*  Repression of Wnt/β-catenin signaling in the anterior endoderm is essential for liver and pancreas development | Development
Experimental design of the endoderm transplantations. Anterior endoderm (AE) or posterior endoderm (PE) was dissected from ... A model of endoderm patterning and foregut development. We have identified a molecular pathway linking endoderm patterning to ... We therefore isolated anterior endoderm from gastrula embryos injected with β-catenin and GFP RNA or posterior endoderm ... Similarities between neural and endoderm patterning. The model of endoderm patterning that we present here has striking ...
  http://dev.biologists.org/content/134/12/2207
*  Traction forces mediated by integrin signaling are necessary for definitive endoderm specification | Journal of Cell Science
Laminin effects on contractility are specific to definitive endoderm. After 5 days in either definitive endoderm (DE) or ... 4C). These data suggest that α5β1-integrin signaling enhances definitive endoderm differentiation but that definitive endoderm ... Model for α3-integrin and traction force signaling during definitive endoderm differentiation. During definitive endoderm ... After 5 days of definitive endoderm induction, the ESCs expressed the definitive endoderm transcription factor marker SOX17 ( ...
  http://jcs.biologists.org/content/128/10/1961
*  GATA4, 5 and 6 mediate TGFβ maintenance of endodermal gene expression in Xenopus embryos | Development
GATA4, 5 and 6 and the maintenance of endoderm marker expression by TGFβ. A two-step model for the formation of endoderm has ... and sub-blastoporal endoderm at this time, whereas GATA5 is restricted to the sub-blastoporal endoderm (Weber et al., 2000). ... 5 and 6 are all expressed in the non-involuting endoderm, only GATA4 and 6 are expressed in the involuting endoderm. Thus, the ... GATA4 induces early endoderm markers via GATA6. Stage 12 animal caps injected with HA-tagged Xenopus GATA4, 5 or 6 (50 pg) with ...
  http://dev.biologists.org/content/132/4/763
*  Gene Expression Literature Detail
J:51599 Coucouvanis E, Martin GR, BMP signaling plays a role in visceral endoderm differentiation and cavitation in the early ...
  http://www.informatics.jax.org/gxdlit/key/11814
*  Embryonic mesoderm and endoderm induction requires the actions of non-embryonic Nodal-related ligands and Mxtx2 | Development
Endoderm and anterior mesoderm formation depends on non-embryonic sources of Ndr2 and Ndr1. Although there is a clear function ... Endoderm and anterior mesoderm formation requires non-embryonic sources of nodal-related ligands. (A-H) Pharyngula stage (24 ... 2001). A crucial component of the endoderm formation pathway, CASANOVA, is encoded by a novel sox-related gene. Genes Dev. 15, ... 7F) and from their lack of dorsal mesoderm and endoderm marker expression at the gastrula stage (Fig. 7H). In support of the ...
  http://dev.biologists.org/content/138/4/787?ijkey=2526c90edc90194894996d6ce31bfe581b9f939e&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha
*  Welcome to CDC stacks | Population Based Model of Human Embryonic Stem Cell (hESC) Differentiation during Endoderm Induction -...
Endoderm Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 Flow Cytometry Humans Models, Biological Receptors, CXCR4 Research Article Reverse ... While applied to initial endoderm commitment of hESC, the model is general enough to be applicable either to a system of adult ... In this work we use a population-based modeling approach to understand the mechanism of endoderm induction in hESC, performed ... Furthermore, our model suggests that CXCR4 is expressed in mesendoderm and endoderm, but is not expressed in mesoderm. ...
  https://stacks.cdc.gov/view/cdc/22769
*  From pluripotent to pancreatic fates | Development
The researchers show that the duration of nodal/activin A signalling plays a pivotal role in endoderm induction and that WNT ... The generation of β-cells from hPSCs requires efficient endoderm induction followed by patterning and specification to a ...
  http://dev.biologists.org/content/138/5/e501
*  ZFIN Publication: Lunde et al., 2004
Lunde, K., Belting, H.G., and Driever, W. (2004) Zebrafish pou5f1/pou2, homolog of mammalian Oct4, functions in the endoderm ... Additional roles during development, including endoderm formation, have been proposed. In zebrafish, the zygotic pou5f1/pou2 ... Animals; DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism; Endoderm/metabolism*; Gastrula/physiology*; High Mobility Group Proteins/metabolism ( ... Animals; DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism; Endoderm/metabolism*; Gastrula/physiology*; High Mobility Group Proteins/metabolism; ...
  https://zfin.org/ZDB-PUB-040109-3
*  "A Study of the Role of Gata6 in Definitive Endoderm Specification and " by Amita Tiyaboonchai
Using the EP cell culture system to bypass the developmental block at the endoderm stage, cell lines with mutations in one or ... Re-expression of GATA6 or other GATA family members can rescue this endoderm phenotype. Partial rescue could also be achieved ... stem cell lines with mutations in both GATA6 alleles were generated and demonstrate a severe block in definitive endoderm ... Using the EP cell culture system to bypass the developmental block at the endoderm stage, cell lines with mutations in one or ...
  https://repository.upenn.edu/edissertations/2057/
*  Dose-dependent Nodal/Smad signals pattern the early mouse embryo. - Oxford Neuroscience
... dose-dependent Nodal signaling during the process of gastrulation underlies specification of mesodermal and definitive endoderm ... Nodal signaling in the epiblast results in the phosphorylation of Smad2 in the overlying visceral endoderm necessary to induce ... Nodal signaling in the epiblast results in the phosphorylation of Smad2 in the overlying visceral endoderm necessary to induce ... dose-dependent Nodal signaling during the process of gastrulation underlies specification of mesodermal and definitive endoderm ...
  https://www.neuroscience.ox.ac.uk/publications/478239
*  Cellartis Definitive Endoderm Differentiation Kit
The Cellartis Definitive Endoderm Differentiation Kit enables the differentiation of hiPS cells into definitive endoderm cells ... Cellartis Definitive Endoderm Differentiation Kit (Cat. No. Y30030; not sold separately). Definitive Endoderm Diff Coating. 10 ... Cellartis Definitive Endoderm Differentiation Kit. The Cellartis Definitive Endoderm Differentiation Kit with DEF-CS Culture ... Cellartis® Definitive Endoderm Differentiation Kit with DEF-CS™ Culture System 1 Kit $400.00 ...
  http://www.clontech.com/US/Products/Stem_Cell_Research/Pluripotency_and_Differentiation/iPS_Cell_to_Definitive_Endoderm_Differentiation_Kit?sitex=10020:22372:US&PEBCL1=q8DIRG9bPvMbTPhbC49c9ONqG5&PEBCL1_pses=ZG7AFC907621D7D9B47296560AA304D443226DB8FD4546DE161C4122758BE6DAF83AA0A21DAD20AEFF0C559D6E161D0F78B40BF35311019719
*  ZFIN Publication: Alexander et al., 1999
Endoderm/metabolism (all 26) Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; DNA-Binding Proteins*; Endoderm/cytology; Endoderm/metabolism; ... Alexander, J. and Stainier, D.Y. (1999) A molecular pathway leading to endoderm formation in zebrafish. Current biology : CB. 9 ... We report that a zebrafish Sox17 homologue is expressed during gastrulation exclusively in the endoderm and that casanova ... Overexpression of mixer induces ectopic sox17-expressing cells in wild-type embryos and promotes endoderm formation in oep ...
  https://zfin.org/ZDB-PUB-991102-6
*  endoderm | Infoplease
ĕn´dədûrm˝ [key], in biology, inner layer of tissue formed in the gastrula stage of the developing embryo. At the end of the blastula stage, cells of the embryo are arranged in the form of a hollow ball. Cell movement results in an invagination of
  https://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/science-and-technology/biology-and-genetics/cell-biology/endoderm
*  Definition of Endoderm
TeachMeFinance.com - explain Endoderm. Endoderm The term 'Endoderm' as it applies to the area of stem cell research can be ...
  http://www.teachmefinance.com/Scientific_Terms/Endoderm.html
*  What is the Endoderm? (with pictures)
The endoderm is one of the three embryonic germ layers that form human tissues and organs. It only forms internal structures ... The endoderm, or entoderm, is one of the three embryonic germ layers that together give rise to all the mature tissues and ... The endoderm is the first to form, and begins forming in the human embryo at about two weeks after fertilization. By the fifth ... The endoderm also forms the airways in the lungs: the trachea, bronchi, and alveoli. It lines all glands that open into the ...
  http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-endoderm.htm
*  endoderm facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about endoderm
Make research projects and school reports about endoderm easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... endoderm (entoderm) The internal layer of cells of the gastrula, which will develop into the alimentary canal (gut) and ... endoderm (end-oh-derm) n. the inner of the three germ layers of the early embryo, which gives rise to the lining of most of the ... endoderm (ĕn´dədûrm´), in biology, inner layer of tissue formed in the gastrula stage of the developing embryo. At the end of ...
  https://www.encyclopedia.com/science-and-technology/biology-and-genetics/cell-biology/endoderm
*  SOX17 links gut endoderm morphogenesis and germ layer segregation. - PubMed - NCBI
ps, primitive streak; emVE, embryonic visceral endoderm; end, endoderm; epi, epiblast; exVE, extraembryonic visceral endoderm; ... The gut endoderm forms by widespread intercalation between embryonic and extra-embryonic endoderm, which occurs concomitantly ... ps, primitive streak; emVE, embryonic visceral endoderm; end, endoderm; epi, epiblast; mes, mesoderm; A, anterior; D, distal; L ... ps, primitive streak; emVE, embryonic visceral endoderm; epi, epiblast; exVE, extraembryonic visceral endoderm; mes, mesoderm; ...
  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25419850?access_num=25419850&link_type=MED&dopt=Abstract
*  PLOS ONE: A New FACS Approach Isolates hESC Derived Endoderm Using Transcription Factors
... and find that triple positive cells have a much stronger definitive endoderm signature than other combinations of these markers ... providing an important new tool to isolate this earlier definitive endoderm subtype. Overall, tfFACS represents an advancement ... A New FACS Approach Isolates hESC Derived Endoderm Using Transcription Factors. Figure 2. Venn diagram cartoon summarizing data ...
  http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article/figure?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0017536.g002
*  dynamics of endoderm morphogenesis | Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
... the gut endoderm is composed of cells derived from both definitive endoderm (DE) and so-called extraembryonic endoderm, and ... 7. Gut endoderm patterning and gut tube formation. In lateral regions of the gut endoderm, emVE-derived cohorts of cells become ... The endoderm is one of three definitive germ cell layers generated at gastrulation. Cells descended from the endoderm will ... 3. The displacement model of gut endoderm formation. *4. Proposing cell dispersal as a morphogenetic mechanism for gut endoderm ...
  http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/369/1657/20130547
*  Endoderm - Wikipedia
As the plant becomes older, more endoderm will lignify. The following chart shows the tissues produced by the endoderm. The ... Endoderm is one of the three primary germ layers in the very early embryo. The other two layers are the ectoderm (outside layer ... "Endoderm". Sinauer Associates. Retrieved 14 March 2013. The General category denotes that all or most of the animals containing ... In humans, the endoderm can differentiate into distinguishable organs after 5 weeks of embryonic development. Section through ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endoderm
*  Entoderm | Medicína, nemoci, studium na 1. LF UK
Entoderm. Entoderm (endoderm) je výraz užívaný v embryologii. Jde o vnitřní zárodečný list embrya, který dává základ kupříkladu ...
  http://www.stefajir.cz/?q=entoderm
*  Weber H et al. (1996), Mesoderm and endoderm differentiation in animal... - Xenbase Paper
Mesoderm and endoderm differentiation in animal cap explants: identification of the HNF4-binding site as an activin A ...
  http://www.xenbase.org/literature/article.do?method=display&articleId=18146
*  Gastrulation and the 3 Germ Layers (Ectoderm, Endoderm & Mesoderm) - Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com
The mesoderm is formed when cells begin to form a middle layer between the endoderm and ectoderm. Eventually, the endoderm will ... Eventually, the endoderm will push all the way through the bottom of the cup to form a tube with an opening on each end. The ... A third, middle layer of cells called the mesoderm is formed as cells begin to populate the space between the endoderm and the ... A third, middle layer of cells called the mesoderm is formed as cells begin to populate the space between the endoderm and the ...
  https://study.com/academy/lesson/gastrulation-and-the-3-germ-layers-ectoderm-endoderm-mesoderm.html