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*  CHON-001 ATCC ® CRL-2846™ Homo sapiens Long bone; cartilage
The defective retrovirus was collected from the supernatant of the packaging cell line, PT67 transfected with the pLXSN vector ... The primary cells were infected by the defective retrovirus containing hTERT gene under G418 selection. ... The primary cells were infected by the defective retrovirus containing hTERT gene under G418 selection. The defective ... ATCC Virus Reference Materials * Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) Quality Control Strains * * Ready to Use QC Strains ...
  https://atcc.org/en/Products/Cells_and_Microorganisms/hTERT_Immortalized_Cell_Lines/Chondrocyte_Fibroblast_Cells/CRL-2846.aspx
*  Patent US6811774 - Defective recombinant adenoviruses expressing cytokines for antitumor treatment - Google Patents
A recombinant nucleic acid used for the production of a defective adenovirus containing an inserted sequence coding for a ... c) Transfection of DNA and Isolation of Recombinant Viruses. The Ad-cytokine defective recombinant adenoviruses were obtained ... Hela or Vero cell lines are infected with the defective recombinant viruses obtained. Cells effectively transfected may be ... The subject of the present invention is defective recombinant adenoviruses, characterized in that they contain a defective, non ...
  http://www.google.com/patents/US6811774?dq=5,960,411
*  Defective Virus Plays Major Role in Spread of Disease, UCLA Scientists Report
... thought for decades to be essentially garbage unrelated to the transmission of normal viruses, now appear able to play an ... One is that the presence of the defective virus with the functional virus in the same cell makes the functional virus replicate ... "We have shown that the defective virus not only transmits with the virus but increases the transmission of the functional virus ... the combination of the defective virus with the normal virus was "more fit" than the normal dengue virus alone. ...
  http://www.infectioncontroltoday.com/news/2013/03/defective-virus-plays-major-role-in-spread-of-disease-ucla-scientists-report.aspx
*  'Defective' Virus Leads to Epidemic of Dengue Fever | NSF - National Science...
It takes two (viruses) to tango. The functional virus and defective virus travel in unison. The two transmit together in an ... Defective viruses: disease transmitters beyond dengue?. Might defective viruses play a role in the transmission of the flu, ... One is that the presence of the defective virus with the functional virus in the same cell makes the functional virus replicate ... "We've shown that the defective virus not only goes with the normal virus, but increases the transmission of that virus," says ...
  https://www.nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_summ.jsp?cntn_id=127103&org=BIO&from=news
*  Effects of Temperature and Host on the Generation of Tomato Spotted Wilt Virus Defective Interfering RNAs
The generation of defective interfering (DI) RNA molecules of tomato spotted wilt tospovirus (TSWV) was studied by serially ... Another factor promoting the TSWV DI RNA generation was the use of high virus concentrations in the inocula. The solanaceous ... whereas the virus recovered from the inoculated composite species, Emilia sonchifolia, remained free of any DI RNA under all ...
  http://www.apsnet.org/publications/phytopathology/1997/November/Pages/87_11_1168.aspx
*  Tombus virus defective interfering (DI) RNA region 3 - Wikipedia
Tombus virus defective interfering (DI) RNA region 3 is an important cis-regulatory region identified in the 3' UTR of ... Page for Tombus virus defective interfering (DI) RNA region 3 at Rfam. ... Infectious bronchitis virus D-RNA Red clover necrotic mosaic virus translation enhancer elements Ray D, White KA (2003). "An ... Defective interfering RNAs are small sub-viral replicons which are non-coding deletion mutants of the virus that maintain cis- ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tombus_virus_defective_interfering_(DI)_RNA_region_3
*  "Enhanced Competitiveness of Tomato Bushy Stunt Virus Defective Interf" by K. Andrew White and T. Jack Morris
We have analyzed atypical tomato bushy stunt virus defective interfering (DI) RNA species which accumulated during a passage ... We have analyzed atypical tomato bushy stunt virus defective interfering (DI) RNA species which accumulated during a passage ... Enhanced Competitiveness of Tomato Bushy Stunt Virus Defective Interfering RNAs by Segment Duplication or Nucleotide Insertion ...
  https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/bioscifacpub/587/
*  The Structure of Influenza Virus Defective Interfering (DI) RNAs and Their Progenitor Genes | Springer for Research &...
... to define a class of virus particles which possess the following properties: (a) They are defective, unable to... ... virus particles was used by Huang and Baltimore [31] ... The term defective interfering (DI) virus particles was used by ... Influenza Virus Polymerase Gene Semliki Forest Virus Internal Deletion Human Influenza Virus These keywords were added by ... Cmmpton, W. M., Dimmock, N. J., Minor, P. D., Avery, R. J.: The RNAs of defective-interfering influenza virus. Virology 90, 370 ...
  https://rd.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-7091-8706-7_8
*  Similar papers for Analysis of ALV-based packaging cell lines for production of contaminant defective viruses. - Semantic...
In this report, we demonstrated that (i) despite the deletion of the psi packaging sequence, the packaging-defective ... transcomplementing retroviral transcripts were packaged into virions at a level that could reach 2.3% of a wild-type virus ... We have previously described avian leukosis virus-based packaging cell lines that express gag, pol, and env proteins from two ... Analysis of ALV-based packaging cell lines for production of contaminant defective viruses.. *. Anne Girod, F L Cosset, Gérard ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Analysis-of-ALV-based-packaging-cell-lines-for-pro-Girod-Cosset/558b9a27cc650908b8eb9f646ab3cd2b5a085437?tab=relatedPapers
*  Gene transfer using replication-defective human foamy virus vectors. - Zurich Open Repository and Archive
Replication-defective vectors based on an infectious molecular clone of human foamy virus (HFV) were constructed by deletion ... Replication-defective vectors based on an infectious molecular clone of human foamy virus (HFV) were constructed by deletion ... Gene transfer using replication-defective human foamy virus vectors. Virology, 235(1):65-72. ... Cell lines which produced in excess of 10(5) helper virus-free transducing units/ml were generated by trans-complementation of ...
  http://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/1844/
*  Modeling defective interfering virus therapy for AIDS: conditions for DIV survival (No DIV Interference) - Physiome Model...
You are here: Home / Exposures / Nelson, Perelson, 1995 / Modeling defective interfering virus therapy for AIDS: conditions for ... Modeling defective interfering virus therapy for AIDS: conditions for DIV survival (No DIV Interference) ... Modeling defective interfering virus therapy for AIDS: conditions for DIV survival (DIV Interference) ...
  http://models.cellml.org/e/52/nelson_1995a.cellml/@@cellml_math
*  Prophylaxis and immunization in mice by use of virus-free defective T particles to protect against intracerebral infection by...
In vitro, virus-free T particles at extremely high multiplicities depress cellular RNA and protein synthesis and kill BHK21 ... Intracerebral injection of virus-free T particles alone is apparently innocuous to mice and stimulates immunity to massive ... This profound prophylactic effect of defective T particles is due to homologous autointerference since it is serotype-specific ... When pure T particles are injected intracerebrally along with large doses of infectious virus, they convert an otherwise ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Prophylaxis-and-immunization-in-mice-by-use-of-T-to-Doyle-Holland/84ebd7018d23e12bce87af9acaf075a09911414c
*  Defective Control of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus | The Journal of Immunology
Defective Control of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. Insoo Kang, Timothy Quan, Helena ... Epstein-Barr virus induces normal B cell responses but defective suppressor T cell responses in patients with systemic lupus ... Defective Control of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus ... Defective Control of Latent Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus ...
  http://www.jimmunol.org/content/172/2/1287.long
*  Human papilloma virus | definition of Human papilloma virus by Medical dictionary
What is Human papilloma virus? Meaning of Human papilloma virus medical term. What does Human papilloma virus mean? ... Looking for online definition of Human papilloma virus in the Medical Dictionary? Human papilloma virus explanation free. ... helper virus. A virus that permits a defective virus present in the same cell to replicate. ... foamy virus. Spumavirus.. GB virus type C. Hepatitis G virus.. Guanarito virus. An arenavirus from the Tacaribe virus group ...
  https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Human+papilloma+virus
*  HIV-positive | definition of HIV-positive by Medical dictionary
helper virus. A virus that permits a defective virus present in the same cell to replicate. ... foamy virus. Spumavirus.. GB virus type C. Hepatitis G virus.. Guanarito virus. An arenavirus from the Tacaribe virus group ... slow virus. A virus that replicates and causes disease indolently.. See: slow virus infection. street virus. A rabies virus ... enteric orphan virus. See: enteric cytopathogenic human orphan virus. Epstein-Barr virus. See: Epstein-Barr virus. Eyach virus ...
  http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/HIV-positive
*  A defective nontransmissible recombinant Sendai virus mediates efficient gene transfer to airway epithelium in vivo. | UK CF...
However, this virus is transmission competent and therefore unlikely to be suitable for use in clinical trials. A ... The development of an F-defective nontransmissible SeV, which can still efficiently mediate gene transfer to the airway ... Recombinant Sendai virus (SeV)-mediated gene transfer to differentiated airway epithelial cells has shown to be very efficient ... A defective nontransmissible recombinant Sendai virus mediates efficient gene transfer to airway epithelium in vivo.. Ferrari S ...
  http://cfgenetherapy.org.uk/publications/publication/253
*  Development of Novel Replication-defective Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus Vectors Expressing SIV Antigens
High-density Preculture of PBMCs Restores Defective Sensitivity of Circulating CD8 T Cells to Virus- and Tumor-derived Antigens ... Development of Novel Replication-defective Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus Vectors Expressing SIV Antigens. ... Efficacy of a Virus-vectored Vaccine Against Human and Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections ... Expression of DAI by an Oncolytic Vaccinia Virus Boosts the Immunogenicity of the Virus and Enhances Antitumor Immunity ...
  https://www.jpt.com/literature/Development-of-Novel-Replication-defective-Lymphocytic-Choriomeningitis-Virus-Vectors-Expressing-SIV-Antigens/?breadcrumbPath=1847
*  Molecular analysis of structural protein genes of the Yamagata-1 strain of defective subacute sclerosing panencephalitis virus....
... and the positions of cysteine and proline were almost identical in the two viruses. The functional domains of SSPE-virus F ... The variations of the C-terminal region of the F protein were observed with two other SSPE viruses, suggesting that this may be ... Four antigenic epitopes on the MV F protein were also conserved on the SSPE-virus F protein. However, deletion of one ... The homology of the amino acid sequence of the F protein between the MV and SSPE virus was 96.27%, ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Molecular-analysis-of-structural-protein-genes-of-Komase-Haga/790ac4081a49c375697f6ff92e185656eae65d0f
*  Functional and defective components of avian endogenous virus long terminal repeat enhancer sequences. - Semantic Scholar
... the endogenous viruses (ev) lack detectable enhancer activity. By creating ev-RSV hybrid LTRs, we previously demonstrated that ... and the avian leukosis viruses, contain a strong enhancer in the U3 portion of the proviral long terminal repeat (LTR). The ... Functional and defective components of avian endogenous virus long terminal repeat enhancer sequences.. @article{ ... Lymphoid leukosis viruses, their recognition as 'persistent' viruses and comparisons with certain other retroviruses of ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Functional-and-defective-components-of-avian-virus-Habel-Dohrer/9ac00665ed087fc8c69a85ceb424424e495f5f55
*  Evidence for a Novel Mechanism of Influenza Virus-Induced Type I Interferon Expression by a Defective RNA-Encoded Protein. |...
Influenza A virus (IAV) defective RNAs are generated as byproducts of error-prone viral RNA replication. They are commonly ... Evidence for a Novel Mechanism of Influenza Virus-Induced Type I Interferon Expression by a Defective RNA-Encoded Protein.. [ ... but also some defective RNA-encoded proteins can act immunostimulatory. In this particular case, the KAN-1-induced defective ... thereby reducing viral replication of IFN-sensitive viruses such as IAV or vesicular stomatitis virus. This induction of IFN is ...
  https://www.sigmaaldrich.com/catalog/papers/26024522
*  Virus - Wikipedia
It is, therefore, a defective virus. Although hepatitis delta virus genome may replicate independently once inside a host cell ... I: dsDNA viruses. II: ssDNA viruses. III: dsRNA viruses. IV: (+)ssRNA viruses. V: (−)ssRNA viruses. VI: ssRNA-RT viruses. VII: ... A virus has either a DNA or an RNA genome and is called a DNA virus or an RNA virus, respectively. The vast majority of viruses ... Quote: "Virus: virus (s.n. II), gen. sing. viri, nom. pl. vira, gen. pl. vīrorum (to be distinguished from virorum, of men)." ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virus_structure
*  Expression of the growth-associated protein B-50/GAP43 via a defective herpes-simplex virus vector results in profound...
Expression of the growth-associated protein B-50/GAP43 via a defective herpes-simplex virus vector results in profound ... Expression of the growth-associated protein B-50/GAP43 via a defective herpes-simplex virus vector results in profound ...
  https://dspace.library.uu.nl/handle/1874/3772
*  Selection of recombinant MVA by rescue of the essential D4R gene | Virology Journal | Full Text
Recombinant, replicating virus was obtained by re-introduction of the deleted viral gene as a dominant selection marker into ... we assessed marker rescue of the essential viral D4R gene in an engineered deletion mutant that is fully replication defective ... Modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) has become a promising vaccine vector due to its immunogenicity and its proven safety in ... Growth assay of defective MVA for replicating contaminants. To detect replication competent virus in defective virus stocks, ...
  https://virologyj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1743-422X-8-529
*  Taking DRACOnian measures against viruses
The Defective Brain. 16 March 2013 at 19:58. Both the Human papillomavirus and the herpes Simplex viruses carry their genetic ... The goal of a virus is to enter a cell, and to hijack this process to make more viruses. Usually at some point, the virus will ... MicroTwJC: Vast Viruses !. Viruses ! Is there any word related to microbiology that conjures up the same fear, the same cache ... However viruses can evolve very quickly, and have matched pace with us in this evolutionary arms race. Viruses have evolved a ...
  http://defectivebrain.fieldofscience.com/2013/02/taking-draconian-measures-against.html
*  JCI - Intravaginal immunization with HPV vectors induces tissue-resident CD8+ T cell responses
Replication-defective viruses as vaccines and vaccine vectors. Virology. 2006;344(1):230-239.. View this article via: PubMed ... Respiratory syncytial virus M282-90 and influenza NP147-155 recombinant vaccinia viruses were a gift from Brian Murphy (NIAID) ... Having local T cells can increase the local ratio of virus-specific CD8+ T cells to virus-infected cells and provide enhanced ... several systemic immunization strategies using live viruses, replication-defective viral vectors, or protein antigens and ...
  https://www.jci.org/articles/view/63287?key=95b0c2a37738d68fcd61