*  Solid and gaseous cerebral microembolization during off-pump, on-pump, and open cardiac surgery procedures. - Nuffield...
15 off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, 15 on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, and 15 open cardiac procedures). All ... of microemboli in the off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting, and open procedure ... in the on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting and open procedure groups, respectively (P ,.05). In the on-pump groups, 24% of ... Twelve percent of microemboli in the off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting group were solid compared with 28% and 22% ...
  https://www.nds.ox.ac.uk/publications/142237
*  YUHSpace: Impact of intraoperative hyperglycaemia on renal dysfunction after off-pump coronary artery bypass
Impact of intraoperative hyperglycaemia on renal dysfunction after off-pump coronary artery bypass ... is one of the most frequently occurring complications after off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB). Hyperglycaemia is a ...
  https://ir.ymlib.yonsei.ac.kr/handle/22282913/87511
*  Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
... on-pump coronary artery bypass, [ONCAB]) in ,80% of patients and without CPB (off-pump coronary artery bypass [OPCAB]) in ≈10- ... "Minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass and off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery: Anesthetic considerations". ... "On-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in a cohort of 63,000 patients". Ann Thorac Surg. vol. 87. 2009. pp. ... Shroyer, AL, Grover, FL, Hattler, B. "On-pump versus off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery". N Engl J Med. vol. 361. 2009. pp ...
  http://www.psychiatryadvisor.com/anesthesiology/off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting/article/582274/
*  The Efficacy and Safety of Ramosetron in Patients Undergoing Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery - AdisInsight
... on corrected QT interval in patients undergoing off pump coronary artery ... The Efficacy and Safety of Ramosetron in Patients Undergoing Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Next Previous ... The Efficacy and Safety of Ramosetron in Patients Undergoing Off Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery Completed ...
  http://adisinsight.springer.com/trials/700246954?error=cookies_not_supported&code=87e80775-4a86-4bfa-b772-9636c2e5a28e
*  Eisenmenger Syndrome Singapore - 65 Doctor Singapore
Multivessel off pump coronary artery bypass grafting. - Robotic assisted coronary artery bypass surgery ... multivessel off pump coronary artery bypass grafting in July 1997 and robotic assisted coronary artery bypass surgery in April ... endoscopic harvesting techniques for conduits in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and non sternotomy Coronary Artery Bypass ... He was also the first surgeon in Asia to perform off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting using the Octopus stabilizer and has ...
  http://65doctor.com/specialty/eisenmenger-syndrome
*  Short-term changes in cerebral activity in on-pump and off-pump cardiac surgery defined by functional magnetic resonance...
... imaging to contrast perioperative prefrontal activation in patients undergoing on-pump and off-pump coronary artery bypass ... resonance imaging of the brain can detect subclinical changes in prefrontal cortical activation after coronary artery bypass ... METHODS: Functional images of the brain were acquired in 25 patients undergoing cardiac surgery (13 off-pump and 12 on-pump) ... Patients undergoing on-pump, but not off-pump, surgery have a significant relative reduction in prefrontal activation, which ...
  https://www.nds.ox.ac.uk/publications/141634
*  Effects of Colloid and Crystalloid on the Microcirculatory Alterations During Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery - Full...
Effects of Colloid and Crystalloid on the Microcirculatory Alterations During Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery. This ... The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of crystalloid and colloid, which are used for pump priming solution, on ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01713166
*  On Versus Off Pump Myocardial Revascularization Study - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Patients will be randomized to undergo off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) or coronary artery bypass graft with ... Coronary Artery Disease Procedure: Off-pump bypass surgery Procedure: On-pump bypass surgery Phase 4 ... coronary artery bypass graft with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB/CAB). Procedure: On-pump bypass surgery is a technique that ... Experimental: Off-pump bypass surgery Off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) using mandatory a stabilization device and ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01290952
*  BIS (Controversies)
... or undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery], acute trauma with hypovolaemia, rigid bronchoscopy, significant ...
  http://www.openanesthesia.org/bis_controversies/
*  CME Long-Term Survival After Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting | OpenCME
outline the advantages and disadvantages of off-pump CABG.. - describe the most commonly used conduits for off-pump CABG.. - ... estimate the short-term advantage and long-term disadvantage of off-pump surgery. ...
  http://opencme.org/course/long-term-survival-after-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
*  Prophylactic dialysis in patients with renal dysfunction undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery.
... than 2.5 mg/dL are associated with markedly increased risk for both mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing coronary ... artery bypass surgery. We aimed to determine the effects of prophylactic per ... Cardiopulmonary Bypass*. Cause of Death. Coronary Artery Bypass*. Creatinine / blood*. Female. Hospital Mortality. Humans. ... and the development of acute renal failure and prolong the length of hospital stay after on-pump coronary artery bypass surgery ...
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Prophylactic-dialysis-in-patients-with/12645707.html
*  Abstract 1845: Outcome following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Acute Myocardial...
Background: The SHOCK Trial demonstrated that early revascularization (ERV) provided a survival advantage compared with initial medical stabilization in patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI). The ideal revascularization strategy for patients with cardiogenic shock in the setting of left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease is unknown.. Methods: We compared 30-day survival rates associated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in this clinical setting. A multiple Cox regression model with left truncation was used to identify risk factors for 30-day mortality and attempt to correct for the bias that would be attributable to the differential time to revascularization.. Results: The SHOCK Trial (n=144) and Registry (=33) included 177 patients with significant (,50%) LMCA disease who underwent revascularization (CABG or PCI). Although the trial protocol ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/116/Suppl_16/II_394.3
*  Lirias: The use of midazolam versus propofol for short-term sedation following coronary artery bypass grafting
Midazolam and propofol were compared in an open randomized study for postoperative sedation during 12 h of mechanical ventilation in 40 patients following coronary artery bypass grafting. After an intravenous loading dose of midazolam (50 micrograms.kg-1) or propofol (500 micrograms.kg-1), a titrated continuous infusion was administered of midazolam (mean dose 38.1 micrograms.kg-1.h-1 (SEM 2.6)) or propofol (mean dose 909 micrograms.kg-1.h-1 (SEM 100)) together with a narcotic analgesic infusion. During mechanical ventilation midazolam and propofol produced a similar quality of sedation, but recovery (midazolam 66 min (SEM 16); propofol 24 min (SEM 7)) and weaning from the ventilator (midazolam 243 min (SEM 44); propofol 154 min (SEM 33)) where faster with propofol. In the 2 groups administration of an intravenous loading dose caused a significant decrease in mean arterial pressure but hemodynamic tolerance during maintenance infusion was good ...
  https://lirias.kuleuven.be/handle/123456789/29931
*  Coronary artery bypass surgery - definition of Coronary artery bypass surgery by The Free Dictionary
Define Coronary artery bypass surgery. Coronary artery bypass surgery synonyms, Coronary artery bypass surgery pronunciation, Coronary artery bypass surgery translation, English dictionary definition of Coronary artery bypass surgery. Surgery to create an alternative route of blood flow to the heart
  http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Coronary+artery+bypass+surgery
*  Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Devices Market Analysis Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Segmentation and Forecast 2017 To 2025:...
According to the recent report Published by Credence Research, Inc. "Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Devices Market (Device Type: Tissue Stabilizers, Heart Positioners, Refractors, Cannulas, Cardiopulmonary Bypass Machines, Endoscopic Vessel Harvesting Systems and Others; Surgery Type: On Pump, Off Pump and Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting; Technique Type: Traditional Vessel Harvesting and Endoscopic Vessel Harvesting)- Growth, Future Prospects and Competitive Analysis, 2017-2025," the global coronary artery bypass grafting devices market is estimated to grow at CAGR of 5.5%.. Browse the full report Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Devices Market - Growth, Future Prospects and Competitive Analysis, 2017-2025 at ...
  http://www.michigannewsupdates.com/story/156455/coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-devices-market-analysis-size-share-growth-trends-segmentation-and-forecast-2017-to-2025-credence-research.html
*  Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Devices Market Analysis Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Segmentation and Forecast 2017 To 2025:...
According to the recent report Published by Credence Research, Inc. "Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Devices Market (Device Type: Tissue Stabilizers, Heart Positioners, Refractors, Cannulas, Cardiopulmonary Bypass Machines, Endoscopic Vessel Harvesting Systems and Others; Surgery Type: On Pump, Off Pump and Minimally Invasive Direct Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting; Technique Type: Traditional Vessel Harvesting and Endoscopic Vessel Harvesting)- Growth, Future Prospects and Competitive Analysis, 2017-2025," the global coronary artery bypass grafting devices market is estimated to grow at CAGR of 5.5%.. Browse the full report Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Devices Market - Growth, Future Prospects and Competitive Analysis, 2017-2025 at ...
  http://www.ussharemarkets.com/story/153375/coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-devices-market-analysis-size-share-growth-trends-segmentation-and-forecast-2017-to-2025-credence-research.html
*  Adenosine thallium-201 tomography in evaluation of graft patency late after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. - Semantic...
OBJECTIVES We sought to ascertain the utility of adenosine thallium-201 tomography for assessing graft stenoses late after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. BACKGROUND Although pharmacologic perfusion imaging has been increasingly used in the assessment of patients with coronary artery disease, the value of this stress modality for detecting coronary artery bypass graft stenosis late after surgery is unknown. METHODS We studied 109 patients who underwent both adenosine thallium-201 tomography and coronary angiography at 6.7 +/- 4.8 (mean +/- SD) years after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Adenosine thallium-201 tomography was assessed quantitatively by computer-generated polar maps of the myocardial thallium-201 activity. RESULTS On coronary angiography, significant graft ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Adenosine-thallium-201-tomography-in-evaluation-of-Khoury-Rivera/c7fa2a5ca53f1dd7fcdde7f32cc66f8da83e8f56
*  Haemodynamic effects during endoscopic vein harvest of the saphenous vein for off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic vein harvest (EVH) for coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is performed with carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation for visualization and dissection. The insufflated CO2 is rapidly absorbed into the body and may influence haemody
  http://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Haemodynamic-effects-during-endoscopic-vein/19842243.html
*  CARG: Coronary Artery Rehabilitation Group Blog: Minimally invasive approach during coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is...
New research shows that a minimally invasive approach used during coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is safe and effective, despite previous studies that linked endoscopic vein harvesting to a higher mortality rate. The research, published in the August 1, 2012 edition of The Journal of the American Medical Association, was an observational study of more than 235,000 patients included in The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Database who underwent CABG surgery at 934 participating surgical centers. Investigators compared the three-year outcomes of patients undergoing EVH to the outcomes of patients undergoing the more invasive open vein harvesting (OVH) procedure and found no difference in mortality rates. "This study should alleviate concerns of patients and surgeons raised by past studies, and confirms the superiority of the EVH technique in terms of infection and wound complication rates that makes the minimally invasive approach the preferred ...
  http://cargsaskatoon.blogspot.com/2012/08/minimally-invasive-approach-during.html
*  Risk factors for cognitive dysfunction after coronary artery bypass graft surgery in patients with type 2 diabetes. - Semantic...
OBJECTIVES The mechanisms of postoperative cognitive dysfunction in patients with diabetes after coronary artery bypass grafting are not fully understood. We sought to determine which type 2 diabetes-related factors contributed to postoperative cognitive dysfunction at 7 days and 6 months after coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS One hundred eighty patients with type 2 diabetes who were scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass grafting were studied. As a control group, 100 patients without diabetes mellitus matched for age, sex, and educational level were examined. Hemodynamic parameters (arterial and jugular venous blood gas values) were measured during cardiopulmonary bypass. All patients underwent a battery of neurologic and neuropsychologic tests the day before surgery, 7 days after surgery, and 6 months after ...
  https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Risk-factors-for-cognitive-dysfunction-after-coron-Kadoi-Saito/b7236b18f54d2a9f1d5658c2d5e8fe4bcc2f38b4
*  Rate Of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgeries Decreases Substantially - Redorbit
Between 2001 and 2008, the annual rate of coronary artery bypass graft surgeries performed in the United States decreased by more than 30 percent, but rates of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI; procedures such as balloon angioplasty or stent placement used to open narrowed coronary arteries) did not change significantly, according to a study in the May 4 issue of JAMA.. "Coronary revascularization, comprising coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery and PCI, is among the most common major medical procedures provided by the U.S. health care system, with more than 1 million procedures performed annually," according to background information in the article. Several innovations in coronary revascularization, such as drug-eluting stents (DES) and minimally invasive CABG surgery have been adopted widely in the past decade, with the ...
  http://www.redorbit.com/news/health/2040509/rate_of_coronary_artery_bypass_graft_surgeries_decreases_substantially/
*  Preoperative Aspirin and Postoperative Antiplatelets in Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: The PAPA CABG Study - Full Text View -...
Main Research Question(s):. What is the effect of continuing aspirin until the time of coronary artery bypass graft surgery and of adding clopidogrel to aspirin after coronary artery bypass graft surgery for preventing blockage of coronary grafts, heart attack, stroke, and death? To reliably answer this question requires a large randomised trial. Before applying for a major grant from the Canadian Institute for Health Research to do the large study we would like to perform a small pilot study of 150 patients to demonstrate that it is feasible to recruit patients and to use a new test called 'CT angiography' to determine whether the bypass grafts are still working or have become blocked.. (ii) Why is this research important? Coronary artery bypass surgery has made a very important contribution to improving the health and ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00330772?recr=Open&cond=%22Coronary+Artery+Bypass%22&rank=5
*  Coronary artery bypass - definition of coronary artery bypass by The Free Dictionary
Define coronary artery bypass. coronary artery bypass synonyms, coronary artery bypass pronunciation, coronary artery bypass translation, English dictionary definition of coronary artery bypass. Surgery to create an alternative route of blood flow to the heart
  http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Coronary+artery+bypass
*  Anxiety, depression and perceived control in patients having coronary artery bypass grafts - Gallagher - 2009 - Journal of...
Title. Anxiety, depression and perceived control in patients having coronary artery bypass grafts.. Aim. This paper is a report of a study to determine (1) the course of anxiety, depression and perceptions of control, and (2) the influence of perceptions of control, in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafts before surgery, after surgery in hospital and 2 weeks after discharge.. Background. Anxiety and depression are common in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients and predictive of worse outcomes. Few researchers have examined the influence of perceived control on these emotional states in the acute surgical period.. Methods. A prospective, descriptive design was used with a convenience sample of patients having coronary grafts (n = 155). Anxiety and depression were measured by the Hospital Anxiety and ...
  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.05101.x/abstract
*  External validation and updating of a prediction model for nosocomial pneumonia after coronary artery bypass graft surgery
The generalizability of a prediction model from North America for incident nosocomial pneumonia following coronary artery bypass graft surgery was assessed for 23247 patients on the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons (ANZSCTS) registry. The performance of the North American model was evaluated using measures of calibration and discrimination. The model had reasonable discrimination (area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve, AUC=0·69), but unsatisfactory calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow test, P,0·001) in the ANZSCTS patients. An update of the model coefficients yielded a model with AUC=0·71 and good calibration (P=0·46). © 2013 Cambridge University Press.. ...
  https://espace.curtin.edu.au/handle/20.500.11937/41927
*  Impact of Intraoperative Hypotension During Cardiopulmonary Bypass on Acute Kidney Injury After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether acute kidney injury (AKI) after coronary artery bypass grafting can be attributed to intraoperative hypotension during cardiopulmonary bypass (IOH-CPB). Design: Retrospective analysis. Setting: Tertiary-care hospital. Participants: Patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting from June 2011 to January 2014. Interventions: ... read more None. Measurements and Main Results: IOH-CPB was defined as blood pressure below several absolute and relative mean arterial pressure (MAP) thresholds and as the area under the curve for absolute MAP thresholds. AKI was defined as an absolute increase in serum creatinine of≥26 μmol/L within 48 hours or an increase to 150% or more within 7 days of surgery. Poisson regression with robust standard errors both before and after adjustment for confounders was used. Of the ...
  https://dspace.library.uu.nl/handle/1874/356363
*  Comparing of percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass graft surgery in treating single and multi-vessel...
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery are two types of revascularization procedures done in patients with single and multi-vessel coronary disease. The purpose of this review of the literature was to determine whether either of these revascularization procedures had a better outcome than the other in treating single and multi-vessel coronary artery disease. Initially, PCI consist of balloon angioplasty then progressed to include the use of coronary bare-metal stents and drug-eluting stents. CABG surgery can involve an on-pump procedure which requires cardiac arrest and rerouting the blood during the procedure or off-pump procedures which takes place in the beating heart. The risk of restenosis, thrombosis, graft failure, cognitive decline and repeat revascularization and other post-procedure ...
  http://content.library.ccsu.edu/cdm/singleitem/collection/ccsutheses/id/1607/rec/8
*  British Library EThOS: Effect of omega-3 fatty acids on atrial fibrillation following coronary artery bypass surgery and...
Omega-3 fatty acids ; Atrial fibrillation ; Coronary by-pass surgery ; Calcium handling ; Ryanodine receptor ; Phospholamban ; Sudden cardiac death
  http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.549047
*  Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) India Hospital | New life health tours
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a form of surgery utilized to treat and take care of
  http://newlifehealthtours.com/cabg-surgery/
*  AHA: One or Two Drinks May Not Hurt Bypass Patients | Medpage Today
CHICAGO -- Having an alcoholic drink does not appear to cause problems for patients following coronary artery bypass graft surgery -- but doctors warn that these patients cannot have more than one or
  https://www.medpagetoday.com/meetingcoverage/aha/23415
*  Oxidative stress during coronary artery bypass operations : Importance of surgical trauma and drug treatment
Objective. To investigate oxidative stress and myocardial injury at different stages of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Design. Twenty patients underwent CABG with use of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and with intermittent sampling of plasma and urine. Main markers were: 8-iso-PGF(2 alpha) (oxidative stress); troponin T (myocardial injury); and 15-keto-dihydro-PGF2 alpha and hsCRP (inflammation). Results. Plasma 8-iso-PGF2 alpha increased after start of surgery, but there was no further rise during CPB or after aortic cross-clamp release and no significant myocardial arterio-venous differences. An increase in troponin T was seen early after the operation, but no relationship was established between 8-iso-PGF2 alpha and troponin T. 8-iso-PGF2 alpha levels were elevated by preoperative withdrawal of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) but reduced by intraoperative use of heparin. 15-keto-dihydro-PGF2 alpha was elevated during operation and hsCRP ...
  http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:68607
*  MOTIV Study- Effect of Antidepressive Treatment by Escitalopram in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting - Full...
Depression is known to have an adverse effect on post-operative mortality and morbidity after coronary artery bypass grafting. Cardiac surgery is known to cause transient depression in patients. The purpose of this double-blind, randomized study is to determine the effect of an antidepressive medication (Escitalopram), started preoperatively and given during 6 months, on 6-month and 1 year post-operative morbidity and mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting. Treatment is given from 21 to 15 days pre-operatively until the 6th post-operative month. Morbidity as defined by the STS database as well as mortality is checked during 1 year ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00243477
*  Off-Pump Versus On-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery. Differences in Short-Term Outcomes and in Long-Term Mortality and...
Thank you for your interest in spreading the word on Circulation.. NOTE: We only request your email address so that the person you are recommending the page to knows that you wanted them to see it, and that it is not junk mail. We do not capture any email address. ...
  http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/early/2007/08/20/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.675595
*  Aspirin and Plavix Following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The purpose of this study is to evaluate how well the combination of clopidogrel and aspirin lower the risk of clot forming in the bypass graft after open heart surgery. This combination has not yet been approved by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) for treating clots in the bypass graft. However, the FDA has not objected to its use to study its safety and effectiveness. This study will enroll approximately 150 total subjects all of which will be at Brooke Army Medical Center/Wilford Hall Medical Center. The study will be for 52 weeks from the day of surgery.. After bypass surgery and inclusion criteria is met, subjects will be placed on aspirin 81 mg once daily and placebo once daily or aspirin 81 mg once daily and clopidogrel 75mg once daily to keep the bypass grafts open after surgery. There are no studies to date comparing the two study groups A CT scan of the heart will be done 2 weeks after surgery to see if the grafts are still ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01158703?term=heart+transplant+OR+cardiac+transplant&recr=Open&fund=01&rank=16
*  Aspirin and Plavix Following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting - Tabular View - ClinicalTrials.gov
The purpose of this study is to evaluate how well the combination of clopidogrel and aspirin lower the risk of clot forming in the bypass graft after open heart surgery. This combination has not yet been approved by the Food & Drug Administration (FDA) for treating clots in the bypass graft. However, the FDA has not objected to its use to study its safety and effectiveness. This study will enroll approximately 150 total subjects all of which will be at Brooke Army Medical Center/Wilford Hall Medical Center. The study will be for 52 weeks from the day of surgery.. After bypass surgery and inclusion criteria is met, subjects will be placed on aspirin 81 mg once daily and placebo once daily or aspirin 81 mg once daily and clopidogrel 75mg once daily to keep the bypass grafts open after surgery. There are no studies to date comparing the two study groups A CT scan of the heart will be done 2 weeks after surgery to see if the grafts are still ...
  https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/record/NCT01158703?show_rss=Y&sel_rss=mod14