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*  Diffusion bonding of structural ceramics to superalloys by HIP
Two reaction products were found by AEM; a continuous, very thin, (less than or equal 100 micrometer)layer of fine TiN crystals ... Other Materials Engineering Research subject. Engineering Materials Identifiers. URN: urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-17746Local ID: ... as well as the formation of a layer consisting mainly of silicon oxynitride on the surface of silicon nitride components during ... A temperature range suitable for joining without impairment of the microstructure and properties of the superalloy was ...
  http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:990751
*  Experimental Study of Nonequilibrium Electrodeposition of Nanostructures on Copper and Nickel for Photochemical Fuel Cell...
... in all areas related to the science and technology of nanosized and nanostructured materials. Importantly, a special emphasis ... can be explained by the decrease in the concentration of the electrolyte in the diffusion layer close to the electrode surface. ... materials, and electronics [11]. The rate of electrodeposition reaction is the rate at which cations are delivered to the ... properties, performance, and applications of different materials using electrodeposition technique. ...
  https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jnt/2011/727396/
*  Search Results - - 27 Results - Digital Library
... is to investigate the fundamental surface interactions between diffusion barriers and various low-k dielectric materials. Two ... The composition of the reaction layer varies with deposition rate (1 Å-min-1 vs. 2 Å-sec-1), but in both cases, the thickness ... Study of Ruthenium and Ruthenium Oxide's Electrochemical Properties and Application as a Copper Diffusion Barrier Description: ... Ta sputter-deposited onto a Si-O-C low dielectric constant substrate forms a reaction layer composed of Ta oxide and TaC. ...
  https://digital.library.unt.edu/explore/partners/UNT/browse/?fq=str_degree_discipline%3AAnalytical+Chemistry&start=20&fq=untl_decade%3A2000-2009&fq=untl_collection%3AUNTETD
*  Patent US20020066534 - Process for fabricating films of uniform properties on semiconductor devices - Google Patentsuche
As a result, a layer forming reaction occurs at a substantially consistent rate over the entire active surface of the ... The process includes varying the temperature within a reaction chamber while a layer of a material is formed upon the ... The process may also include oscillating the temperature within the reaction chamber while a layer of a material is being ... Varying the temperature within the reaction chamber facilitates temperature uniformity across the semiconductor wafer. ...
  http://www.google.de/patents/US20020066534
*  Bristolite Daylighting Systems
... in a 3 to 5 mil thick layer on the surface of the sheet is used. Concentrating ultraviolet absorbers in a thin cap layer ... or thermal properties but it will affect the optical properties of light transmission and haze/diffusion as previously noted. ... Organic materials include synthetic materials like paints, coatings, and plastics and natural materials such as wood and ... A: Copolyesters are Polyester based polymers created and enhanced through a chemical reaction. A polymer is a large molecule ( ...
  http://bristolite.com/ch/interfaces/glazing_materials_al.aspx
*  AquaFit4Use - Fouling and Corrosion Parameters | Biofilm | Surfactant
In this way the stagnant foulant layer on the membrane surface is minimized. PTS.m².g. since MF.bar. For NF: 1. In principle. ... Depending on the corrosion and metal surface reaction. Two half-cell reactions are involved.Summary report on scaling. ... the concentration gradient will induce the diffusion (dialysis diffusion) of ions from "A" to "B". HOL.and H+ ions then can ... Also rubberized steel or synthetic materials can be used to shield the steel from the corrosive materials.Summary report on ...
  https://www.scribd.com/document/109452340/AquaFit4Use-Fouling-and-Corrosion-Parameters
*  Search Results - - 27 Results - Digital Library
... is to investigate the fundamental surface interactions between diffusion barriers and various low-k dielectric materials. Two ... The composition of the reaction layer varies with deposition rate (1 Å-min-1 vs. 2 Å-sec-1), but in both cases, the thickness ... Study of Ruthenium and Ruthenium Oxide's Electrochemical Properties and Application as a Copper Diffusion Barrier Description: ... Cu Electrodeposition on Ru with a Chemisorbed Iodine Surface Layer. Description: An iodine surface layer has been prepared on ...
  https://digital.library.unt.edu/explore/partners/UNT/browse/?fq=str_degree_discipline%3AAnalytical+Chemistry&fq=untl_decade%3A2000-2009
*  Patente US7153519 - Implantable substrate coated with a macromer having free radical ... - Google Patentes
The polymeric materials are particularly useful as tissue adhesives, coatings for tissue lumens including blood vessels, ... supports or substrates for contact with biological materials such as the body, and as drug delivery devices for biologically ... The gel layer presents a permselective barrier on the surface of the tissue, and thus the gel layer is expected to reduce ... These species could be further treated by reaction with a substance such as acryloyl chloride, capable of producing surface- ...
  http://www.google.es/patents/US7153519?hl=es&dq=flatulence
*  Patent US5910644 - Universal surface finish for DCA, SMT and pad on pad interconnections - Google Patents
The tri-plate surface treatment includes an initial diffusion resistant coating of nickel; an intermediate layer of hard, wear ... The intermediate layer may be pure palladium having a nominal thickness of 35 microinches or a layer of gold, hardened by ... The use of a common surface treatment for the multiple attachment processes is implemented with a single masking step, rather ... A printed circuit connector terminal pad coating technique is disclosed which functions as a single universal pad surface which ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US5910644
*  Electrochemical energy storage with porous one-dimensional (1D) nanomaterials
... nanomaterials with designed properties and architectures has led to significant advances in electrochemical energy storage. A ... The rational design of porosity and architecture leads to materials with properties that enable fast ion diffusion and rapid ... In Li-O2 batteries, porous nanowires provide large surface area, continuous O2 and electrolyte diffusion channels, as well as ... The electrochemical performance of supercapacitors that store charge by double layer or redox processes has been improved by ...
  https://www.nanowerk.com/spotlight/spotid=46818.php
*  Ion layer gas reaction - Wikipedia
Ion-Layer Gas Reaction)". Advanced Energy Materials. 1: 561-564. doi:10.1002/aenm.201100146. Gledhill, Sophie. "A spray ... Surface Coating: The surface coating of ceramics, metal, glass and even plastics for catalytic purposes as well as anti- ... Also uncontrolled sodium diffusion from the glass substrate can be stopped by a barrier before intentionally doping the ... It is also possible to grow films with graded properties or compositions by changing the precursors or the process parameters. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ion_layer_gas_reaction
*  Patent US6461408 - Hydrogen generator - Google Patents
V-Nb-Pt or V-Pd-Au alloy or combination thereof and a first layer affixed to the outer surface of the substrate towards a mixed ... Extraction membranes have a substrate layer of Ta-W, V-Co, V-Pd, V-Au, V-Cu, V-Al, Nb-Ag, Nb-Au, Nb-Pt, Nb-Pd, V-Ni-Co, V-Ni-Pd ... properties of palladium-silver and similar alloys by adding a coating of palladium or similar materials to improve the surface ... The hydrogen easily permeates the thin layer 122 or is drawn to cracks within the layer 122 via surface diffusion. The hydrogen ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6461408?dq=mezick
*  Alonizing - Wikipedia
Alonizing is a diffusion metallizing process in that it is a thermochemical treatment that involves enriching the surface layer ... The protective diffusion layer provides the following corrosion protection properties: Sulfidation Resistance - protection from ... which is chemically bound to the surface and seals the core aluminum from any further reaction. Therefore, diffusing aluminum ... www.sulphuric-acid.com/techmanual/Materials/materials_alonizing.htm [1] Aluminizing Corrosion Protection - Alonizing. (n.d.). ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alonizing
*  Scientific.Net: Materials Science
In the case of GN treatment, while the white layer was completely melted out, the diffusion layer still existed even after ... Evaluation of Thermal Fatigue Properties of Surface Treated AISI H13 Steel for Aluminum Die-Casting ... The white compound layer play a important role in the prevention of physiochemical reaction, therefore, the TNHT process, which ... Furthermore, the resistance to melt-out was affected by the compound layer thickness rather than that of diffusion layer. The ...
  https://www.scientific.net/author-papers/young-mok-rhyim
*  Patent US6280871 - Gas diffusion electrodes containing modified carbon products - Google Patents
The modified carbon product can be used for at least one component of the electrodes such as the active layer and/or the ... blocking layer. Methods to extend the service life of electrodes as well as methods to reduce the amount of fluorine containing ... Gas-diffusion electrodes containing modified carbon products are described wherein the modified carbon product is a carbon ... of sulfur were introduced by the surface modification reaction which was equivalent to 0.09 mmol/g of surface attachment to ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6280871?dq=645576
*  Catalysts | Free Full-Text | Switchable Stimuli-Responsive Heterogeneous Catalysis | HTML
Heterogeneous catalytic systems based on the use of stimuli-responsive materials can be switched from an ... the reaction is stopped, since these ions behave as a barrier, hindering the diffusion of reactants toward the catalyst surface ... magnetic properties, mechanical properties, etc. are all possible. Thanks to this high versatility, artificial smart materials ... The side-view schematic and top-view microscope images depict on/off states of the reaction in the top layer. Reprinted with ...
  https://www.mdpi.com/2073-4344/8/12/569/htm
*  Patent US6558321 - Systems and methods for remote monitoring and modulation of medical devices - Google Patents
Electrolyte Layer. To ensure electrochemical reaction, the electrolyte layer comprises a semipermeable coating that maintains ... The angiogenic layer of the devices of the present invention may be constructed of membrane materials such as hydrophilic ... In addition, the upper size limit to diffusion is determined by the largest pore diameter, and the overall diffusion rate ... those based on surface plasmon resonance, surface acoustic waves, optical absorbance in the long wave infrared region, and ...
  http://www.google.com.au/patents/US6558321
*  Bacteriostatic and anti-collagenolytic dental materials through the incorporation of polyacrylic acid modified CuI...
Provided are antibacterial and antimicrobial surface coatings and dental materials by utilizing the antimicrobial properties of ... Provided are antibacterial and antimicrobial surface coatings and dental materials by utilizing the antimicrobial properties of ... This interface is called the adhesive layer, a biosynthetic layer consisting of interlocking Type I collagen and the adhesive ... An additional 50 mL of 0.2M sulfide solution was added to complete the reaction. The dark bluish-black powder was washed with ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/9034354.html
*  Interface Reactions of Al and Binary Al-Alloys on Mild Steel Substrates in Controlled Atmosphere
Microstructural study reveals that inter-diffusion takes place and a reaction layer forms at the interface. ... Surface Wetting Properties of Si3N4/SiC Ceramics by Cu Alloys ... 4] H. Zhu, J. Guo, J. Jia, J. Materials Processing Technology ... HomeMaterials Science ForumAluminium Alloys 2006 - ICAA10Interface Reactions of Al and Binary Al-Alloys on... ... Wettability of reaction bonded SiC /Ag plus Ti system was studied. The contact angle was determined by high temperature ...
  https://www.scientific.net/MSF.519-521.1157
*  Arrays of microlenses of complex shapes prepared by reaction-diffusion in thin films of ionically doped gels
... and electrical properties and on the surface morphology of ZnO thin films under different laser energy densities was ... The growth of the CoSi layer was considered within the framework of the grain boundary diffusion model. The time dependences of ... Materials Science & Processing;Nov2011, Vol. 105 Issue 2, p427 Ultrafast thermomechanical responses of silicon thin films due ... Surface topographies of the lenses are studied experimentally, and are reproduced by a lattice gas reaction-diffusion model. ...
  http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/14434639/arrays-microlenses-complex-shapes-prepared-by-reaction-diffusion-thin-films-ionically-doped-gels
*  A modelling approach for the heterogeneous oxidation of elastomers, Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics | 10.1007/s00161-017...
In a lot of cases the influence of oxygen is limited to the surface layer of the samples, commonly referred to as diffusion- ... which is modified by a reaction term. The evolved diffusion-reaction equation depends on the ageing temperature as well as on ... Experimental investigations on industrially used elastomeric materials are executed in order to develop and fit models, which ... Correlation of chemical and mechanical property changes during oxidative degradation of neoprene ...
  https://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/a-modelling-approach-for-the-heterogeneous-oxidation-of-elastomers-V3ngIWNANB
*  Search Results - - 44 Results - Digital Library
These materials have several layer-dependent properties such as a transition to direct band gap at single-layer. In addition, ... In this thesis, the thermal stability and interfacial diffusion and reaction of both Ru and RuO2 thin films on HfO2 gate ... To enhance the catalytic properties, high energy mechanical milling was performed to increase the surface area and defect ... Materials properties of ruthenium and ruthenium oxides thin films for advanced electronic applications. Description: Ruthenium ...
  https://digital.library.unt.edu/explore/partners/UNT/browse/?fq=dc_rights_access%3Aunt&display=list&fq=str_degree_discipline%3AMaterials+Science+and+Engineering
*  Patent US4414080 - Photoelectrochemical electrodes - Google Patents
The polymer film is readily deposited on the electrode surface and can be rendered stable by ionic or addition cross-linking. ... The surface (20) of a moderate band gap semiconductor (12) such as p-type molybdenum sulfide is modified to contain an adherent ... Composite protective layer for photoelectrode structure, photoelectrode structure including the composite protective layer, and ... The reaction of greatest general utility and interest is photoelectrolysis of water. A specific application is the regeneration ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US4414080?dq=6,970,917
*  Ultra-high-temperature ceramics - Wikipedia
... the surface oxide layer can be removed, or the defect concentration can be increased. SiC can react with the surface oxide ... The precursor materials for this reaction (ZrO2/TiO2/HfO2 and B4C) are less expensive than those required by the stoichiometric ... Pressureless sintering involves heating powdered materials in a mold in order to promote atomic diffusion and create a solid ... processing of UHTCs at these temperatures results in materials with larger grain sizes and poor mechanical properties including ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultra-high-temperature_ceramics
*  Surface science - Wikipedia
... surface states, surface diffusion, surface reconstruction, surface phonons and plasmons, epitaxy and surface enhanced Raman ... "Ram Rao Materials and Surface Science", a video from the Vega Science Trust Surface Chemistry Discoveries. ... "Atomic and Macroscopic Reaction Rates of a Surface-Catalyzed Reaction". Science. 278: 1931-4. Bibcode:1997Sci...278.1931W. doi: ... "Surface plasmon resonance for characterization of large-area atomic-layer graphene film". Optica. 3 (2): 151. doi:10.1364/ ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surface_science