*  Pulmonary contusion - Wikipedia
Contusion involves hemorrhage in the alveoli (tiny air-filled sacs responsible for absorbing oxygen), but a hematoma is a ... Larger contusions have been correlated with a need for ventilation for longer periods of time. Pulmonary contusion or its ... pulmonary contusion does not involve a cut or tear of the lung tissue. A pulmonary contusion is usually caused directly by ... Pulmonary contusion is the most common cause of death among vehicle occupants involved in accidents, and it is thought to ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulmonary_contusion
*  Cerebral contusion - Wikipedia
The distinction between contusion and intracerebral hemorrhage is blurry because both involve bleeding within the brain tissue ... Hemorrhages may be larger than in normal contusions if the injury is quite severe. This type of injury has a poor prognosis if ... Contusions are likely to heal on their own without medical intervention. The symptoms of a cerebral contusion (bruising on the ... arbitrary cutoff exists that the injury is a contusion if two thirds or less of the tissue involved is blood and a hemorrhage ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cerebral_contusion
*  Diffuse Axonal Injury: Pathological and Clinical Aspects | MedCrave
Macroscopic findings include deep contusions and multiple petechial hemorrhages primarily involving cerebral white matter, ... Gliding contusions of parasagittal frontal lobe white matter (Figure 2) and deep cerebral contusion of basal ganglia and region ... Figure 3: Contusion Hematoma in Right Putamen Region (Basal Ganglia) and White Matter Petechial Hemorrhage in Left Temporal ... Streaky Contusion Hemorrhages over Frontal Gyral Crest Also Present (Brain Sectioned in Fresh State). ...
  http://googlescholar.medcraveonline.com/scholars/article_fulltext/2756
*  Traumatic brain injury - Wikipedia
In contrast, intracranial hemorrhage involves bleeding that is not mixed with tissue. Hematomas, also focal lesions, are ... Rehman T, Ali R, Tawil I, Yonas H (2008). "Rapid progression of traumatic bifrontal contusions to transtentorial herniation: A ... In a similar injury, cerebral contusion (bruising of brain tissue), blood is mixed among tissue. ... Subarachnoid hemorrhage involves bleeding into the space between the arachnoid membrane and the pia mater. Intraventricular ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Traumatic_brain_injury
*  Inflammation in epileptogenesis after traumatic brain injury | Journal of Neuroinflammation | Full Text
... such as lesions caused by contusions or hemorrhages, or diffuse injuries, such as with traumatic axonal injury [4]. TBI ... This involves the administration of a chemical or electrical pro-convulsant stimulus to create a sustained seizure event (the ... Progesterone administration modulates TLRs/NF-kappa B signaling pathway in rat brain after cortical contusion. Ann Clin Lab Sci ... Toll-like receptor 4 and high-mobility group box-1 are involved in ictogenesis and can be targeted to reduce seizures. Nat Med ...
  https://jneuroinflammation.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12974-016-0786-1
*  Mechanics of the brain: perspectives, challenges, and opportunities | SpringerLink
Subcortical Contusions. Contusions of the mature brain are superficial, involving the cortex. They are hemorrhagic, later ... Arrows indicate hemorrhage around the venous sinus (\(S\)), between the fibers of the dura, and extending onto the deep surface ... Surface contusion is extremely rare in the infant brain. A quite distinct pathology, typically seen in infants in the first 5 ... They involve the mechanics of brain tissue specifically in the high strain rate regime. In a multi-scale approach, they can ...
  https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10237-015-0662-4
*  Multiple cerebral contusions and temporal bone fracture | Radiology Case | Radiopaedia.org
Progression of parenchymal contusions in frontal and temporal lobes and of frontal subdural haemorrhage. ... Mixed transverse and longitudinal left temporal bone fracture involving mastoid and external auditory canal. Hyperdense fluid ... Tags: sah, sdh, subdural haemorrhage, subarachnoid haemorrhage, emergency medicine, traumatic brain injury, tbi ... Multiple cerebral contusions and temporal bone fracture. Case contributed by Dr Derek Smith ◉ ...
  https://radiopaedia.org/cases/multiple-cerebral-contusions-and-temporal-bone-fracture
*  The Polytraumatized Patient: Overview, Primary Survey, Shock In The Polytraumatized Patient
Intracranial bleeding, including subarachnoid hemorrhage, intracranial hemorrhage, subdural hematoma, and epidural hematoma all ... Pulmonary contusion * Diagnosis: Pulmonary opacities can be seen on chest radiographs.. * Treatment: Avoid fluid overload if ... Elderly patients are less likely to be involved in trauma but are more likely to die from trauma. Falls are the most common ... Examine the abdomen for surgical scars, contusions (seatbelt sign), or lacerations. Listen for bowel sounds. Feel gently for ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1270888-overview
*  IBIS-PH - Health Indicator Report - Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
... contusion, laceration, and hemorrhage; 950.1-950.3 Injury to the optic chiasm, optic pathways, and visual cortex; 959.01 Head ... T01.0 Open wounds involving head with neck; T02.0 Fractures involving head with neck; T04.0 Crushing injuries involving head ... Clinical definitions of TBI exclude several conditions including: lacerations or contusions of the face, eye, or scalp without ... or hemorrhages, bruising, or other trauma of the brain. With death, the injury has been listed on the death certificate, ...
  http://ibis.health.utah.gov/indicator/view/TBI.SA.html
*  Traumatic Brain Injury - Injuries; Poisoning - Merck Manuals Professional Edition
Disrupted blood vessels leak, causing contusions, intracerebral or subarachnoid hemorrhage, and epidural or subdural hematomas ... depending on contusion size and location. Larger contusions may cause brain edema and increased intracranial pressure (ICP). ... Open injuries involve penetration of the scalp and skull (and usually the meninges and underlying brain tissue). They typically ... Brain contusions. Contusions (bruises of the brain) can occur with open or closed injuries and can impair a wide range of brain ...
  http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries-poisoning/traumatic-brain-injury-tbi/traumatic-brain-injury
*  Subdural Hematoma: Background, Pathophysiology, Etiology
The head trauma may also cause associated brain hematomas or contusions, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and diffuse axonal injury. ... they are usually associated with the same pathology as that involved in subarachnoid or intracerebral hemorrhage. The blood ... with accompanying contusion or laceration of a cerebral hemisphere) is associated with a mortality rate of about 60%. ... In one study, 82% of comatose patients with acute subdural hematomas had parenchymal contusions. [1] The severity of the ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1137207-overview
*  Pulmonary laceration - Wikipedia
Like lacerations, hematomas may initially be hidden on X-ray by lung contusions, but they become more apparent as the contusion ... Pulmonary laceration may not be visible using chest X-ray because an associated pulmonary contusion or hemorrhage may mask it. ... An injury that is potentially more serious than pulmonary contusion, pulmonary laceration involves disruption of the ... As the lung contusion clears (usually within two to four days), lacerations begin to become visible on chest X-ray. CT scanning ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pulmonary_laceration
*  Post-traumatic seizure - Wikipedia
Early seizures can be caused by factors such as cerebral edema, intracranial hemorrhage, cerebral contusion or laceration. ... The chances that a person will suffer PTS are influenced by factors involving the injury and the person. The largest risks for ... Risks for late PTS include hydrocephalus, reduced blood flow to the temporal lobes of the brain, brain contusions, subdural ... and no hemorrhage) suffered an early seizure 17% of the time, while people over age 5 did so only 2% of the time. Children ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Post-traumatic_seizure
*  Head injury - Wikipedia
Cerebral contusion is bruising of the brain tissue. The majority of contusions occur in the frontal and temporal lobes. ... Types of intracranial hemorrhage are roughly grouped into intra-axial and extra-axial. The hemorrhage is considered a focal ... Treatments may involve controlling elevated intracranial pressure. This can include sedation, paralytics, cerebrospinal fluid ... Intra-axial hemorrhage is bleeding within the brain itself, or cerebral hemorrhage. This category includes intraparenchymal ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Head_injury
*  Abdominal trauma - Wikipedia
Diagnosis may involve ultrasonography, computed tomography, and peritoneal lavage, and treatment may involve surgery. Injury to ... Hemorrhage and systemic infection are the main causes of deaths that result from abdominal trauma. One or more of the intra- ... Kidney lacerations and contusions may also occur. Kidney injury, a common finding in children with blunt abdominal trauma, may ... The pancreas may be injured in abdominal trauma, for example by laceration or contusion. Pancreatic injuries, most commonly ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abdominal_trauma
*  Head Injury
... commonly associated with contusions, intracerebral hematoma, diffuse edema, subarachnoid hemorrhage; outcome much worse than ... Indications for surgery: depressed; involving frontal sinus; open, compound; or associated with surgical intracranial injury ... Contusion/intracerebral hematoma *Mechanism: brain scrapes over irregular surfaces of skull base ... Subarachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH) *Head CT: high attenuation following sulci and cisterns; in isolation is a minor injury, no ...
  http://d3jonline.tripod.com/29-Clinical_Neuroscience/Head_Injury.htm
*  Scaphoid Fracture Imaging: Practice Essentials, Radiography, Computed Tomography
The authors did not consider bone contusions as a separate entity and believed that hemorrhage and edema obliterated the actual ... Posttraumatic instability typically involves the proximal carpal row, which acts as a link between the distal radius and distal ... The injuries without a fracture line (contusion) were present in 49 (63%) of 78 wrists and were found most frequently in the ... Bone contusions are not evaluated with CT scanning, but true fractures can be excluded. CT scanning also allows volumetric ...
  https://emedicine.medscape.com/article/397230-overview
*  Penetrating trauma - Wikipedia
Assessment may involve X-rays or CT scans, and treatment may involve surgery, for example to repair damaged structures or to ... Lung injuries that can be caused by penetrating trauma include pulmonary laceration (a cut or tear) pulmonary contusion (a ... Penetrating head trauma can cause cerebral contusions and lacerations, intracranial hematomas, pseudoaneurysms, and ... in 1545 by a French military surgeon named Ambroise Pare who also introduced the idea of using ligature to control hemorrhage. ...
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penetrating_trauma