*  Spasmodic torticollis - Wikipedia
Both agonist and antagonist muscles contract simultaneously during dystonic movement. Causes of the disorder are predominantly ... Spasmodic torticollis is a form of focal dystonia, a neuromuscular disorder that consists of sustained muscle contractions ... Movement Disorders. 21 (12): 2240-2243. doi:10.1002/mds.21145. Zetterberg, Lena; Halvorsen Kjartan; Färnstrand Catarina; ... Primary spasmodic torticollis is defined as having no other abnormality other than dystonic movement and occasional tremor in ...
*  Dystonia in parkinson's disease Clinical and pharmacological features.
In Manden CD, Fahn S (eds): Movement Disorders. London, Butterworth, 1982, pp 123-145 7. Gowers WR: A Manual of Diseases of the ... The writer's cramp was replaced by dystonic spasms of the proximal right arm consisting of adduction and pronation, usually ... Patients and Methods All patients with Parkinson's disease and symptoms of dystonia who attended the Movement Disorder Clinic ... After 6 good years he began to experience end-ofdose effects and predominantly right-sided peak dose chorea; after 8 years of ...
*  Pleurothotonus - Wikipedia
An acute dystonic reaction consists of sustained, painful muscular spasms, producing twisting of the trunk/body and abnormal ... Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder characterized by sustained muscle contraction leading to abnormal posture, ... Future research hopes to pinpoint the essential neurological disorder or disorders underlying the development of Pisa syndrome ... Pisa syndrome is predominantly caused by a prolonged administration or an overly dosed administration of antipsychotic drugs. ...
*  Autoimmune encephalitis - Wikipedia
... and consist of brief and very frequent involuntary movement with dystonic features involving mainly the arm, the ipsilateral ... The evidence for an autoimmune disorder is less clear for paediatric autoimmune neuropsychiatric disorders associated with ... temporal progression of clinical and paraclinical observations in a predominantly non-paraneoplastic disorder of both sexes". ... Some patients have a poor outcome despite sustained immunosuppression, but that is often related to tumor progression or ...
*  Frontiers | Zebrafish as an Animal Model for Drug Discovery in Parkinson's Disease and Other Movement Disorders: A Systematic...
Most of the hypokinetic syndromes are associated with the neurodegenerative disorder Parkinson's disease (PD). In contrast, ... Zebrafish constitutes an alternative vertebrate model for the study of movement disorders. The neuronal circuitries involved in ... it is central to critically analyse these zebrafish lines and understand their suitability as models of movement disorders. ... it is central to critically analyse these zebrafish lines and understand their suitability as models of movement disorders. ...
*  Cerebral palsy - Wikipedia
A metabolism disorder or tumors in the nervous system may appear to be CP; metabolic disorders, in particular, can produce ... Choreo-athetotic CP is characterized by involuntary movements most predominantly found in the face and extremities. Dystonic ... CP is the most common movement disorder in children. It occurs in about 2.1 per 1,000 live births. Cerebral palsy has been ... It is difficult to sustain behavioural change in terms of increasing physical activity of children with CP. Gender, manual ...
SHOULD AN OBSESSIVE COMPULSIVE SPECTRUM GROUPING OF DISORDERS BE INCLUDED IN DSM-V? Katharine A. Phillips, M.D., 1,2 Dan J. ... Trichotillomania (hair pulling disorder), skin picking disorder, and stereotypic movement disorder: towards DSM-V. Depress ... One long-term double-blind study of fluoxetine for HYP suggested that patients may sustain their response after fluoxetine is ... A handful of neuroimaging studies of hoarding symptoms in patients with OCD or predominantly without OCD have been conducted ...
*  DailyMed - SERTRALINE- sertraline hydrochloride tablet, film coated
Social Anxiety Disorder Social anxiety disorder is a chronic condition that may require several months or longer of sustained ... Hearing and Vestibular Disorders - Rare: hyperacusis, labyrinthine disorder.. Hematopoietic and Lymphatic - Rare: anemia, ... Treatment should consist of those general measures employed in the management of overdosage with any antidepressant. ... that are ego-dystonic and/or repetitive, purposeful, and intentional behaviors (compulsions) that are recognized by the person ...
*  Extrapyramidal Examinations in Psychiatry - Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience : Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience
Tic disorders. The tic disorders are another type of hyperkinetic movement disorder, dominated by motor and vocal tics. These ... Any excess of movement, as long as the excess movement does not consist of tremor, chorea, athetosis, or tic, could be ... Dystonic movements can take on a cyclic pattern and can be difficult to distinguish from tremor, and the peculiar movements (in ... Dystonia, the unintended, sustained contraction of a muscle group, can accompany hyperkinetic or hypokinetic syndromes. Thus, ...
... related disorders including, but not limited to, learning disorders, such as a reading disorder, a mathematics disorder, or a ... anxiety and/or movement disorders. Accordingly, agents that inhibit PDE10 and especially PDE10A would be desirable as ... 0034] R14 is selected from the group consisting of: [0035] (1) hydroxyl, [0036] (2) halogen, [0037] (3) C1-6alkyl, [0038] (4 ... provide a sustained action over a longer period. Compositions for oral use may also be presented as hard gelatin capsules ...
*  Mental health - Wikipedia
... of the population experienced anxiety disorders, comorbidity disorders were the next common mental disorder with vulnerability ... Increasing unemployment has been show to have a significant impact on mental health, predominantly depressive disorders.[44] ... The mental hygiene movement, related to the social hygiene movement, had at times been associated with advocating eugenics and ... almost half of the population had a mental disorder at some point of their life and one in five people had a sustained disorder ...
*  Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Focal Hand Dystonia - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Objectives:. The purpose of this protocol is to improve understanding of the pathophysiology of dystonia by performing an electrophysiological study using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). The study may reveal new information about the role of gamma frequency oscillations in cortical facilitation in dystonia patients versus healthy volunteer subjects.. The findings of this study may also help to determine if abnormal gamma frequency facilitation might become a potential diagnostic tool for dystonia.. ,TAB,. Study population:. 1. We intend to study 13 healthy volunteers and 13 patients with a diagnosis of focal hand dystonia. Thirteen subjects for each group are needed based on the power analysis, with an additional three added to the requested accrual to account for drop-outs, yielding a maximum of 16 subjects per group. Up to 15 focal hand dystonia patients and 15 healthy volunteers may be involved in the pilot experiment. The pilot study will be stopped when a trend in the data emerges, ...
*  Alteration of digital representations in somatosensory cortex in focal hand dystonia - Surrey Research Insight Open Access
Elbert, T, Candia, V, Altenmuller, E, Rau, H, Sterr, A, Rockstroh, B, Pantev, C and Taub, E (1998) Alteration of digital representations in somatosensory cortex in focal hand dystonia ...
*  Movement-Related Brain Networks Involved in Hand Dystonia - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
This study will use various methods to measure the activity of the motor cortex (the part of the brain that controls movements) in order to learn more about focal hand dystonia. Patients with dystonia have muscle spasms that cause uncontrolled twisting and repetitive movement or abnormal postures. In focal dystonia, just one part of the body, such as the hand, neck or face, is involved.. Patients with focal hand dystonia and healthy normal volunteers between 18 and 65 years of age may be eligible for this study. Each candidate is screened with a medical history, physical examination and questionnaire. Participants undergo the following procedures:. Finger Movement Tasks. Subjects perform two finger movement tasks. In the first part of the study, they move their index finger repetitively from side to side at 10-second intervals for a total of 200 movements in four blocks of 50 at a time. In the second part of the study, ...
*  Focal Hand Dystonia in Musicians | Dystonia Medical Research Foundation Canada
There is no cure for dystonia at this time, and although treatment of the disorder may be challenging, there are several available options. The different causes of hand dystonia may warrant different treatments.. Anticholinergic drugs, such as Artane ® (trihexyphenidyl), can be helpful in treating focal dystonias by affecting the transmission of messages from the brain to the muscles.. Botulinum toxin injections may be used to compel the body to create new programs by blocking the nerve impulses to the contracting muscles. The injections temporarily weaken the muscle so that the spasm is reduced and a different wrist position is necessary to compensate for the relaxed muscle. In this case, the injection itself is not the solution but rather a tool to facilitate the musician developing a modified motor program.. The ultimate aim of treatment is to establish new sensory motor programs to accomplish the tasks required for playing music. It might be possible to modify the ...
*  Dystonic Disorders; Familial Dystonia; Focal Dystonia; Pseudodystonia; Writer's Cramp
... On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a full patient history. A similarity measure between symptoms and diseases is provided.
*  Force variability during isometric biceps contraction in children with secondary dystonia due to cerebral palsy - Chu - 2009 -...
Chu, W. T. V. and Sanger, T. D. (2009), Force variability during isometric biceps contraction in children with secondary dystonia due to cerebral palsy. Mov. Disord., 24: 1299-1305. doi: 10.1002/mds.22573 ...
*  Dysfunctional Motor Automaticity in Focal Hand Dystonia in Musicians - Molly Jaynes
Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder characterized by sustained or intermittent muscle contractions causing unwanted involuntary movements. The disorder...
*  The pathophysiology of focal hand dystonia
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
*  Neurophysiology of Task-Specificity of Focal Hand Dystonia - No Study Results Posted - ClinicalTrials.gov
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details ...
*  Dopa-Responsive Dystonia | Drupal
The diagnosis of DRD is not made by one definitive test, but by a series of clinical observations and specific biochemical assessments. Defining the exact cause may not be possible.. A therapeutic trial with levodopa remains the most practical initial approach to diagnosis. Even an adverse reaction may help illuminate details about the cause and warrant additional tests, and not all DRD patients respond to levodopa immediately. Furthermore, not all individuals who are carriers will exhibit symptoms. A detailed family history is an important element of diagnosis.. Obtaining a cerebrospinal fluid sample (via lumbar puncture) is an important component of diagnosing DRD. This may be the most straightforward way to obtain a preliminary diagnosis and distinguish among possible metabolic conditions. There remains a chance that the cerebrospinal test will not provide a definitive diagnosis. It is crucial that the patient stop taking levodopa at least a week before the cerebrospinal fluid ...
*  Will shooting to protect a victim end in the victim's death due to involuntary muscle contraction?
This question is a bit different than what you're probably expecting so don't skim it. If there were a victim being held at gun point, and the gunman had his finger on the trigger, would it be advisable to shoot the gunman? The reason I ask is this: at death, don't a person's muscles contract? In the same way, when vast amounts of pain are inflicted, don't a person's muscles contract? If so, doesn't that mean that if you shoot the gunman, the victim who you are protecting will be shot
*  What are involuntary muscles? | Reference.com
According to Biology-Online, involuntary muscles are muscles which contract without conscious control, and typically found inside internal organs, excluding the heart. The heart, as noted by...
*  Research suggests shared genetic link in psychiatric and movement disorders | EurekAlert! Science News
Fewer than 100 people in the world are known to be affected by a movement disorder called rapid-onset dystonia-parkinsonism (RDP), but its symptoms are life-changing. Seemingly normal young people are suddenly unable to control movement of their arms or legs and have trouble speaking or swallowing. RDP is caused by a genetic mutation that often runs in families. Wake Forest researchers believe that same genetic predisposition might also be associated with psychiatric problems, such as anxiety, mood disorders and substance abuse/dependence.
*  Role of the somatosensory system in primary dystonia - Tinazzi - 2003 - Movement Disorders - Wiley Online Library
Email: Michele Tinazzi MD (michele.tinazzi@mail.azosp.vr.it). *Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche e della Visione, Sezione di Neurologia Riabilitativa, Policlinico G. B. Rossi, P. le A.L. Scuro, 37134, Verona ...
*  PhD Thesis Writers to award academic writers for exemplary resear... ((PRWEB) June 17 2013 Academic writers...)
Health,(PRWEB) June 17 2013 Academic writers will get an opportunity to get recognized for their work through the initiative launched by PhD Thesis Writers a well-known company providing research support to scholars. The company has announced that it will honor w,PhD,Thesis,Writers,to,award,academic,writers,for,exemplary,research,writing,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
*  Truestim | Relieve Your Pain
Electric muscle stimulation trains your muscles in a way that traditional workouts alone can't. EMS, also known as neuromuscular electric stimulation, muscle stim, or e-stim, is delivered through electronic pulses to your nerve fibers in order to create involuntary muscle contractions. Unlike TENS, EMS waveforms activate fast twitch and slow twitch muscle fibers allowing the muscles to be stimulated to the point of exhaustion (relaxation) thus healing them to become stronger. This is similar to weight training. Muscles support joints and ligaments creating better support.. ...
*  Technical Writer Jobs, Employment in Burlington, MA | Indeed.com
229 Technical Writer jobs available in Burlington, MA on Indeed.com. Technical Writer, Senior Technical Writer, Content Writer and more!
*  SHEsaysWITHaSMILE.blogspot.com: WOMEN, a poem, by (charles bukowski!) ENCORE POST by (me!) sandra, tvgp
there is a problem with writers. if what a writer wrote was published and sold many, many copies, the writer thought he was great. if what a writer wrote was published and sold a medium number of copies, the writer thought he was great. if what a writer wrote was published and sold very few copies, the writer thought he was great. if what the writer wrote never was published and he didn't have the money to publish it himself, then he thought he was truly great ...
*  NewsBiscuit : Writers' Room « Forum
Quick links: NewsBiscuit Home • Chat Room • Writers' Room • Top Ten Everything on these pages has been submitted by readers of the site and appears here unedited. Potential front page stories as well as one-liners for the ticker bar are welcome, so if you would like to write for NewsBiscuit please post your article on this submission board and then attempt to give yourself maximum votes over and over again. The most prolific and successful contributors will be considered for the coveted title of 'Writer of the Month'.. Check the following links for info: Guidelines for writers, Writer of the Month, Help with posting. ...
*  Top 10 Quora Writer - EricValor.org
EricValor.org The Web Home of Eric N. Valor Top 10 Quora Writer - Top 10 Most Viewed Writer On QuoraWow! I just stumbled across my full Writer Rankings on Quora (http://www.quora.com). Based on number of views in the last
*  Ladda ner LibreOffice Writer - grundläggande information och kopplingar av programmet LibreOffice Writer med filändelser - File...
Ladda ner programmet LibreOffice Writer - grundläggande kopplingar av programmet LibreOffice Writer med filändelser och konvertering samt information, varifrån man kan hämta applikationen.
*  Story Planner for Writers on the App Store
Read reviews, compare customer ratings, see screenshots, and learn more about Story Planner for Writers. Download Story Planner for Writers and enjoy it on your iPhone, iPad, and iPod touch.
*  The League of Extraordinary Writers: August 2011
I'd like aspiring YA and MG writers to rediscover the power of setting in a story. I'm not talking leisurely, lilting descriptions of meadows and forests. I'm talking about using setting to enhance and illuminate characters and to push the plot forward. Setting is more than just a place to be, yet so many of the manuscripts I'm seeing aren't taking advantage of that as they focus on answering the call for action and dialogue. Writers are missing wonderful opportunities! Use setting props to reveal your character's mood or personality. Use setting changes to quicken or slow the pace of the plot. Use setting elements to push the character out of his comfort zone and take action he'd otherwise not take. Activate all five of your readers' senses and score a richer read for your efforts ...
*  FaithWriters.com-Christian Writers Forum • View topic - Interview with Rachel Burkum
NOTE: FAITHWRITERS FORUM is for members of FaithWriters main site only and requires a separate registration below. Learn about FaithWriters membership options and all of our tools to help writers HERE. SUPPORT OUR MISSION to grow Christian writers and spread the gospel worldwide online HERE. ...
*  Anatomy of a Child's Brain | Phoenix Children's Hospital
Brainstem. The brainstem (midline or middle of brain) includes the midbrain, the pons, and the medulla. Functions of this area include: movement of the eyes and mouth, relaying sensory messages (such as, hot, pain, or loud), hunger, respirations, consciousness, cardiac function, body temperature, involuntary muscle movements, sneezing, coughing, vomiting, and swallowing. ...