entropy. One can see that entropy was discovered through mathematics rather than through ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy
*  Entropy (journal) - Wikipedia
Entropy is a peer-reviewed open access scientific journal covering research on all aspects of entropy and information studies. ... Will MDPI publish anything for money? "Sections and Special Issues". Entropy. MDPI. Retrieved 2013-07-08. "Entropy". 2015 ... In 2013, Entropy published a review paper claiming glyphosate may be the most important factor in the development of obesity, ... Entropy. Bibcode:2013Entrp..15.1416S. doi:10.3390/e15041416. Kloor, Keith. "When Media Uncritically Cover Pseudoscience". ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_(journal)
*  Nonextensive entropy - Wikipedia
Constantino Tsallis has proposed a nonextensive entropy (Tsallis entropy), which is a generalization of the traditional ... Entropy is considered to be an extensive property, i.e., that its value depends on the amount of material present. ... Nonextensive entropy leads to nonextensive statistical mechanics, whose typical functions are power laws, instead of the ... The rationale behind the theory is that Gibbs-Boltzmann entropy leads to systems that have a strong dependence on initial ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nonextensive_entropy
*  Social entropy - Wikipedia
The equivalent of entropy in a social system is considered to be wealth or residence location. The theory was introduced by ... Social entropy is a sociological theory that evaluates social behaviours using a method based on the second law of ... "Social Entropy: A Paradigmatic Approach of the second law of thermodynamics to an unusual domain". www.nexialinstitute.com. ... Klaus Krippendorff's Dictionary of Cybernetics (University of Pennsylvania) Kenneth D. Bailey (1990). Social Entropy Theory. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_entropy
*  Entropy (album) - Wikipedia
Entropy is a split vinyl album by Anathallo and Javelins. Each band has one song featured on the album, released in 2005 on ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_(album)
*  Entropy production - Wikipedia
... entropy per mole) and specific entropy (i.e. entropy per unit mass) of the matter, flowing into the system, respectively); S ˙ ... The system is an adiabatic closed system, so the entropy increase during the mixing of the two gases is equal to the entropy ... Entropy is produced in irreversible processes. The importance of avoiding irreversible processes (hence reducing the entropy ... In the same article in which he introduced the name entropy, Clausius gives the expression for the entropy production (for a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_production
*  Software entropy - Wikipedia
The process of code refactoring can result in stepwise reductions in software entropy. Software entropy is increased[ ... describes software entropy as follows: The second law of thermodynamics, in principle, states that a closed system's disorder ... A measure of this disorder is entropy. This law also seems plausible for software systems; as a system is modified, its ... Andrew Hunt and David Thomas use fixing broken windows as a metaphor for avoiding software entropy in software development. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_entropy
*  Sample entropy - Wikipedia
Like approximate entropy (ApEn), Sample entropy (SampEn) is a measure of complexity. But it does not include self-similar ... Sample entropy (SampEn) is a modification of approximate entropy (ApEn), used for assessing the complexity of physiological ... "Physiological time-series analysis using approximate entropy and sample entropy". American Journal of Physiology. Heart and ... Costa, Madalena; Goldberger, Ary; Peng, C.-K. (2005). "Multiscale entropy analysis of biological signals". Physical Review E. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sample_entropy
*  Entropy maximization - Wikipedia
An entropy maximization problem is a convex optimization problem of the form maximize f 0 ( x → ) = − ∑ i = 1 n x i log ⁡ x i ... Principle of maximum entropy Boyd, Stephen; Lieven Vandenberghe (2004). Convex Optimization (PDF). Cambridge University Press. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_maximization
*  Entropy.Lingua - Wikipedia
Entropy.Lingua (booklet). Society Burning. San Diego, California: Re-Constriction. 1996. Entropy.Lingua at Discogs (list of ... Entropy.Lingua is an EP by Society Burning, released on March 5, 1996 by Re-Constriction Records. All tracks written by Society ... Adapted from the Entropy.Lingua liner notes. Society Burning Dave Creadeau - vocals, synthesizer Boom chr Paige - vocals, ... remixing (3-5) "Society Burning: Entropy Lingua > Overview". Allmusic. Retrieved October 27, 2016. Christian, Chris (March 1996 ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy.Lingua
*  Graph entropy - Wikipedia
Edge-less graphs have entropy 0 {\displaystyle 0} . Complete graphs on n {\displaystyle n} vertices have entropy lg ⁡ n {\ ... is the binary entropy function. Here, we use properties of graph entropy to provide a simple proof that a complete graph G {\ ... The graph entropy of G {\displaystyle G} , denoted H ( G ) {\displaystyle H(G)} is defined as H ( G ) = min X , Y I ( X ; Y ... Complete balanced k-partite graphs have entropy lg ⁡ k {\displaystyle \lg k} where l g {\displaystyle lg} is the binary ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graph_entropy
*  Approximate entropy - Wikipedia
Richman, J.S.; Moorman, J.R. (2000). "Physiological time-series analysis using approximate entropy and sample entropy". ... However, accurate entropy calculation requires vast amounts of data, and the results will be greatly influenced by system noise ... Sabeti, Malihe (2009). "Entropy and complexity measures for EEG signal classification of schizophrenic and control participants ... In statistics, an approximate entropy (ApEn) is a technique used to quantify the amount of regularity and the unpredictability ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Approximate_entropy
*  Min entropy - Wikipedia
The smoothed entropies share many interesting properties with the von Neumann entropy. For example, the smooth min entropy ... the von Neumann entropy, one can define a conditional versions of min entropy. The conditional quantum min entropy is a one- ... von Neumann entropy Generalized relative entropy max entropy Vazirani, Umesh, and Thomas Vidick. "Fully device independent ... The min entropy, in information theory, is the smallest of the Rényi family of entropies, corresponding to the most ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Min_entropy
*  Residual entropy - Wikipedia
Residual entropy is the difference in entropy between a non-equilibrium state and crystal state of a substance close to ... entropy. Thus systems that can take multiple configurations at or near absolute zero are said to have residual entropy. ... This term is used in condensed matter physics to describe the entropy at zero kelvin of a glass or plastic crystal referred to ... One of the first examples of residual entropy was pointed out by Pauling to describe water ice. In water, each oxygen atom is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Residual_entropy
*  Port Entropy - Wikipedia
"Shugo Tokumaru - Port Entropy". Tiny Mix Tapes. Retrieved October 29, 2017. "Port Entropy". P-Vine Records. Retrieved October ... "Port Entropy by Shugo Tokumaru". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved October 29, 2017. Phares, Heather. "Port Entropy - ... Port Entropy is a studio album by Shugo Tokumaru. It was originally released via P-Vine Records on April 21, 2010 in Japan. It ... "トクマルシューゴ、最新作『PORT ENTROPY』のヨーロッパ・リリースが決定!!". P-Vine Records. August 18, 2010. Retrieved October 29, 2017. Breihan, Tom ( ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Port_Entropy
*  Entropy monitoring - Wikipedia
Response Entropy, SE - State Entropy) that are related to frequency bandpass used. Response Entropy incorporates higher ... If we relate the irregularity to the entropy within the signal, then an entropy scale can be assigned. The signal is captured ... Entropy monitoring is a method of assessing anaesthetic depth. It was commercially developed by Datex-Ohmeda, now part of GE ... The reason for using higher frequency bandpass in response entropy is to allow faster response from the monitor in relation to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_monitoring
*  Rényi entropy - Wikipedia
... the Rényi entropy generalizes the Hartley entropy, the Shannon entropy, the collision entropy and the min entropy. Entropies ... In particular, the min-entropy is never larger than the Shannon entropy. The min-entropy has important applications for ... The name min-entropy stems from the fact that it is the smallest entropy measure in the family of Rényi entropies. In this ... The Rényi entropy is important in ecology and statistics as index of diversity. The Rényi entropy is also important in quantum ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/R%C3%A9nyi_entropy
*  Volume entropy - Wikipedia
Volume entropy h is always bounded above by the topological entropy htop of the geodesic flow on M. Moreover, if M has ... More generally, volume entropy equals topological entropy under a weaker assumption that M is a closed Riemannian manifold ... If the manifold is nonpositively curved then its volume entropy coincides with the topological entropy of the geodesic flow. It ... The volume entropy is an asymptotic invariant of a compact Riemannian manifold that measures the exponential growth rate of the ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Volume_entropy
*  Differential entropy - Wikipedia
Information entropy Self-information Entropy estimation Vasicek, Oldrich (1976), "A Test for Normality Based on Sample Entropy ... differential entropy does not share all properties of discrete entropy. For example, the differential entropy can be negative; ... Differential entropy (also referred to as continuous entropy) is a concept in information theory that began as an attempt by ... One must take care in trying to apply properties of discrete entropy to differential entropy, since probability density ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Differential_entropy
*  Entropy compression - Wikipedia
The name "entropy compression" was given to this method in a blog posting by Terence Tao and has since been used for it by ... The following algorithm can be shown using entropy compression to find such a solution when r is smaller by a constant factor ... Since the discovery of the entropy compression method, it has also been used to achieve stronger bounds for some problems than ... However, a more direct argument using entropy compression shows that there exists a coloring using only 4(Δ − 1) colors, and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_compression
*  Conformational entropy - Wikipedia
Conformational entropy is the entropy associated with the number of conformations of a molecule. The concept is most commonly ... Configuration entropy Folding funnel Loop entropy Molten globule Protein folding Doig AJ, Sternberg MJE. (1995). Side-chain ... Side-chain conformational entropies can be defined as Boltzmann sampling over all possible rotameric states: S = − R Σ i p i l ... The entropy of heterogeneous random coil or denatured proteins is significantly higher than that of the folded native state ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conformational_entropy
*  Transfer entropy - Wikipedia
... is Shannon entropy of X. The above definition of transfer entropy has been extended by other types of entropy measures such as ... "Transfer Entropy Toolbox". Google Code. , a toolbox, developed in C++ and MATLAB, for computation of transfer entropy between ... "Multivariate Transfer Entropy (MuTE) toolbox". GitHub. , a toolbox, developed in MATLAB, for computation of transfer entropy ... denote two random processes and the amount of information is measured using Shannon's entropy, the transfer entropy can be ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transfer_entropy
*  Entropy (computing) - Wikipedia
Entropy (information theory) Entropy Randomness random(4) - Linux man page (die.net) Robotic Tendencies » Missing entropy ... The entropy pool size in Linux is viewable through the file /proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail and should generally be at ... Entropy sources can be used for keyboard timing attacks. Entropy can affect the cryptography (TLS/SSL) of a server: If a server ... A lack of entropy can have a negative impact on performance and security. The Linux kernel generates entropy from keyboard ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Entropy_(computing)
*  Topological entropy - Wikipedia
Then the topological entropy of f {\displaystyle f} relative to C {\displaystyle C} is equal to the topological entropy of f {\ ... Dinaburg, Efim (1970). "RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TOPOLOGICAL ENTROPY AND METRIC ENTROPY". Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR. 170: 19. ... Hence it is a measure of maximal entropy. Further on it can be shown that no other measures of maximal entropy exist. Let A {\ ... Rufus Bowen extended this definition of topological entropy in a way which permits X to be noncompact. Topological entropy is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Topological_entropy
*  Loop entropy - Wikipedia
Loop entropy is the entropy lost upon bringing together two residues of a polymer within a prescribed distance. For a single ... The loop entropy may also vary with the position of the contacting residues. Residues near the ends of the polymer are more ... This entropy formula corresponds to a power-law distribution P ∼ N − α {\displaystyle P\sim N^{-\alpha }} for the probability ... The loop entropy formula becomes more complicated with multiples loops, but may be determined for a Gaussian polymer using a ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loop_entropy