##### Is the Shape of the Age-Crime Curve Invariant by Sex? Evidence from a National Sample with Flexible Non-parametric Modeling |...

Objectives Prior

https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10940-014-9225-6**theoretical**scholarship makes strong assumptions about the invariance of the age-crime relationship by sex. ...**Methods**. To address the limitations of the existing**empirical**literature, a novel localized modeling approach is used that does ... With a non-parametric**method**-B-spline regression, the study**models**self-report criminal behavior and arrest by sex using age as ... Prior**theoretical**scholarship makes strong assumptions about the invariance of the age-crime relationship by sex. However, ...##### Guidance for the Conduct and Reporting of Modeling and Simulation Studies in the Context of Health Technology Assessment |...

... with

https://effectivehealthcare.ahrq.gov/topics/decision-models-guidance/methods/**empirical**results unavailable at the time of model development is not an appropriate**method**of assessment for**models**... explicitly and justified based on**theoretical**considerations and the understanding of the mechanisms underlying the**modeled**... or**theoretical**(formal)**models**(e.g., a mathematical description of the flow of air around an airplane wing).18,19**Models**that ...**Models**should be as complex as needed to capture all pertinent aspects of the system being**modeled**, but not more ("rule of ...##### Discrete choice - Wikipedia

Estimation of such

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Discrete_choice**models**is usually done via parametric, semi-parametric and non-parametric maximum likelihood**methods**. The ... Luce, R. D. (1959). Individual Choice Behavior: A**Theoretical**Analysis. Wiley. Ben-Akiva, M.; Lerman, S. (1985). Discrete ... Techniques such as logistic regression and probit regression can be used for**empirical**analysis of discrete choice. Estimation ... and demand can be**modeled**empirically using regression analysis. On the other hand, discrete choice analysis examines ...##### Stochastic **empirical** loading and dilution model - Wikipedia

... and the basin development factor SELDM

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stochastic_empirical_loading_and_dilution_model**models**the potential effect of mitigation measures by using Monte Carlo**methods**with ... Thus, SELDM is an**empirical**model based on data and statistics rather than**theoretical**physicochemical equations. SELDM is a ... In SELDM, these three treatment variables are**modeled**by using the trapezoidal distribution and the rank correlation with the ... Stochastic**empirical**loading and dilution model (SELDM) version 1.0.0: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and**Methods**, book 4, ...##### Patent US8170808 - **Methods** and computer software for detecting splice variants - Google Patents

In general the

http://www.google.com/patents/US8170808?dq=patent:7076806**methods**involve normalizing probe set or exon intensity to an expression level measurement of the gene. The ...**methods**may be used to identify tissue-specific alternative splicing events. ...**Methods**and software products for analysis of alternative splicing are disclosed. ... Comparison of**Empirical**p-Values with**Theoretical**p-Values. FIG. 5. : The log-scale error in approximating background by three ...##### Prediction of Bispectral Index during Target-controlled Infusion of Propofol and Remifentanil:A Deep Learning Approach |...

The

http://anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org/article.aspx?articleid=2656314**empirical**model consisted of two neural networks such as long short-term memory and feed-forward neural network, which were ... A grid search**method**was used for hyperparameter optimization. A total of 18 combinations have been tested for the number of ... The long short-term memory in this study has a substantial difference as well as**theoretical**similarity from the traditional PK ... Finally, the traditional PK-PD**models**built using a small number of study participants in a limited experimental setting lack ...##### Testing Consumer Behavior Theories: Lisrel Is Not a Panacea by Banwari Mittal

In all four

http://www.acrwebsite.org/volumes/7534/volumes/v20/NA-20**models**, only correlational linkages are**modeled**among the 3 antecedents. Both**models**'B' and 'C' fit better than ... And when LISREL supports them, it is legitimate to assert**empirical**validity for those causal**models**. It is to be understood, ... such as simultaneous estimation of**models**for multiple groups) should deservedly make LISREL the preferred**method**in many ... The use of causal modeling for testing**theoretical**relationships is increasing in consumer research. Since the publication of ...##### Predicting the emergence of drug-resistant HSV-2: new predictions | BMC Infectious Diseases | Full Text

We generated

https://bmcinfectdis.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2334-3-1**theoretical**drug-resistant HSV-2 strains that were attenuated (in comparison with drug-sensitive strains) in both ... Mathematical**models**can be used to predict the emergence and transmission of antiviral resistance. Previously it has been ...**Methods**. We generated**theoretical**drug-resistant HSV-2 strains that were attenuated (in comparison with drug-sensitive strains ... These**theoretical**predictions have been compared with**empirical**data, and shown to be valid [4, 6]. In stark contrast to the ...##### Plus it

Materials and

http://www.jneurosci.org/content/32/29/9817**Methods**. Network organization.. We**modeled**networks of excitatory (75%) and inhibitory (25%) neurons (n = 2500) ... Linking model behavior to**empirical**observations. To our knowledge, there are no**empirical**reports investigating neuronal ... Cumulative distribution function (CDF) shown for a**theoretical**power-law (black line) with exponent −1.5. κ is calculated by ... Insulin Treatment Prevents Neuroinflammation and Neuronal Injury with Restored Neurobehavioral Function in**Models**of HIV/AIDS ...##### Prediction Model of Cutting Parameters for Turning High Strength Steel Grade-H: Comparative Study of Regression Model versus...

**Theoretical**and

**empirical**investigation were proposed by He et al. [18] to predict the surface finish obtained in a turning ... regression analysis

**method**and adaptive neurofuzzy inference system of MATLAB (ANFIS). These

**models**have been validated using ... In fuzzy inference systems, all expert knowledge about the process is

**modeled**by a set of rules. The set of rules has two parts ... C. L. He, W. J. Zong, Z. M. Cao, and T. Sun, "

**Theoretical**and

**empirical**coupled modeling on the surface roughness in diamond ...

##### Lower critical solution temperature - Wikipedia

There are three groups of

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lower_critical_solution_temperature**methods**for correlating and predicting LCSTs. The first group proposes**models**that are based on a ... doi:10.1016/s0032-3861(98)00480-7. Vetere, A (1998). "An**Empirical****Method**To Predict the Liquid−Liquid Equilibria of Binary ... solid**theoretical**background using liquid-liquid or vapor-liquid experimental data. These**methods**require experimental data to ... Within statistical mechanics, the LCST may be**modeled**theoretically via the lattice fluid model, an extension of Flory-Huggins ...##### History of political science - Wikipedia

The Darwinian

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_political_science**models**of evolution and natural selection exerted considerable influence in the late 19th century. Society seemed ... Gunnell argues that since the 1950s the concept of system was the most important**theoretical**concept used by American political ... But it also meant the application of rigorous scientific and statistical**methods**to standardize testing and to attempt value ... Behavioralism (Behaviouralism) is an**empirical**approach which emerged in the 1930s in the United States. It emphasized an ...##### Social simulation - Wikipedia

More recently, Ron Sun developed

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_simulation**methods**for basing agent-based simulation on**models**of human cognition, known as cognitive ... The behavior of populations of agents under these**models**is rarely tested or verified against**empirical**observation. Agent- ... This**theoretical**outlook on social situations uses a wide range of information to determine what should happen to society and ... others have**modeled**the emergence of norms using memes, or how social norms and emotions can regulate each other. Institutions ...##### Frontiers | Editorial: Modeling the Plankton-Enhancing the Integration of Biological Knowledge and Mechanistic Understanding |...

2016). The predictive capabilities of these

https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2017.00358/full**models**, in particular under changing environmental conditions, naturally rely ... and especially ecosystem**models**, have developed into an important tool for policy advice and environmental management ... Incorporating these remarkably variable**empirical**data in a model simulation showed that M. longa predation had minimal impact ...**modeled**copepod life history traits and adaptation in seasonal environments. Their modeling experiments demonstrate that ...##### Patent US8026842 - **Method** for surveillance to detect a land target - Google Patents

The first

http://www.google.com/patents/US8026842**method**is to develop probability density functions (based on**theoretical**statistical**models**or**empirical**histograms) ... The effects of multipath can be**modeled**with assumed or measured terrain and atmospheric conditions. The clutter is highly ...**Method**for detecting a target. US7800527 *. Oct 11, 2005. Sep 21, 2010. Douglass Robert J. System and**method**for standoff ...**Method**and system for performing surveillance. US20100283662 *. Jun 8, 2007. Nov 11, 2010. Fox Phillilp A.**Method**for ...##### Discourse competence as important part of academic language proficiency in mathematics classrooms: the case of explaining to...

Prediger, S., Bikner-Ahsbahs, A., & Arzarello, F. (2008). Networking strategies and

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10649-018-9830-7**methods**for connecting**theoretical**... then by searching for**empirical**and**theoretical**alignment of dually conceptualized phenomena. This way of coordinating two ... 3). Monir shifts to the meaning of the weight symbols (--**models**-- ,,meaning & connection,,) and then to the mode ,,explicit ... the teacher navigates back to the mathematical core of the episode by asking how the situation might be**modeled**. In the ...##### Individual differences in emotion word processing: A diffusion model analysis | SpringerLink

9 quantiles are marked by circles for

https://link.springer.com/article/10.3758%2Fs13415-016-0408-5**empirical**data and triangles for**theoretical**data. The figures show the probability of ... Behavior Research**Methods**, 40(1), 61-72. doi: 10.3758/BRM.40.1.61 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... In addition, regression**models**for outcome parameters (RTs, error rates, and drift rates) will be computed to examine the ... An illustration of decision processes in the lexical decision task**modeled**by a DM: a indexes the boundary width that can vary ...##### A Wave-Spectrum Analysis of Urban Population Density: Entropy, Fractal, and Spatial Localization

... discrete optimization

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ddns/2008/728420/**methods**among other related topics. The journal provides a channel of communication between scientists ... by applying the**theoretical****models**to the city of Hangzhou, China. The computations lend support to the**theoretical**inferences ... from the city center declines monotonically, Clark [1] proposed an**empirical**model that can be written as where is a constant ... which can be estimated by the box-counting**method**[36]; the second is radial dimension. , which is defined by the area-radius ...##### Kenneth D. Mackenzie - Wikipedia

However, he tries to ignore any latent preconceived specific theory or a fixed toolkit of

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenneth_D._Mackenzie**methods**. To him the phenomena is ... His purpose is to use each research adventure to help erect a less ramshackle**theoretical**edifice for the group and ... These structural change processes can be**modeled**and explained. Most group and organizational behavior takes place "outside" of ... Bernhardt Irwin, Mackenzie Kenneth D (1972). "Some problems in using diffusion**models**for new products" (PDF). Management ...##### Applied information economics - Wikipedia

... not new

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Applied_information_economics**method**and is based on previously-developed components that have a sound**theoretical**basis and/or have strong**empirical**... Since it uses the Monte Carlo**method**, uncertainty can be**modeled**explicitly. Unlike most decision-theory analysis of uncertain ... It is a significant improvement on Monte Carlos**models**that have no calibration for initial estimates, but there is no ...**Empirical****methods**applied according to the information value of the measurement. This step is, in fact, the reason for the name ...##### Analytic **Methods** for Volumetric Scattering

An

https://cseweb.ucsd.edu/~ravir/projects/scattering.html**Empirical**BSSRDF Model SIGGRAPH 09. Current scattering**models**are tuned to the two extremes of thin media and single ... In our second approach, which we believe to be a significant**theoretical**and practical contribution to real time rendering, we ... scattering, or highly scattering materials**modeled**using the diffusion approximation. The vast intermediate range of materials ... Analytic and Data-Driven**Methods**for Volumetric Scattering. We focus on rendering the effects of scattering in participating ...##### Molecular dynamics - Wikipedia

The

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Molecular_dynamics**method**was originally developed within the field of**theoretical**physics in the late 1950s but is applied today mostly in ... Paci, E; M Vendruscolo; M Karplus (2002). "Validity of Go**Models**: Comparison with a Solvent-Shielded**Empirical**Energy ... RNA structure in the ribosome and other large systems has been**modeled**with one pseudo-atom per nucleotide. The simplest form ... Ab initio calculations produce a vast amount of information that is not available from**empirical****methods**, such as density of ...##### Nanomechanics of Full-Length Nebulin: An Elastic Strain Gauge in the Skeletal Muscle Sarcomere

...

http://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC2998391/?lang=en-ca**empirical**mode decomposition (EMD)**method**of the Hilbert-Huang Transform (HHT)(50) (Figures 5C and F). For the autocorrelation ... Detailed analysis of the complex craggy mountain range type of force spectra (Figures 3B and and4)4) by WLC**models**as well as ... A) Structural simulation of stretching one nebulin superrepeat (**modeled**by ROSETTA) to 0, 43, 80, 100%. Note that the 0 and 43 ... A recent experimental and**theoretical**study of the hydrophobic collapse of proteins has called the purely entropic model of ...##### **Theoretical** ecology - Wikipedia

**Theoretical**results are often verified by

**empirical**and observational studies, revealing the power of

**theoretical**

**methods**in ... may best be

**modeled**over either continuous or discrete time. Other examples of such

**models**may be found in the field of ...

**Theoretical**ecology is the scientific discipline devoted to the study of ecological systems using

**theoretical**

**methods**such as ... One class of computational

**models**that is becoming increasingly popular are the agent-based

**models**. These

**models**can simulate ...

##### Brent prices and oil stock behaviors: evidence from Nigerian listed oil stocks | SpringerLink

**Theoretical**framework * Estimation technique and model specification * Data and

**empirical**analysis * Conclusion and ... Multi-factor

**models**allow an asset to have not just one, but many measures of systematic risk. Each measure captures the ...

**Methods**. This study uses a vector autoregressive (VAR) model with the impulse response function and the forecast variance ... The theory holds that the expected return of a financial asset can be

**modeled**as a linear function of various macro-economic ...