*  CHON-001 ATCC ® CRL-2846™ Homo sapiens Long bone; cartilage
The defective retrovirus was collected from the supernatant of the packaging cell line, PT67 transfected with the pLXSN vector ... The primary cells were infected by the defective retrovirus containing hTERT gene under G418 selection. ... The primary cells were infected by the defective retrovirus containing hTERT gene under G418 selection. The defective ... ATCC Virus Reference Materials * Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Quality Control Strains * * Ready to Use QC Strains ...
  https://atcc.org/en/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/hTERT_Immortalized_Cell_Lines/Chondrocyte_Fibroblast_Cells/CRL-2846.aspx
*  Patent US6811774 - Defective recombinant adenoviruses expressing cytokines for antitumor treatment - Google Patents
A recombinant nucleic acid used for the production of a defective adenovirus containing an inserted sequence coding for a ... c) Transfection of DNA and Isolation of Recombinant Viruses. The Ad-cytokine defective recombinant adenoviruses were obtained ... Hela or Vero cell lines are infected with the defective recombinant viruses obtained. Cells effectively transfected may be ... The subject of the present invention is defective recombinant adenoviruses, characterized in that they contain a defective, non ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6811774?dq=5,960,411
*  Defective Virus Plays Major Role in Spread of Disease, UCLA Scientists Report
... thought for decades to be essentially garbage unrelated to the transmission of normal viruses, now appear able to play an ... One is that the presence of the defective virus with the functional virus in the same cell makes the functional virus replicate ... "We have shown that the defective virus not only transmits with the virus but increases the transmission of the functional virus ... the combination of the defective virus with the normal virus was "more fit" than the normal dengue virus alone. ...
  http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/news/2013/03/defective-virus-plays-major-role-in-spread-of-disease-ucla-scientists-report.aspx
*  'Defective' Virus Leads to Epidemic of Dengue Fever | NSF - National Science...
It takes two (viruses) to tango. The functional virus and defective virus travel in unison. The two transmit together in an ... Defective viruses: disease transmitters beyond dengue?. Might defective viruses play a role in the transmission of the flu, ... One is that the presence of the defective virus with the functional virus in the same cell makes the functional virus replicate ... "We've shown that the defective virus not only goes with the normal virus, but increases the transmission of that virus," says ...
  https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=127103&org=BIO&from=news
*  Effects of Temperature and Host on the Generation of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Defective Interfering RNAs
The generation of defective interfering (DI) RNA molecules of tomato spotted wilt tospovirus (TSWV) was studied by serially ... Another factor promoting the TSWV DI RNA generation was the use of high virus concentrations in the inocula. The solanaceous ... whereas the virus recovered from the inoculated composite species, Emilia sonchifolia, remained free of any DI RNA under all ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/publications/phytopathology/1997/November/Pages/87_11_1168.aspx
*  The Structure of Influenza Virus Defective Interfering (DI) RNAs and Their Progenitor Genes | Springer for Research &...
... to define a class of virus particles which possess the following properties: (a) They are defective, unable to... ... virus particles was used by Huang and Baltimore [31] ... The term defective interfering (DI) virus particles was used by ... Influenza Virus Polymerase Gene Semliki Forest Virus Internal Deletion Human Influenza Virus These keywords were added by ... Cmmpton, W. M., Dimmock, N. J., Minor, P. D., Avery, R. J.: The RNAs of defective-interfering influenza virus. Virology 90, 370 ...
  https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-7091-8706-7_8
*  Similar papers for Analysis of ALV-based packaging cell lines for production of contaminant defective viruses. - Semantic...
In this report, we demonstrated that (i) despite the deletion of the psi packaging sequence, the packaging-defective ... transcomplementing retroviral transcripts were packaged into virions at a level that could reach 2.3% of a wild-type virus ... We have previously described avian leukosis virus-based packaging cell lines that express gag, pol, and env proteins from two ... Analysis of ALV-based packaging cell lines for production of contaminant defective viruses.. *. Anne Girod, F L Cosset, Gérard ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Analysis-of-ALV-based-packaging-cell-lines-for-pro-Girod-Cosset/558b9a27cc650908b8eb9f646ab3cd2b5a085437?tab=relatedPapers
*  Tombus virus defective interfering (DI) RNA region 3 - Wikipedia
Tombus virus defective interfering (DI) RNA region 3 is an important cis-regulatory region identified in the 3' UTR of ... Page for Tombus virus defective interfering (DI) RNA region 3 at Rfam. ... Infectious bronchitis virus D-RNA Red clover necrotic mosaic virus translation enhancer elements Ray D, White KA (2003). "An ... Defective interfering RNAs are small sub-viral replicons which are non-coding deletion mutants of the virus that maintain cis- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tombus_virus_defective_interfering_(DI)_RNA_region_3
*  Gene transfer using replication-defective human foamy virus vectors. - Zurich Open Repository and Archive
Replication-defective vectors based on an infectious molecular clone of human foamy virus (HFV) were constructed by deletion ... Replication-defective vectors based on an infectious molecular clone of human foamy virus (HFV) were constructed by deletion ... Gene transfer using replication-defective human foamy virus vectors. Virology, 235(1):65-72. ... Cell lines which produced in excess of 10(5) helper virus-free transducing units/ml were generated by trans-complementation of ...
  http://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/1844/
*  Modeling defective interfering virus therapy for AIDS: conditions for DIV survival (No DIV Interference) - Physiome Model...
You are here: Home / Exposures / Nelson, Perelson, 1995 / Modeling defective interfering virus therapy for AIDS: conditions for ... Modeling defective interfering virus therapy for AIDS: conditions for DIV survival (No DIV Interference) ... Modeling defective interfering virus therapy for AIDS: conditions for DIV survival (DIV Interference) ...
  http://models.cellml.org/e/52/nelson_1995a.cellml/@@cellml_math
*  Defective Control of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus | The Journal of Immunology
Defective Control of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Insoo Kang, Timothy Quan, Helena ... Epstein-Barr virus induces normal B cell responses but defective suppressor T cell responses in patients with systemic lupus ... Defective Control of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus ... Defective Control of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/172/2/1287.long
*  Hiv infections | definition of Hiv infections by Medical dictionary
helper virus. A virus that permits a defective virus present in the same cell to replicate. ... foamy virus. Spumavirus.. GB virus type C. Hepatitis G virus.. Guanarito virus. An arenavirus from the Tacaribe virus group ... slow virus. A virus that replicates and causes disease indolently.. See: slow virus infection. street virus. A rabies virus ... enteric orphan virus. See: enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus. Epstein-Barr virus. See: Epstein-Barr virus. Eyach virus ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Hiv+infections
*  A defective nontransmissible recombinant Sendai virus mediates efficient gene transfer to airway epithelium in vivo. | UK CF...
However, this virus is transmission competent and therefore unlikely to be suitable for use in clinical trials. A ... The development of an F-defective nontransmissible SeV, which can still efficiently mediate gene transfer to the airway ... Recombinant Sendai virus (SeV)-mediated gene transfer to differentiated airway epithelial cells has shown to be very efficient ... A defective nontransmissible recombinant Sendai virus mediates efficient gene transfer to airway epithelium in vivo.. Ferrari S ...
  http://cfgenetherapy.org.uk/publications/publication/253
*  Development of Novel Replication-defective Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus Vectors Expressing SIV Antigens
High-density Preculture of PBMCs Restores Defective Sensitivity of Circulating CD8 T Cells to Virus- and Tumor-derived Antigens ... Development of Novel Replication-defective Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus Vectors Expressing SIV Antigens. ... Efficacy of a Virus-vectored Vaccine Against Human and Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections ... Expression of DAI by an Oncolytic Vaccinia Virus Boosts the Immunogenicity of the Virus and Enhances Antitumor Immunity ...
  https://www.jpt.com/literature/Development-of-Novel-Replication-defective-Lymphocytic-Choriomeningitis-Virus-Vectors-Expressing-SIV-Antigens/?breadcrumbPath=1847
*  Functional and defective components of avian endogenous virus long terminal repeat enhancer sequences. - Semantic Scholar
... the endogenous viruses (ev) lack detectable enhancer activity. By creating ev-RSV hybrid LTRs, we previously demonstrated that ... and the avian leukosis viruses, contain a strong enhancer in the U3 portion of the proviral long terminal repeat (LTR). The ... Functional and defective components of avian endogenous virus long terminal repeat enhancer sequences.. @article{ ... Lymphoid leukosis viruses, their recognition as 'persistent' viruses and comparisons with certain other retroviruses of ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Functional-and-defective-components-of-avian-virus-Habel-Dohrer/9ac00665ed087fc8c69a85ceb424424e495f5f55
*  Evidence for a Novel Mechanism of Influenza Virus-Induced Type I Interferon Expression by a Defective RNA-Encoded Protein. |...
Influenza A virus (IAV) defective RNAs are generated as byproducts of error-prone viral RNA replication. They are commonly ... Evidence for a Novel Mechanism of Influenza Virus-Induced Type I Interferon Expression by a Defective RNA-Encoded Protein.. [ ... but also some defective RNA-encoded proteins can act immunostimulatory. In this particular case, the KAN-1-induced defective ... thereby reducing viral replication of IFN-sensitive viruses such as IAV or vesicular stomatitis virus. This induction of IFN is ...
  https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/26024522
*  Virus - Wikipedia
It is, therefore, a defective virus. Although hepatitis delta virus genome may replicate independently once inside a host cell ... I: dsDNA viruses. II: ssDNA viruses. III: dsRNA viruses. IV: (+)ssRNA viruses. V: (−)ssRNA viruses. VI: ssRNA-RT viruses. VII: ... A virus has either a DNA or an RNA genome and is called a DNA virus or an RNA virus, respectively. The vast majority of viruses ... Quote: "Virus: virus (s.n. II), gen. sing. viri, nom. pl. vira, gen. pl. vīrorum (to be distinguished from virorum, of men)." ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virus_structure
*  Expression of the growth-associated protein B-50/GAP43 via a defective herpes-simplex virus vector results in profound...
Expression of the growth-associated protein B-50/GAP43 via a defective herpes-simplex virus vector results in profound ... Expression of the growth-associated protein B-50/GAP43 via a defective herpes-simplex virus vector results in profound ...
  https://dspace.library.uu.nl/handle/1874/3772
*  JCI - Intravaginal immunization with HPV vectors induces tissue-resident CD8+ T cell responses
Replication-defective viruses as vaccines and vaccine vectors. Virology. 2006;344(1):230-239.. View this article via: PubMed ... Respiratory syncytial virus M282-90 and influenza NP147-155 recombinant vaccinia viruses were a gift from Brian Murphy (NIAID) ... Having local T cells can increase the local ratio of virus-specific CD8+ T cells to virus-infected cells and provide enhanced ... several systemic immunization strategies using live viruses, replication-defective viral vectors, or protein antigens and ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/63287?key=95b0c2a37738d68fcd61
*  Taking DRACOnian measures against viruses
The Defective Brain. 16 March 2013 at 19:58. Both the Human papillomavirus and the herpes Simplex viruses carry their genetic ... The goal of a virus is to enter a cell, and to hijack this process to make more viruses. Usually at some point, the virus will ... MicroTwJC: Vast Viruses !. Viruses ! Is there any word related to microbiology that conjures up the same fear, the same cache ... However viruses can evolve very quickly, and have matched pace with us in this evolutionary arms race. Viruses have evolved a ...
  http://defectivebrain.fieldofscience.com/2013/02/taking-draconian-measures-against.html
*  Dunc+hep+hiv+for+hull+2013 - English
Defective virus (requires HBsAg).Defective virus (requires HBsAg).  Only ever present as co infection with HBVOnly ever ... Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)  Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)  Hepatitis D Virus (delta HDV) ... virus by drug-replacement of wild-type (WT) virus by drug- resistant virus can occur in 14 to 28 daysresistant virus can occur ... Hepatitis D Virus (delta HDV)  Hepatitis E Virus (HEV)Hepatitis E Virus (HEV)  Hepatitis FHepatitis F  Hepatitis G Virus ( ...
  https://www.slideshare.net/sophiedestroyedoakley/dunchephivforhull2013
*  June 1964 - Scientific American
A Defective Cancer Virus. The Rous sarcoma virus is uniquely efficient in producing tumors. Its carcinogenic effect seems to be ... related to an inability to form a protein coat and reproduce itself without help from another virus ...
  https://www.scientificamerican.com/magazine/sa/1964/06-01/
*  New evidence: Defective HIV proviruses hinder immune system response and cure | EurekAlert! Science News
Researchers at Johns Hopkins and George Washington universities report new evidence that proteins created by defective forms of ... Part of the count is coming from defective viruses," says Ho. After verifying that defective HIV proviruses created HIV ... "The virus has a lot of ways, even in its defective forms, to distract our immune systems, and understanding how they do this is ... new_evidence_defective_hiv_proviruses_hinder_immune_system_response_and_cure More in Medicine & Health. * First global estimate ...
  https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-04/jhm-ned041917.php
*  Methods for detecting Hepatitis C virus using polynucleotides specific for same - Chiron Corporation
Hepatitis C virus (HCV), which has proven to be the major etiologic agent of blood-borne NANBH, was discovered by Applicant. ... Defective viruses have been known to occur in RNA viruses. By using PCR technology it is possible to design primers to amplify ... 1987)), Yellow Fever Virus (Rice et al. (1985)), Dengue Type 2 Virus (Hahn et al. (1988)), Dengue Type 4 Virus (Mackow (1987 ... 1987)), Yellow Fever Virus (Rice et al. (1985)), Dengue Type 2 Virus (Hahn et al. (1988)), Dengue Type 4 Virus (Mackow (1987 ...
  http://www.freepatentsonline.com/5712088.html
*  Defective Ribosomal Products Are the Major Source of Antigenic Peptides Endogenously Generated from Influenza A Virus...
defective ribosomal product. ER. endoplasmic reticulum. GC. Golgi complex. HA. hemagglutinin. IAV. influenza A virus. insOVA. ... Defective Ribosomal Products Are the Major Source of Antigenic Peptides Endogenously Generated from Influenza A Virus ... Defective Ribosomal Products Are the Major Source of Antigenic Peptides Endogenously Generated from Influenza A Virus ... Defective Ribosomal Products Are the Major Source of Antigenic Peptides Endogenously Generated from Influenza A Virus ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/184/3/1419.long