*  Pesticides in the United States - Wikipedia
In Minnesota, pesticide use has been linked causally to congenital deformities in frogs such as eye, mouth, and limb ... Researchers in California found that similar deformities in frogs in the U.S. and Canada may have been caused by breakdown ... Meersman T (October 25, 1999), Studies link frog deformities to pesticides. Star Tribune Retrieved on September 18, 2007. ... Cone M (December 6, 2000), A wind-borne threat to Sierra frogs: A study finds that pesticides used on farms in the San Joaquin ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pesticides_in_the_United_States
*  Deformity - Wikipedia
... or having larger than normal limbs. Body dysmorphic disorder Congenital abnormality Disfigurement Polymelia Teratology Thousand ... Frogs can be mutated due to Ribeiroia (Trematoda) infection. In many cases in which a major deformity is present at birth, it ... A deformity, dysmorphism, or dysmorphic feature is a major abnormality in the shape of a body part or organ compared to the ... Deformity may arise from numerous causes: Genetic mutation Damage to the fetus or uterus Complications at birth A growth or ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deformity
*  Ectrodactyly - Wikipedia
2004). "Deformity Levels in Wild Populations of the Wood Frog (Rana sylvatica) in Three Ecoregions of Western Canada". Journal ... Manske, Paul R.; Goldfarb, Charles A. (2009). "Congenital Failure of Formation of the Upper Limb". Hand Clinics. 25 (2): 157-70 ... ISBN 978-0-8151-3153-3. Congenital Hand Deformities at eMedicine Kay, Simon P.; McCombe, David (2005). "Central hand ... it was found that only 49 Wood Frogs had the ectrodactyly deformity. In a study performed by the Department of Forestry and ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ectrodactyly
*  Fibular hemimelia - Wikipedia
2011 Minnesota's Malformed Frogs Jul. 2011 Studies offer new insights into causes of deformed frogs Jul. 2011 Deformed Frogs ... American YouTuber Congenital abnormality List of congenital disorders ICD-10 Chapter Q: Congenital malformations, deformations ... It is the most common long bone deficiency and is the most common skeletal deformity in the leg. It most often is unilateral ( ... Paraxial fibular hemimelia is the most common manifestation in which only the postaxial portion of the limb is affected. It is ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fibular_hemimelia
*  Tracking decades-long endosulfan tragedy in Kerala
... epilepsy and congenital anomalies like stag horn limbs. There are too many cases of cancer of the liver and blood; infertility ... Residents saw bees, frogs and fish disappear from the area. Farmers producing honey to supplement their income have continually ... Many children were found suffering from birth deformities, cancer, cerebral palsy, mental disorders, skin diseases, vision loss ... "We got reports of reptile and monkey deaths and dogs, goats and cows giving birth to young ones with twisted limbs," he said.. ...
  https://www.downtoearth.org.in/coverage/tracking-decades-long-endosulfan-tragedy-in-kerala-56788
*  Practitioner Issue 2, 2015 by FVMA - Issuu
Varus deformities usually involve the fetlock in either the front or hind limb of foals. This deformity can be congenital or ... The hoof wall at the heels will now be on the same plane with the frog. The excess hoof wall at the toe and quarters is then ... Angular limb deformities. Angular limb deformities are common limb abnormalities in foals that require early recognition and ... Valgus deformities occur when the deviation occurs lateral to the axis of the limb, and varus deformities occur when the ...
  https://www.issuu.com/fvma_faep/docs/practitioner_issue_2_final?e=5122802/15299042
*  Malformation | biology | Britannica.com
occurrence in leopard frogs* In leopard frog. *types of congenital disorders* In congenital disorder: Deformities ... Absence or abnormality of whole limbs is less common and includes, besides clubfoot, the so-called congenital amputations once ... congenital disorder: Deformities. Congenital disorders known as deformities are defined as a secondary bending or change of ... congenital disorder: Deformities. Congenital disorders known as deformities are defined as a secondary bending or change of ...
  https://www.britannica.com/science/malformation
*  Toxic Chemical pesticides on your skin in your house on your front lawn? | Homeopathyginatyler's Blog
... scientists are reporting today the first evidence linking agricultural runoff to grotesque hind-limb deformities in frogs. ... Infant deaths for male babies (from congenital anomalies related to the birth defects) was over 2.5 times higher than normal. ... At last count, wild frogs with missing or extra hind limbs have been observed in at least 43 states and five Canadian provinces ... The field studies showed "considerably higher rates of limb deformities where there was pesticide exposure," Kiesecker said in ...
  https://homeopathtyler.wordpress.com/2012/08/18/toxic-chemical-pesticides-on-your-skin-in-your-house-on-your-front-lawn/
*  Deformed Alien Cows | Mrs Wold's Biology Classes
The chemical contamination causes deformities in frogs. This is lowering the population of amphibians everywhere. ... www.vetsonline.com/publications/veterinary-times/archives/n-43-47/causes-of-congenital-calf-deformities.html ... It's all the same, and our actions can cause animals to have extra limbs, deformed beaks, feathers, or skin. But scientists ... This is also a big problem in amphibians like frogs, because it can get in the water and on land. Some of the frogs have 5 legs ...
  http://woldbiology.edublogs.org/2014/04/25/deformed-alien-cows/
*  Canary Database: Browse by Outcome: Abnormalities, Multiple
Limb Deformities, Congenital toxicity ,1, Lethal Dose 50 growth & development Death Species. ... Strategies for assessing the implications of malformed frogs for environmental health. Environ Health Perspect 2000 Jan;108(1): ...
  http://canarydatabase.org/browse/outcome/772
*  Deletion of a conserved regulatory element required for Hmx1 expression in craniofacial mesenchyme in the dumbo rat: a newly...
Dumbo rats exhibit congenital malformations of the pinna similar to dumbo mice, and modest reduction in ocular size at birth. ... One example is a highly conserved cis-acting element that regulates Shh expression in the developing limb and is the site of ... 8A). MultiZ alignment revealed that a core sequence is conserved across vertebrate classes, including in the chicken, frog and ... as a variant of the OAS that does not include severe eye deformities. It also provides a causative model for common ear ...
  http://dmm.biologists.org/content/5/6/812.full
*  May 2011 ~ UNUSUAL THINGs
Lymphedema is perhaps the most common cause and results in some extraordinarily enlarged limbs.. Frog-like Baby (unidentified ... With such severe deformities, it was a miracle that the girl survived even a few minutes after delivery. The baby died days ... Oram's case seems an aberration, an offshoot of a congenital defect," said eminent surgeon Dr B Ramana. The medical community ... Enlarged limbs can be caused by a number of medical conditions. ...
  http://unusual-things.blogspot.com.au/2011/05/
*  Equine conformation - Wikipedia
Horse is best to use in low-impact or low-speed sports May be conformationally induced from angular limb deformity or ... Contracted Heels [30] The heels appear narrow and the sulci of frogs are deep while the frog may be atrophied May be seen in ... Although sway backs are usually associated with older horses, there is also a congenital (sometimes genetic) form of sway back ... Toed-In/Medial Deviation of Pastern/Fetlock Varus An angular limb deformity causing a pigeon toed appearance from the fetlock ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equine_conformation
*  TMCO1 Gene - GeneCards | TMCO1 Protein | TMCO1 Antibody
sprengel deformity. *congenital elevation of the scapula. open-angle glaucoma. *glaucoma simplex ... African clawed frog. (Xenopus laevis). Amphibia. Xl.25231 33 *BJ038891.1. zebrafish. (Danio rerio) ... whereas Sprengel deformity of scapula, fusion of spine, rib abnormities, pectus excavatum, and pes planus represent skeletal ... And Mental Retardation Syndrome and Sprengel Deformity. ... upper limb. General: *hair. *peripheral nerve. *peripheral ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=TMCO1
*  Derrick Wan | Stanford Medicine Profiles
Hypertelorbitism has been associated with a variety of congenital deformities. Appropriate timing for surgical correction ... The role of stem cells in limb regeneration ORGANOGENESIS Zielins, E. R., Ransom, R. C., Leavitt, T. E., Longaker, M. T., Wan, ... and frogs. This work contributes to an ongoing effort toward continued development of novel treatment strategies. ... severity of deformity [determined by OMENS (orbital deformity, mandibular hypoplasia, ear deformity, nerve involvement, and ...
  https://med.stanford.edu/profiles/derrick-wan
*  Most recent papers with the keyword vestibular scoliosis | Read by QxMD
Here, we looked for early anomalies in AIS which are likely to be the cause of spinal deformity and could also be targeted by ... The aquatic ecophysiology and absence of body-weight-supporting limb proprioceptive signals in amphibian tadpoles as a ... Compatible with a vestibular origin, scoliotic deformations were provoked in adult Xenopus frogs by unilateral labyrinthectomy ... Although initial scrutiny has focused on genetic, biochemical, biomechanical, nutritional and congenital causes, there is ...
  https://www.readbyqxmd.com/keyword/102319
*  TNNI2 Gene - GeneCards | TNNI2 Protein | TNNI2 Antibody
pathogenic, not-provided, Distal arthrogryposis type 2B, not provided, Calcaneovalgus deformity, Congenital finger flexion ... a disease characterized by congenital joint contractures that mainly involve two or more distal parts of the limbs, in the ... African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis). *African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae). *Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera) ... span" data-trigger="SectionLoaded"> Limb (Muscoskeletal System) * Multinuclear Myocytes Forelimb Dorsal Muscles ...
  https://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?id_type=entrezgene&id=7136
*  PITX1 Gene - GeneCards | PITX1 Protein | PITX1 Antibody
A congenital limb deformity defined as fixation of the foot in cavus, adductus, varus, and equinus (i.e., inclined inwards, ... African clawed frog. (Xenopus laevis). Amphibia. pitx1 33 *AF217647.1. zebrafish. (Danio rerio) ... Pathogenic, Clubfoot, congenital, with or without deficiency of long bones and/or mirror-image polydactyly (CCF) [MIM:119800]. ... clubfoot, congenital, with or without deficiency of long bones and/or mirror-image polydactyly. *talipes equinovarus ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=PITX1&origene_sirna_func=2
*  Liver | Articles | Pediatrics
Synergism between trematode infection and pesticide exposure: a link to amphibian limb deformities in nature? Proc Natl Acad ... The recent report23 of mutagenic potential in frogs of another commonly used herbicide, atrazine, and its synergistic ... Infants who are born to mothers who were poisoned with PCB developed a congenital syndrome that included dysmorphism, skin ...
  http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/113/Supplement_3/1097.full
*  Prenatal diagnosis of Caudal Regression Syndrome : a case report | BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth | Full Text
Caudal regression is a rare syndrome which has a spectrum of congenital malformations ranging from simple anal atresia to ... Prenatal ultrasound examination revealed a sudden interruption of the spine and "frog-like" position of lower limbs. ... Segmental spinal dysgenesis (SSD) is a rare congenital abnormality in which a segment of the spine and spinal cord fails to ... Visualization of the anomalies such as amputation of the spine and the deformities of extremities which were described in this ...
  http://bmcpregnancychildbirth.biomedcentral.com.preview-live.oscarjournals.springer.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2393-1-8
*  STAC3 Gene - GeneCards | STAC3 Protein | STAC3 Antibody
Native American myopathy (NAM) [MIM:255995]: A disease characterized by congenital weakness and arthrogryposis, cleft palate, ... ptosis, short stature, kyphoscoliosis, talipes deformities, and susceptibility to malignant hyperthermia provoked by anesthesia ... limbs/digits/tail phenotype. GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for STAC3:. *Increased vaccinia virus (VACV) infection ... African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis). *African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae). *Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera) ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?gene=STAC3
*  Clavicle series | Radiology Reference Article | Radiopaedia.org
congenital abnormalities *obvious deformity. Projections. Standard projections. * AP*demonstrates the entire clavicle including ... lower limb radiography *pelvic girdle radiography * pelvis series *pelvis AP view ... pelvis frog leg view. *pelvic outlet view *pelvic inlet view *pelvic oblique acetabular view (Judet view) ...
  https://radiopaedia.org/articles/clavicle-series
*  TGFB3 Gene - GeneCards | TGFB3 Protein | TGFB3 Antibody
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, familial, 1 (ARVD1) [MIM:107970]: A congenital heart disease characterized by ... and clubfoot deformity. LDS5 patients do not manifest remarkable aortic or arterial tortuosity, and there is no strong evidence ... Tenocytes Limb Tendons and Ligaments *span" data-trigger="SectionLoaded"> Tooth (Integumentary System) * Stellate Reticulum ... African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis). *African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae). *Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera) ...
  http://www.genecards.org/cgi-bin/carddisp.pl?id_type=entrezgene&id=7043
*  Document 6900
... congenital diaphragmatic hernia, diaphragmatic paralysis)  Chest wall deformities  Metabolic (e.g., hypoglycemia, hypothermia ... Normal BP varies with GA and PNA (Refer to Appendix 6).  Lower limbs systolic pressure , upper limbs systolic pressure by 6-9 ... An assistant holds infant's legs in a frog-leg position.  Put on sterile gloves, and clean the skin at the puncture site with ... Common Congenital Anomalies CHAPTER 33 Common Congenital Anomalies If one congenital anomaly is discovered, search for another ...
  http://spotidoc.com/doc/6900/
*  CAUDAL AGENESIS & RELATED MALFORMATIONS
... deformities or bilateral congenital dislocation of the hips.. 2. Patients with imperforate anus (sacral aplasia is found in 13 ... The symmeli a is thought to be due to approximation and fusion of the two lower limb buds when the pelvis anlagen are drawn to ... Drastic temperature changes also produced frog embryos with caudal aplasia, which led to the implication of maternal pyrexia as ... foot paralysis have lesser deformities of high arches and hammer toes. Disabling proximal deformities such as genu recurvatum ...
  http://neurosurgery.tv/caudalagenesis.html